Labor Market Statistics Prior to Disaster for Areas Affected by Hurricane Katrina

This is an archive page showing data that were at https://www.bls.gov/katrina/data.htm from September 26, 2005 to October 6, 2005. The data below only pertain to Hurricane Katrina. Note that the data shown below are preliminary and either have been revised or continue to be subject to revision. On October 6, data pertaining to both Hurricanes Katrina and Rita were posted to https://www.bls.gov/katrina/data.htm.

Hurricane Katrina resulted in a tragic loss of life and significant disruption of local economies. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) produces a wide range of labor market data that may be used in evaluation of the scale of the storm's economic disruption. The facts and figures here are meant to establish conditions in the most affected local labor markets as they were before the hurricane struck and do not reflect any impacts from the hurricane.

This page and the pages it currently links to will be updated as new data and analyses become available. August 2005 data on regions, States, and metropolitan areas will not reflect the impact of Hurricane Katrina. BLS is assessing the impact of the storm on its data collection and estimation processes and will make information available on a flow basis about any effects on those processes. (See Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation.)

 

Establishments, employment, and total wages, annual average data (2004)

One labor market baseline is the number of business establishments, their total employment, and the wages they paid to their workers in 2004, the most recent year for which the Bureau of Labor Statistics has complete data.

Table 1. 2004 annual average establishments, employment, and total wages in the 86 counties and parishes most affected by Hurricane Katrina
"Most-affected" areas in StateEstablishments
NumberAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

20,22317.7%0.2%

Louisiana

83,17771.6%1.0%

Mississippi

41,94163.3%0.5%

TOTAL

145,3411.7%
"Most-affected" areas in StateEmployment
NumberAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

317,20617.1%0.2%

Louisiana

1,377,52273.8%1.1%

Mississippi

729,46666.0%0.6%

TOTAL

2,424,1941.9%
"Most-affected" areas in StateWages
DollarsAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

9,875,074,24316.0%0.2%

Louisiana

45,562,797,14776.7%0.9%

Mississippi

21,287,302,24267.5%0.4%

TOTAL

76,725,173,6321.5%

Note: These data represent the 8 counties in Alabama, 31 parishes in Louisiana, and 47 counties in Mississippi that were designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for both individual and public disaster assistance as of September 8, 2005.

   Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages

Table 2. Establishments by industry in the 86 counties and parishes most affected by Hurricane Katrina, 2004 annual average
Ownership and industryEstablishments
NumberAs a percentage of US total

TOTAL

145,3411.7%

Private, Total

138,9681.7%

Natural Resources and Mining

3,2922.7%

Construction

12,8971.6%

Manufacturing

5,6641.5%

Trade, Transportation, and Utilities

37,6992.0%

Information

2,1001.5%

Financial Activities

15,7872.0%

Professional and Business Services

21,8011.6%

Education and Health Services

13,4701.8%

Leisure and Hospitality

12,1981.8%

Other Services

13,4461.2%

Unclassified

7050.4%

Federal Government, Total

1,3462.6%

State Government, Total

1,7002.6%

Local Government, Total

3,3372.2%

Note: These data represent the 8 counties in Alabama, 31 parishes in Louisiana, and 47 counties in Mississippi that were designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for both individual and public disaster assistance as of September 8, 2005.

As shown in the table 1, there were roughly 145,000 establishments in the most affected areas — those requiring Federal relief to individuals as well as to State and local governments and certain nonprofit organizations. These establishments employed some 2.4 million workers and paid them approximately $77 billion in wages in 2004. These areas accounted for 1.7 percent of all establishments in the United States and for substantially larger shares of the national total of establishments in the natural resources and mining (2.7 percent) industry and Federal and State government (2.6 percent each). (See table 2.)

Table 3. 2004 annual average establishments, employment, and wages in all 169 counties and parishes affected by Hurricane Katrina
All affected areas in StateEstablishments
NumberAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

39,89134.9%0.5%

Florida

177,24933.8%2.1%

Louisiana

116,096100.0%1.4%

Mississippi

66,237100.0%0.8%

TOTAL

399,473 4.8%
All affected areas in StateEmployment
NumberAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

701,43637.9%0.5%

Florida

2,154,90628.9%1.7%

Louisiana

1,866,499100.0%1.4%

Mississippi

1,105,763100.0%0.9%

TOTAL

5,828,604 4.5%
All affected areas in StateWages
DollarsAs a percentage of state totalAs a percentage of US total

Alabama

24,958,437,17940.3%0.5%

Florida

79,439,521,72430.3%1.6%

Louisiana

59,424,097,229100.0%1.2%

Mississippi

31,548,214,635100.0%0.6%

TOTAL

195,370,270,767 3.8%

Note: These data represent the 12 counties in Alabama, 11 counties in Florida, 64 parishes in Louisiana, and 82 counties in Mississippi that were designated by FEMA to receive any form of federal disaster assistance (individual or public assistance or both) as of September 8, 2005.

   Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages

The areas that were designated to receive any form of federal disaster assistance had a total of about 5.8 million jobs in about 400,000 establishments. (See table 3.) These jobs represented 4.5 percent of the national total. Employment in natural resources and mining in all the affected areas of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi accounted for 6.1 percent of the industry's national total. These areas accounted for 5.1 percent of the nation's employment in the leisure and hospitality industry. (See table 4.)

