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News Release Information

21-138-CHI
Friday, March 12, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2020

From March 2020 to June 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Illinois were 224,118, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 898,646, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 674,528 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 55,609. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 4.6 percent of private-sector employment in Illinois; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 4.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Illinois, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 172,327 in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 43,276 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 51,791 jobs gained in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 12,455 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 18.4 percent of private-sector employment in Illinois; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 17.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Illinois, contracting establishments lost 782,514 jobs in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 533,796 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 116,132 jobs, an increase of 54,302 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all 11 industry sectors in Illinois in the second quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job decrease, with a loss of 294,130 jobs. This was the result of 22,146 gross job gains and 316,276 gross job losses. Professional and business services showed the second-largest net job loss (-95,101), followed by education and health services (-78,668) and retail trade (-69,893). Three other supersectors each had net job losses of more than 20,000:  manufacturing, other services and wholesale trade.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 28, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Second Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

291,180 258,724 288,093 254,939 224,118 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6

At expanding establishments

240,353 212,752 237,653 215,603 172,327 4.6 4.1 4.6 4.2 3.5

At opening establishments

50,827 45,972 50,440 39,336 51,791 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.1

Gross job losses

276,155 290,410 268,919 310,548 898,646 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4

At contracting establishments

229,097 244,702 216,074 248,718 782,514 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.8 16.0

At closing establishments

47,058 45,708 52,845 61,830 116,132 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 2.4

Net employment change (2)

15,025 -31,686 19,174 -55,609 -674,528 0.3 -0.6 0.4 -1.0 -13.8

Construction

Gross job gains

25,844 23,189 23,467 23,597 22,072 11.2 10.1 10.3 10.4 9.9

At expanding establishments

20,570 18,797 18,921 19,576 17,158 8.9 8.2 8.3 8.6 7.7

At opening establishments

5,274 4,392 4,546 4,021 4,914 2.3 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.2

Gross job losses

25,008 24,193 26,562 25,114 35,726 10.9 10.6 11.7 11.0 16.1

At contracting establishments

20,242 20,027 21,110 19,687 29,872 8.8 8.8 9.3 8.6 13.5

At closing establishments

4,766 4,166 5,452 5,427 5,854 2.1 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.6

Net employment change (2)

836 -1,004 -3,095 -1,517 -13,654 0.3 -0.5 -1.4 -0.6 -6.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

16,863 14,414 15,918 15,984 12,174 2.9 2.4 2.7 2.8 2.1

At expanding establishments

14,692 12,546 13,979 13,694 10,330 2.5 2.1 2.4 2.4 1.8

At opening establishments

2,171 1,868 1,939 2,290 1,844 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

19,422 20,581 17,562 16,782 44,889 3.3 3.5 3.0 2.9 7.9

At contracting establishments

17,643 18,422 14,984 14,650 41,854 3.0 3.1 2.6 2.5 7.4

At closing establishments

1,779 2,159 2,578 2,132 3,035 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-2,559 -6,167 -1,644 -798 -32,715 -0.4 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 -5.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

11,942 10,194 11,040 11,141 8,608 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.0

At expanding establishments

10,320 8,332 9,094 9,509 6,618 3.5 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.3

At opening establishments

1,622 1,862 1,946 1,632 1,990 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

10,760 12,257 10,823 11,492 29,696 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.9 10.5

At contracting establishments

8,774 10,174 8,654 9,020 26,656 3.0 3.4 2.9 3.1 9.4

At closing establishments

1,986 2,083 2,169 2,472 3,040 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,182 -2,063 217 -351 -21,088 0.3 -0.7 0.2 -0.1 -7.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

32,677 27,033 30,882 33,714 37,139 5.5 4.6 5.3 5.7 6.6

At expanding establishments

28,882 23,282 27,479 29,937 34,237 4.9 4.0 4.7 5.1 6.1

At opening establishments

3,795 3,751 3,403 3,777 2,902 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

34,251 36,612 30,309 30,796 107,032 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.2 18.9

At contracting establishments

29,765 32,656 26,356 27,089 98,338 5.0 5.5 4.5 4.6 17.4

At closing establishments

4,486 3,956 3,953 3,707 8,694 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,574 -9,579 573 2,918 -69,893 -0.3 -1.6 0.1 0.5 -12.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

13,721 15,182 22,504 13,219 19,968 5.0 5.4 7.8 4.6 7.2

At expanding establishments

11,324 12,493 19,772 11,691 17,491 4.1 4.4 6.9 4.1 6.3

At opening establishments

2,397 2,689 2,732 1,528 2,477 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.9

Gross job losses

11,545 12,091 13,696 19,551 31,363 4.1 4.3 4.8 6.8 11.2

At contracting establishments

9,846 10,168 11,237 16,691 28,245 3.5 3.6 3.9 5.8 10.1

At closing establishments

1,699 1,923 2,459 2,860 3,118 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

