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News Release Information

21-713-CHI
Friday, June 04, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2020

From June 2020 to September 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Indiana were 206,433, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 134,481, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 71,952 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 232,672. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 8.3 percent of private-sector employment in Indiana; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 9.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Indiana, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 172,201 in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 75,013 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 34,232 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 10,968 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 5.4 percent of private-sector employment in Indiana; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Indiana, contracting establishments lost 111,888 jobs in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of 203,171 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 22,593 jobs, a decrease of 15,472 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in the 11 industry sectors in Indiana in the third quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 28,840 jobs. This was the result of 47,692 gross job gains and 18,852 gross job losses. The manufacturing industry had a net gain of 11,663 jobs, while professional and business service showed a net gain of 9,664 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 28, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Third Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

144,096 160,186 133,045 120,452 206,433 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3

At expanding establishments

119,757 132,866 113,887 97,188 172,201 4.5 5.0 4.2 3.8 6.9

At opening establishments

24,339 27,320 19,158 23,264 34,232 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.4

Gross job losses

150,279 135,961 160,208 353,124 134,481 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4

At contracting establishments

126,347 115,742 133,225 315,059 111,888 4.7 4.3 5.0 12.2 4.5

At closing establishments

23,932 20,219 26,983 38,065 22,593 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.5 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-6,183 24,225 -27,163 -232,672 71,952 -0.2 0.9 -1.1 -9.0 2.9

Construction

Gross job gains

11,917 13,390 13,362 10,549 14,597 8.2 9.2 8.9 7.2 10.4

At expanding establishments

9,920 11,399 10,917 8,738 11,385 6.8 7.8 7.3 6.0 8.1

At opening establishments

1,997 1,991 2,445 1,811 3,212 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.2 2.3

Gross job losses

12,937 11,743 12,007 19,224 11,681 8.9 8.0 8.0 13.2 8.2

At contracting establishments

10,467 9,838 10,068 16,614 9,662 7.2 6.7 6.7 11.4 6.8

At closing establishments

2,470 1,905 1,939 2,610 2,019 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.8 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,020 1,647 1,355 -8,675 2,916 -0.7 1.2 0.9 -6.0 2.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

12,951 13,737 12,848 8,069 27,331 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.6 5.4

At expanding establishments

11,673 12,873 12,178 7,247 25,868 2.2 2.4 2.3 1.4 5.1

At opening establishments

1,278 864 670 822 1,463 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

16,305 14,221 16,336 49,299 15,668 3.1 2.7 3.0 9.6 3.1

At contracting establishments

15,445 13,403 15,309 47,458 14,336 2.9 2.5 2.8 9.2 2.8

At closing establishments

860 818 1,027 1,841 1,332 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-3,354 -484 -3,488 -41,230 11,663 -0.7 -0.1 -0.6 -8.0 2.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,362 6,339 5,054 4,519 6,962 4.3 5.2 4.1 3.8 5.9

At expanding establishments

4,213 5,263 4,479 3,309 6,003 3.4 4.3 3.6 2.8 5.1

At opening establishments

1,149 1,076 575 1,210 959 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

5,880 5,020 5,716 11,505 5,140 4.8 4.1 4.6 9.6 4.3

At contracting establishments

4,633 4,034 4,378 10,258 4,030 3.8 3.3 3.5 8.6 3.4

At closing establishments

1,247 986 1,338 1,247 1,110 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-518 1,319 -662 -6,986 1,822 -0.5 1.1 -0.5 -5.8 1.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

16,677 18,199 18,980 23,330 25,231 5.3 5.8 6.0 7.5 8.2

At expanding establishments

14,268 16,141 16,781 21,396 22,212 4.5 5.1 5.3 6.9 7.2

At opening establishments

2,409 2,058 2,199 1,934 3,019 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.0

Gross job losses

20,840 18,347 17,464 39,621 19,357 6.6 5.8 5.5 12.7 6.3

At contracting establishments

18,338 16,495 15,449 36,606 16,966 5.8 5.2 4.9 11.7 5.5

At closing establishments

2,502 1,852 2,015 3,015 2,391 0.8 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-4,163 -148 1,516 -16,291 5,874 -1.3 0.0 0.5 -5.2 1.9

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

7,408 15,310 6,104 11,913 9,515 5.4 10.6 4.2 8.3 6.5

At expanding establishments

6,334 11,978 5,679 10,929 8,201 4.6 8.3 3.9 7.6 5.6

At opening establishments

1,074 3,332 425 984 1,314 0.8 2.3 0.3 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

5,736 6,305 10,918 12,761 6,021 4.1 4.4 7.5 8.9 4.2

At contracting establishments

4,886 5,639 8,977 11,793 5,342 3.5 3.9 6.2 8.2 3.7

At closing establishments

850 666 1,941 968 679 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,672 9,005 -4,814 -848 3,494 1.3 6.2 -3.3 -0.6 2.3

