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News Release Information

24-1198-ATL
Monday, June 24, 2024

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Mississippi Job Openings and Labor Turnover — April 2024

Mississippi had 70,000 job openings in April 2024, compared to 69,000 openings in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table 1.) Regional Commissioner Victoria G. Lee noted that the job openings rate in Mississippi was 5.6 percent in April and 5.5 percent in the previous month. (See chart 1 and table 2.) The job openings rate nationally was 4.8 percent in April and 5.0 percent in March. (See table 3.) All data in this release are seasonally adjusted.


The ratio of unemployed persons per job opening in Mississippi was 0.5 in April. Nationwide, 34 states and the District of Columbia had ratios in April that were lower than the national ratio of 0.8 unemployed persons per job opening; 9 states had ratios that were higher than the national ratio, and 7 states had ratios equal to the national measure. (See map 1.)

Map 1. Number of unemployed persons per job opening by state, April 2024, seasonally adjusted

(U.S. ratio = 0.8)

In April, Mississippi had 51,000 hires and 47,000 separations, compared to 47,000 hires and 43,000 separations in March. (See chart 2.) Over the 12 months ending in April, hires have averaged 53,000 per month and separations have averaged 52,000 per month. These averages include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.


Among the April separations in Mississippi, 32,000 were quits and 12,000 were layoffs and discharges, compared to 28,000 quits and 12,000 layoffs and discharges in March. (See chart 3.) Over the last 12 months, quits averaged 35,000 per month, ranging from 28,000 to 42,000. Layoffs and discharges have averaged 14,000 per month, ranging from 12,000 to 20,000.

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for May 2024 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 24, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Upcoming Revisions to the JOLTS State Estimates

Effective with the release of May 2024 data on July 24, 2024, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) state estimates will be benchmarked and revised, to include the annual benchmark revisions to JOLTS national estimates, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment estimates, and the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data. Seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data from January 2019 forward are subject to revision. In addition, 2023 annual estimates for states will be released at this time.


Technical Note

This news release presents statistics from the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The JOLTS program provides information on labor demand and turnover. The state estimates produced by JOLTS are model-based, incorporating JOLTS sample, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), and Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimates. For more information see the JOLTS State Estimates Methodology.

Job Openings. Job openings include all positions that are open on the last business day of the reference month. A job is open only if it meets all three of these conditions:

  • A specific position exists and there is work available for that position.
  • The job could start within 30 days.
  • The employer is actively recruiting workers from outside the establishment to fill the position.

The number of unemployed persons per job opening is a ratio of the level of unemployed persons and the level of job openings. The number of unemployed persons at the national level is an estimate from the Current Population Survey (CPS), while state-level unemployment estimates are modeled by the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. A ratio of 1.0 means there is a job available for every unemployed person. Lower ratios signal tighter labor markets, where firms have more job openings than there are unemployed persons available to work. Higher ratios indicate there are more unemployed persons competing for each job opening.

Hires. Hires include all additions to the payroll during the entire reference month.

Separations. Separations include all separations from the payroll during the entire reference month and is reported by type of separation: quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations.

  • Quits include employees who left voluntarily, except for retirements or transfers to other locations.
  • Layoffs and discharges include involuntary separations initiated by the employer.
  • Other separations include retirements, transfers to other locations, separations due to employee disability, and deaths.

Levels and rates of other separations represent a small portion of total separations and are not published with the release of state estimates.

Complete definitions, including exclusions, and additional information about the State JOLTS data presented in this release are available in the State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Technical Note.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Job openings and labor turnover for Mississippi, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Estimate April 2023 January 2024 February 2024 March 2024 April 2024(p) Change from March 2024 to April 2024(p)

Openings

91 73 72 69 70 1

Hires

52 52 50 47 51 4

Total separations

52 51 48 43 47 4

Quits

37 35 31 28 32 4

Layoffs & discharges

12 13 13 12 12 0

Footnotes:
(p) Preliminary.

Table 2. Job openings and labor turnover rates for Mississippi, seasonally adjusted
Estimate April 2023 January 2024 February 2024 March 2024 April 2024(p) Change from March 2024 to April 2024(p)

Openings(1)

7.2 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.6 0.1

Hires(2)

4.4 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.3 0.4

Total separations(3)

4.4 4.3 4.0 3.6 4.0 0.4

Quits(3)

3.1 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.7 0.3

Layoffs & discharges(3)

1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.0

Footnotes:
(p) Preliminary.
(1) The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.
(2) The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
(3) The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100. The quits and layoffs and discharges rates are computed similarly.

Table 3. Job openings and labor turnover rates for the United States, seasonally adjusted
Estimate April 2023 January 2024 February 2024 March 2024 April 2024(p) Change from March 2024 to April 2024(p)

Openings(1)

6.0 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8 -0.2

Hires(2)

3.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 0.0

Total separations(3)

3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 0.0

Quits(3)

2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 0.0

Layoffs & discharges(3)

1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.0

Footnotes:
(p) Preliminary.
(1) The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.
(2) The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
(3) The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100. The quits and layoffs and discharges rates are computed similarly.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 24, 2024