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News Release Information

21-140-CHI
Friday, March 12, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Nebraska — Second Quarter 2020

From March 2020 to June 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Nebraska were 38,885, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 96,697, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 57,812 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,188. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 4.9 percent of private-sector employment in Nebraska; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 4.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Nebraska, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 31,516 in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 8,128 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 7,369 jobs gained in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 630 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 12.1 percent of private-sector employment in Nebraska; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 17.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Nebraska, contracting establishments lost 84,693 jobs in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 42,788 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 12,004 jobs, an increase of 4,078 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all 10 industry sectors in Nebraska in the second quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job decrease, with a loss of 23,770 jobs. This was the result of 4,953 gross job gains and 28,723 gross job losses. Professional and business services showed the second-largest net job loss (-7,757), followed by retail trade (-6,129) and education and health services (-5,306). Job losses among the remaining sectors ranged from 4,323 in manufacturing to 1,279 in wholesale trade.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 28, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Second Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Nebraska, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

47,077 46,815 51,291 47,643 38,885 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9

At expanding establishments

38,712 39,044 41,449 39,644 31,516 4.7 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.0

At opening establishments

8,365 7,771 9,842 7,999 7,369 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

46,496 45,346 46,946 49,831 96,697 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1

At contracting establishments

36,873 37,618 37,487 41,905 84,693 4.5 4.6 4.6 5.1 10.6

At closing establishments

9,623 7,728 9,459 7,926 12,004 1.2 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.5

Net employment change (2)

581 1,469 4,345 -2,188 -57,812 0.0 0.2 0.4 -0.3 -7.2

Construction

Gross job gains

5,706 4,780 5,707 5,759 4,164 10.8 9.0 10.4 10.1 7.4

At expanding establishments

4,513 4,055 4,543 4,788 3,315 8.5 7.6 8.3 8.4 5.9

At opening establishments

1,193 725 1,164 971 849 2.3 1.4 2.1 1.7 1.5

Gross job losses

4,416 4,222 4,350 4,430 6,611 8.4 7.9 7.9 7.8 11.7

At contracting establishments

3,541 3,415 3,511 3,523 5,587 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.2 9.9

At closing establishments

875 807 839 907 1,024 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8

Net employment change (2)

1,290 558 1,357 1,329 -2,447 2.4 1.1 2.5 2.3 -4.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

2,055 2,627 2,594 2,473 1,779 2.1 2.6 2.6 2.4 1.9

At expanding establishments

1,981 2,539 2,260 2,338 1,621 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.3 1.7

At opening establishments

74 88 334 135 158 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Gross job losses

2,543 2,597 2,524 2,505 6,102 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 6.2

At contracting establishments

2,336 2,395 2,354 2,317 5,888 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 6.0

At closing establishments

207 202 170 188 214 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-488 30 70 -32 -4,323 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -4.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,048 1,949 2,140 2,341 1,874 5.1 4.9 5.4 5.8 4.7

At expanding establishments

1,758 1,719 1,799 2,033 1,555 4.4 4.3 4.5 5.0 3.9

At opening establishments

290 230 341 308 319 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

2,079 2,036 1,937 2,134 3,153 5.2 5.1 4.8 5.3 7.8

At contracting establishments

1,736 1,616 1,454 1,749 2,653 4.3 4.0 3.6 4.3 6.6

At closing establishments

343 420 483 385 500 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-31 -87 203 207 -1,279 -0.1 -0.2 0.6 0.5 -3.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

5,820 5,760 5,697 6,335 7,093 5.5 5.5 5.4 6.1 6.8

At expanding establishments

4,888 5,157 5,151 5,830 6,527 4.6 4.9 4.9 5.6 6.3

At opening establishments

932 603 546 505 566 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

7,325 6,569 6,013 5,638 13,222 6.9 6.3 5.8 5.4 12.8

At contracting establishments

6,269 5,742 5,395 5,124 12,456 5.9 5.5 5.2 4.9 12.1

At closing establishments

1,056 827 618 514 766 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,505 -809 -316 697 -6,129 -1.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.7 -6.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

1,966 1,747 2,818 1,762 1,921 4.7 4.2 6.7 4.2 4.7

At expanding establishments

1,739 1,372 2,578 1,467 1,665 4.2 3.3 6.1 3.5 4.1

At opening establishments

227 375 240 295 256 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

1,920 1,938 1,913 2,885 3,471 4.6 4.6 4.6 7.0 8.6

At contracting establishments

1,328 1,752 1,495 2,609 3,145 3.2 4.2 3.6 6.3 7.8

At closing establishments

592 186 418 276 326 1.4 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

46 -191 905 -1,123 -1,550 0.1 -0.4 2.1 -2.8 -3.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

