News Release Information

18-69-CHI
Monday, March 05, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2017

From March 2017 to June 2017, gross job gains in Illinois totaled 295,556, while gross job losses numbered 283,177, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,379. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 21,666.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 295,556 gross job gains in the 3-month period ended June 2017 were less than the 298,256 gains in the previous 3-month period. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Illinois peaked at  321,203 in December 2015 and were at a low of 257,254 in December 2012. The 283,177 gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2017, although larger than those seen in the previous quarter, remained below the 5-year peak of 301,468 in the quarter ended June 2016. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.7 percent of private sector employment in Illinois in the quarter ended June 2017, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private sector employment. Illinois’ rate of gross job gains has been below the national rate each quarter during the past 5 years. The rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment in Illinois was 5.5 percent, below the national rate of 5.8 percent in the quarter ended June 2017. The rate of gross job losses in Illinois has been below the U.S. rate each quarter over the past 5 years, with two exceptions. (See chart 2.)

During the second quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross losses in seven industry sectors in Illinois. For example, within manufacturing, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,656. While nearly 17,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments created almost 24,000 jobs. In professional and business services, nearly 66,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while approximately 62,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments resulting in a net employment gain of 3,757. In the five other sectors, each had net employment gains of less than 2,000 during the second quarter of 2017. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in the second quarter of 2017. Within retail trade, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,100. Net job losses in each of the three remaining supersectors were less than 1,500.

All states in the East North Central Census division, including Illinois, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2017. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.2-percent national rate and rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2017, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,604,000 6.2 7,128,000 5.8 476,000 0.4

East North Central (1)

1,065,154 1,010,646 54,508

Illinois

295,556 5.7 283,177 5.5 12,379 0.2

Indiana

148,779 5.7 143,482 5.5 5,297 0.2

Michigan

214,607 5.7 198,700 5.3 15,907 0.4

Ohio

266,532 5.8 248,853 5.4 17,679 0.4

Wisconsin

139,680 5.6 136,434 5.5 3,246 0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 25, 2018.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

302,719 294,960 309,191 298,256 295,556 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.7

At expanding establishments

238,485 236,783 239,702 237,832 242,883 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7

At opening establishments

64,234 58,177 69,489 60,424 52,673 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.0

Gross job losses

301,468 291,637 290,285 276,590 283,177 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5

At contracting establishments

246,731 230,519 232,108 223,655 234,505 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6

At closing establishments

54,737 61,118 58,177 52,935 48,672 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,251 3,323 18,906 21,666 12,379 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

26,734 24,425 24,998 30,816 24,947 12.1 11.2 11.6 14.0 11.3

At expanding establishments

21,962 19,809 18,722 25,060 20,169 9.9 9.1 8.7 11.4 9.1

At opening establishments

4,772 4,616 6,276 5,756 4,778 2.2 2.1 2.9 2.6 2.2

Gross job losses

31,440 26,501 28,801 23,072 26,323 14.2 12.2 13.4 10.5 11.9

At contracting establishments

25,932 20,915 23,193 18,088 21,901 11.7 9.6 10.8 8.2 9.9

At closing establishments

5,508 5,586 5,608 4,984 4,422 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.0

Net employment change (2)

-4,706 -2,076 -3,803 7,744 -1,376 -2.1 -1.0 -1.8 3.5 -0.6

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

18,255 16,728 18,287 18,459 23,367 3.2 2.9 3.3 3.2 4.1

At expanding establishments

16,074 14,452 15,133 16,143 21,692 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.8

At opening establishments

2,181 2,276 3,154 2,316 1,675 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

20,965 20,294 17,707 20,441 16,711 3.7 3.5 3.1 3.6 2.9

At contracting establishments

18,358 16,688 15,397 18,175 14,390 3.2 2.9 2.7 3.2 2.5

At closing establishments

2,607 3,606 2,310 2,266 2,321 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-2,710 -3,566 580 -1,982 6,656 -0.5 -0.6 0.2 -0.4 1.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

12,777 14,022 20,423 12,473 12,823 4.2 4.6 6.7 4.1 4.2

At expanding establishments

10,601 11,567 17,683 10,116 10,958 3.5 3.8 5.8 3.3 3.6

At opening establishments

2,176 2,455 2,740 2,357 1,865 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

