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19-1359-CHI
Tuesday, September 10, 2019

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Business Employment Dynamics in South Dakota — Fourth Quarter 2018

From September 2018 to December 2018, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in South Dakota totaled 22,230, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 20,496, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 1,734. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross losses by 610.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

South Dakota’s 22,230 gross job gains in the fourth quarter of 2018 were greater than the 21,085 gross job gains in the previous quarter. Over the past five years, gross job gains reached a high of 22,968 in the fourth quarter of 2015 and a low of 19,999 in the third quarter of 2017. (See chart 1.) South Dakota’s 20,496 gross job losses in the fourth quarter of 2018 were similar to the 20,475 gross job losses in the previous quarter. Over the past five years, gross job losses reached a high of 21,781 in the second quarter of 2017 and a low of 19,464 in the first quarter of 2015.

Gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private sector employment in South Dakota in the fourth quarter of 2018, higher than the 6.1-percent national rate. (See chart 2.) In the fourth quarter of 2018, South Dakota’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.8 percent compared to the national rate of 5.6 percent.

During the fourth quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 4 of the 7 industry sectors in South Dakota. Within the leisure and hospitality sector, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 539. More than 5,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, while more than 4,700 jobs were lost within closing and contracting establishments. Net employment gains in each of the three other industry sectors were less than 400 in the fourth quarter of 2018. (See table 1.)

In each of the three industry sectors with net employment losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 300 in the fourth quarter of 2018.

South Dakota was among the seven states in the West North Central Division. All seven states in the division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) Four states in the division had rates of gross job gains below the 6.1-percent national rate. South Dakota and North Dakota had rates of gross job gains that exceeded the national rate, while Kansas had a rate of gross job gains that matched the national rate. Four states in the division had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the national rate of 5.6 percent. Three states, including South Dakota, had rates of gross job losses that were greater than the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, December 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,729,000 6.1 6,915,000 5.6 814,000 0.5

West North Central (1)

519,469 482,163 37,306

Iowa

75,387 5.8 68,764 5.3 6,623 0.5

Kansas

69,167 6.1 61,579 5.4 7,588 0.7

Minnesota

143,079 5.7 135,193 5.4 7,886 0.3

Missouri

138,175 5.8 127,453 5.4 10,722 0.4

Nebraska

47,904 5.9 46,929 5.8 975 0.1

North Dakota

23,527 6.8 21,749 6.2 1,778 0.6

South Dakota

22,230 6.3 20,496 5.8 1,734 0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for first quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 30, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, South Dakota, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

22,366 22,660 21,354 21,085 22,230 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.3

At expanding establishments

18,134 18,334 17,884 17,440 18,400 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.2

At opening establishments

4,232 4,326 3,470 3,645 3,830 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

20,135 20,837 21,540 20,475 20,496 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.8

At contracting establishments

16,838 17,414 18,237 17,383 16,982 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.9 4.8

At closing establishments

3,297 3,423 3,303 3,092 3,514 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

2,231 1,823 -186 610 1,734 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

3,118 3,047 2,691 2,745 2,951 13.9 13.0 11.6 12.2 12.7

At expanding establishments

2,293 2,419 2,218 2,120 2,295 10.2 10.3 9.6 9.4 9.9

At opening establishments

825 628 473 625 656 3.7 2.7 2.0 2.8 2.8

Gross job losses

2,406 2,790 2,720 2,700 2,572 10.7 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.1

At contracting establishments

1,912 2,203 2,264 2,129 2,064 8.5 9.4 9.8 9.4 8.9

At closing establishments

494 587 456 571 508 2.2 2.5 2.0 2.5 2.2

Net employment change (2)

712 257 -29 45 379 3.2 1.1 -0.2 0.3 1.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

1,106 923 1,093 1,073 1,263 5.3 4.5 5.3 5.1 6.0

At expanding establishments

891 737 971 877 1,127 4.3 3.6 4.7 4.2 5.4

At opening establishments

215 186 122 196 136 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.6

Gross job losses

973 1,170 760 991 1,104 4.6 5.7 3.6 4.7 5.2

At contracting establishments

805 1,012 672 899 806 3.8 4.9 3.2 4.3 3.8

At closing establishments

168 158 88 92 298 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

133 -247 333 82 159 0.7 -1.2 1.7 0.4 0.8

Retail trade

Gross job gains

3,098 3,021 2,658 2,879 2,757 5.9 5.7 5.0 5.6 5.3

At expanding establishments

2,579 2,539 2,381 2,536 2,517 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.8

At opening establishments

519 482 277 343 240 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

3,006 2,863 3,310 2,934 3,040 5.7 5.5 6.3 5.6 5.9

At contracting establishments

2,683 2,564 3,050 2,670 2,579 5.1 4.9 5.8 5.1 5.0

At closing establishments

323 299 260 264 461 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9

Net employment change (2)

92 158 -652 -55 -283 0.2 0.2 -1.3 0.0 -0.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

