Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-1768-CHI
Friday, November 26, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2021

From December 2020 to March 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Wisconsin were 140,399, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 112,350, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 28,049 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 27,272. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 5.8 percent of private-sector employment in Wisconsin; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Wisconsin, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 120,784 in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 6,147 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 19,615 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 2,506 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 4.7 percent of private-sector employment in Wisconsin; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Wisconsin, contracting establishments lost 97,974 jobs in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 6,272 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 14,376 jobs, a decrease of 3,158 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 10 industry sectors in Wisconsin in the first quarter of 2021. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 14,491 jobs. This was the result of 32,094 gross job gains and 17,603 gross job losses. The retail trade industry had a net gain of 3,154 jobs. Transportation and warehousing showed a net loss of 324 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 26, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2021 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

127,826 104,444 177,928 149,052 140,399 5.1 4.3 7.6 6.3 5.8

At expanding establishments

109,157 86,830 150,281 126,931 120,784 4.4 3.6 6.4 5.4 5.0

At opening establishments

18,669 17,614 27,647 22,121 19,615 0.7 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

134,817 346,821 117,841 121,780 112,350 5.4 14.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

At contracting establishments

116,636 304,075 102,131 104,246 97,974 4.7 12.6 4.4 4.4 4.1

At closing establishments

18,181 42,746 15,710 17,534 14,376 0.7 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-6,991 -242,377 60,087 27,272 28,049 -0.3 -10.1 2.5 1.2 1.1

Construction

Gross job gains

11,888 10,022 10,783 12,470 11,203 9.2 7.9 8.9 10.2 8.8

At expanding establishments

10,457 8,482 8,917 10,911 9,415 8.1 6.7 7.4 8.9 7.4

At opening establishments

1,431 1,540 1,866 1,559 1,788 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

10,089 15,800 11,679 9,420 11,473 7.8 12.5 9.6 7.6 9.0

At contracting establishments

8,415 13,765 10,219 8,023 9,855 6.5 10.9 8.4 6.5 7.7

At closing establishments

1,674 2,035 1,460 1,397 1,618 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,799 -5,778 -896 3,050 -270 1.4 -4.6 -0.7 2.6 -0.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

12,113 8,675 19,842 18,293 14,117 2.5 1.9 4.4 4.0 3.1

At expanding establishments

11,612 8,155 19,122 17,722 13,770 2.4 1.8 4.2 3.9 3.0

At opening establishments

501 520 720 571 347 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Gross job losses

14,093 43,438 15,112 10,765 12,033 3.0 9.4 3.3 2.3 2.6

At contracting establishments

13,294 41,734 14,472 10,283 11,083 2.8 9.0 3.2 2.2 2.4

At closing establishments

799 1,704 640 482 950 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,980 -34,763 4,730 7,528 2,084 -0.5 -7.5 1.1 1.7 0.5

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,768 3,584 6,128 5,524 4,985 3.9 3.0 5.2 4.6 4.2

At expanding establishments

4,297 2,913 5,035 4,942 4,409 3.5 2.4 4.3 4.1 3.7

At opening establishments

471 671 1,093 582 576 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

4,497 10,680 4,694 4,107 4,073 3.6 8.9 3.9 3.4 3.4

At contracting establishments

3,589 9,507 3,830 3,272 3,516 2.9 7.9 3.2 2.7 2.9

At closing establishments

908 1,173 864 835 557 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

271 -7,096 1,434 1,417 912 0.3 -5.9 1.3 1.2 0.8

Retail trade

Gross job gains

18,476 18,749 22,681 14,926 16,151 6.2 6.3 7.8 5.1 5.5

At expanding establishments

17,668 17,484 20,994 14,082 15,257 5.9 5.9 7.2 4.8 5.2

At opening establishments

808 1,265 1,687 844 894 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.3

Gross job losses

13,745 39,249 16,380 15,008 12,997 4.6 13.3 5.7 5.2 4.5

At contracting establishments

12,231 35,846 15,320 13,935 11,946 4.1 12.1 5.3 4.8 4.1

At closing establishments

1,514 3,403 1,060 1,073 1,051 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.4

Net employment change (2)

4,731 -20,500 6,301 -82 3,154 1.6 -7.0 2.1 -0.1 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,722 7,362 8,131 12,005 6,822 4.5 7.2 8.0 11.4 6.3

At expanding establishments

4,010 6,870 6,977 8,514 5,857 3.8 6.7 6.9 8.1 5.4

At opening establishments

712 492 1,154 3,491 965 0.7 0.5 1.1 3.3 0.9

Gross job losses

7,026 12,476 4,742 5,611 7,146 6.7 12.2 4.7 5.3 6.6

At contracting establishments

6,529 11,315 4,240 5,036 6,598 6.2 11.1 4.2 4.8 6.1

At closing establishments

497 1,161 502 575 548 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-2,304 -5,114 3,389 6,394 -324 -2.2 -5.0 3.3 6.1 -0.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,744 4,831 5,890 5,827 5,334 3.2 3.2 4.0 3.9 3.5