11,740 12,647 12,551 14,928 11,163 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.9 3.7

At contracting establishments

9,204 9,651 9,642 12,049 8,868 3.1 3.2 3.2 4.0 2.9

At closing establishments

2,536 2,996 2,909 2,879 2,295 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,037 1,375 7,872 -2,455 1,660 0.3 0.4 2.5 -0.8 0.5

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

38,466 31,319 33,441 35,154 32,331 6.2 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.2

At expanding establishments

30,110 27,616 28,290 30,798 27,849 4.9 4.5 4.6 5.0 4.5

At opening establishments

8,356 3,703 5,151 4,356 4,482 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

33,525 37,817 33,831 33,359 35,431 5.4 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8

At contracting establishments

29,628 32,194 29,204 28,906 30,644 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0

At closing establishments

3,897 5,623 4,627 4,453 4,787 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

4,941 -6,498 -390 1,795 -3,100 0.8 -1.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

12,047 13,239 17,843 11,869 12,285 4.9 5.5 7.1 4.8 5.0

At expanding establishments

9,609 11,160 15,720 9,956 10,139 3.9 4.6 6.3 4.0 4.1

At opening establishments

2,438 2,079 2,123 1,913 2,146 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

14,560 10,284 12,231 14,905 13,401 6.0 4.2 4.9 5.9 5.4

At contracting establishments

12,358 8,028 9,523 12,570 11,566 5.1 3.3 3.8 5.0 4.7

At closing establishments

2,202 2,256 2,708 2,335 1,835 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-2,513 2,955 5,612 -3,036 -1,116 -1.1 1.3 2.2 -1.1 -0.4

Information

 

Gross job gains

5,328 5,845 6,990 7,261 4,107 5.4 5.9 7.1 7.4 4.2

At expanding establishments

4,539 3,635 5,747 6,278 3,494 4.6 3.7 5.8 6.4 3.6

At opening establishments

789 2,210 1,243 983 613 0.8 2.2 1.3 1.0 0.6

Gross job losses

5,643 5,306 4,775 8,038 4,891 5.7 5.4 4.8 8.2 5.0

At contracting establishments

4,161 4,142 3,855 6,832 4,219 4.2 4.2 3.9 7.0 4.3

At closing establishments

1,482 1,164 920 1,206 672 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.2 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-315 539 2,215 -777 -784 -0.3 0.5 2.3 -0.8 -0.8

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

16,814 16,876 16,004 16,624 15,807 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.4

At expanding establishments

13,663 13,314 12,042 12,691 13,034 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.6

At opening establishments

3,151 3,562 3,962 3,933 2,773 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8

Gross job losses

16,429 16,270 15,733 14,538 14,280 4.5 4.5 4.3 3.9 3.9

At contracting establishments

12,923 12,301 11,708 11,080 11,148 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.0

At closing establishments

3,506 3,969 4,025 3,458 3,132 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

385 606 271 2,086 1,527 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.5

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

61,469 67,135 64,857 56,662 65,851 6.6 7.3 6.9 6.0 7.0

At expanding establishments

49,590 53,397 49,546 44,962 53,581 5.3 5.8 5.3 4.8 5.7

At opening establishments

11,879 13,738 15,311 11,700 12,270 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

68,671 57,077 63,744 58,962 62,094 7.4 6.2 6.8 6.3 6.6

At contracting establishments

53,987 44,518 49,926 47,184 50,152 5.8 4.8 5.3 5.0 5.3

At closing establishments

14,684 12,559 13,818 11,778 11,942 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-7,202 10,058 1,113 -2,300 3,757 -0.8 1.1 0.1 -0.3 0.4

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

43,387 36,157 34,117 34,585 33,986 4.8 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8

At expanding establishments

30,844 30,479 27,828 28,651 28,944 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2

At opening establishments

12,543 5,678 6,289 5,934 5,042 1.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

31,951 35,192 36,120 29,490 33,237 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.2 3.7

At contracting establishments

26,386 28,616 28,564 22,998 27,925 2.9 3.2 3.2 2.5 3.1

At closing establishments

5,565 6,576 7,556 6,492 5,312 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

