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17-835-ATL
Thursday, June 15, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Greensboro-High Point – May 2016

Workers in the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.52 in May 2016, about 14 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; building and grounds cleaning and maintenance; and healthcare support. One group—management—had significantly higher wages than its respective national average.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 5 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; transportation and material moving; and office and administrative support. Conversely, 14 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including computer and mathematical; management; and healthcare practitioners and technical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Greensboro United States Greensboro Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $20.52* -14

Management

5.1 4.1* 56.74 58.38* 3

Business and financial operations

5.2 4.4* 36.09 31.00* -14

Computer and mathematical

3.0 1.8* 42.25 37.00* -12

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.3* 40.53 34.76* -14

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.6* 35.06 32.09* -8

Community and social service

1.4 0.8* 22.69 21.13* -7

Legal

0.8 0.3* 50.95 38.21* -25

Education, training, and library

6.2 5.2* 26.21 22.21* -15

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.8* 28.07 25.05* -11

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.1* 38.06 37.43 -2

Healthcare support

2.9 3.2* 14.65 12.51* -15

Protective service

2.4 2.3 22.03 17.57* -20

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 8.6* 11.47 9.85* -14

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.2 13.47 11.00* -18

Personal care and service

3.2 2.5* 12.74 11.30* -11

Sales and related

10.4 10.0 19.50 19.20 -2

Office and administrative support

15.7 16.6* 17.91 16.63* -7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 (2)  

Construction and extraction

4.0 3.3* 23.51 18.59* -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.5* 22.45 21.74* -3

Production

6.5 11.8* 17.88 15.76* -12

Transportation and material moving

6.9 9.4* 17.34 15.38* -11

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Greensboro-High Point had 42,150 jobs in production, accounting for 11.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.76, significantly below the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (6,870), inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (2,800), and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (2,570). Among the higher paying jobs were food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders, and chemical plant and system operators, with mean hourly wages of $26.30 and $26.15, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($8.87) and tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers ($9.46). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24660.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, upholsterers were employed at 16.5 times the national rate in Greensboro, and textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders, at 16.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators had a location quotient of 1.0 in Greensboro, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the North Carolina Department of Commerce.

Note on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,009 establishments with a response rate of 86 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Greensboro-High Point, N.C. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Guilford, Randolph, and Rockingham Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

42,150 1.8 $15.76 $32,780

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

2,570 1.7 25.75 53,570

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

110 0.2 15.79 32,840

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

170 0.9 19.34 40,240

Team assemblers

6,870 2.4 14.24 29,610

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

580 1.0 11.96 24,880

Bakers

270 0.6 11.49 23,890

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

400 7.9 26.30 54,710

Food batchmakers

500 1.3 13.51 28,100

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

80 0.9 13.07 27,190

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

440 1.2 17.66 36,740

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

80 1.2 22.75 47,320

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

670 3.7 15.15 31,520

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

140 1.9 15.35 31,930

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

990 2.0 15.01 31,210

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

120 0.6 15.43 32,090

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

110 1.3 20.08 41,760

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

60 1.3 17.12 35,620

Machinists

910 0.9 18.01 37,450

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,220 3.3 13.53 28,150

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

370 1.3 20.03 41,670

Tool and die makers

180 1.0 23.34 48,560

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

740 0.8 18.87 39,250

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

30 0.3 17.82 37,070

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 14.46 30,070

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

80 0.9 23.51 48,900

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

70 2.9 19.85 41,290

Prepress technicians and workers

60 0.7 19.56 40,680

Printing press operators

690 1.6 16.14 33,560

Print binding and finishing workers

180 1.3 15.64 32,540

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

380 0.7 8.87 18,450

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

260 2.2 9.77 20,310

Sewing machine operators

2,270 6.4 12.32 25,630

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5) (5) 9.46 19,670

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

440 16.0 12.62 26,250

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

150 3.8 13.81 28,730

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

730 13.4 13.12 27,300

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,050 13.7 13.14 27,330

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

130 2.7 14.75 30,670

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

50 3.9 24.40 50,750

Upholsterers

1,360 16.5 16.20 33,690

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

80 2.0 13.22 27,510

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

570 2.3 14.83 30,850

Furniture finishers

280 6.3 11.77 24,480

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

380 3.0 12.67 26,360

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

810 4.2 12.70 26,410

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

290 1.0 19.96 41,510

Chemical plant and system operators

(5) (5) 26.15 54,390

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

600 3.2 18.72 38,950

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

80 0.7 18.47 38,410

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

160 2.4 12.40 25,790

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

840 2.5 18.95 39,420

Cutters and trimmers, hand

220 6.2 14.71 30,590

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

460 2.9 12.23 25,450

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

210 1.2 15.44 32,110

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

110 2.2 13.64 28,370

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

2,800 2.1 15.12 31,450

Dental laboratory technicians

90 1.0 17.59 36,590

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

2,400 2.5 17.92 37,270

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

320 1.5 14.14 29,420

Painters, transportation equipment

190 1.4 20.98 43,630

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

60 1.6 12.23 25,440

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

90 1.4 13.41 27,880

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

170 4.0 12.10 25,160

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

690 2.9 15.30 31,830

Helpers--production workers

1,830 1.7 12.32 25,630

Production workers, all other

760 1.2 16.63 34,600

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24660.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 15, 2017