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19-108-CHI
Wednesday, March 20, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Nebraska — Second Quarter 2018

From March 2018 to June 2018, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Nebraska totaled 47,811, while gross job losses numbered 47,285, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 526. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,697.  (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 47,811 gross job gains in June 2018, although higher than the 46,119 gross job gains seen in the previous quarter, remained below the 5-year peak of 51,477 in September 2016. Gross job losses in June 2018 totaled 47,285 in the state, an increase from 44,422 in the previous quarter. Nebraska’s gross job losses were at a 5-year high of 50,012 in December 2016 and a low of 41,578 in June 2013.

Nebraska’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 5.9 percent in June 2018, below the national rate of 6.1 percent. Nebraska’s rate of gross job gains has been at or below the U.S. rate each quarter over the past five years, with one exception. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment in Nebraska was 5.8 percent, matching the national rate in the quarter ended June 2018. Over the last five years, with few exceptions, the rate of gross job losses in Nebraska has been at or below the U.S. rate each quarter.

During the second quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in six industry sectors in Nebraska. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 452. While nearly 7,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments in the industry, more than 6,400 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the 3-months ended in June 2018. Net employment gains were less than 350 in each of the five remaining sectors. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors. Within retail trade and professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 336 and 308, respectively. Net employment losses were less than 200 in the two remaining sectors.

Six of the seven states in the West North Central Census division, including Nebraska, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2018. Five states in the division, including Nebraska, had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.1-percent national rate. (See table A.) Four states in the division had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.8-percent national rate. As noted, Nebraska’s rate of gross job losses matched the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, June 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,639,000 6.1 7,202,000 5.8 437,000 0.3

West North Central (1)

511,902 489,604 22,298

Iowa

74,977 5.7 70,344 5.4 4,633 0.3

Kansas

64,974 5.7 63,272 5.6 1,702 0.1

Minnesota

143,233 5.8 130,411 5.3 12,822 0.5

Missouri

136,175 5.7 135,227 5.7 948 0.0

Nebraska

47,811 5.9 47,285 5.8 526 0.1

North Dakota

23,378 6.7 21,525 6.2 1,853 0.5

South Dakota

21,354 6.1 21,540 6.1 -186 0.0

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2018 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Nebraska, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

45,194 47,837 50,496 46,119 47,811 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9

At expanding establishments

37,506 39,140 41,291 37,618 38,003 4.6 4.8 5.1 4.6 4.7

At opening establishments

7,688 8,697 9,205 8,501 9,808 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2

Gross job losses

49,129 47,865 44,716 44,422 47,285 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8

At contracting establishments

40,578 39,041 35,920 37,300 38,308 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.7

At closing establishments

8,551 8,824 8,796 7,122 8,977 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-3,935 -28 5,780 1,697 526 -0.6 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.1

Construction

Gross job gains

4,482 4,787 5,844 5,349 5,095 8.6 9.4 11.4 10.2 9.7

At expanding establishments

3,485 3,959 4,678 4,155 4,044 6.7 7.8 9.1 7.9 7.7

At opening establishments

997 828 1,166 1,194 1,051 1.9 1.6 2.3 2.3 2.0

Gross job losses

5,185 4,922 4,508 4,907 4,800 10.0 9.7 8.7 9.3 9.2

At contracting establishments

4,311 3,996 3,661 4,001 3,763 8.3 7.9 7.1 7.6 7.2

At closing establishments

874 926 847 906 1,037 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.0

Net employment change (2)

-703 -135 1,336 442 295 -1.4 -0.3 2.7 0.9 0.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

2,351 2,631 3,202 2,200 2,525 2.4 2.7 3.3 2.3 2.6

At expanding establishments

2,238 2,524 3,115 2,045 2,372 2.3 2.6 3.2 2.1 2.4

At opening establishments

113 107 87 155 153 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

2,185 2,421 1,869 2,333 2,701 2.2 2.5 1.9 2.3 2.7

At contracting establishments

1,996 2,175 1,751 2,215 2,493 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.2 2.5

At closing establishments

189 246 118 118 208 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2

Net employment change (2)

166 210 1,333 -133 -176 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.0 -0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

1,998 1,837 2,425 1,990 2,121 4.8 4.5 5.8 4.8 5.3

At expanding establishments

1,736 1,472 2,035 1,643 1,765 4.2 3.6 4.9 4.0 4.4

At opening establishments

262 365 390 347 356 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

1,936 2,263 1,758 2,317 1,952 4.7 5.5 4.3 5.7 4.8

At contracting establishments

1,556 1,768 1,381 1,924 1,529 3.8 4.3 3.4 4.7 3.8

At closing establishments

380 495 377 393 423 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

62 -426 667 -327 169 0.1 -1.0 1.5 -0.9 0.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

5,829 5,989 5,767 5,849 5,709 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.2

At expanding establishments

5,152 5,024 5,099 5,207 4,965 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5

At opening establishments

677 965 668 642 744 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

6,944 6,541 6,095 5,628 6,045 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.5

At contracting establishments

5,968 5,602 5,420 5,236 5,458 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.0

At closing establishments

976 939 675 392 587 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,115 -552 -328 221 -336 -1.0 -0.5 -0.3 0.2 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

