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19-712-CHI
Friday, June 28, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2018

From June 2018 to September 2018, gross job losses in Indiana totaled 142,048, while gross job gains numbered 139,020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,028. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 890. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job losses are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job gains are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job losses and the number of gross job gains is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job losses represented 5.4 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job losses in Indiana has been below the U.S. rate each quarter, with three exceptions. Gross job gains accounted for 5.2 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018, lower than the national rate of 6.0 percent. Since the series began, Indiana’s rate of gross job gains has been at or below the national rate, with one exception.

During the third quarter of 2018, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in nine industry sectors in Indiana. For example, within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,025. While almost 23,300 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the industry, nearly 24,300 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the third quarter of 2018. In each of the eight remaining sectors with net employment losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 900. (See table 1.)

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in two industry sectors in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018. Within transportation and warehousing, almost 7,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, and nearly 5,800 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,505 jobs. In the wholesale trade sector, gross job gains exceeded gross losses by 678.

Indiana was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all five states in the division in the third quarter of 2018. (See table A.) Four of the five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. In Michigan, the rate of gross job losses was higher than the national rate. All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,448,000 6.0 7,421,000 6.0 27,000 0.0

East North Central (1)

992,584 1,083,980 -91,396

Illinois

289,306 5.6 295,943 5.7 -6,637 -0.1

Indiana

139,020 5.2 142,048 5.4 -3,028 -0.2

Michigan

190,601 5.0 232,016 6.2 -41,415 -1.2

Ohio

247,650 5.3 268,421 5.7 -20,771 -0.4

Wisconsin

126,007 5.1 145,552 5.9 -19,545 -0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job losses are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job gains are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job losses and gross job gains are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job losses and gross job gains and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job losses rate and the gross job gains rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

143,899 152,730 150,823 146,171 139,020 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2

At expanding establishments

121,972 130,484 128,952 123,761 117,617 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4

At opening establishments

21,927 22,246 21,871 22,410 21,403 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

146,250 132,131 135,050 147,061 142,048 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.4

At contracting establishments

123,379 110,996 116,536 127,405 122,021 4.7 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.6

At closing establishments

22,871 21,135 18,514 19,656 20,027 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-2,351 20,599 15,773 -890 -3,028 -0.2 0.7 0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

13,389 12,988 13,203 12,957 12,471 9.7 9.3 9.3 9.1 8.9

At expanding establishments

11,319 10,762 11,103 11,128 10,662 8.2 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.6

At opening establishments

2,070 2,226 2,100 1,829 1,809 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

12,645 13,095 11,953 11,745 12,798 9.1 9.4 8.4 8.3 9.1

At contracting establishments

10,835 11,310 10,247 10,068 10,642 7.8 8.1 7.2 7.1 7.6

At closing establishments

1,810 1,785 1,706 1,677 2,156 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5

Net employment change (2)

744 -107 1,250 1,212 -327 0.6 -0.1 0.9 0.8 -0.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,521 18,838 16,717 16,187 14,557 2.8 3.5 3.1 3.0 2.7

At expanding establishments

13,555 17,818 16,068 15,175 13,583 2.6 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.5

At opening establishments

966 1,020 649 1,012 974 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

14,953 11,008 13,480 15,023 15,362 2.8 2.1 2.5 2.8 2.8

At contracting establishments

14,016 10,165 12,597 14,066 14,588 2.6 1.9 2.3 2.6 2.7

At closing establishments

937 843 883 957 774 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

-432 7,830 3,237 1,164 -805 0.0 1.4 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,488 5,376 5,402 5,770 5,890 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.9

At expanding establishments

4,600 4,390 4,550 4,743 5,017 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.2

At opening establishments

888 986 852 1,027 873 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

5,248 5,073 4,586 5,364 5,212 4.4 4.3 3.8 4.5 4.3

At contracting establishments

4,216 3,934 3,505 4,212 4,201 3.5 3.3 2.9 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

