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News Release Information

20-628-CHI
Thursday, May 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2019

From June 2019 to September 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Ohio were 251,312, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 272,778, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 21,466 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,486. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.3 percent of private-sector employment in Ohio; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Ohio, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 212,165 in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 15,433 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 39,147 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 112 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 5.8 percent of private-sector employment in Ohio; nationally, gross job losses also accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Ohio, contracting establishments lost 235,570 jobs in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 6,535 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 37,208 jobs, an increase of 1,096 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 1 of the 11 industry sectors in Ohio in the third quarter of 2019. Transportation and warehousing had an over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 6,923 jobs. This was the result of 17,356 gross job gains and 10,433 gross job losses. Professional and business services showed a net loss of 6,617 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Ohio’s manufacturing industry sector had a net loss of 5,970 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

250,824261,361258,396266,633251,3125.45.65.55.65.3

At expanding establishments

214,015220,279222,169227,598212,1654.64.74.74.84.5

At opening establishments

36,80941,08236,22739,03539,1470.80.90.80.80.8

Gross job losses

271,299245,446241,765265,147272,7785.85.35.15.75.8

At contracting establishments

232,021209,755202,762229,035235,5705.04.54.34.95.0

At closing establishments

39,27835,69139,00336,11237,2080.80.80.80.80.8

Net employment change (2)

-20,47515,91516,6311,486-21,466-0.40.30.4-0.1-0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

19,59520,39522,46422,36619,6388.99.29.99.78.7

At expanding establishments

16,77617,11618,65419,09216,5797.67.78.28.37.3

At opening establishments

2,8193,2793,8103,2743,0591.31.51.71.41.4

Gross job losses

21,11522,40717,85720,32821,1399.510.27.98.99.4

At contracting establishments

18,39118,93915,13417,56218,0338.38.66.77.78.0

At closing establishments

2,7243,4682,7232,7663,1061.21.61.21.21.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,520-2,0124,6072,038-1,501-0.6-1.02.00.8-0.7

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

19,14623,23919,69419,53716,6272.83.42.82.82.3

At expanding establishments

18,00022,10818,84118,44115,6062.63.22.72.62.2

At opening establishments

1,1461,1318531,0961,0210.20.20.10.20.1

Gross job losses

21,81116,12719,15421,41422,5973.12.32.73.03.3

At contracting establishments

20,80914,86017,88219,92521,4283.02.12.52.83.1

At closing establishments

1,0021,2671,2721,4891,1690.10.20.20.20.2

Net employment change (2)

-2,6657,112540-1,877-5,970-0.31.10.1-0.2-1.0

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

10,25710,0779,99110,3059,2814.34.34.34.43.9

At expanding establishments

8,5388,4468,6638,7067,6353.63.63.73.73.2

At opening establishments

1,7191,6311,3281,5991,6460.70.70.60.70.7

Gross job losses

9,9988,8808,6949,93310,0564.33.83.64.24.2

At contracting establishments

8,1557,2416,9647,8438,4053.53.12.93.33.5

At closing establishments

1,8431,6391,7302,0901,6510.80.70.70.90.7

Net employment change (2)

2591,1971,297372-7750.00.50.70.2-0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

33,29628,09635,27231,67732,7445.95.16.35.65.9

At expanding establishments

30,25625,52231,94528,13728,1095.44.65.75.05.1

At opening establishments

3,0402,5743,3273,5404,6350.50.50.60.60.8

Gross job losses

36,68733,33431,08536,29535,5526.56.05.66.56.5

At contracting establishments

31,24430,49027,98732,30232,4285.55.55.05.85.9

At closing establishments

5,4432,8443,0983,9933,1241.00.50.60.70.6

Net employment change (2)

-3,391-5,2384,187-4,618-2,808-0.6-0.90.7-0.9-0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