Information

Gross job gains

1,581 1,462 1,423 813 2,052 5.5 5.2 5.0 3.1 8.1

At expanding establishments

1,244 1,165 1,170 553 1,520 4.3 4.1 4.1 2.1 6.0

At opening establishments

337 297 253 260 532 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.0 2.1

Gross job losses

1,878 1,871 2,073 3,872 1,860 6.6 6.6 7.3 14.5 7.4

At contracting establishments

1,539 1,567 1,651 3,240 1,437 5.4 5.5 5.8 12.1 5.7

At closing establishments

339 304 422 632 423 1.2 1.1 1.5 2.4 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-297 -409 -650 -3,059 192 -1.1 -1.4 -2.3 -11.4 0.7

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,234 5,973 5,420 5,485 6,979 4.6 4.4 4.0 4.1 5.3

At expanding establishments

4,848 4,459 4,292 3,988 5,401 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.0 4.1

At opening establishments

1,386 1,514 1,128 1,497 1,578 1.0 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

6,258 5,559 5,958 10,433 5,819 4.6 4.1 4.4 7.8 4.4

At contracting establishments

4,662 4,043 4,614 8,676 4,045 3.4 3.0 3.4 6.5 3.1

At closing establishments

1,596 1,516 1,344 1,757 1,774 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-24 414 -538 -4,948 1,160 0.0 0.3 -0.4 -3.7 0.9

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

26,342 31,098 24,153 20,905 34,286 7.6 9.0 7.0 6.4 10.8

At expanding establishments

21,712 24,786 20,672 15,711 27,351 6.3 7.2 6.0 4.8 8.6

At opening establishments

4,630 6,312 3,481 5,194 6,935 1.3 1.8 1.0 1.6 2.2

Gross job losses

26,756 24,525 29,548 57,975 24,622 7.8 7.1 8.5 17.7 7.7

At contracting establishments

21,726 19,747 23,665 52,504 19,431 6.3 5.7 6.8 16.0 6.1

At closing establishments

5,030 4,778 5,883 5,471 5,191 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.6

Net employment change (2)

-414 6,573 -5,395 -37,070 9,664 -0.2 1.9 -1.5 -11.3 3.1

Education and health services

Gross job gains

20,046 17,019 15,481 12,389 20,736 4.3 3.7 3.3 2.7 4.7

At expanding establishments

17,842 14,356 13,776 9,983 18,157 3.8 3.1 2.9 2.2 4.1

At opening establishments

2,204 2,663 1,705 2,406 2,579 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Gross job losses

18,090 16,330 19,977 33,811 18,531 3.9 3.5 4.3 7.4 4.1

At contracting establishments

15,393 14,495 16,822 31,076 15,726 3.3 3.1 3.6 6.8 3.5

At closing establishments

2,697 1,835 3,155 2,735 2,805 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,956 689 -4,496 -21,422 2,205 0.4 0.2 -1.0 -4.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

27,389 28,553 21,951 16,362 47,692 8.8 9.1 7.0 5.9 18.7

At expanding establishments

21,165 22,879 17,184 11,106 37,307 6.8 7.3 5.5 4.0 14.6

At opening establishments

6,224 5,674 4,767 5,256 10,385 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.9 4.1

Gross job losses

27,297 24,612 31,249 94,642 18,852 8.8 7.9 10.1 34.4 7.4

At contracting establishments

22,435 20,654 25,131 79,612 15,241 7.2 6.6 8.1 28.9 6.0

At closing establishments

4,862 3,958 6,118 15,030 3,611 1.6 1.3 2.0 5.5 1.4

Net employment change (2)

92 3,941 -9,298 -78,280 28,840 0.0 1.2 -3.1 -28.5 11.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,066 6,217 5,732 4,392 8,975 7.0 7.1 6.6 5.5 11.6

At expanding establishments

4,933 5,004 4,514 2,725 7,068 5.7 5.7 5.2 3.4 9.1

At opening establishments

1,133 1,213 1,218 1,667 1,907 1.3 1.4 1.4 2.1 2.5

Gross job losses

6,124 5,536 6,781 16,262 4,731 7.0 6.3 7.8 20.0 6.1

At contracting establishments

4,992 4,283 5,206 13,924 3,776 5.7 4.9 6.0 17.1 4.9

At closing establishments

1,132 1,253 1,575 2,338 955 1.3 1.4 1.8 2.9 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-58 681 -1,049 -11,870 4,244 0.0 0.8 -1.2 -14.5 5.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020

United States(1)

5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0

Alabama

5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9

Alaska

9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9

Arizona

6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2

Arkansas

5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6

California

6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3

Colorado

6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3

Connecticut

5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1

Delaware

6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8

Florida

6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8

Georgia

6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4

Hawaii

5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7

Idaho

7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5

Illinois

5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6

Indiana

5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6

Kansas

5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0

Kentucky

5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0

Louisiana

5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2

Maine

6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0

Maryland

6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6

Michigan

5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4

Mississippi

5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5

Missouri

5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7

Montana

7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2

Nebraska

5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9

Nevada

6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4

New Hampshire

5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1

New Jersey

6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8

New Mexico

6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0

New York

5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6

North Dakota

6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9

Ohio

5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3

Oklahoma

6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0

Rhode Island

6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3

South Carolina

6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1

South Dakota

5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5

Tennessee

5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4

Texas

5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0

Utah

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2

Vermont

6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7

Virginia

5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3

Washington

6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2

West Virginia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0

Wisconsin

4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2

Wyoming

8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7

Puerto Rico

5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1

Virgin Islands

12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 04, 2021