1,032 1,139 1,081 1,152 1,011 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

240 303 816 406 678 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

20,737 17,862 20,571 19,039 19,177 6.2 5.4 6.4 5.9 5.9

At expanding establishments

18,702 15,554 17,978 16,503 16,889 5.6 4.7 5.6 5.1 5.2

At opening establishments

2,035 2,308 2,593 2,536 2,288 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

21,750 19,136 16,898 20,532 20,028 6.5 5.7 5.2 6.4 6.2

At contracting establishments

17,744 16,376 15,221 18,072 17,069 5.3 4.9 4.7 5.6 5.3

At closing establishments

4,006 2,760 1,677 2,460 2,959 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-1,013 -1,274 3,673 -1,493 -851 -0.3 -0.3 1.2 -0.5 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,966 8,229 6,667 6,944 7,255 4.9 6.7 4.9 5.1 5.3

At expanding establishments

5,237 7,523 6,006 6,215 6,408 4.3 6.1 4.4 4.6 4.7

At opening establishments

729 706 661 729 847 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Gross job losses

5,676 5,746 8,300 6,287 5,750 4.6 4.7 6.2 4.7 4.3

At contracting establishments

4,902 4,784 7,774 5,605 4,959 4.0 3.9 5.8 4.2 3.7

At closing establishments

774 962 526 682 791 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6

Net employment change (2)

290 2,483 -1,633 657 1,505 0.3 2.0 -1.3 0.4 1.0

Information

Gross job gains

1,085 1,475 1,187 1,366 1,182 3.5 4.8 3.9 4.6 4.1

At expanding establishments

782 1,191 950 955 961 2.5 3.9 3.1 3.2 3.3

At opening establishments

303 284 237 411 221 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.4 0.8

Gross job losses

1,789 1,459 2,069 1,722 1,743 5.8 4.7 6.8 5.8 6.0

At contracting establishments

1,616 1,144 1,731 1,576 1,427 5.2 3.7 5.7 5.3 4.9

At closing establishments

173 315 338 146 316 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-704 16 -882 -356 -561 -2.3 0.1 -2.9 -1.2 -1.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,646 6,411 5,798 6,777 6,013 5.1 4.9 4.3 5.1 4.5

At expanding establishments

5,113 4,855 4,329 5,456 4,644 3.9 3.7 3.2 4.1 3.5

At opening establishments

1,533 1,556 1,469 1,321 1,369 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

6,407 6,097 5,878 6,083 6,139 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.6

At contracting establishments

5,020 4,728 4,590 4,674 4,678 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

1,387 1,369 1,288 1,409 1,461 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

239 314 -80 694 -126 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

25,588 29,082 26,278 25,345 23,253 7.6 8.6 7.6 7.4 6.8

At expanding establishments

21,180 24,744 21,973 20,846 18,773 6.3 7.3 6.4 6.1 5.5

At opening establishments

4,408 4,338 4,305 4,499 4,480 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

25,536 22,936 24,969 27,780 24,278 7.6 6.7 7.2 8.1 7.1

At contracting establishments

21,180 18,753 21,441 24,012 20,885 6.3 5.5 6.2 7.0 6.1

At closing establishments

4,356 4,183 3,528 3,768 3,393 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

52 6,146 1,309 -2,435 -1,025 0.0 1.9 0.4 -0.7 -0.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

17,080 16,428 18,463 19,015 15,965 3.7 3.6 4.0 4.2 3.4

At expanding establishments

15,075 14,471 16,634 16,475 14,360 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.1

At opening establishments

2,005 1,957 1,829 2,540 1,605 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3

Gross job losses

16,800 16,540 14,138 16,161 16,784 3.7 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.6

At contracting establishments

14,535 14,425 12,419 14,153 14,800 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.1 3.2

At closing establishments

2,265 2,115 1,719 2,008 1,984 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Net employment change (2)

