Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment Statistics
PRINT:Print
OES OES Program Links

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2018

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
15,010 4.7 % $33.96 $70,630 1.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $18.54 $23.52 $30.74 $40.42 $55.48
Annual Wage (2) $38,570 $48,910 $63,950 $84,060 $115,400


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 3,030 0.10 $29.25 $60,830
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,380 0.16 $34.18 $71,090
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,000 0.30 $41.14 $85,580
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,380 0.24 $32.16 $66,890
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,220 0.06 $41.34 $85,990

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 480 0.65 $30.93 $64,340
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,000 0.30 $41.14 $85,580
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,380 0.24 $32.16 $66,890
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 330 0.20 $24.88 $51,740
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,380 0.16 $34.18 $71,090

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,220 0.06 $41.34 $85,990
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,000 0.30 $41.14 $85,580
Management of Companies and Enterprises 220 0.01 $40.13 $83,460
Wholesale Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers (8) (8) $35.02 $72,840
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,380 0.16 $34.18 $71,090


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,270 0.13 1.28 $38.80 $80,710
Iowa 1,230 0.80 7.70 $38.29 $79,650
North Carolina 960 0.22 2.10 $35.04 $72,890
Minnesota 880 0.31 2.97 $35.64 $74,130
Texas 690 0.06 0.55 $32.76 $68,150




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 570 1.35 12.99 $28.46 $59,200
North Dakota 400 0.96 9.22 $36.44 $75,800
Iowa 1,230 0.80 7.70 $38.29 $79,650
Nebraska 580 0.59 5.72 $27.56 $57,320
Montana 160 0.35 3.42 $31.25 $65,010




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Maryland (8) (8) (8) $47.54 $98,880
Mississippi 80 0.07 0.67 $43.61 $90,700
District of Columbia 50 0.08 0.72 $42.71 $88,840
Massachusetts 360 0.10 0.97 $41.42 $86,160
Connecticut 110 0.07 0.64 $40.97 $85,210





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 630 0.32 3.11 $36.56 $76,040
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.28 12.38 $49.36 $102,670
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 400 0.41 3.95 $40.08 $83,360
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 350 0.13 1.24 $41.57 $86,470
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 260 0.04 0.40 (8) (8)
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 240 0.08 0.76 $31.43 $65,370
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 210 0.07 0.66 $47.59 $98,980
Madison, WI 200 0.51 4.89 $31.31 $65,120
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 200 0.08 0.78 $37.25 $77,470
Fargo, ND-MN 180 1.33 12.86 (8) (8)




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ames, IA 160 3.75 36.20 $32.90 $68,440
Corvallis, OR 60 1.76 16.98 $36.82 $76,580
Manhattan, KS 60 1.63 15.76 $26.28 $54,670
Columbia, MO 140 1.48 14.29 $27.66 $57,540
College Station-Bryan, TX 170 1.46 14.07 $31.04 $64,570
Fargo, ND-MN 180 1.33 12.86 (8) (8)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.28 12.38 $49.36 $102,670
Grand Island, NE 50 1.17 11.26 $23.09 $48,030
Fort Collins, CO 160 1.00 9.65 $26.62 $55,360
Salem, OR 160 0.96 9.28 $36.06 $75,010




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.28 12.38 $49.36 $102,670
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 210 0.07 0.66 $47.59 $98,980
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA (8) (8) (8) $43.05 $89,530
Salinas, CA 40 0.22 2.14 $41.60 $86,520
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 350 0.13 1.24 $41.57 $86,470
Napa, CA 30 0.41 4.00 $40.64 $84,520
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 400 0.41 3.95 $40.08 $83,360
Fresno, CA 50 0.15 1.41 $40.04 $83,280
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 70 0.02 0.19 $39.84 $82,860
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (8) (8) (8) $38.59 $80,270

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 340 2.59 24.94 $27.01 $56,170
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 320 2.12 20.44 $27.40 $56,990
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 210 1.55 14.97 $31.24 $64,980
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 210 0.53 5.12 $29.72 $61,810
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 140 1.47 14.20 $16.88 $35,120

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 340 2.59 24.94 $27.01 $56,170
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 320 2.12 20.44 $27.40 $56,990
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 110 1.86 17.92 $29.07 $60,460
East North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 110 1.76 16.98 $31.53 $65,590
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 210 1.55 14.97 $31.24 $64,980

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 70 0.38 3.70 $36.26 $75,420
West North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 70 0.61 5.86 $36.05 $74,980
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 80 0.68 6.54 $36.00 $74,880
Southeast-Central Idaho nonmetropolitan area 70 0.56 5.39 $34.89 $72,570
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 90 0.38 3.64 $33.55 $69,780


About May 2018 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2018 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2019