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News Release Information

20-144-CHI
Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2019

From March 2019 to June 2019, gross job gains in opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Illinois totaled 289,823, while gross job losses in closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 277,708, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 12,115. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,063. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 289,823 gross job gains in the second quarter of 2019, although higher than the 273,000 gross job gains in the previous quarter, remained below the 5-year peak of 320,538 during the fourth quarter of 2015.  Gross job losses in the second quarter of 2019 totaled 277,708 in the state, an increase from 268,937 in the previous quarter.  Illinois’ gross job losses were at a 5-year high of 309,374 in the third quarter of 2017 and a low of 260,273 in the second quarter of 2015. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private-sector employment in Illinois in the second quarter of 2019, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) With one exception, Illinois’ rate of gross job gains has been below the national rate each quarter since the series began in 1992. The rate of gross job losses as a percent of private-sector employment in Illinois was 5.3 percent, below the national rate of 5.9 percent in the second quarter of 2019. Since the series inception, the rate of gross job losses in Illinois has been at or below the U.S. rate each quarter.

During the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross losses in eight industry sectors in Illinois. For example, within professional and business and services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 5,298. While 59,966 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments created 65,264 jobs. In financial activities, 16,607 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, 13,405 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net employment gain of 3,202 jobs. In the six other sectors with net employment gains during the quarter, four industries had net job gains ranging between 1,000 and 2,600, and two industries had net job gains of less than 1,000. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in the second quarter of 2019. Within retail trade and manufacturing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains and by 2,943 and 2,034, respectively. The information sector had a net loss of 799 jobs. 

Three of the five states in the East North Central Division, including Illinois, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses in the second quarter of 2019. All states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.9-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2019, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,605,000 6.0 7,423,000 5.9 182,000 0.1

East North Central (1)

1,047,960 1,051,583 -3,623

Illinois

289,823 5.6 277,708 5.3 12,115 0.3

Indiana

140,418 5.2 155,955 5.8 -15,537 -0.6

Michigan

211,732 5.5 219,402 5.8 -7,670 -0.3

Ohio

266,633 5.6 265,147 5.7 1,486 -0.1

Wisconsin

139,354 5.5 133,371 5.3 5,983 0.2

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

291,805 288,877 286,588 273,000 289,823 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6

At expanding establishments

234,598 234,899 236,069 225,792 239,008 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.6

At opening establishments

57,207 53,978 50,519 47,208 50,815 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

289,244 297,620 288,063 268,937 277,708 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3

At contracting establishments

238,378 247,954 221,398 219,922 228,885 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.4

At closing establishments

50,866 49,666 66,665 49,015 48,823 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

2,561 -8,743 -1,475 4,063 12,115 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Construction

Gross job gains

25,718 23,255 23,510 26,920 25,717 11.2 10.3 10.4 11.7 11.2

At expanding establishments

20,481 18,772 18,552 21,794 20,485 8.9 8.3 8.2 9.5 8.9

At opening establishments

5,237 4,483 4,958 5,126 5,232 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3

Gross job losses

24,527 26,595 26,581 22,863 24,718 10.6 11.7 11.8 10.0 10.7

At contracting establishments

20,649 22,334 20,505 18,123 20,113 8.9 9.8 9.1 7.9 8.7

At closing establishments

3,878 4,261 6,076 4,740 4,605 1.7 1.9 2.7 2.1 2.0

Net employment change (2)

1,191 -3,340 -3,071 4,057 999 0.6 -1.4 -1.4 1.7 0.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

19,571 18,294 19,293 16,742 16,954 3.4 3.1 3.3 2.9 2.9

At expanding establishments

17,471 15,874 17,428 15,207 14,679 3.0 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.5

At opening establishments

2,100 2,420 1,865 1,535 2,275 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Gross job losses

17,485 18,470 17,722 17,242 18,988 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.2

At contracting establishments

15,116 16,228 13,706 14,893 17,222 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.5 2.9

At closing establishments

2,369 2,242 4,016 2,349 1,766 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

2,086 -176 1,571 -500 -2,034 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

11,496 12,599 12,308 12,281 11,914 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.0

At expanding establishments

9,789 9,754 10,299 10,204 10,295 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5

At opening establishments

1,707 2,845 2,009 2,077 1,619 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

11,362 12,007 12,430 11,462 10,715 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.7

At contracting establishments

9,141 9,774 8,696 8,821 8,767 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.0 3.0

At closing establishments

2,221 2,233 3,734 2,641 1,948 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

134 592 -122 819 1,199 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

32,413 31,381 28,590 33,010 32,719 5.4 5.2 4.8 5.6 5.5

At expanding establishments

27,195 27,981 25,211 29,149 28,895 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.9 4.9

At opening establishments

5,218 3,400 3,379 3,861 3,824 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

34,209 40,852 35,138 32,170 35,662 5.6 6.8 5.9 5.4 6.0

At contracting establishments

29,908 33,056 29,969 27,407 29,751 4.9 5.5 5.0 4.6 5.0

At closing establishments

4,301 7,796 5,169 4,763 5,911 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-1,796 -9,471 -6,548 840 -2,943 -0.2 -1.6 -1.1 0.2 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

13,825 13,906 18,948 12,392 13,665 5.0 5.1 6.8 4.4 4.9

At expanding establishments

11,244 11,522 16,664 10,100 11,160 4.1 4.2 6.0 3.6 4.0

At opening establishments

2,581 2,384 2,284 2,292 2,505 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