280 -112 4,325 2,854 -819 0.0 -0.1 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,590 27,165 28,285 24,322 25,210 8.3 8.8 9.1 7.8 8.2

At expanding establishments

19,988 21,894 22,503 19,362 19,671 6.5 7.1 7.2 6.2 6.4

At opening establishments

5,602 5,271 5,782 4,960 5,539 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.8

Gross job losses

26,771 24,146 24,714 27,998 25,387 8.7 7.8 8.0 9.0 8.3

At contracting establishments

22,122 19,808 20,715 24,026 21,833 7.2 6.4 6.7 7.7 7.1

At closing establishments

4,649 4,338 3,999 3,972 3,554 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,181 3,019 3,571 -3,676 -177 -0.4 1.0 1.1 -1.2 -0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,735 6,199 6,011 6,390 5,865 6.8 7.2 7.0 7.4 6.8

At expanding establishments

4,746 4,971 4,984 5,233 4,831 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.6

At opening establishments

989 1,228 1,027 1,157 1,034 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

6,375 5,080 6,106 5,620 6,353 7.5 6.0 7.1 6.5 7.3

At contracting establishments

5,273 3,965 4,625 4,554 5,112 6.2 4.7 5.4 5.3 5.9

At closing establishments

1,102 1,115 1,481 1,066 1,241 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-640 1,119 -95 770 -488 -0.7 1.2 -0.1 0.9 -0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018

United States(1)

6.0 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.0

Alabama

6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.9

Alaska

8.7 9.7 9.8 10.9 8.9 10.8 10.2 8.8 10.7 10.6

Arizona

6.6 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.6 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.0

Arkansas

5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.5

California

6.5 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8

Connecticut

5.4 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.6

Delaware

6.4 7.0 7.1 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.6

District of Columbia

5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.5

Florida

5.8 8.2 6.1 6.5 6.7 7.5 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.7

Georgia

6.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.1 5.6 5.6 6.4 6.2

Hawaii

5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.5 5.5

Idaho

6.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.8 6.8 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.9

Illinois

5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.7

Indiana

5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.4

Iowa

5.5 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.7

Kansas

6.3 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.0 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Louisiana

6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.2

Maine

6.5 7.2 7.2 8.1 6.0 7.5 6.6 7.0 7.1 7.5

Maryland

6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.6

Massachusetts

5.4 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.4 6.2

Michigan

5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.0 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1 6.2

Minnesota

5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.7

Mississippi

5.9 6.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.7

Missouri

5.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.7 6.0

Montana

7.2 8.5 7.8 8.0 7.2 7.9 7.4 7.1 7.8 7.9

Nebraska

5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8 6.0

Nevada

6.2 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.7 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.6

New Hampshire

5.5 6.7 6.1 6.7 5.6 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.8

New Jersey

6.0 6.4 5.6 6.5 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3

New Mexico

6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2 6.4

New York

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.4

North Carolina

6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6

Ohio

5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.7

Oklahoma

6.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.0 5.8 5.5 6.5 6.1

Oregon

6.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.2 6.3

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2

Rhode Island

6.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.4

South Carolina

5.8 7.0 5.9 7.5 5.8 6.2 5.3 4.7 6.5 6.5

South Dakota

5.8 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.8

Tennessee

5.4 5.9 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4

Utah

7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 7.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.5

Vermont

6.5 7.4 6.4 7.2 6.9 7.8 6.5 7.0 7.3 7.4

Virginia

5.9 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 6.3

Washington

6.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.3

West Virginia

6.7 6.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.4

Wisconsin

5.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.9

Wyoming

8.7 8.7 8.4 8.2 8.2 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.3

Puerto Rico

4.5 7.1 8.4 8.0 7.2 6.8 11.8 6.8 6.2 5.8

Virgin Islands

4.2 9.2 12.0 12.5 10.9 11.6 28.2 16.8 8.6 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 28, 2019