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News Release Information

20-630-CHI
Thursday, May 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2019

From June 2019 to September 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Indiana were 143,721, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 152,070, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 8,349 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 15,537. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.4 percent of private-sector employment in Indiana; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Indiana, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 120,106 in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 1,455 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 23,615 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 1,848 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in Indiana; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Indiana, contracting establishments lost 129,634 jobs in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 5,013 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 22,436 jobs, an increase of 1,128 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 4 of the 11 industry sectors in Indiana in the third quarter of 2019. Transportation and warehousing had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 1,589 jobs. This was the result of 7,438 gross job gains and 5,849 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had a net gain of 1,174 jobs. Retail trade showed a net loss of 4,343 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Indiana’s manufacturing industry sector had a net loss of 3,616 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

139,987 148,866 156,880 140,418 143,721 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4

At expanding establishments

118,182 124,714 136,460 118,651 120,106 4.4 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.5

At opening establishments

21,805 24,152 20,420 21,767 23,615 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

141,825 133,677 129,593 155,955 152,070 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7

At contracting establishments

121,321 110,145 110,580 134,647 129,634 4.6 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.9

At closing establishments

20,504 23,532 19,013 21,308 22,436 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,838 15,189 27,287 -15,537 -8,349 -0.2 0.6 1.1 -0.6 -0.3

Construction

Gross job gains

12,314 12,801 14,683 13,334 11,832 8.7 9.0 10.0 9.1 8.2

At expanding establishments

10,452 10,376 12,474 11,275 9,834 7.4 7.3 8.5 7.7 6.8

At opening establishments

1,862 2,425 2,209 2,059 1,998 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4

Gross job losses

12,582 11,661 11,819 13,444 12,870 8.9 8.2 8.1 9.1 8.9

At contracting establishments

10,595 9,913 10,060 11,751 10,669 7.5 7.0 6.9 8.0 7.4

At closing establishments

1,987 1,748 1,759 1,693 2,201 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-268 1,140 2,864 -110 -1,038 -0.2 0.8 1.9 0.0 -0.7

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,460 16,741 15,361 14,026 12,581 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.3

At expanding establishments

13,516 15,701 14,456 13,045 11,495 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.1

At opening establishments

944 1,040 905 981 1,086 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

15,576 13,294 14,327 17,481 16,197 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.2 3.0

At contracting establishments

14,552 11,841 13,496 16,197 15,338 2.7 2.2 2.5 3.0 2.8

At closing establishments

1,024 1,453 831 1,284 859 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,116 3,447 1,034 -3,455 -3,616 -0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.6 -0.7

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

6,208 5,904 5,872 5,728 5,290 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.3

At expanding establishments

5,225 5,024 4,989 4,514 4,269 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.5

At opening establishments

983 880 883 1,214 1,021 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

5,104 5,067 4,717 5,567 5,745 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.6 4.7

At contracting establishments

4,103 3,884 3,776 4,384 4,632 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.8

At closing establishments

1,001 1,183 941 1,183 1,113 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,104 837 1,155 161 -455 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.1 -0.4

Retail trade

Gross job gains

19,110 17,141 21,097 16,612 16,770 5.9 5.3 6.6 5.2 5.3

At expanding establishments

16,779 14,804 18,966 14,311 14,367 5.2 4.6 5.9 4.5 4.5

At opening establishments

2,331 2,337 2,131 2,301 2,403 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

20,037 19,080 17,426 21,374 21,113 6.2 6.0 5.5 6.7 6.7

At contracting establishments

17,043 16,533 15,302 18,793 18,554 5.3 5.2 4.8 5.9 5.9

At closing establishments

2,994 2,547 2,124 2,581 2,559 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-927 -1,939 3,671 -4,762 -4,343 -0.3 -0.7 1.1 -1.5 -1.4

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

7,388 10,271 7,712 7,152 7,438 5.4 7.4 5.5 5.2 5.4

At expanding establishments

6,512 8,566 6,988 6,170 6,364 4.8 6.2 5.0 4.5 4.6

At opening establishments

876 1,705 724 982 1,074 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

5,756 6,234 7,938 6,744 5,849 4.3 4.5 5.7 4.9 4.2

At contracting establishments

4,852 5,419 7,092 5,618 5,057 3.6 3.9 5.1 4.1 3.6

At closing establishments

904 815 846 1,126 792 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,632 4,037 -226 408 1,589 1.1 2.9 -0.2 0.3 1.2

Information

Gross job gains

1,208 1,150 1,448 1,435 1,564 4.1 4.0 5.1 5.0 5.4

At expanding establishments

989 930 1,232 1,160 1,237 3.4 3.2 4.3 4.0 4.3

At opening establishments

219 220 216 275 327 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

1,744 1,322 1,629 1,403 1,851 6.0 4.6 5.7 4.9 6.5

At contracting establishments

1,429 1,120 1,144 1,181 1,511 4.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 5.3

