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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders
Industry profile for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders
Geographic profile for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

National estimates for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
16,880 3.4 % $ 20.15 $ 41,910 0.8 %

Percentile wage estimates for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 12.99 $ 15.71 $ 19.56 $ 24.23 $ 28.99
Annual Wage (2) $ 27,010 $ 32,670 $ 40,670 $ 50,390 $ 60,310


Industry profile for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,150 1.53 $ 20.07 $ 41,740
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,310 1.64 $ 19.62 $ 40,810
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 950 1.07 $ 18.38 $ 38,220
Rubber Product Manufacturing 780 0.64 $ 22.24 $ 46,260
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 450 0.08 $ 18.12 $ 37,690

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,310 1.64 $ 19.62 $ 40,810
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,150 1.53 $ 20.07 $ 41,740
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 950 1.07 $ 18.38 $ 38,220
Rubber Product Manufacturing 780 0.64 $ 22.24 $ 46,260
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 310 0.56 $ 22.96 $ 47,750

Top paying industries for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 400 0.37 $ 28.47 $ 59,220
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 300 0.33 $ 25.41 $ 52,850
Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing 170 0.05 $ 24.05 $ 50,030
Management of Companies and Enterprises 60 (7) $ 23.98 $ 49,880
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing 90 0.03 $ 23.42 $ 48,710


Geographic profile for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ohio 1,350 0.26 2.17 $ 19.24 $ 40,020
Michigan 1,010 0.26 2.12 $ 22.64 $ 47,080
Georgia 960 0.22 1.83 $ 19.89 $ 41,380
California 940 0.06 0.47 $ 20.71 $ 43,070
Indiana 810 0.28 2.30 $ 19.68 $ 40,930




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nebraska 360 0.38 3.17 $ 17.41 $ 36,210
Kentucky 610 0.34 2.82 $ 20.04 $ 41,680
West Virginia 190 0.30 2.46 $ 17.92 $ 37,280
Alabama 530 0.28 2.30 $ 20.88 $ 43,420
Indiana 810 0.28 2.30 $ 19.68 $ 40,930




Top paying states for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Wyoming 50 0.19 1.53 $ 27.10 $ 56,360
Maine 50 0.09 0.73 $ 25.18 $ 52,370
Illinois 460 0.08 0.67 $ 23.85 $ 49,600
New Jersey 380 0.10 0.83 $ 23.29 $ 48,450
Michigan 1,010 0.26 2.12 $ 22.64 $ 47,080





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 380 0.15 1.20 $ 18.00 $ 37,430
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 360 0.08 0.68 $ 24.66 $ 51,300
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 300 0.05 0.43 $ 22.61 $ 47,030
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 300 0.25 2.05 $ 17.22 $ 35,810
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 270 0.10 0.81 $ 21.04 $ 43,760
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 250 0.03 0.24 $ 24.14 $ 50,210
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 200 0.20 1.62 $ 19.03 $ 39,580
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 190 0.39 3.18 $ 21.61 $ 44,950
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 180 0.09 0.76 $ 24.84 $ 51,660
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 160 0.11 0.90 $ 20.27 $ 42,160




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Albany, OR 90 2.01 16.60 $ 23.39 $ 48,660
Elmira, NY 60 1.84 15.12 $ 24.15 $ 50,230
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 100 1.67 13.80 $ 22.73 $ 47,280
Bay City, MI 40 1.23 10.16 $ 20.07 $ 41,740
Tuscaloosa, AL 60 0.63 5.22 $ 20.65 $ 42,950
Wausau, WI 40 0.57 4.67 $ 18.05 $ 37,530
Toledo, OH 150 0.54 4.47 $ 16.81 $ 34,950
Binghamton, NY 40 0.48 3.94 $ 13.55 $ 28,180
Eugene, OR 60 0.43 3.52 $ 21.17 $ 44,040
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 40 0.42 3.42 $ 15.98 $ 33,240




Top paying metropolitan areas for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 140 0.08 0.67 $ 27.17 $ 56,520
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 180 0.09 0.76 $ 24.84 $ 51,660
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 50 0.14 1.13 $ 24.79 $ 51,570
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 360 0.08 0.68 $ 24.66 $ 51,300
Elmira, NY 60 1.84 15.12 $ 24.15 $ 50,230
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 250 0.03 0.24 $ 24.14 $ 50,210
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY 150 0.29 2.42 $ 24.11 $ 50,150
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (8) (8) (8) $ 23.73 $ 49,370
Albany, OR 90 2.01 16.60 $ 23.39 $ 48,660
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 80 0.06 0.49 $ 23.13 $ 48,120

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 180 1.26 10.41 $ 17.59 $ 36,600
North Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 170 0.65 5.32 $ 14.71 $ 30,600
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 170 1.71 14.06 $ 28.22 $ 58,700
North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area (noncontiguous) 170 0.55 4.55 $ 21.14 $ 43,980
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 160 0.64 5.25 $ 17.67 $ 36,750

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 170 1.71 14.06 $ 28.22 $ 58,700
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 180 1.26 10.41 $ 17.59 $ 36,600
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 80 1.22 10.04 $ 19.27 $ 40,070
Western Washington nonmetropolitan area 130 1.14 9.37 $ 19.99 $ 41,570
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 110 1.03 8.48 $ 22.18 $ 46,140

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 170 1.71 14.06 $ 28.22 $ 58,700
Northeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.60 4.95 $ 25.94 $ 53,960
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 60 0.66 5.45 $ 24.11 $ 50,150
East Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 80 0.62 5.09 $ 23.39 $ 48,650
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.27 2.23 $ 23.21 $ 48,270


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021