1,879 1,880 2,554 1,697 1,675 4.7 4.8 6.4 4.2 4.2

At expanding establishments

1,666 1,489 2,358 1,356 1,448 4.2 3.8 5.9 3.4 3.6

At opening establishments

213 391 196 341 227 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

1,753 1,699 1,589 2,158 1,812 4.4 4.3 3.9 5.4 4.5

At contracting establishments

1,549 1,472 1,169 1,964 1,538 3.9 3.7 2.9 4.9 3.8

At closing establishments

204 227 420 194 274 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7

Net employment change (2)

126 181 965 -461 -137 0.3 0.5 2.5 -1.2 -0.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

2,561 2,764 2,528 2,545 2,590 3.8 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.9

At expanding establishments

2,141 2,273 1,923 1,987 2,117 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.9 3.2

At opening establishments

420 491 605 558 473 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

2,371 2,304 2,439 2,160 2,257 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.4

At contracting establishments

1,888 1,857 1,997 1,704 1,652 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.5

At closing establishments

483 447 442 456 605 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

190 460 89 385 333 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

7,950 8,530 8,170 7,978 8,385 6.8 7.3 7.0 6.7 7.1

At expanding establishments

6,447 6,925 6,562 6,403 6,644 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.6

At opening establishments

1,503 1,605 1,608 1,575 1,741 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5

Gross job losses

9,141 7,792 8,293 7,400 8,693 7.8 6.6 7.1 6.3 7.3

At contracting establishments

7,434 6,250 6,684 6,123 6,927 6.3 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.8

At closing establishments

1,707 1,542 1,609 1,277 1,766 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,191 738 -123 578 -308 -1.0 0.7 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

6,461 6,790 6,895 6,553 6,902 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.7 5.0

At expanding establishments

5,070 5,115 5,074 5,149 5,032 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6

At opening establishments

1,391 1,675 1,821 1,404 1,870 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.4

Gross job losses

7,027 6,920 6,834 6,172 6,450 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.7

At contracting establishments

5,426 5,032 4,330 4,653 4,833 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.5

At closing establishments

1,601 1,888 2,504 1,519 1,617 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-566 -130 61 381 452 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

8,202 8,710 8,742 8,197 8,957 8.9 9.5 9.5 8.9 9.7

At expanding establishments

6,659 7,329 6,890 6,576 6,671 7.2 8.0 7.5 7.1 7.2

At opening establishments

1,543 1,381 1,852 1,621 2,286 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.8 2.5

Gross job losses

8,715 9,100 7,817 7,411 8,673 9.4 10.0 8.5 8.0 9.4

At contracting establishments

7,224 7,678 6,701 6,152 7,077 7.8 8.4 7.3 6.6 7.7

At closing establishments

1,491 1,422 1,116 1,259 1,596 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-513 -390 925 786 284 -0.5 -0.5 1.0 0.9 0.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

1,585 1,688 1,650 1,662 1,851 6.6 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.6

At expanding establishments

1,302 1,360 1,319 1,356 1,290 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3

At opening establishments

283 328 331 306 561 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3 2.3

Gross job losses

1,572 1,684 1,572 1,513 1,526 6.5 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.2

At contracting establishments

1,283 1,362 1,261 1,235 1,207 5.3 5.6 5.2 5.1 4.9

At closing establishments

289 322 311 278 319 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

13 4 78 149 325 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.7 1.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

United States(1)

6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8

Alabama

5.6 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 8.7 9.7 9.8 10.9 9.9 10.8 10.2 8.8 10.7

Arizona

6.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.9

Arkansas

5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6

California

6.9 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3

Colorado

7.0 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.1

Connecticut

5.7 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0

Delaware

6.7 6.4 7.0 7.1 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0

District of Columbia

5.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.8 8.2 6.1 6.5 6.1 7.5 5.3 5.5 6.1

Georgia

6.2 6.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 6.4

Hawaii

5.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.5

Idaho

7.3 6.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.6 5.9 6.7

Illinois

5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.5

Indiana

5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.7 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.5 6.3 5.9 5.2 5.7 6.5 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.6

Kentucky

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.5

Maine

7.7 6.5 7.2 7.2 8.1 6.8 7.5 6.6 7.0 7.1

Maryland

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.7 5.8

Massachusetts

6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.4

Michigan

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1

Minnesota

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.0

Missouri

5.6 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.7

Montana

7.9 7.2 8.5 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1 7.8

Nebraska

5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8

Nevada

6.2 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8

New Hampshire

6.6 5.5 6.7 6.1 6.7 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.3

New Jersey

6.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 6.5 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7

New Mexico

6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2

New York

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.8

North Carolina

6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.5

North Dakota

6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.2

Ohio

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4

Oklahoma

6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5 6.5

Oregon

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1

Rhode Island

6.5 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.1

South Carolina

6.1 5.8 7.0 5.9 7.5 6.1 6.2 5.3 4.7 6.5

South Dakota

6.2 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2

Utah

6.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3

Vermont

7.9 6.5 7.4 6.4 7.2 6.8 7.8 6.5 7.0 7.3

Virginia

6.4 5.9 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8

Washington

7.1 6.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.3

West Virginia

6.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4

Wisconsin

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.5

Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.2 9.1 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3

Puerto Rico

5.4 4.5 7.1 8.4 8.0 5.4 6.8 11.8 6.8 6.2

Virgin Islands

6.7 4.2 9.2 12.0 12.5 5.3 11.6 28.2 16.8 8.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 20, 2019