News Release Information

17-1477-CHI
Tuesday, December 19, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2017

From December 2016 to March 2017, gross job gains in Wisconsin totaled 143,931, while gross job losses numbered 116,833, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 27,098. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,762.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 143,931 gross job gains in March 2017 followed the 134,052 gross job gains in the three-month period ended December 2016. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Wisconsin peaked at 145,540 in December 2015 and were at a low of 124,327 in March 2014. (See chart 1.) Wisconsin’s 116,833 gross job losses in March 2017 followed the 131,290 gross job losses recorded in December 2016. Over the past 5 years, gross job losses reached a high of 139,248 in June 2016 and a low of 116,833 in March 2017. (See chart 1.) The gross job losses in March 2017 were the series low for the state.

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Wisconsin in the quarter ended March 2017, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job gains in Wisconsin has been below the U.S. rate each quarter. Wisconsin’s gross job losses represented 4.8 percent of private sector employment in March 2017, compared to the U.S. rate of 5.4 percent. With only one exception, Wisconsin’s rate of gross job losses has been below the national rate since the series began.

During the first quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in nine industry sectors in Wisconsin. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 7,835. While more than 22,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments in the three-months ended in March 2017 created more than 30,000 jobs. Two industry sectors — retail trade and construction— had net employment gains greater than 4,400. Three other industries had net employment gains of more than 1,300. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in one industry sector in the first quarter of 2017. Within transportation and warehousing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,187.

Wisconsin was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. All five states in the division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. Four states had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.4-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, March 2017, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,328,000 6.0 6,674,000 5.4 654,000 0.6

East North Central (1)

1,062,983 946,609 116,374

Illinois

298,256 5.8 276,590 5.4 21,666 0.4

Indiana

149,579 5.7 131,859 5.1 17,720 0.6

Michigan

211,095 5.6 184,414 5.0 26,681 0.6

Ohio

260,122 5.7 236,913 5.1 23,209 0.6

Wisconsin

143,931 5.9 116,833 4.8 27,098 1.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 24, 2018.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

137,502 138,276 133,986 134,052 143,931 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9

At expanding establishments

117,430 117,041 111,232 113,086 122,029 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 5.0

At opening establishments

20,072 21,235 22,754 20,966 21,902 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

127,509 139,248 134,840 131,290 116,833 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.8

At contracting establishments

110,526 119,877 116,020 110,880 102,156 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.2

At closing establishments

16,983 19,371 18,820 20,410 14,677 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

9,993 -972 -854 2,762 27,098 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

11,993 11,066 10,300 10,590 13,327 10.6 9.8 9.3 9.4 11.5

At expanding establishments

10,090 9,499 8,237 8,975 11,481 8.9 8.4 7.4 8.0 9.9

At opening establishments

1,903 1,567 2,063 1,615 1,846 1.7 1.4 1.9 1.4 1.6

Gross job losses

9,801 11,925 10,244 11,442 8,920 8.7 10.6 9.2 10.2 7.7

At contracting establishments

8,216 10,019 8,807 9,416 7,602 7.3 8.9 7.9 8.4 6.6

At closing establishments

1,585 1,906 1,437 2,026 1,318 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.1

Net employment change (2)

2,192 -859 56 -852 4,407 1.9 -0.8 0.1 -0.8 3.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

14,061 13,152 11,981 14,454 13,434 3.0 2.9 2.6 3.1 2.9

At expanding establishments

13,495 12,788 11,268 13,957 13,012 2.9 2.8 2.4 3.0 2.8

At opening establishments

566 364 713 497 422 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Gross job losses

14,489 14,167 14,663 12,773 11,550 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.4

At contracting establishments

13,510 13,287 13,765 11,973 10,911 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.3

At closing establishments

979 880 898 800 639 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

-428 -1,015 -2,682 1,681 1,884 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.3 0.5

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,142 4,966 4,947 4,889 5,271 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.2

At expanding establishments

4,396 4,550 4,216 4,270 4,585 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.7

At opening establishments

746 416 731 619 686 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

4,617 5,117 5,102 5,280 4,371 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.3 3.5

At contracting establishments

3,769 4,216 4,401 4,086 3,599 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.3 2.9

At closing establishments

848 901 701 1,194 772 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.6

Net employment change (2)

525 -151 -155 -391 900 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.7

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

20,393 18,625 16,687 15,709 19,164 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.1 6.2

At expanding establishments

18,620 16,672 15,177 13,813 17,391 6.1 5.4 4.9 4.5 5.6

At opening establishments

1,773 1,953 1,510 1,896 1,773 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

14,979 17,607 18,964 16,725 14,255 4.9 5.6 6.1 5.5 4.6

At contracting establishments

13,530 16,223 17,179 15,013 12,980 4.4 5.2 5.5 4.9 4.2

At closing establishments

1,449 1,384 1,785 1,712 1,275 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

5,414 1,018 -2,277 -1,016 4,909 1.8 0.4 -0.7 -0.4 1.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,688 4,701 5,860 6,919 4,928 4.9 5.0 6.2 7.2 5.0

At expanding establishments

4,163 4,250 5,176 6,265 4,685 4.4 4.5 5.5 6.5 4.8

At opening establishments

525 451 684 654 243 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.2

Gross job losses

5,582 5,565 4,713 4,482 6,115 5.8 5.9 5.0 4.6 6.3

At contracting establishments

4,986 4,884 4,026 3,885 5,651 5.2 5.2 4.3 4.0 5.8

At closing establishments

596 681 687 597 464 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-894 -864 1,147 2,437 -1,187 -0.9 -0.9 1.2 2.6 -1.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,915 5,718 5,911 5,577 5,208 3.3 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.5