2,176 3,091 8,808 -6,332 -11,395 0.9 1.1 3.0 -2.2 -4.0

Information

Gross job gains

4,842 5,286 4,521 4,193 3,287 5.1 5.6 4.7 4.5 3.7

At expanding establishments

3,956 4,401 3,545 3,563 2,411 4.2 4.7 3.7 3.8 2.7

At opening establishments

886 885 976 630 876 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

5,578 5,182 5,854 4,253 12,276 5.9 5.5 6.2 4.5 13.8

At contracting establishments

4,567 4,237 4,801 3,177 9,890 4.8 4.5 5.1 3.4 11.1

At closing establishments

1,011 945 1,053 1,076 2,386 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 2.7

Net employment change (2)

-736 104 -1,333 -60 -8,989 -0.8 0.1 -1.5 0.0 -10.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

16,638 15,129 15,023 16,267 13,744 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.3 3.7

At expanding establishments

13,310 12,326 11,457 13,381 10,891 3.5 3.2 3.0 3.5 2.9

At opening establishments

3,328 2,803 3,566 2,886 2,853 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

13,429 15,606 14,839 14,771 28,733 3.5 4.1 3.9 3.8 7.7

At contracting establishments

10,385 12,269 11,119 10,378 24,388 2.7 3.2 2.9 2.7 6.5

At closing establishments

3,044 3,337 3,720 4,393 4,345 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

3,209 -477 184 1,496 -14,989 0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.5 -4.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

65,737 54,465 59,415 49,985 49,012 6.9 5.7 6.3 5.3 5.4

At expanding establishments

53,043 43,991 47,983 41,728 36,108 5.6 4.6 5.1 4.4 4.0

At opening establishments

12,694 10,474 11,432 8,257 12,904 1.3 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.4

Gross job losses

58,849 59,529 58,750 64,870 144,113 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.9 16.0

At contracting establishments

45,956 49,027 45,410 53,245 126,789 4.8 5.2 4.8 5.7 14.1

At closing establishments

12,893 10,502 13,340 11,625 17,324 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.9

Net employment change (2)

6,888 -5,064 665 -14,885 -95,101 0.7 -0.6 0.1 -1.6 -10.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

35,866 33,604 33,134 33,354 23,715 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.6 2.7

At expanding establishments

31,437 29,769 28,089 29,635 16,084 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.2 1.8

At opening establishments

4,429 3,835 5,045 3,719 7,631 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.9

Gross job losses

33,777 32,095 31,506 35,465 102,383 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.8 11.5

At contracting establishments

29,168 27,649 25,342 30,088 89,809 3.2 3.0 2.7 3.2 10.1

At closing establishments

4,609 4,446 6,164 5,377 12,574 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.4

Net employment change (2)

2,089 1,509 1,628 -2,111 -78,668 0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2 -8.8

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

51,017 44,293 54,447 39,311 22,146 8.1 7.1 8.8 6.4 4.5

At expanding establishments

40,133 34,921 43,485 32,064 12,981 6.4 5.6 7.0 5.2 2.6

At opening establishments

10,884 9,372 10,962 7,247 9,165 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.2 1.9

Gross job losses

48,549 55,319 44,179 68,397 316,276 7.8 8.9 7.1 11.1 64.2

At contracting establishments

40,985 46,724 35,995 50,268 269,017 6.6 7.5 5.8 8.2 54.6

At closing establishments

7,564 8,595 8,184 18,129 47,259 1.2 1.4 1.3 2.9 9.6

Net employment change (2)

2,468 -11,026 10,268 -29,086 -294,130 0.3 -1.8 1.7 -4.7 -59.7

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

12,559 12,500 13,365 10,932 8,725 6.4 6.4 6.8 5.5 4.8

At expanding establishments

9,888 9,741 10,450 8,369 5,378 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.2 3.0

At opening establishments

2,671 2,759 2,915 2,563 3,347 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.8

Gross job losses

11,554 13,188 11,504 14,962 40,812 5.9 6.7 5.8 7.5 22.6

At contracting establishments

9,044 10,345 8,561 11,132 33,114 4.6 5.3 4.3 5.6 18.3

At closing establishments

2,510 2,843 2,943 3,830 7,698 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.9 4.3

Net employment change (2)

1,005 -688 1,861 -4,030 -32,087 0.5 -0.3 1.0 -2.0 -17.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

United States(1)

6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0

Alabama

5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6

Alaska

10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5

Arizona

5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7

Arkansas

5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0

California

6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6

Colorado

7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9

Connecticut

5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7

Delaware

6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4

Florida

6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9

Georgia

6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0

Hawaii

4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8

Idaho

7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2

Illinois

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4

Indiana

5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7

Iowa

5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0

Kansas

5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3

Kentucky

5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3

Louisiana

6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9

Maine

7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7

Maryland

6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9

Massachusetts

6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2

Michigan

5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7

Minnesota

5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6

Mississippi

5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9

Missouri

5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3

Montana

8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1

Nevada

6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2

New Hampshire

6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8

New Jersey

6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1

New Mexico

6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6

New York

6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9

North Carolina

6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2

Ohio

5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3

Oregon

6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2

Rhode Island

6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2

South Carolina

6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9

South Dakota

6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6

Tennessee

5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7

Texas

5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6

Utah

7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9

Vermont

7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5

Virginia

6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2

Washington

6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9

West Virginia

6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8

Wisconsin

5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4

Wyoming

8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1

Puerto Rico

6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9

Virgin Islands

8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, March 12, 2021