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18-1781-CHI
Thursday, December 13, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2018

From December 2017 to March 2018, gross job gains in Wisconsin totaled 138,695, while gross job losses numbered 116,842, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 21,853. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 15,892.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 138,695 gross job gains in March 2018 followed the 137,630 gross job gains in the three-month period ended December 2017. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Wisconsin peaked at 145,512 in December 2015 and were at a low of 123,582 in September 2017. (See chart 1.) Wisconsin’s 116,842 gross job losses in March 2018 followed the 121,738 gross job losses recorded in December 2017. Over the past 5 years, gross job losses reached a high of 140,499 in September 2017. (See chart 1.) The gross job losses in March 2018 were the series low since data first became available in 1992.

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Wisconsin in the quarter ended March 2018, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job gains in Wisconsin has been below the U.S. rate each quarter. Wisconsin’s gross job losses represented 4.7 percent of private sector employment in March 2018, compared to the U.S. rate of 5.4 percent. With only one exception, Wisconsin’s rate of gross job losses has been below the national rate since the series began.

During the first quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in nine industry sectors in Wisconsin. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 8,287. While more than 22,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments created almost 31,000 jobs. Four additional industry sectors — construction, manufacturing, retail trade, and education and health services — also had net employment gains greater than 1,000. Net employment gains in these industry sectors ranged from 4,266 in construction to 1,025 in education and health services. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in one industry sector in the first quarter of 2018. Within transportation and warehousing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,121.

Wisconsin was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Each of the states in the division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate and rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.4-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, March 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,406,000 6.0 6,666,000 5.4 740,000 0.6

East North Central (1)

1,059,881 922,017 137,864

Illinois

297,390 5.7 263,419 5.1 33,971 0.6

Indiana

150,823 5.6 135,050 5.1 15,773 0.5

Michigan

215,009 5.7 172,727 4.6 42,282 1.1

Ohio

257,964 5.5 233,979 5.0 23,985 0.5

Wisconsin

138,695 5.6 116,842 4.7 21,853 0.9

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 30, 2019.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

145,194 140,042 123,582 137,630 138,695 5.9 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6

At expanding establishments

123,027 119,329 105,779 117,808 118,929 5.0 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.8

At opening establishments

22,167 20,713 17,803 19,822 19,766 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

117,887 136,344 140,499 121,738 116,842 4.8 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7

At contracting establishments

102,699 119,390 122,540 103,065 101,903 4.2 4.8 5.0 4.2 4.1

At closing establishments

15,188 16,954 17,959 18,673 14,939 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

27,307 3,698 -16,917 15,892 21,853 1.1 0.1 -0.7 0.6 0.9

Construction

Gross job gains

13,320 11,614 9,820 11,903 13,112 11.5 9.9 8.4 10.1 10.6

At expanding establishments

11,449 10,005 8,367 9,563 10,750 9.9 8.5 7.2 8.1 8.7

At opening establishments

1,871 1,609 1,453 2,340 2,362 1.6 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.9

Gross job losses

9,003 9,647 10,694 10,557 8,846 7.8 8.2 9.2 9.0 7.2

At contracting establishments

7,666 8,243 9,265 8,673 7,546 6.6 7.0 8.0 7.4 6.1

At closing establishments

1,337 1,404 1,429 1,884 1,300 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.1

Net employment change (2)

4,317 1,967 -874 1,346 4,266 3.7 1.7 -0.8 1.1 3.4

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

13,778 14,249 11,518 15,671 13,994 3.0 3.0 2.4 3.4 2.9

At expanding establishments

13,352 13,728 10,891 15,287 13,450 2.9 2.9 2.3 3.3 2.8

At opening establishments

426 521 627 384 544 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Gross job losses

11,761 12,186 13,557 10,943 10,697 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 2.3

At contracting establishments

11,011 11,382 12,964 10,112 10,211 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.2

At closing establishments

750 804 593 831 486 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

2,017 2,063 -2,039 4,728 3,297 0.4 0.4 -0.5 1.0 0.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,283 5,571 4,563 5,814 5,306 4.3 4.4 3.6 4.6 4.1

At expanding establishments

4,591 5,045 4,012 4,539 4,621 3.7 4.0 3.2 3.6 3.6

At opening establishments

692 526 551 1,275 685 0.6 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.5

Gross job losses

4,384 4,970 5,232 4,513 4,794 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.5 3.8

At contracting establishments

3,593 4,245 4,469 3,713 3,842 2.9 3.4 3.5 2.9 3.0

At closing establishments

791 725 763 800 952 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

899 601 -669 1,301 512 0.8 0.4 -0.5 1.1 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

19,040 16,657 15,312 16,437 17,979 6.2 5.4 5.0 5.3 5.9

At expanding establishments

17,226 15,148 13,284 15,076 16,190 5.6 4.9 4.3 4.9 5.3

At opening establishments

1,814 1,509 2,028 1,361 1,789 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6

Gross job losses

14,380 18,175 19,282 16,685 15,039 4.6 5.9 6.3 5.4 4.8

At contracting establishments

13,076 16,357 17,491 14,732 13,699 4.2 5.3 5.7 4.8 4.4

At closing establishments

1,304 1,818 1,791 1,953 1,340 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

4,660 -1,518 -3,970 -248 2,940 1.6 -0.5 -1.3 -0.1 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,085 5,176 5,888 6,475 5,467 5.3 5.3 6.1 6.5 5.5

At expanding establishments

4,823 4,747 5,387 5,841 5,008 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.9 5.0

At opening establishments

262 429 501 634 459 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

6,047 6,297 4,415 3,948 6,588 6.3 6.5 4.6 4.1 6.6

At contracting establishments

5,598 5,684 3,813 3,400 6,164 5.8 5.9 4.0 3.5 6.2

At closing establishments

449 613 602 548 424 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-962 -1,121 1,473 2,527 -1,121 -1.0 -1.2 1.5 2.4 -1.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,202 5,741 5,257 4,976 4,955 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.4