At expanding establishments

4,285 4,958 4,919 4,553 4,697 2.9 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2

At opening establishments

630 760 992 1,024 511 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3

Gross job losses

5,040 5,297 5,581 5,654 4,388 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.8 2.9

At contracting establishments

4,217 4,212 4,588 4,513 3,614 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.4

At closing establishments

823 1,085 993 1,141 774 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-125 421 330 -77 820 -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

20,426 20,815 20,091 20,062 19,932 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2

At expanding establishments

17,386 17,961 16,989 17,509 17,086 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.3

At opening establishments

3,040 2,854 3,102 2,553 2,846 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

21,661 22,000 19,434 20,218 18,548 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.3 5.8

At contracting establishments

18,337 18,307 16,641 16,766 16,059 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.2 5.0

At closing establishments

3,324 3,693 2,793 3,452 2,489 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,235 -1,185 657 -156 1,384 -0.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

15,802 17,885 18,566 16,729 17,562 3.8 4.3 4.4 3.9 4.1

At expanding establishments

13,420 15,012 14,715 12,923 13,514 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.0 3.2

At opening establishments

2,382 2,873 3,851 3,806 4,048 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

14,272 18,629 15,235 17,261 15,902 3.4 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.7

At contracting establishments

12,403 15,178 12,017 13,640 13,648 3.0 3.6 2.8 3.2 3.2

At closing establishments

1,869 3,451 3,218 3,621 2,254 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,530 -744 3,331 -532 1,660 0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

27,861 27,515 27,605 26,773 30,158 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.7 10.8

At expanding establishments

22,628 22,183 22,028 21,777 24,749 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.9

At opening establishments

5,233 5,332 5,577 4,996 5,409 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9

Gross job losses

26,304 28,277 29,677 26,231 22,323 9.6 10.2 10.9 9.6 8.0

At contracting establishments

22,463 24,641 25,404 22,394 19,645 8.2 8.9 9.3 8.2 7.0

At closing establishments

3,841 3,636 4,273 3,837 2,678 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

1,557 -762 -2,072 542 7,835 0.5 -0.2 -0.9 0.1 2.8

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

4,676 5,140 5,772 5,014 5,388 6.1 6.7 7.4 6.5 6.9

At expanding establishments

3,913 4,587 4,520 4,270 4,533 5.1 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.8

At opening establishments

763 553 1,252 744 855 1.0 0.7 1.6 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

4,943 4,822 5,007 5,773 4,745 6.4 6.3 6.5 7.4 6.1

At contracting establishments

4,214 4,015 4,231 4,987 4,046 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.4 5.2

At closing establishments

729 807 776 786 699 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-267 318 765 -759 643 -0.3 0.4 0.9 -0.9 0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

United States(1)

6.0 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4

Alabama

5.9 5.8 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.2

Alaska

9.6 10.4 9.1 9.8 9.4 9.6 11.2 11.2 10.0 9.8

Arizona

5.9 6.2 7.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.2 5.5 5.4

Arkansas

5.5 5.4 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.0

California

6.6 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.0

Colorado

6.6 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1

Delaware

6.6 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.2 5.9

District of Columbia

5.3 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.6 4.7

Florida

6.2 6.5 7.4 6.7 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.5

Georgia

6.2 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.3 5.8 6.4 5.9 5.8 5.8

Hawaii

5.2 5.4 6.0 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.8 4.8 5.0 4.8

Idaho

8.2 7.2 7.9 7.5 7.9 6.5 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.3

Illinois

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4

Indiana

5.5 5.4 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1

Iowa

6.1 5.7 6.1 5.7 6.1 5.4 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5

Kansas

5.8 5.7 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.6 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

5.9 6.2 6.8 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.4

Louisiana

6.0 6.0 6.8 5.9 6.4 6.7 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.9

Maine

7.2 7.7 6.7 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.8 7.4 7.1 6.4

Maryland

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9

Massachusetts

5.4 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.1

Michigan

5.3 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.0

Minnesota

5.5 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.7

Mississippi

5.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.5 5.5 5.6 5.9

Missouri

5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 4.9

Montana

7.9 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.1 7.3 8.6 7.7 7.5 7.1

Nebraska

5.9 5.7 6.4 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.2

Nevada

6.4 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.2

New Hampshire

6.0 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.6

New Jersey

5.8 6.4 6.3 6.4 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.8

New Mexico

6.4 6.4 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.2

New York

6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7

North Carolina

6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 8.2 6.7 7.6 8.9 8.9 7.1 7.7 6.7

Ohio

5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.1

Oklahoma

5.7 5.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.5

Oregon

7.1 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 5.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.7

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.0

Rhode Island

5.8 6.1 5.6 5.7 6.3 5.9 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9

South Carolina

6.0 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.6

South Dakota

6.2 6.4 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9

Tennessee

5.4 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9

Texas

5.4 5.8 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.2

Utah

7.3 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.7 6.0 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.1

Vermont

6.7 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.0 6.8

Virginia

5.9 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.6

Washington

7.1 7.3 6.7 7.1 6.8 6.0 6.0 6.6 6.7 5.6

West Virginia

5.9 5.8 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.4

Wisconsin

5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.8

Wyoming

8.1 7.7 8.5 8.8 8.8 9.4 10.6 8.8 8.7 8.1

Puerto Rico

5.7 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.1 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.7

Virgin Islands

6.0 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.8 6.0 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, December 19, 2017