At expanding establishments

4,138 3,797 4,775 4,910 4,543 2.8 2.5 3.2 3.3 3.0

At opening establishments

606 1,034 1,115 917 791 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

4,943 8,567 5,247 5,216 4,777 3.3 5.8 3.5 3.5 3.2

At contracting establishments

4,088 7,418 4,489 4,356 3,769 2.7 5.0 3.0 2.9 2.5

At closing establishments

855 1,149 758 860 1,008 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-199 -3,736 643 611 557 -0.1 -2.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

17,505 16,218 26,589 25,524 19,773 5.4 5.2 8.7 8.2 6.3

At expanding establishments

14,565 12,752 21,916 21,933 17,000 4.5 4.1 7.2 7.0 5.4

At opening establishments

2,940 3,466 4,673 3,591 2,773 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.2 0.9

Gross job losses

20,609 44,014 18,223 17,153 17,784 6.4 14.2 6.0 5.5 5.6

At contracting establishments

17,643 39,418 15,297 14,024 14,924 5.5 12.7 5.0 4.5 4.7

At closing establishments

2,966 4,596 2,926 3,129 2,860 0.9 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-3,104 -27,796 8,366 8,371 1,989 -1.0 -9.0 2.7 2.7 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

16,219 11,368 24,306 18,741 16,380 3.7 2.6 5.7 4.4 3.8

At expanding establishments

12,861 8,198 20,467 15,499 13,272 2.9 1.9 4.8 3.6 3.1

At opening establishments

3,358 3,170 3,839 3,242 3,108 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

15,730 37,660 13,986 18,294 14,671 3.6 8.8 3.3 4.2 3.4

At contracting establishments

13,181 32,978 11,364 13,878 12,859 3.0 7.7 2.7 3.2 3.0

At closing establishments

2,549 4,682 2,622 4,416 1,812 0.6 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.4

Net employment change (2)

489 -26,292 10,320 447 1,709 0.1 -6.2 2.4 0.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

24,725 15,889 40,307 24,015 32,094 8.7 6.4 18.2 10.5 13.9

At expanding establishments

20,706 11,940 31,616 20,484 28,200 7.3 4.8 14.3 9.0 12.2

At opening establishments

4,019 3,949 8,691 3,531 3,894 1.4 1.6 3.9 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

33,663 108,553 18,454 26,262 17,603 11.7 43.9 8.4 11.5 7.7

At contracting establishments

28,952 90,679 15,006 22,581 15,165 10.1 36.7 6.8 9.9 6.6

At closing establishments

4,711 17,874 3,448 3,681 2,438 1.6 7.2 1.6 1.6 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-8,938 -92,664 21,853 -2,247 14,491 -3.0 -37.5 9.8 -1.0 6.2

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,330 3,614 7,642 4,591 4,852 6.7 4.9 10.9 6.5 6.9

At expanding establishments

4,364 2,749 6,377 3,845 4,146 5.5 3.7 9.1 5.4 5.9

At opening establishments

966 865 1,265 746 706 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

5,667 14,968 4,568 5,048 4,662 7.2 20.3 6.6 7.2 6.6

At contracting establishments

4,660 13,105 3,834 4,364 3,896 5.9 17.8 5.5 6.2 5.5

At closing establishments

1,007 1,863 734 684 766 1.3 2.5 1.1 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-337 -11,354 3,074 -457 190 -0.5 -15.4 4.3 -0.7 0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020

United States(1)

6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 7.4 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0 5.7

Alabama

6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.0

Alaska

10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

Arizona

6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 7.4 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2 4.9

Arkansas

6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 7.1 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6 5.1

California

6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 8.4 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 7.5 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3 7.2

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 6.5 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1 5.8

Delaware

6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.7 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3 5.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8 5.6

Georgia

6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 7.8 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4 5.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 14.7 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7 4.6

Idaho

7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 8.7 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5 6.1

Illinois

5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 6.5 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6 6.1

Indiana

6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 6.9 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4 5.0

Iowa

5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 6.8 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6 5.1

Kansas

6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

Kentucky

6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 6.8 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0 5.4

Louisiana

5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 8.7 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2 5.5

Maine

7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0 6.3

Maryland

6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 7.0 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6 5.6

Michigan

5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 6.8 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8 7.0

Minnesota

5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 7.0 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4 6.9

Mississippi

6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 7.9 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5 4.9

Missouri

6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 7.2 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7 5.3

Montana

8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 9.3 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2 6.8

Nebraska

6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 6.8 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9 5.6

Nevada

6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 8.9 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4 5.7

New Hampshire

6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 7.4 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1 6.5

New Jersey

6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 8.1 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8 5.9

New Mexico

7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0 7.6

New York

6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9 6.4

North Carolina

6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 7.8 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6 5.1

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9 7.1

Ohio

5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 6.6 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3 5.2

Oklahoma

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4 5.6

Oregon

6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 7.4 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 6.2 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0 5.3

Rhode Island

6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3 7.1

South Carolina

6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 8.1 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1 5.3

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5 6.2

Tennessee

5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4 4.6

Texas

6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 7.5 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0 4.8

Utah

6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 8.1 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2 5.5

Vermont

6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7 7.9

Virginia

6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 7.0 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3 5.3

Washington

6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 7.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0 6.2

Wisconsin

5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 10.0 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7 7.6

Puerto Rico

5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 6.6 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1 4.9

Virgin Islands

10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, November 26, 2021