Tuesday, July 11, 2017
Workers in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.56 in May 2016, about 10 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 16 of the 22 major groups, including education, training, and library; computer and mathematical; and food preparation and serving related. Only one local group–production occupations–had wages that were measurably higher than the national average. Wage levels in the five remaining occupational groups were not statistically different from their respective national averages.
When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and sales and related. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)
|Major occupational group||Percent of total employment||Mean hourly wage|
|United States||Tulsa, OK||United States||Tulsa, OK||Percent|
Total, all occupations
Business and financial operations
Computer and mathematical
Architecture and engineering
Life, physical, and social science
Community and social service
Education, training, and library
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
Healthcare practitioners and technical
Food preparation and serving related
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance
Personal care and service
Sales and related
Office and administrative support
Farming, fishing, and forestry
Construction and extraction
Installation, maintenance, and repair
Transportation and material moving
Note: * The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
One occupational group–installation, maintenance, and repair–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Tulsa had 22,850 jobs in installation, maintenance, and repair, accounting for 5.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 3.9-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $22.43, not significantly different from the national average of $22.45.
Some of the larger detailed occupations within the installation, maintenance, and repair group included general maintenance and repair workers (4,580), aircraft mechanics and service technicians (2,780), and automotive service technicians and mechanics (2,080). Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers, as well as aircraft mechanics and service technicians, with mean hourly wages of $31.68 and $31.27, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were tire repairers and changers ($10.62) and helpers-installation, maintenance, and repair workers ($14.68). (Detailed data for installation, maintenance, and repair workers are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of occupations see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_46140.htm.)
Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Tulsa metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the installation, maintenance, and repair group. For instance, aircraft mechanics and service technicians were employed at 7.0 times the national rate in Tulsa, and machinery maintenance workers, at 3.3 times the U.S. average. The Tulsa location quotient for aircraft mechanics and service technicians was among the highest in all metropolitan areas for this particular occupation. On the other hand, automotive service technicians and mechanics had a location quotient of 1.0 in Tulsa, indicating that this occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.
These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission.
A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.
The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.
OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,539 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.
The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.
Metropolitan area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.
The Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Creek, Okmulgee, Osage, Pawnee, Rogers, Tulsa, and Wagoner Counties in Oklahoma.
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations
First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers
Aircraft mechanics and service technicians
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment
Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door
Industrial machinery mechanics
Electrical power-line installers and repairers
Telecommunications equipment installers & repairers, except line installers
Telecommunications line installers and repairers
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists
Medical equipment repairers
Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics
Automotive body and related repairers
Security and fire alarm systems installers
Maintenance workers, machinery
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers
Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians
Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other
Automotive service technicians and mechanics
Locksmiths and safe repairers
Home appliance repairers
Maintenance and repair workers, general
Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other
Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers
Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers
Helpers-installation, maintenance, and repair workers
Mechanical door repairers
Tire repairers and changers
Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 11, 2017