1,082 819 1,011 1,020 1,198 3.7 2.9 3.5 3.6 4.2

At expanding establishments

877 679 808 800 937 3.0 2.4 2.8 2.8 3.3

At opening establishments

205 140 203 220 261 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

1,161 902 984 1,061 1,283 4.0 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.5

At contracting establishments

947 729 856 914 1,062 3.3 2.5 3.0 3.2 3.7

At closing establishments

214 173 128 147 221 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-79 -83 27 -41 -85 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

2,513 2,726 2,430 2,798 2,423 8.0 8.5 7.5 8.6 7.3

At expanding establishments

1,834 2,183 1,935 2,081 1,752 5.8 6.8 6.0 6.4 5.3

At opening establishments

679 543 495 717 671 2.2 1.7 1.5 2.2 2.0

Gross job losses

2,437 2,294 2,278 2,234 2,556 7.7 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.8

At contracting establishments

1,888 1,713 1,769 1,782 2,096 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.5 6.4

At closing establishments

549 581 509 452 460 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

76 432 152 564 -133 0.3 1.3 0.4 1.7 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

5,188 6,171 5,160 4,435 5,312 11.1 13.0 10.8 9.4 11.2

At expanding establishments

4,148 4,560 3,951 3,787 4,188 8.9 9.6 8.3 8.0 8.8

At opening establishments

1,040 1,611 1,209 648 1,124 2.2 3.4 2.5 1.4 2.4

Gross job losses

4,715 5,080 5,804 4,900 4,773 10.1 10.7 12.2 10.4 10.1

At contracting establishments

3,785 4,149 4,801 4,126 3,839 8.1 8.7 10.1 8.8 8.1

At closing establishments

930 931 1,003 774 934 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.6 2.0

Net employment change (2)

473 1,091 -644 -465 539 1.0 2.3 -1.4 -1.0 1.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

759 785 929 703 749 7.0 7.3 8.4 6.3 6.9

At expanding establishments

592 645 763 557 654 5.5 6.0 6.9 5.0 6.0

At opening establishments

167 140 166 146 95 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.3 0.9

Gross job losses

772 777 618 947 665 7.1 7.1 5.6 8.6 6.1

At contracting establishments

663 611 516 768 510 6.1 5.6 4.7 7.0 4.7

At closing establishments

109 166 102 179 155 1.0 1.5 0.9 1.6 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-13 8 311 -244 84 -0.1 0.2 2.8 -2.3 0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018

United States(1)

6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6

Alabama

6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.3

Alaska

9.7 9.8 10.9 8.9 10.9 10.2 8.8 10.7 10.6 9.7

Arizona

6.3 6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.1

Arkansas

6.1 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.8 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.5 4.9

California

6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.2 5.9

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.6 4.9

Delaware

7.0 7.1 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.6 5.7

District of Columbia

5.8 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.5 5.1

Florida

8.2 6.1 6.5 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.9

Georgia

6.9 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.6 5.6 6.4 6.2 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.7 4.7 4.8 5.5 5.5 5.1

Idaho

7.4 7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.9 6.3

Illinois

6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.6

Indiana

5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.4 4.9

Iowa

5.9 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3

Kansas

5.9 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.4

Kentucky

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 5.5

Louisiana

6.2 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.2 5.7

Maine

7.2 7.2 8.1 6.0 7.3 6.6 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.3

Maryland

6.2 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.8 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.6 6.4

Massachusetts

5.7 5.4 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.4 6.2 5.3

Michigan

5.7 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.7 5.4 4.6 5.1 6.2 5.2

Minnesota

5.8 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.4

Mississippi

6.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.2

Missouri

5.7 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4

Montana

8.5 7.8 8.0 7.2 9.0 7.4 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2

Nebraska

6.2 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.8

Nevada

6.6 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.3

New Hampshire

6.7 6.1 6.7 5.6 6.7 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.8 5.7

New Jersey

6.4 5.6 6.5 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.1 5.5 6.2 6.4 6.0

New York

6.2 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7

North Carolina

6.3 6.2 6.1 5.6 6.7 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.5 5.3

North Dakota

6.8 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2

Ohio

5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.7 5.2

Oklahoma

6.4 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 6.5 6.1 6.0

Oregon

6.8 7.8 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.0 5.6 6.2 6.3 5.9

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.7

Rhode Island

6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7

South Carolina

7.0 5.9 7.5 5.8 7.4 5.3 4.7 6.5 6.5 5.4

South Dakota

6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.8

Tennessee

5.9 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.8 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.2 4.9

Texas

6.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.1

Utah

7.0 7.4 6.9 7.3 6.9 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.1

Vermont

7.4 6.4 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.3 7.4 6.8

Virginia

6.3 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 6.3 5.5

Washington

6.9 7.2 7.3 6.1 6.5 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.6

West Virginia

6.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.5

Wisconsin

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.9 4.9

Wyoming

8.7 8.4 8.2 8.2 10.0 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.3 7.8

Puerto Rico

7.1 8.4 8.0 7.2 6.0 11.8 6.8 6.2 5.8 6.7

Virgin Islands

9.2 12.0 12.5 10.9 8.3 28.2 16.8 8.6 6.3 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 10, 2019