At expanding establishments

4,666 4,875 4,624 4,179 4,129 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.8

At opening establishments

536 866 633 797 826 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Gross job losses

4,492 5,807 5,820 5,407 4,850 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.2

At contracting establishments

3,719 4,836 5,127 4,523 4,049 2.5 3.2 3.4 3.0 2.7

At closing establishments

773 971 693 884 801 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

710 -66 -563 -431 105 0.5 0.0 -0.4 -0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

20,527 21,199 19,920 21,664 20,085 6.4 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.1

At expanding establishments

17,644 18,558 17,134 18,184 16,463 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.0

At opening establishments

2,883 2,641 2,786 3,480 3,622 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

18,497 22,362 22,040 18,457 19,757 5.8 6.9 6.8 5.7 6.0

At contracting establishments

16,036 19,753 19,189 15,157 16,751 5.0 6.1 5.9 4.7 5.1

At closing establishments

2,461 2,609 2,851 3,300 3,006 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

2,030 -1,163 -2,120 3,207 328 0.6 -0.4 -0.6 1.0 0.1

Education and health services

Gross job gains

17,866 18,239 16,650 17,420 14,913 4.2 4.3 3.8 4.1 3.5

At expanding establishments

13,702 14,361 13,941 13,671 12,388 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.2 2.9

At opening establishments

4,164 3,878 2,709 3,749 2,525 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.6

Gross job losses

15,973 16,412 16,507 14,947 13,888 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.2

At contracting establishments

13,446 13,433 12,481 11,756 11,827 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7

At closing establishments

2,527 2,979 4,026 3,191 2,061 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,893 1,827 143 2,473 1,025 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

30,244 29,036 24,359 26,609 30,923 10.8 10.3 8.7 9.6 10.9

At expanding establishments

24,698 23,312 19,810 22,551 26,414 8.8 8.3 7.1 8.1 9.3

At opening establishments

5,546 5,724 4,549 4,058 4,509 2.0 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.6

Gross job losses

22,572 28,666 31,128 25,811 22,636 8.1 10.2 11.1 9.3 8.0

At contracting establishments

19,847 25,696 27,658 22,022 19,495 7.1 9.1 9.9 7.9 6.9

At closing establishments

2,725 2,970 3,470 3,789 3,141 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.1

Net employment change (2)

7,672 370 -6,769 798 8,287 2.7 0.1 -2.4 0.3 2.9

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,496 5,435 4,864 4,497 5,182 7.0 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.6

At expanding establishments

4,606 4,587 4,163 3,815 4,377 5.9 5.8 5.3 4.9 5.6

At opening establishments

890 848 701 682 805 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

4,778 4,920 5,577 4,998 4,654 6.1 6.3 7.1 6.4 5.9

At contracting establishments

4,074 4,226 4,670 4,260 3,916 5.2 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.0

At closing establishments

704 694 907 738 738 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

718 515 -713 -501 528 0.9 0.6 -0.9 -0.6 0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

United States(1)

6.1 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.4

Alabama

6.1 5.6 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3

Alaska

9.4 10.9 8.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 9.9 10.8 10.2 8.8

Arizona

6.0 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.3

Arkansas

5.7 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0

California

6.8 6.9 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9

Colorado

6.9 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.0

Connecticut

5.8 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2

Delaware

6.6 6.7 6.4 7.0 7.1 5.9 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.9

District of Columbia

5.8 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 4.8 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7

Florida

6.1 6.6 5.8 8.2 6.1 5.6 6.1 7.5 5.3 5.5

Georgia

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.9 6.5 5.9 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6

Hawaii

5.4 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8

Idaho

7.8 7.3 6.7 7.4 7.9 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.6 5.9

Illinois

5.9 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1

Iowa

6.1 5.7 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3

Kansas

5.9 5.5 6.3 5.9 5.2 5.6 6.5 5.7 5.2 5.5

Kentucky

5.9 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.6 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9

Louisiana

6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.8

Maine

7.2 7.7 6.5 7.2 7.2 6.6 6.8 7.5 6.6 7.0

Maryland

6.1 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.7

Massachusetts

5.6 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.0 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6

Minnesota

5.9 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 5.9 6.3 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8

Missouri

5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.0 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.2

Montana

8.1 7.9 7.2 8.5 7.8 7.2 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1

Nebraska

6.0 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.1 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5

Nevada

6.6 6.2 6.2 6.6 6.5 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.4

New Hampshire

5.8 6.6 5.5 6.7 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9

New Jersey

5.6 6.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.8

New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5

New York

6.2 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.6

North Carolina

6.4 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 5.7 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.2

North Dakota

7.6 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.3

Ohio

5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.0

Oklahoma

6.3 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5

Oregon

7.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.8 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.6

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9

Rhode Island

6.4 6.5 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.1

South Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.8 7.0 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.3 4.7

South Dakota

6.4 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9

Tennessee

5.2 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Utah

7.7 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0

Vermont

6.6 7.9 6.5 7.4 6.4 6.8 6.8 7.8 6.5 7.0

Virginia

6.1 6.4 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.2

Washington

6.9 7.1 6.4 6.9 7.2 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.7

West Virginia

6.3 6.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8

Wisconsin

5.9 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6 4.8 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7

Wyoming

8.9 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.1 9.1 7.9 8.4 8.0

Puerto Rico

5.1 5.4 4.5 7.1 8.4 5.7 5.4 6.8 11.8 6.8

Virgin Islands

5.6 6.7 4.2 9.2 12.0 5.5 5.3 11.6 28.2 16.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 13, 2018