2,637 2,614 2,692 2,329 2,020 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.5 3.0

At expanding establishments

2,130 2,139 2,075 1,803 1,475 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.2

At opening establishments

507 475 617 526 545 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

2,379 2,181 2,581 2,520 3,339 3.6 3.2 3.8 3.8 5.0

At contracting establishments

1,922 1,720 1,865 2,063 2,732 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.1 4.1

At closing establishments

457 461 716 457 607 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

258 433 111 -191 -1,319 0.4 0.7 0.2 -0.3 -2.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

8,459 8,435 10,170 8,047 6,510 7.1 7.0 8.3 6.6 5.5

At expanding establishments

6,808 6,864 8,414 6,496 5,037 5.7 5.7 6.9 5.3 4.3

At opening establishments

1,651 1,571 1,756 1,551 1,473 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

7,079 7,400 8,028 9,890 14,267 5.9 6.1 6.6 8.0 12.0

At contracting establishments

5,624 5,910 6,198 8,512 12,680 4.7 4.9 5.1 6.9 10.7

At closing establishments

1,455 1,490 1,830 1,378 1,587 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,380 1,035 2,142 -1,843 -7,757 1.2 0.9 1.7 -1.4 -6.5

Education and health services

Gross job gains

6,022 6,158 6,823 6,349 5,435 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.0

At expanding establishments

4,719 4,770 4,731 4,859 4,307 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.2

At opening establishments

1,303 1,388 2,092 1,490 1,128 0.9 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.8

Gross job losses

6,334 5,992 7,729 5,771 10,741 4.5 4.3 5.6 4.1 7.9

At contracting establishments

4,333 4,512 5,534 4,456 9,261 3.1 3.2 4.0 3.2 6.8

At closing establishments

2,001 1,480 2,195 1,315 1,480 1.4 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-312 166 -906 578 -5,306 -0.2 0.1 -0.7 0.5 -3.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

8,599 8,806 8,342 8,042 4,953 9.2 9.3 8.9 8.6 6.1

At expanding establishments

7,040 7,359 6,404 6,643 3,582 7.5 7.8 6.8 7.1 4.4

At opening establishments

1,559 1,447 1,938 1,399 1,371 1.7 1.5 2.1 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

8,594 8,829 8,245 10,067 28,723 9.2 9.4 8.8 10.8 34.9

At contracting establishments

6,815 7,485 6,751 8,215 24,799 7.3 8.0 7.2 8.8 30.1

At closing establishments

1,779 1,344 1,494 1,852 3,924 1.9 1.4 1.6 2.0 4.8

Net employment change (2)

5 -23 97 -2,025 -23,770 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -2.2 -28.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

1,666 1,709 1,703 1,658 1,299 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 5.5

At expanding establishments

1,333 1,303 1,319 1,262 988 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.2

At opening establishments

333 406 384 396 311 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3

Gross job losses

1,378 1,480 1,808 1,785 3,589 5.7 6.0 7.3 7.2 15.2

At contracting establishments

1,137 1,247 1,405 1,466 2,975 4.7 5.1 5.7 5.9 12.6

At closing establishments

241 233 403 319 614 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.3 2.6

Net employment change (2)

288 229 -105 -127 -2,290 1.2 0.9 -0.4 -0.5 -9.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

United States(1)

6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0

Alabama

5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6

Alaska

10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5

Arizona

5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7

Arkansas

5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0

California

6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6

Colorado

7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9

Connecticut

5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7

Delaware

6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4

Florida

6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9

Georgia

6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0

Hawaii

4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8

Idaho

7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2

Illinois

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4

Indiana

5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7

Iowa

5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0

Kansas

5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3

Kentucky

5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3

Louisiana

6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9

Maine

7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7

Maryland

6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9

Massachusetts

6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2

Michigan

5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7

Minnesota

5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6

Mississippi

5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9

Missouri

5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3

Montana

8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1

Nevada

6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2

New Hampshire

6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8

New Jersey

6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1

New Mexico

6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6

New York

6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9

North Carolina

6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2

Ohio

5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3

Oregon

6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2

Rhode Island

6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2

South Carolina

6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9

South Dakota

6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6

Tennessee

5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7

Texas

5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6

Utah

7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9

Vermont

7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5

Virginia

6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2

Washington

6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9

West Virginia

6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8

Wisconsin

5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4

Wyoming

8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1

Puerto Rico

6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9

Virgin Islands

8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, March 12, 2021