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News Release Information

20-142-CHI
Friday, March 06, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Nebraska — Second Quarter 2019

From March 2019 to June 2019, gross job gains in opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Nebraska totaled 46,984, while gross job losses in closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 46,493, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 491. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 836.  (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 46,984 gross job gains in the second quarter of 2019, although higher than the 46,491 gross job gains seen in the previous quarter, remained below the 5-year peak of 51,434 in the third quarter of 2016. Gross job losses in the second quarter of 2019 totaled 46,493 in the state, an increase from 45,655 in the previous quarter. Nebraska’s gross job losses were at a 5-year high of 50,030 in the fourth quarter of 2016 and a low of 41,762 in the first quarter of 2017. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in Nebraska in the second quarter of 2019, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. Nebraska’s rate of gross job gains has been at or below the U.S. rate each quarter over the past five years, with one exception. (See chart 2.) Nebraska’s rate of gross job losses represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in the second quarter of 2019 and was below the U.S. rate of 5.9 percent.

During the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in six industry sectors in Nebraska. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,368. While 8,433 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments in the industry, 7,065 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the second quarter of 2019. In construction, 5,695 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 4,404 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,291 jobs. Net employment gains were less than 300 in each of the four remaining sectors. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in Nebraska. Within retail trade, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,532. Net employment losses were less than 515 in the remaining sectors.

Four of the seven states in the West North Central Census division, including Nebraska, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2019. Five states in the division, including Nebraska, had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. (See table A.) Five states in the division, including Nebraska, had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.9-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, June 2019, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,605,000 6.0 7,423,000 5.9 182,000 0.1

West North Central (1)

516,213 507,262 8,951

Iowa

75,896 5.8 73,362 5.6 2,534 0.2

Kansas

65,750 5.7 65,932 5.7 -182 0.0

Minnesota

146,506 5.8 136,281 5.5 10,225 0.3

Missouri

135,471 5.6 140,045 5.8 -4,574 -0.2

Nebraska

46,984 5.7 46,493 5.7 491 0.0

North Dakota

23,575 6.7 23,713 6.7 -138 0.0

South Dakota

22,031 6.2 21,436 6.0 595 0.2

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Nebraska, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

47,822 47,885 47,835 46,491 46,984 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

At expanding establishments

37,939 39,577 38,313 36,731 38,631 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.7

At opening establishments

9,883 8,308 9,522 9,760 8,353 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.0

Gross job losses

47,343 48,225 46,760 45,655 46,493 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7

At contracting establishments

38,554 39,333 38,312 38,630 36,765 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5

At closing establishments

8,789 8,892 8,448 7,025 9,728 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2

Net employment change (2)

479 -340 1,075 836 491 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Construction

Gross job gains

5,066 4,697 4,945 4,753 5,695 9.6 9.1 9.4 9.0 10.8

At expanding establishments

4,007 3,781 3,928 3,634 4,504 7.6 7.3 7.5 6.9 8.5

At opening establishments

1,059 916 1,017 1,119 1,191 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3

Gross job losses

4,857 4,780 4,685 5,577 4,404 9.3 9.3 9.0 10.5 8.4

At contracting establishments

3,821 3,918 3,763 4,597 3,517 7.3 7.6 7.2 8.7 6.7

At closing establishments

1,036 862 922 980 887 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7

Net employment change (2)

209 -83 260 -824 1,291 0.3 -0.2 0.4 -1.5 2.4

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

2,521 3,267 2,585 2,384 2,034 2.6 3.3 2.6 2.4 2.1

At expanding establishments

2,367 3,079 2,323 2,254 1,973 2.4 3.1 2.3 2.3 2.0

At opening establishments

154 188 262 130 61 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Gross job losses

2,664 2,326 2,686 2,124 2,548 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.1 2.5

At contracting establishments

2,472 2,111 2,440 2,019 2,322 2.5 2.1 2.4 2.0 2.3

At closing establishments

192 215 246 105 226 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-143 941 -101 260 -514 -0.1 1.0 0.0 0.3 -0.4

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,107 1,931 2,120 2,158 2,052 5.2 4.8 5.3 5.4 5.1

At expanding establishments

1,752 1,587 1,684 1,646 1,755 4.3 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.4

At opening establishments

355 344 436 512 297 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.3 0.7

Gross job losses

1,994 2,559 1,750 2,178 2,060 4.9 6.4 4.4 5.4 5.1

At contracting establishments

1,552 1,974 1,483 1,804 1,734 3.8 4.9 3.7 4.5 4.3

At closing establishments

442 585 267 374 326 1.1 1.5 0.7 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

113 -628 370 -20 -8 0.3 -1.6 0.9 0.0 0.0

Retail trade

Gross job gains

5,711 5,295 5,623 5,763 5,804 5.2 4.9 5.3 5.4 5.5

At expanding establishments

4,965 4,851 5,107 4,862 4,866 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.6

