Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2023

19-1032 Foresters

Manage public and private forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timberís worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine optimal harvesting schedules.


National estimates for Foresters
Industry profile for Foresters
Geographic profile for Foresters

National estimates for Foresters:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Foresters:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
9,450 3.2 % $ 33.98 $ 70,680 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for Foresters:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 22.45 $ 26.69 $ 32.37 $ 39.48 $ 47.40
Annual Wage (2) $ 46,700 $ 55,520 $ 67,330 $ 82,120 $ 98,590


Industry profile for Foresters:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Foresters are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Foresters, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Foresters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding Schools and Hospitals (OEWS Designation) 3,210 0.15 $ 31.51 $ 65,540
Federal, State, and Local Government, excluding State and Local Government Schools and Hospitals and the U.S. Postal Service (OEWS Designation) 1,330 0.06 $ 34.11 $ 70,950
Local Government, excluding Schools and Hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,270 0.02 $ 35.08 $ 72,970
Logging 640 1.44 $ 33.99 $ 70,700
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 640 0.03 $ 28.92 $ 60,140

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Foresters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Logging 640 1.44 $ 33.99 $ 70,700
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 470 0.51 $ 37.25 $ 77,470
State Government, excluding Schools and Hospitals (OEWS Designation) 3,210 0.15 $ 31.51 $ 65,540
Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 480 0.12 $ 45.64 $ 94,930
Social Advocacy Organizations 320 0.12 $ 34.11 $ 70,950

Top paying industries for Foresters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Natural Gas Distribution 50 0.05 $ 49.93 $ 103,840
Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods (4232, 4233, 4235, 4236, 4237, and 4239 only) 60 (7) $ 47.30 $ 98,370
Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 480 0.12 $ 45.64 $ 94,930
Management of Companies and Enterprises 240 0.01 $ 40.44 $ 84,110
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 60 0.07 $ 37.86 $ 78,740


Geographic profile for Foresters:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Foresters are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Foresters, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of foresters by state, May 2023


States with the highest employment level in Foresters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 930 0.05 0.84 $ 41.06 $ 85,410
Wisconsin 510 0.18 2.85 $ 31.03 $ 64,540
Oregon 510 0.26 4.18 $ 36.08 $ 75,040
Washington 480 0.14 2.21 $ 35.22 $ 73,250
Florida 390 0.04 0.66 $ 26.93 $ 56,000


Map of location quotient of foresters by state, May 2023


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Foresters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Montana 220 0.44 7.09 $ 31.89 $ 66,330
Idaho 310 0.37 5.96 $ 29.80 $ 61,980
Vermont 90 0.31 4.98 $ 34.75 $ 72,270
South Dakota 130 0.30 4.75 $ 28.44 $ 59,150
Oregon 510 0.26 4.18 $ 36.08 $ 75,040


Map of annual mean wages of foresters by state, May 2023


Top paying states for Foresters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 930 0.05 0.84 $ 41.06 $ 85,410
Iowa 50 0.03 0.52 $ 39.15 $ 81,430
Alaska 70 0.22 3.50 $ 38.47 $ 80,020
District of Columbia (8) (8) (8) $ 37.94 $ 78,920
Pennsylvania 310 0.05 0.84 $ 37.63 $ 78,270



Map of employment of foresters by area, May 2023


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Foresters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 190 0.07 1.13 $ 32.80 $ 68,230
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 170 0.04 0.62 $ 38.31 $ 79,690
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 170 0.05 0.86 $ 39.20 $ 81,530
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 120 0.02 0.30 $ 49.64 $ 103,240
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 100 0.10 1.61 $ 45.54 $ 94,720
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 90 0.08 1.35 $ 32.32 $ 67,230
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 90 0.02 0.36 $ 24.84 $ 51,660
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 90 0.05 0.75 $ 36.40 $ 75,710
Duluth, MN-WI 90 0.71 11.35 (8) (8)
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 80 0.07 1.13 $ 39.51 $ 82,170


Map of location quotient of foresters by area, May 2023


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Foresters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Missoula, MT 50 0.73 11.77 $ 31.27 $ 65,050
Coeur d'Alene, ID 50 0.73 11.75 $ 31.10 $ 64,680
Duluth, MN-WI 90 0.71 11.35 (8) (8)
Redding, CA 30 0.51 8.19 $ 46.91 $ 97,560
Rapid City, SD 30 0.47 7.56 $ 29.66 $ 61,690
Salem, OR 80 0.45 7.25 $ 38.73 $ 80,560
Eugene, OR 60 0.40 6.44 $ 35.36 $ 73,560
Charlottesville, VA 30 0.30 4.82 $ 33.05 $ 68,740
Gainesville, FL 40 0.27 4.34 $ 23.49 $ 48,850
Fort Collins, CO 40 0.24 3.91 $ 28.55 $ 59,390


Map of annual mean wages of foresters by area, May 2023


Top paying metropolitan areas for Foresters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (8) (8) (8) $ 51.30 $ 106,710
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 30 0.02 0.33 $ 50.03 $ 104,070
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 120 0.02 0.30 $ 49.64 $ 103,240
Redding, CA 30 0.51 8.19 $ 46.91 $ 97,560
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 100 0.10 1.61 $ 45.54 $ 94,720
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 50 0.14 2.25 $ 43.35 $ 90,160
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 40 0.04 0.63 $ 39.70 $ 82,570
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 80 0.07 1.13 $ 39.51 $ 82,170
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 170 0.05 0.86 $ 39.20 $ 81,530
Salem, OR 80 0.45 7.25 $ 38.73 $ 80,560

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Foresters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwestern Idaho nonmetropolitan area 170 2.39 38.36 $ 29.14 $ 60,620
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 140 0.73 11.72 $ 29.69 $ 61,740
Western Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 1.01 16.19 $ 35.79 $ 74,440
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 130 1.11 17.86 $ 34.20 $ 71,140
Northeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 100 2.44 39.25 $ 34.09 $ 70,910

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Foresters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 100 2.44 39.25 $ 34.09 $ 70,910
Northwestern Idaho nonmetropolitan area 170 2.39 38.36 $ 29.14 $ 60,620
Northwestern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 100 2.01 32.25 $ 30.75 $ 63,960
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 130 1.11 17.86 $ 34.20 $ 71,140
Western Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 1.01 16.19 $ 35.79 $ 74,440

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Foresters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 90 0.84 13.56 $ 47.09 $ 97,950
Eastern Sierra-Mother Lode Region of California nonmetropolitan area 40 0.67 10.80 $ 42.67 $ 88,740
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 4.04 $ 39.70 $ 82,570
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 30 0.29 4.68 $ 39.52 $ 82,200
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 30 0.20 3.28 $ 39.04 $ 81,210


About May 2023 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2023 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2023 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2023 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2023 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2023 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: April 3, 2024