11,372 12,173 10,405 15,292 11,430 4.2 4.4 3.8 5.4 4.1

At contracting establishments

9,658 10,682 7,714 13,222 9,819 3.6 3.9 2.8 4.7 3.5

At closing establishments

1,714 1,491 2,691 2,070 1,611 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

2,453 1,733 8,543 -2,900 2,235 0.8 0.7 3.0 -1.0 0.8

Information

Gross job gains

4,663 7,152 4,244 4,598 4,812 5.0 7.5 4.4 4.8 5.0

At expanding establishments

3,733 6,065 3,252 3,724 3,924 4.0 6.4 3.4 3.9 4.1

At opening establishments

930 1,087 992 874 888 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

6,165 4,374 6,411 4,424 5,611 6.5 4.6 6.8 4.6 5.9

At contracting establishments

5,281 3,508 4,818 3,621 4,643 5.6 3.7 5.1 3.8 4.9

At closing establishments

884 866 1,593 803 968 0.9 0.9 1.7 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-1,502 2,778 -2,167 174 -799 -1.5 2.9 -2.4 0.2 -0.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

15,462 15,686 15,120 15,708 16,607 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.4

At expanding establishments

12,188 12,305 11,265 12,804 13,311 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.5

At opening establishments

3,274 3,381 3,855 2,904 3,296 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

14,199 15,182 16,690 14,289 13,405 3.8 4.1 4.4 3.8 3.5

At contracting establishments

11,078 11,955 11,282 10,492 10,385 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7

At closing establishments

3,121 3,227 5,408 3,797 3,020 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,263 504 -1,570 1,419 3,202 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.4 0.9

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

63,355 69,446 64,213 56,111 65,264 6.6 7.3 6.7 5.9 6.9

At expanding establishments

49,706 54,571 52,010 45,588 52,815 5.2 5.7 5.4 4.8 5.6

At opening establishments

13,649 14,875 12,203 10,523 12,449 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.3

Gross job losses

68,768 59,494 65,341 60,805 59,966 7.2 6.3 6.8 6.5 6.3

At contracting establishments

53,379 48,330 47,224 49,766 46,720 5.6 5.1 4.9 5.3 4.9

At closing establishments

15,389 11,164 18,117 11,039 13,246 1.6 1.2 1.9 1.2 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-5,413 9,952 -1,128 -4,694 5,298 -0.6 1.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

36,786 34,627 33,441 30,510 35,070 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.8

At expanding establishments

29,494 29,904 28,350 25,663 30,585 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.3

At opening establishments

7,292 4,723 5,091 4,847 4,485 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

33,992 35,050 35,849 30,196 33,742 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.3 3.7

At contracting establishments

29,218 30,246 28,835 25,820 29,228 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2

At closing establishments

4,774 4,804 7,014 4,376 4,514 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

2,794 -423 -2,408 314 1,328 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

52,087 46,208 50,511 48,229 50,971 8.4 7.5 8.2 7.7 8.1

At expanding establishments

40,769 35,791 40,404 39,325 40,175 6.6 5.8 6.6 6.3 6.4

At opening establishments

11,318 10,417 10,107 8,904 10,796 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.7

Gross job losses

50,754 55,395 46,048 44,445 48,411 8.2 9.0 7.5 7.2 7.8

At contracting establishments

42,081 47,475 37,533 35,883 40,532 6.8 7.7 6.1 5.8 6.5

At closing establishments

8,673 7,920 8,515 8,562 7,879 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,333 -9,187 4,463 3,784 2,560 0.2 -1.5 0.7 0.5 0.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

12,887 12,881 12,876 11,827 12,513 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.0 6.3

At expanding establishments

9,790 9,773 9,999 9,131 9,859 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.6 5.0

At opening establishments

3,097 3,108 2,877 2,696 2,654 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3

Gross job losses

12,065 13,702 12,083 12,287 11,701 6.1 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.0

At contracting establishments

9,299 10,966 8,542 9,307 9,011 4.7 5.6 4.3 4.7 4.6

At closing establishments

2,766 2,736 3,541 2,980 2,690 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.4

Net employment change (2)

822 -821 793 -460 812 0.5 -0.4 0.5 -0.2 0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9

Alabama

5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0

Alaska

10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2

Arizona

6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7

Arkansas

5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7

California

6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4

Colorado

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2

Connecticut

5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9

Delaware

6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3

District of Columbia

5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5

Florida

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3

Georgia

6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4

Hawaii

5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1

Idaho

7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7

Illinois

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3

Indiana

5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8

Iowa

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6

Kansas

5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7

Kentucky

5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9

Louisiana

6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5

Maine

8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5

Maryland

6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4

Massachusetts

6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7

Michigan

5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8

Minnesota

5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5

Mississippi

5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0

Missouri

5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8

Montana

8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7

Nebraska

5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7

Nevada

6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0

New Hampshire

6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3

New Jersey

6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8

New Mexico

6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3

New York

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9

North Carolina

6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7

North Dakota

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7

Ohio

5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7

Oklahoma

6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2

Oregon

6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3

Rhode Island

6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7

South Carolina

7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2

South Dakota

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0

Tennessee

5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0

Texas

5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3

Utah

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5

Vermont

7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1

Virginia

6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9

Washington

7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7

West Virginia

6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3

Wyoming

8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6

Puerto Rico

7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8

Virgin Islands

13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, February 25, 2020