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News Release Information

18-675-SAN
Friday, April 27, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Occupational Employment and Wages in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina — May 2017

Workers in the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $22.98 in May 2017, about 6 percent below the nationwide average of $24.34, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 7 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; management; and life, physical, and social science. Ten groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including healthcare practitioners and technical; construction and extraction; and food preparation and serving related.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including food preparation and serving related; building and grounds cleaning and maintenance; and sales and related. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; business and financial operations; and healthcare practitioners and technical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2017
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesKahuluiUnited StatesKahuluiPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$24.34$22.98*-6

Management

5.14.857.6546.41*-19

Business and financial operations

5.22.2*36.7031.19*-15

Computer and mathematical

3.00.6*43.1837.61*-13

Architecture and engineering

1.80.6*41.4435.14*-15

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.6*35.7626.30*-26

Community and social service

1.51.523.1023.723

Legal

0.80.3*51.6240.06*-22

Education, training, and library

6.14.3*26.67(2)

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.228.3426.40-7

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.03.3*38.8348.27*24

Healthcare support

2.92.4*15.0518.92*26

Protective service

2.42.8*22.6924.9010

Food preparation and serving related

9.318.3*11.8819.27*62

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.19.0*13.9117.05*23

Personal care and service

3.64.2*13.1115.90*21

Sales and related

10.211.8*19.5617.83*-9

Office and administrative support

15.413.4*18.2419.41*6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.2*13.87(2)

Construction and extraction

4.04.6*24.0132.31*35

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.5*23.0225.86*12

Production

6.32.4*18.3020.59*13

Transportation and material moving

7.07.017.8219.04*7

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—food preparation and serving related—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina had 13,540 jobs in food preparation and serving related, accounting for 18.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 9.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $19.27, significantly above the national wage of $11.88.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the food preparation and serving related group included waiters and waitresses (3,400), restaurant cooks (1,990), and combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food (1,140). Among the higher paying jobs were chefs and head cooks and bartenders, with mean hourly wages of $33.65 and $25.57, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were fast food cooks ($11.51) and combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food ($12.12). (Detailed occupational data for food preparation and serving related are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27980.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the food preparation and serving related group. For instance, dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers were employed at 4.0 times the national rate in Kahului, and cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop counter attendants, at 3.6 times the U.S. average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Hawaii Department of Labor & Industrial Relations.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the release of the May 2017 estimates, the OES program has replaced 21 detailed occupations found in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) with 10 new aggregations of those occupations. In addition, selected 4- and 5-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries previously published by OES will no longer be published separately. Some of the 4-digit NAICS industries that are no longer being published separately will instead be published as OES-specific industry aggregations. More information about the new occupational and industry aggregations is available at www.bls.gov/oes/changes_2017.htm .

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2017 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2017, November 2016, May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, and November 2014. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 72 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted sample employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,157 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

The May 2017 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, Hawaii Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Kalawao and Maui Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/west. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2017
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Food preparation and serving related occupations

13,5402.0$19.27$40,080

Chefs and head cooks

2403.533.6569,990

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

8401.823.3248,500

Cooks, fast food

3401.311.5123,940

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

1100.620.2842,190

Cooks, restaurant

1,9903.019.8841,360

Cooks, short order

1201.418.0437,520

Cooks, all other

(5)(5)24.8251,630

Food preparation workers

8702.015.8332,930

Bartenders

7702.425.5753,190

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

1,1400.612.1225,200

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

8903.613.2927,640

Waiters and waitresses

3,4002.523.5348,940

Food servers, nonrestaurant

3802.813.3027,660

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

9104.018.7438,990

Dishwashers

7703.015.1131,430

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

6903.215.4032,030

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27980.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 27, 2018