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News Release Information

Wednesday, June 21, 2023

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Louisville/Jefferson County — May 2022

Workers in the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $26.91 in May 2022, 10 percent below the nationwide average of $29.76, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Victoria G. Lee noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 17 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical, management, and food preparation and serving related. Three groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages: transportation and material moving; installation, maintenance, and repair; and production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Louisville area employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including transportation and material moving and production. Fifteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including educational instruction and library, business and financial operations, and healthcare support. (See table A.)

  Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Louisville metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2022
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage ($)
United States Louisville United States Louisville Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 29.76 26.91* -10


6.7 6.0* 63.08 54.26* -14

Business and financial operations

6.5 5.0* 41.39 36.68* -11

Computer and mathematical

3.4 2.7* 51.99 40.87* -21

Architecture and engineering

1.7 1.4* 45.52 38.75* -15

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.5* 40.21 33.55* -17

Community and social service

1.6 1.5 26.81 25.17* -6


0.8 0.6* 59.87 42.18* -30

Educational instruction and library

5.7 3.9* 30.41 27.48* -10

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.0* 36.78 27.52* -25

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.1 6.9* 46.52 44.44* -4

Healthcare support

4.6 3.5* 17.10 17.24 1

Protective service

2.3 1.7* 25.97 20.24* -22

Food preparation and serving related

8.5 8.2* 15.45 13.64* -12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.5* 17.26 15.63* -9

Personal care and service

1.9 1.9 17.41 15.08* -13

Sales and related

8.9 8.5* 24.22 22.37* -8

Office and administrative support

12.6 13.0 21.90 20.96* -4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 18.21 19.07 5

Construction and extraction

4.1 3.4* 28.08 26.02* -7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.3* 26.77 27.26* 2


5.9 9.4* 21.81 22.01* 1

Transportation and material moving

9.2 13.7* 21.12 24.63* 17

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—transportation and material moving—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Louisville had 88,450 jobs in transportation and material moving, accounting for 13.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 9.2-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $24.63, significantly above the national wage of $21.12.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the transportation and material moving group included laborers and hand freight, stock, and material movers (28,190), stockers and order fillers (16,130), and heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers (9,450). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were airfield operations specialists and transportation inspectors, with mean hourly wages of $62.69 and $43.60, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were parking attendants ($13.39) and shuttle drivers and chauffeurs ($13.94). (Detailed data for the transportation and material moving occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Louisville area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the transportation and material moving group. For instance, laborers and hand freight, stock, and material movers were employed at 2.2 times the national rate in Louisville, and transit and intercity bus drivers, at 1.7 times the U.S. average. Cleaners of vehicles and equipment had a location quotient of 1.1 in Louisville, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Kentucky Department for Workforce Investment, and the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

The May 2022 OEWS estimates use the model-based (MB3) estimation method implemented with the May 2021 estimates release. Additional updates were made to the MB3 wage processing methodology for May 2022. For more information, see the May 2022 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement.

The May 2022 estimates are the first OEWS estimates to be produced using the 2022 NAICS, which replaces the 2017 NAICS used for the May 2017-May 2021 estimates. See North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) at BLS for details.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2022 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2022, November 2021, May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, and November 2019. The unweighted sampled employment of 80 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 65.4 percent based on establishments and 62.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area included 4,775 establishments with a response rate of 65 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Clark County, IN; Floyd County, IN; Harrison County, IN; Scott County, IN; Washington County, IN; Bullitt County, KY; Henry County, KY; Jefferson County, KY; Oldham County, KY; Shelby County, KY; Spencer County, KY; and Trimble County, KY.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for transportation and material moving occupations, Louisville metropolitan area, May 2022
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages ($)
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Transportation and material moving occupations

88,450 1.5 24.63 51,220

First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except aircraft cargo handling supervisors

3,800 1.5 27.77 57,760

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

(5) (5) (6) 331,670

Commercial pilots

160 0.8 (6) 110,500

Airfield operations specialists

160 2.4 62.69 130,390

Driver/sales workers

3,030 1.4 14.94 31,070

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

9,450 1.1 27.04 56,250

Light truck drivers

5,740 1.2 23.90 49,700

Bus drivers, school

1,840 1.2 22.14 46,060

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

1,050 1.7 23.56 49,000

Shuttle drivers and chauffeurs

750 0.9 13.94 28,990

Motor vehicle operators, all other

180 0.8 15.53 32,300

Parking attendants

280 0.6 13.39 27,850

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

320 0.7 15.20 31,620

Aircraft service attendants

120 1.4 24.04 49,990

Transportation inspectors

120 1.1 43.60 90,700

Transportation workers, all other

70 1.4 16.94 35,240

Conveyor operators and tenders

280 2.4 22.67 47,160

Crane and tower operators

140 0.7 28.64 59,560

Industrial truck and tractor operators

4,720 1.4 21.42 44,550

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

1,650 1.1 15.00 31,210

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

28,190 2.2 19.36 40,260

Machine feeders and offbearers

750 3.4 18.63 38,750

Packers and packagers, hand

3,760 1.3 16.98 35,310

Stockers and order fillers

16,130 1.3 17.70 36,810

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

610 1.1 20.20 42,010

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

180 3.4 31.21 64,920

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 21, 2023