11,436 965 -2,003 5,095 749 1.3 0.1 -0.2 0.7 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

49,690 50,565 51,181 52,608 50,284 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.3

At expanding establishments

39,023 38,682 35,962 40,349 40,038 6.6 6.5 6.0 6.7 6.6

At opening establishments

10,667 11,883 15,219 12,259 10,246 1.8 2.0 2.6 2.0 1.7

Gross job losses

47,994 51,444 47,635 42,255 48,939 8.0 8.7 8.0 7.0 8.0

At contracting establishments

40,047 40,698 38,770 33,784 40,910 6.7 6.9 6.5 5.6 6.7

At closing establishments

7,947 10,746 8,865 8,471 8,029 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,696 -879 3,546 10,353 1,345 0.4 -0.2 0.6 1.7 0.3

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

12,130 12,576 12,455 11,814 12,383 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.4

At expanding establishments

9,202 9,350 9,153 8,860 9,460 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.9

At opening establishments

2,928 3,226 3,302 2,954 2,923 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5

Gross job losses

13,301 12,518 12,177 11,412 11,891 6.9 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.2

At contracting establishments

10,054 9,248 9,172 8,448 9,408 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.9

At closing establishments

3,247 3,270 3,005 2,964 2,483 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,171 58 278 402 492 -0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017

United States(1)

6.2 6.4 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8

Alabama

5.8 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.2 5.6

Alaska

10.4 9.1 9.8 9.4 11.0 11.2 11.2 10.0 9.8 9.9

Arizona

6.2 7.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.0 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7

Arkansas

5.4 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.0 5.6

California

6.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.6

Colorado

7.0 7.1 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3

Connecticut

5.4 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1

Delaware

6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.2 5.9 7.0

District of Columbia

5.9 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 4.7 5.6

Florida

6.5 7.4 6.7 6.1 6.6 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.1

Georgia

6.9 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.1

Hawaii

5.4 6.0 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.8 4.8 5.0 4.8 5.4

Idaho

7.2 7.9 7.5 7.9 7.3 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.6

Illinois

6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5

Indiana

5.4 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.7 6.1 5.7 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.7

Kansas

5.7 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.3 5.6 5.7 5.6 6.6

Kentucky

6.2 6.8 6.1 5.7 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.4 5.9

Louisiana

6.0 6.8 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.5

Maine

7.7 6.7 7.4 7.2 7.7 6.8 7.4 7.1 6.4 7.7

Maryland

6.4 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.2

Massachusetts

6.0 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.2

Michigan

5.9 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.3

Minnesota

5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.7 5.3

Mississippi

5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.5 5.6 5.9 6.0

Missouri

5.7 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.6 4.9 5.6

Montana

7.9 7.6 7.8 8.1 7.9 8.6 7.7 7.5 7.1 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 6.4 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.2 6.1

Nevada

6.5 6.8 6.2 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.2 6.0

New Hampshire

6.5 6.4 6.3 5.7 6.6 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.9

New Jersey

6.4 6.3 6.4 5.5 6.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.5

New Mexico

6.4 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3

New York

6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

North Carolina

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.9

North Dakota

6.8 8.2 6.7 7.6 6.8 8.9 7.1 7.7 6.7 6.9

Ohio

5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.4

Oklahoma

5.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.5 5.9

Oregon

6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.5 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.7 5.9

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.2

Rhode Island

6.1 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9

South Carolina

6.3 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.6 6.0

South Dakota

6.4 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.3

Tennessee

5.8 5.9 5.8 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.1

Texas

5.8 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.4

Utah

6.7 7.4 6.8 7.7 6.8 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.2

Vermont

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.6 7.9 7.2 7.4 7.0 6.8 6.8

Virginia

6.5 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.9

Washington

7.3 6.7 7.1 6.8 7.1 6.0 6.6 6.7 5.6 6.1

West Virginia

5.8 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.5

Wisconsin

5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.8 5.5

Wyoming

7.7 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.5 10.6 8.8 8.7 8.1 9.0

Puerto Rico

5.6 5.8 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.2

Virgin Islands

6.5 6.2 6.0 5.3 6.2 5.7 6.8 6.0 5.5 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, March 05, 2018