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17-906-SAN
Thursday, June 29, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario — May 2016

Workers in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $22.51 in May 2016, about 6 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 8 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical; business and financial operations; and management. Nine groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including healthcare practitioners and technical; community and social service; and education, training, and library.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 5 of the 22 occupational groups, including transportation and material moving; construction and extraction; and education, training, and library. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including computer and mathematical; business and financial operations; and architecture and engineering. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Riverside United States Riverside Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $22.51* -6

Management

5.1 4.3* 56.74 52.22* -8

Business and financial operations

5.2 3.7* 36.09 31.45* -13

Computer and mathematical

3.0 1.1* 42.25 37.04* -12

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.0* 40.53 38.42* -5

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.6* 35.06 35.82 2

Community and social service

1.4 1.4 22.69 26.19* 15

Legal

0.8 0.4* 50.95 47.03 -8

Education, training, and library

6.2 7.0* 26.21 29.07* 11

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.8* 28.07 24.09* -14

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.3* 38.06 41.76* 10

Healthcare support

2.9 2.2* 14.65 16.06* 10

Protective service

2.4 2.6 22.03 24.93 13

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 10.1* 11.47 12.26* 7

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.2 13.47 14.33* 6

Personal care and service

3.2 3.1 12.74 13.44* 5

Sales and related

10.4 10.7 19.50 17.78* -9

Office and administrative support

15.7 15.8 17.91 17.85 0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.6* 13.37 11.70* -12

Construction and extraction

4.0 5.2* 23.51 25.14* 7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.0 22.45 23.55* 5

Production

6.5 6.0* 17.88 16.80* -6

Transportation and material moving

6.9 10.8* 17.34 17.28 0

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario had 72,860 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 5.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $41.76, significantly above the national wage of $38.06.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (27,090), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (7,680), and pharmacy technicians (3,450). Among the higher paying jobs were surgeons and psychiatrists, with mean hourly wages of $132.54 and $132.12, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were ophthalmic medical technicians ($15.06) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($16.05). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_40140.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, psychiatric technicians were employed at 1.9 times the national rate in Riverside, and general dentists, at 1.5 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, registered nurses had a location quotient of 1.0 in Riverside, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the California Employment Development Department.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area included 6,028 establishments with a response rate of 63 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Riverside and San Bernardino Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/west. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

72,860 0.9 $41.76 $86,870

Chiropractors

200 0.6 38.32 79,700

Dentists, general

1,550 1.5 73.52 152,930

Dietitians and nutritionists

660 1.1 31.43 65,370

Optometrists

200 0.6 68.04 141,520

Pharmacists

2,750 0.9 64.35 133,850

Family and general practitioners

800 0.7 102.40 212,980

Internists, general

210 0.5 51.95 108,050

Obstetricians and gynecologists

120 0.6 129.46 269,280

Pediatricians, general

260 1.0 95.53 198,700

Psychiatrists

380 1.6 132.12 274,800

Surgeons

290 0.7 132.54 275,680

Physicians and surgeons, all other

2,030 0.6 88.02 183,080

Physician assistants

540 0.5 53.18 110,610

Podiatrists

50 0.5 60.38 125,580

Occupational therapists

720 0.6 44.68 92,930

Physical therapists

1,310 0.6 42.76 88,940

Radiation therapists

140 0.9 51.05 106,190

Recreational therapists

220 1.3 35.76 74,380

Respiratory therapists

1,540 1.3 34.77 72,320

Speech-language pathologists

870 0.7 43.02 89,490

Therapists, all other

40 0.4 38.07 79,190

Veterinarians

450 0.7 45.99 95,660

Registered nurses

27,090 1.0 46.28 96,270

Nurse practitioners

1,070 0.7 53.78 111,870

Audiologists

(5) (5) 47.40 98,600

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

150 0.4 32.75 68,120

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

550 0.3 38.32 79,700

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

1,020 0.7 20.81 43,280

Dental hygienists

1,490 0.8 44.18 91,900

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

480 0.9 30.58 63,610

Diagnostic medical sonographers

480 0.8 38.48 80,030

Nuclear medicine technologists

190 1.0 49.72 103,410

Radiologic technologists

1,700 0.9 32.66 67,940

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

180 0.5 40.34 83,910

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

2,170 0.9 16.05 33,380

Dietetic technicians

260 0.8 16.17 33,640

Pharmacy technicians

3,450 0.9 17.85 37,120

Psychiatric technicians

1,140 1.9 29.13 60,590

Respiratory therapy technicians

50 0.5 29.92 62,230

Surgical technologists

800 0.8 25.27 52,560

Veterinary technologists and technicians

580 0.6 19.77 41,130

Ophthalmic medical technicians

210 0.5 15.06 31,320

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

7,680 1.1 23.51 48,900

Medical records and health information technicians

1,590 0.8 22.30 46,370

Opticians, dispensing

780 1.1 17.70 36,820

Orthotists and prosthetists

50 0.7 33.70 70,090

Hearing aid specialists

50 0.7 25.69 53,440

Health technologists and technicians, all other

2,870 2.4 20.39 42,410

Occupational health and safety specialists

470 0.6 36.23 75,370

Occupational health and safety technicians

90 0.6 27.55 57,300

Athletic trainers

90 0.4 (5) 54,170

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

440 1.3 33.25 69,160

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_40140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 29, 2017