10,28313,22711,37013,29617,3565.26.65.66.48.3

At expanding establishments

9,27712,0528,14511,37513,9854.76.04.05.56.7

At opening establishments

1,0061,1753,2251,9213,3710.50.61.60.91.6

Gross job losses

9,4758,62711,28711,62210,4334.74.35.55.75.0

At contracting establishments

8,6087,39110,31310,0269,2424.33.75.04.94.4

At closing establishments

8671,2369741,5961,1910.40.60.50.80.6

Net employment change (2)

8084,600831,6746,9230.52.30.10.73.3

Information

Gross job gains

2,7522,9083,0393,0532,9773.94.14.34.44.3

At expanding establishments

2,3472,3442,4472,5912,1183.33.33.53.73.1

At opening establishments

4055645924628590.60.80.80.71.2

Gross job losses

3,8812,9663,1373,6353,8365.44.24.55.35.6

At contracting establishments

3,1382,4112,5383,1793,2284.43.43.64.64.7

At closing establishments

7435555994566081.00.80.90.70.9

Net employment change (2)

-1,129-58-98-582-859-1.5-0.1-0.2-0.9-1.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

11,27912,16511,62713,28312,5883.84.23.94.64.3

At expanding establishments

9,1639,3929,81111,05710,6253.13.23.33.83.6

At opening establishments

2,1162,7731,8162,2261,9630.71.00.60.80.7

Gross job losses

13,38212,40810,88911,65113,1024.64.23.73.94.5

At contracting establishments

10,64210,0118,7629,47010,6053.73.43.03.23.6

At closing establishments

2,7402,3972,1272,1812,4970.90.80.70.70.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,103-2437381,632-514-0.80.00.20.7-0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

44,74348,51542,06251,02242,5706.16.65.86.95.8

At expanding establishments

37,37838,88435,47042,93835,8365.15.34.95.84.9

At opening establishments

7,3659,6316,5928,0846,7341.01.30.91.10.9

Gross job losses

48,39444,29245,17444,88049,1876.66.16.26.16.7

At contracting establishments

40,93636,58538,40337,48241,3455.65.05.35.15.6

At closing establishments

7,4587,7076,7717,3987,8421.01.10.91.01.1

Net employment change (2)

-3,6514,223-3,1126,142-6,617-0.50.5-0.40.8-0.9

Education and health services

Gross job gains

38,77833,75037,24238,58336,2894.33.74.14.34.0

At expanding establishments

33,57328,83533,21634,26831,9043.73.23.73.83.5

At opening establishments

5,2054,9154,0264,3154,3850.60.50.40.50.5

Gross job losses

38,18935,29336,14336,89238,4234.33.94.04.04.2

At contracting establishments

32,24030,79125,66532,26333,1443.63.42.83.53.6

At closing establishments

5,9494,50210,4784,6295,2790.70.51.20.50.6

Net employment change (2)

589-1,5431,0991,691-2,1340.0-0.20.10.3-0.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

47,34753,11651,69349,39947,7298.49.48.98.68.5

At expanding establishments

37,73342,43443,46039,09638,8746.77.57.56.86.9

At opening establishments

9,61410,6828,23310,3038,8551.71.91.41.81.6

Gross job losses

52,88047,32945,38854,56953,4349.48.37.89.59.5

At contracting establishments

44,51739,84438,21147,46645,0217.97.06.68.38.0

At closing establishments

8,3637,4857,1777,1038,4131.51.31.21.21.5

Net employment change (2)

-5,5335,7876,305-5,170-5,705-1.01.11.1-0.9-1.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

10,04511,0589,82410,88710,1786.57.26.57.16.6

At expanding establishments

8,3309,0118,3339,2258,2975.45.95.56.05.4

At opening establishments

1,7152,0471,4911,6621,8811.11.31.01.11.2

Gross job losses

11,11210,4179,3399,70411,0737.36.86.16.47.2

At contracting establishments

9,4668,5827,7417,9289,2506.25.65.15.26.0

At closing establishments

1,6461,8351,5981,7761,8231.11.21.01.21.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,0676414851,183-895-0.80.40.40.7-0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019