At opening establishments

746 444 516 901 938 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

6,188 7,234 5,778 6,057 7,336 5.6 6.7 5.4 5.6 6.9

At contracting establishments

5,609 5,727 5,124 5,479 6,301 5.1 5.3 4.8 5.1 5.9

At closing establishments

579 1,507 654 578 1,035 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.5 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-477 -1,939 -155 -294 -1,532 -0.4 -1.8 -0.1 -0.2 -1.4

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

1,701 1,999 3,018 1,848 1,954 4.2 5.0 7.3 4.4 4.7

At expanding establishments

1,468 1,693 2,539 1,503 1,728 3.6 4.2 6.1 3.6 4.2

At opening establishments

233 306 479 345 226 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.5

Gross job losses

1,823 1,738 1,707 2,692 1,909 4.5 4.3 4.1 6.5 4.6

At contracting establishments

1,533 1,589 1,401 2,416 1,323 3.8 3.9 3.4 5.8 3.2

At closing establishments

290 149 306 276 586 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-122 261 1,311 -844 45 -0.3 0.7 3.2 -2.1 0.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

2,613 2,285 2,739 2,367 2,633 3.9 3.4 4.1 3.5 4.0

At expanding establishments

2,138 1,863 2,199 1,896 2,128 3.2 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.2

At opening establishments

475 422 540 471 505 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

2,144 2,213 2,242 2,305 2,372 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.6

At contracting establishments

1,680 1,799 1,825 1,866 1,919 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9

At closing establishments

464 414 417 439 453 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

469 72 497 62 261 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

8,404 8,867 8,410 8,016 8,433 7.1 7.4 7.0 6.8 7.1

At expanding establishments

6,635 7,085 6,328 6,479 6,787 5.6 5.9 5.3 5.5 5.7

At opening establishments

1,769 1,782 2,082 1,537 1,646 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

8,508 8,174 9,309 7,861 7,065 7.1 6.8 7.8 6.6 5.9

At contracting establishments

6,813 6,688 7,347 6,547 5,602 5.7 5.6 6.2 5.5 4.7

At closing establishments

1,695 1,486 1,962 1,314 1,463 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-104 693 -899 155 1,368 0.0 0.6 -0.8 0.2 1.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

6,840 6,861 6,021 6,830 6,014 4.9 5.0 4.4 4.9 4.3

At expanding establishments

5,005 5,394 4,653 4,907 4,711 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.4

At opening establishments

1,835 1,467 1,368 1,923 1,303 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.4 0.9

Gross job losses

6,493 6,461 6,084 5,583 6,367 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.6

At contracting establishments

4,863 4,981 4,556 4,390 4,330 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.1

At closing establishments

1,630 1,480 1,528 1,193 2,037 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.5

Net employment change (2)

347 400 -63 1,247 -353 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.8 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

9,028 9,021 8,213 8,477 8,612 9.7 9.7 8.8 9.0 9.2

At expanding establishments

6,679 7,256 6,136 6,473 7,049 7.2 7.8 6.6 6.9 7.5

At opening establishments

2,349 1,765 2,077 2,004 1,563 2.5 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.7

Gross job losses

8,691 8,908 7,878 7,289 8,586 9.4 9.6 8.5 7.8 9.1

At contracting establishments

7,112 7,389 6,711 6,231 6,762 7.7 8.0 7.2 6.7 7.2

At closing establishments

1,579 1,519 1,167 1,058 1,824 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.9

Net employment change (2)

337 113 335 1,188 26 0.3 0.1 0.3 1.2 0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

1,840 1,598 1,596 1,622 1,663 7.5 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.9

At expanding establishments

1,279 1,354 1,259 1,258 1,331 5.2 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.5

At opening establishments

561 244 337 364 332 2.3 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.4

Gross job losses

1,602 1,564 1,950 1,669 1,377 6.6 6.4 8.0 6.8 5.6

At contracting establishments

1,266 1,305 1,375 1,316 1,129 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.6

At closing establishments

336 259 575 353 248 1.4 1.1 2.4 1.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

238 34 -354 -47 286 0.9 0.1 -1.4 -0.1 1.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9

Alabama

5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0

Alaska

10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2

Arizona

6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7

Arkansas

5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7

California

6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4

Colorado

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2

Connecticut

5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9

Delaware

6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3

District of Columbia

5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5

Florida

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3

Georgia

6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4

Hawaii

5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1

Idaho

7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7

Illinois

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3

Indiana

5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8

Iowa

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6

Kansas

5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7

Kentucky

5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9

Louisiana

6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5

Maine

8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5

Maryland

6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4

Massachusetts

6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7

Michigan

5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8

Minnesota

5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5

Mississippi

5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0

Missouri

5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8

Montana

8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7

Nebraska

5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7

Nevada

6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0

New Hampshire

6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3

New Jersey

6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8

New Mexico

6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3

New York

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9

North Carolina

6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7

North Dakota

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7

Ohio

5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7

Oklahoma

6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2

Oregon

6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3

Rhode Island

6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7

South Carolina

7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2

South Dakota

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0

Tennessee

5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0

Texas

5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3

Utah

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5

Vermont

7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1

Virginia

6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9

Washington

7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7

West Virginia

6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3

Wyoming

8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6

Puerto Rico

7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8

Virgin Islands

13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, March 06, 2020