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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers

Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect areas such as forests, forested areas, woodlands, wetlands, and rangelands through such activities as raising and transporting seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to plant life; and building structures to control water, erosion, and leaching of soil. Includes forester aides, seedling pullers, tree planters, and gatherers of nontimber forestry products such as pine straw.


National estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers
Industry profile for Forest and Conservation Workers
Geographic profile for Forest and Conservation Workers

National estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
6,490 5.6 % $ 16.11 $ 33,520 1.2 %

Percentile wage estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 11.25 $ 13.10 $ 14.73 $ 18.05 $ 23.41
Annual Wage (2) $ 23,400 $ 27,250 $ 30,640 $ 37,550 $ 48,700


Industry profile for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Forest and Conservation Workers are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Forest and Conservation Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 3,480 0.16 $ 14.98 $ 31,160
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,290 0.02 $ 17.10 $ 35,580
Social Advocacy Organizations 590 0.27 $ 18.95 $ 39,430
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 130 0.09 $ 16.70 $ 34,740
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 50 0.06 $ 18.65 $ 38,780

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Social Advocacy Organizations 590 0.27 $ 18.95 $ 39,430
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 3,480 0.16 $ 14.98 $ 31,160
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 130 0.09 $ 16.70 $ 34,740
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 50 0.06 $ 18.65 $ 38,780
Grantmaking and Giving Services 40 0.02 $ 20.29 $ 42,200

Top paying industries for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Grantmaking and Giving Services 40 0.02 $ 20.29 $ 42,200
Social Advocacy Organizations 590 0.27 $ 18.95 $ 39,430
Services to Buildings and Dwellings (8) (8) $ 18.71 $ 38,920
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 50 0.06 $ 18.65 $ 38,780
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,290 0.02 $ 17.10 $ 35,580


Geographic profile for Forest and Conservation Workers:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Forest and Conservation Workers are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Forest and Conservation Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,060 0.13 2.68 $ 14.75 $ 30,680
South Dakota 560 1.36 29.15 $ 14.39 $ 29,930
Missouri 390 0.15 3.14 $ 16.59 $ 34,500
Tennessee 330 0.11 2.45 $ 13.02 $ 27,090
Wisconsin 260 0.10 2.09 $ 13.53 $ 28,130




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 560 1.36 29.15 $ 14.39 $ 29,930
Hawaii 130 0.23 4.90 $ 20.44 $ 42,510
Missouri 390 0.15 3.14 $ 16.59 $ 34,500
California 2,060 0.13 2.68 $ 14.75 $ 30,680
Tennessee 330 0.11 2.45 $ 13.02 $ 27,090




Top paying states for Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pennsylvania 250 0.05 0.99 $ 25.34 $ 52,700
Massachusetts 100 0.03 0.65 $ 22.41 $ 46,610
Minnesota 50 0.02 0.43 $ 20.88 $ 43,440
Hawaii 130 0.23 4.90 $ 20.44 $ 42,510
Connecticut 30 0.02 0.43 $ 20.43 $ 42,490





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 210 0.04 0.77 $ 15.10 $ 31,400
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 180 0.07 1.41 $ 20.97 $ 43,610
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 120 0.03 0.60 $ 19.92 $ 41,440
Fresno, CA 100 0.26 5.49 $ 16.59 $ 34,510
Sioux Falls, SD 70 0.43 9.17 $ 15.00 $ 31,190
Madison, WI 60 0.17 3.60 $ 12.70 $ 26,420
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 50 0.03 0.57 $ 20.43 $ 42,480
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 50 0.01 0.12 $ 17.92 $ 37,280
Salinas, CA 50 0.27 5.83 $ 16.11 $ 33,520
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 40 0.04 0.94 $ 15.53 $ 32,290




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Sioux Falls, SD 70 0.43 9.17 $ 15.00 $ 31,190
Duluth, MN-WI 40 0.31 6.68 $ 17.34 $ 36,070
Salinas, CA 50 0.27 5.83 $ 16.11 $ 33,520
Fresno, CA 100 0.26 5.49 $ 16.59 $ 34,510
Eugene, OR 30 0.23 4.99 $ 16.86 $ 35,080
Madison, WI 60 0.17 3.60 $ 12.70 $ 26,420
Trenton, NJ 30 0.15 3.15 $ 16.34 $ 33,980
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 30 0.09 1.91 $ 13.12 $ 27,280
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 180 0.07 1.41 $ 20.97 $ 43,610
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 40 0.04 0.94 $ 15.53 $ 32,290




Top paying metropolitan areas for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pittsburgh, PA (8) (8) (8) $ 24.77 $ 51,520
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 40 0.01 0.29 $ 22.98 $ 47,790
St. Louis, MO-IL (8) (8) (8) $ 21.02 $ 43,710
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 180 0.07 1.41 $ 20.97 $ 43,610
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 50 0.03 0.57 $ 20.43 $ 42,480
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 120 0.03 0.60 $ 19.92 $ 41,440
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 50 0.01 0.12 $ 17.92 $ 37,280
Duluth, MN-WI 40 0.31 6.68 $ 17.34 $ 36,070
Eugene, OR 30 0.23 4.99 $ 16.86 $ 35,080
Fresno, CA 100 0.26 5.49 $ 16.59 $ 34,510

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 370 2.90 62.01 $ 14.59 $ 30,350
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 240 2.40 51.45 $ 14.84 $ 30,860
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 100 1.77 37.87 $ 12.54 $ 26,090
East Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 50 0.40 8.56 $ 12.36 $ 25,710
Northwestern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 1.08 23.16 $ 10.60 $ 22,040

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 370 2.90 62.01 $ 14.59 $ 30,350
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 240 2.40 51.45 $ 14.84 $ 30,860
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 100 1.77 37.87 $ 12.54 $ 26,090
Northwestern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 1.08 23.16 $ 10.60 $ 22,040
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 50 0.51 10.83 $ 18.59 $ 38,670

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 19.55 $ 40,670
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 50 0.51 10.83 $ 18.59 $ 38,670
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 16.30 $ 33,900
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 240 2.40 51.45 $ 14.84 $ 30,860
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 370 2.90 62.01 $ 14.59 $ 30,350


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021