At closing establishments

315 202 485 222 340 1.1 0.7 1.7 0.8 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-536 -172 -181 32 -287 -1.9 -0.6 -0.6 0.1 -1.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,083 6,383 5,925 6,350 6,210 4.5 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.6

At expanding establishments

4,729 4,807 4,717 4,894 4,829 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

At opening establishments

1,354 1,576 1,208 1,456 1,381 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

6,034 6,114 5,240 5,620 6,302 4.5 4.5 3.9 4.2 4.7

At contracting establishments

4,594 4,606 4,038 4,567 4,700 3.4 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.5

At closing establishments

1,440 1,508 1,202 1,053 1,602 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.2

Net employment change (2)

49 269 685 730 -92 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

23,615 26,005 24,842 26,071 25,824 6.9 7.5 7.2 7.5 7.5

At expanding establishments

19,053 20,438 21,494 21,585 21,323 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.2

At opening establishments

4,562 5,567 3,348 4,486 4,501 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

24,121 22,604 23,297 27,895 27,728 7.0 6.6 6.7 8.1 8.1

At contracting establishments

20,602 17,882 19,201 23,482 22,996 6.0 5.2 5.5 6.8 6.7

At closing establishments

3,519 4,722 4,096 4,413 4,732 1.0 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-506 3,401 1,545 -1,824 -1,904 -0.1 0.9 0.5 -0.6 -0.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

16,038 16,693 19,561 18,067 19,786 3.5 3.6 4.3 3.8 4.2

At expanding establishments

14,420 14,746 17,431 16,091 17,690 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.4 3.8

At opening establishments

1,618 1,947 2,130 1,976 2,096 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Gross job losses

16,864 16,539 14,886 16,586 19,365 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.6 4.2

At contracting establishments

14,883 13,020 12,802 14,393 17,148 3.2 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.7

At closing establishments

1,981 3,519 2,084 2,193 2,217 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-826 154 4,675 1,481 421 -0.1 0.0 1.1 0.2 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,461 26,743 30,611 23,797 28,159 8.2 8.6 9.7 7.6 9.1

At expanding establishments

19,797 22,102 25,587 19,171 22,073 6.4 7.1 8.1 6.1 7.1

At opening establishments

5,664 4,641 5,024 4,626 6,086 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.5 2.0

Gross job losses

25,440 23,997 21,147 30,140 26,985 8.2 7.7 6.7 9.6 8.7

At contracting establishments

21,750 19,670 17,809 26,062 22,341 7.0 6.3 5.6 8.3 7.2

At closing establishments

3,690 4,327 3,338 4,078 4,644 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.5

Net employment change (2)

21 2,746 9,464 -6,343 1,174 0.0 0.9 3.0 -2.0 0.4

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,938 6,345 6,923 6,093 6,149 6.9 7.3 7.9 6.9 7.1

At expanding establishments

4,872 4,867 5,706 4,914 5,038 5.7 5.6 6.5 5.6 5.8

At opening establishments

1,066 1,478 1,217 1,179 1,111 1.2 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

6,320 5,839 5,136 6,879 5,931 7.3 6.7 5.9 7.8 6.8

At contracting establishments

5,077 4,696 4,193 5,619 4,820 5.9 5.4 4.8 6.4 5.5

At closing establishments

1,243 1,143 943 1,260 1,111 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-382 506 1,787 -786 218 -0.4 0.6 2.0 -0.9 0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019

United States(1)

6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8

Alabama

6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.9

Alaska

8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 9.5 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2 10.1

Arizona

6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 6.4 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7 4.8

Arkansas

6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.5

California

6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.1

Colorado

6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4

Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9 5.8

Delaware

5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2

District of Columbia

5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5 5.4

Florida

6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3 5.7

Georgia

6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1

Hawaii

5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3

Idaho

6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7 6.8

Illinois

5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.6

Indiana

5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6

Kansas

5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.7

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1

Maine

6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.2

Maryland

6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.6

Massachusetts

5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9

Michigan

5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8 6.0

Minnesota

5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.8

Mississippi

5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.8

Missouri

5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.8

Montana

7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.3 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7 7.7

Nebraska

5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5

Nevada

6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.7

New Hampshire

5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 5.8 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.6

New Jersey

6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1

New Mexico

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.1

New York

6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9

North Dakota

6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.1

Ohio

5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.8

Oklahoma

6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.2

Rhode Island

6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7 6.2

South Carolina

5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2 5.7

South Dakota

6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.0

Tennessee

5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1

Texas

6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2

Utah

7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2

Vermont

6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 6.3 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1 7.6

Virginia

5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.2 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0

Washington

6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.0

West Virginia

7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.7

Wisconsin

5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.8

Wyoming

8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6 8.7

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8 5.4

Virgin Islands

12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 11.2 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 14, 2020