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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2018

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
17,730 3.4 % $19.52 $40,610 0.8 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.47 $15.13 $18.83 $23.49 $28.31
Annual Wage (2) $25,950 $31,470 $39,160 $48,870 $58,890


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,840 1.64 $19.86 $41,300
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,100 1.19 $17.80 $37,030
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 940 1.18 $18.77 $39,040
Rubber Product Manufacturing 810 0.60 $20.46 $42,550
Metal Ore Mining 670 1.66 $21.22 $44,140

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Metal Ore Mining 670 1.66 $21.22 $44,140
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,840 1.64 $19.86 $41,300
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,100 1.19 $17.80 $37,030
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 940 1.18 $18.77 $39,040
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 380 0.66 $19.55 $40,660

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 410 0.45 $24.56 $51,090
Chemical Manufacturing (3251, 3252, 3253, and 3259 only) 360 0.10 $24.29 $50,520
Waste Treatment and Disposal 80 0.08 $23.13 $48,120
Management of Companies and Enterprises (8) (8) $22.68 $47,170
Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 450 0.40 $22.12 $46,000


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 1,300 0.30 2.43 $19.40 $40,350
Georgia 1,120 0.25 2.08 $19.10 $39,740
Illinois 880 0.15 1.20 $18.69 $38,880
Minnesota 870 0.30 2.48 $20.96 $43,590
Ohio 860 0.16 1.29 $17.34 $36,060




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Virginia 280 0.40 3.29 $21.86 $45,470
Alabama 740 0.38 3.11 $22.96 $47,750
North Carolina 1,300 0.30 2.43 $19.40 $40,350
Minnesota 870 0.30 2.48 $20.96 $43,590
Arkansas 370 0.30 2.48 $20.33 $42,290




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 110 0.07 0.61 $23.73 $49,360
Maryland 210 0.08 0.63 $23.23 $48,310
Alabama 740 0.38 3.11 $22.96 $47,750
Nevada 40 0.03 0.27 $22.13 $46,020
Michigan 530 0.12 1.00 $22.10 $45,960





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Duluth, MN-WI 510 3.97 32.44 $21.82 $45,390
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 480 0.18 1.46 $17.25 $35,870
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 480 0.10 0.85 $21.69 $45,110
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 330 0.09 0.76 $17.39 $36,160
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 290 0.05 0.38 $19.12 $39,770
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 270 0.22 1.81 (8) (8)
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 230 0.44 3.61 $21.67 $45,070
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 200 0.10 0.82 $21.72 $45,170
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 170 0.15 1.19 $20.05 $41,700
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 160 0.02 0.14 $19.95 $41,500




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Duluth, MN-WI 510 3.97 32.44 $21.82 $45,390
Elmira, NY 60 1.76 14.39 $22.64 $47,090
Morristown, TN 80 1.70 13.88 $17.60 $36,610
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 80 1.35 10.99 $24.97 $51,940
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 60 0.53 4.30 $16.60 $34,520
Medford, OR 40 0.52 4.24 $19.28 $40,100
Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA 120 0.49 3.98 $20.88 $43,420
Toledo, OH 130 0.44 3.63 $13.73 $28,550
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 230 0.44 3.61 $21.67 $45,070
Binghamton, NY 40 0.38 3.10 $13.04 $27,130




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 40 0.17 1.40 $25.91 $53,890
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 80 1.35 10.99 $24.97 $51,940
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 110 0.08 0.63 $24.17 $50,280
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 160 0.06 0.47 $23.74 $49,380
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 140 0.07 0.58 $23.26 $48,380
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 40 0.04 0.32 $22.91 $47,650
Elmira, NY 60 1.76 14.39 $22.64 $47,090
Duluth, MN-WI 510 3.97 32.44 $21.82 $45,390
Worcester, MA-CT 80 0.27 2.21 $21.80 $45,340
Springfield, MO 40 0.18 1.43 $21.72 $45,180

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 380 2.67 21.84 $17.28 $35,950
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 170 0.44 3.58 $18.66 $38,810
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) 170 0.50 4.12 $17.27 $35,920
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 160 1.92 15.65 $18.35 $38,170
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 150 0.57 4.63 $18.62 $38,730

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 380 2.67 21.84 $17.28 $35,950
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 130 1.95 15.88 $22.21 $46,190
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 160 1.92 15.65 $18.35 $38,170
North Florida nonmetropolitan area 140 1.15 9.43 $13.69 $28,470
Northwestern Idaho nonmetropolitan area 70 1.06 8.69 $20.76 $43,170

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 50 0.39 3.15 $25.00 $52,000
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 60 0.54 4.41 $24.25 $50,450
Maryland nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $23.90 $49,710
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 30 0.24 1.98 $23.73 $49,370
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 120 0.76 6.17 $23.61 $49,100


About May 2018 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2018 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2019