United States(1)

6.06.35.96.05.86.05.65.55.95.8

Alabama

6.06.36.05.85.95.95.35.56.05.9

Alaska

8.911.010.010.89.510.79.89.010.210.1

Arizona

6.66.25.65.76.45.15.15.55.74.8

Arkansas

6.15.95.25.05.55.65.05.15.75.5

California

6.56.96.36.66.36.25.96.26.46.1

Colorado

6.66.86.67.06.66.86.06.36.26.4

Connecticut

5.35.35.25.85.55.74.95.75.95.8

Delaware

5.76.66.46.06.16.55.65.56.36.2

District of Columbia

5.35.65.45.45.45.55.14.95.55.4

Florida

6.86.46.16.56.55.86.15.66.35.7

Georgia

6.76.36.86.26.26.15.85.76.46.1

Hawaii

5.15.85.44.75.55.45.15.96.15.3

Idaho

6.87.47.57.16.96.96.36.16.76.8

Illinois

5.55.55.25.64.95.85.65.15.35.6

Indiana

5.25.65.95.25.45.45.04.85.85.7

Iowa

5.35.85.15.85.35.75.35.45.65.6

Kansas

5.96.15.45.75.75.75.45.75.75.6

Kentucky

5.86.15.85.85.86.05.45.55.95.7

Louisiana

6.36.25.96.05.96.35.85.96.56.1

Maine

6.17.37.27.56.47.56.76.47.57.2

Maryland

6.36.86.46.36.26.66.45.76.46.6

Massachusetts

5.65.85.76.05.36.15.35.25.75.9

Michigan

5.05.65.15.55.16.25.24.65.86.0

Minnesota

5.55.75.25.85.25.75.45.15.55.8

Mississippi

5.96.55.75.85.55.95.36.26.05.8

Missouri

5.95.85.45.65.86.05.45.35.85.8

Montana

7.28.97.68.07.37.97.28.07.77.7

Nebraska

5.95.95.75.75.65.95.75.65.75.5

Nevada

6.76.66.05.96.05.75.55.46.05.7

New Hampshire

5.76.66.36.45.86.85.75.76.36.6

New Jersey

6.06.45.76.26.06.45.75.65.86.1

New Mexico

6.46.86.46.36.76.46.15.86.36.1

New York

6.16.36.06.05.86.45.75.35.95.9

North Carolina

5.76.76.36.15.76.45.35.15.75.9

North Dakota

6.66.87.16.76.66.66.26.46.77.1

Ohio

5.45.65.55.65.35.85.35.15.75.8

Oklahoma

6.76.55.85.96.36.16.15.86.26.1

Oregon

6.26.76.36.36.26.36.05.86.16.2

Pennsylvania

5.45.35.15.25.25.24.84.85.35.2

Rhode Island

6.26.45.86.45.86.45.75.66.76.2

South Carolina

5.87.46.46.36.06.55.46.06.25.7

South Dakota

6.06.35.76.25.85.75.86.46.06.0

Tennessee

5.85.85.45.55.55.34.94.85.05.1

Texas

6.06.25.55.75.85.45.25.25.35.2

Utah

7.36.97.36.96.86.46.26.26.56.2

Vermont

6.97.46.76.96.37.66.86.37.17.6

Virginia

5.76.36.46.15.26.35.65.55.96.0

Washington

6.26.46.26.66.06.55.65.65.76.0

West Virginia

7.06.36.06.25.86.46.56.66.56.7

Wisconsin

5.15.45.15.54.85.95.04.85.35.8

Wyoming

8.310.08.68.58.58.47.87.89.68.7

Puerto Rico

7.26.07.16.46.15.86.85.15.85.4

Virgin Islands

12.87.911.98.811.25.97.17.46.16.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 14, 2020