Table 4. Establishments, employment, and wages by industry in all 169 counties and parishes affected by Hurricane Katrina, 2004 annual averages
Ownership and industryEstablishmentsEmploymentWages
NumberAs a percentage of US totalNumberAs a percentage of US totalDollarsAs a percentage of US total

TOTAL

399,4734.8%5,828,6044.5%195,370,270,7673.8%

Private, Total

387,1684.8%4,786,0464.4%158,015,016,6333.7%

Natural Resources and Mining

6,8015.5%101,5516.1%4,152,174,1826.9%

Construction

34,9324.3%340,5004.9%11,931,955,9444.3%

Manufacturing

14,4493.9%501,7773.5%20,376,236,5423.0%

Trade, Transportation, and Utilities

103,9485.6%1,229,5354.9%37,892,830,1414.4%

Information

6,7224.7%DD

Financial Activities

43,3675.5%347,7094.4%15,422,430,5493.2%

Professional and Business Services

68,5505.1%640,7563.9%24,532,850,4403.2%

Education and Health Services

37,0265.0%685,8244.3%23,486,604,8424.0%

Leisure and Hospitality

31,3264.6%639,0765.1%10,413,633,9485.0%

Other Services

36,3883.4%DD

Unclassified

3,6922.1%7,1552.8%203,678,8042.1%

Federal Government, Total

2,6475.1%119,8754.4%6,472,962,5734.1%

State Government, Total

3,4105.3%238,7075.3%8,313,562,8484.5%

Local Government, Total

6,2524.0%683,9795.0%22,568,728,7134.5%

D = Data do not meet BLS disclosure standards.

Note: These data represent the 12 counties in Alabama, 11 counties in Florida, 64 parishes in Louisiana, and 82 counties in Mississippi that were designated by FEMA to receive any form of federal disaster assistance (individual or public assistance or both) as of September 8, 2005.

Individual county and State annual average establishment, employment, and wage data by industry for 2004 are available from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program:
Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi (Zipped XLS spreadsheet files).

 

Labor force and unemployment, July 2005 (not seasonally adjusted)

In July 2005 — the most recent month for which data for counties are available — the areas most affected by Hurricane Katrina had a labor force of about 2.8 million workers, of whom 165,000 were unemployed. The unemployment rate for these combined areas was 5.8 percent, 0.6 percentage point higher than the rate for the U.S. as a whole.

Table 5. July 2005 labor force, employment, and unemployment, not seasonally adjusted, in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi (levels in thousands and rate in percent), entire State and most affected areas in State
State or areaLabor forceEmploymentUnemployment levelUnemployment rate
Entire State    

  Alabama

2,153,1052,060,94192,1644.3

  Florida

8,756,0708,402,123353,9474.0

  Louisiana

2,146,0852,014,132131,9536.1

  Mississippi

1,361,7271,269,97291,7556.7

  TOTAL

14,416,98713,747,168669,8194.6

Most affected areas* in State

    

  Alabama

380,047363,88816,1594.3

  Louisiana

1,528,7101,439,33089,3805.8

  Mississippi

913,876854,55459,3226.5

  TOTAL

2,822,6332,657,772164,8615.8

* Note: These data represent the 8 counties in Alabama, 31 parishes in Louisiana, and 47 counties in Mississippi that were designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for both individual and public disaster assistance as of September 8, 2005.

   Source: Local Area Unemployment Statistics

Unemployment rates in Mississippi and Louisiana were somewhat above the national average of 5.2 percent (not seasonally adjusted) in July 2005. Only one parish in Louisiana had an unemployment rate below 4.5 percent, and many had rates of 7.0 percent or more. The overall unemployment rate in Louisiana was 6.1 percent. In Mississippi, one county did have an unemployment rate under 4.0 percent, but, again, many had rates of 7.0 percent or more. Mississippi's July unemployment rate was 6.7 percent.

In contrast, the unemployment rate was below the national average in Alabama in July 2005. However, four of the eight more heavily affected counties in Alabama had unemployment rates of 6.0 percent or higher. The unemployment rate in Florida was 4.0 percent in July 2005. Data on unemployment and the labor force for States, metropolitan areas, and counties are available online.

State and individual county labor force and unemployment data tables from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program:
Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi (PDF files).

County unemployment rate maps from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program:
Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi (PDF files).

Note: For consistency, preliminary July data for States and counties are used in this section, even though revised data for July are now available for the States.

 

Business establishments in the path of Hurricane Katrina

According to the National Weather Service, Hurricane Katrina came ashore shortly after 6:00 a.m. on August 29, 2005, in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, just south of Buras and southeast of New Orleans. At landfall its winds were 140 m.p.h. Continuing northward, the hurricane made a second landfall near the Louisiana-Mississippi State line at 10:00 a.m. with maximum winds near 125 m.p.h. Katrina weakened as it moved inland to the north-northeast but was still a hurricane 100 miles inland near Laurel, Mississippi.

Approximately 38 percent of business establishments in the combined area of Louisiana and Mississippi were within 100 miles of the path of the center of the storm. Approximately 66 percent of establishments in this area were within 200 miles. See map Locations of Business Establishments Relative to the Path of Hurricane Katrina (PDF).

Establishments in flooded and damaged zones

The Federal Emergency Management Agency has released an imagery-derived assessment of the zones in Louisiana and Mississippi damaged by high winds and floodwaters resulting from Hurricane Katrina. As represented on the map, Business Establishments within Katrina-Damaged Areas as Identified by FEMA (PDF), there were just over 22,000 business establishments in areas of Louisiana and Mississippi that FEMA designated as flooded or damaged areas or both.

In some ways, the Katrina story was one of two very different States. In Louisiana, by far the greatest number of establishments within these zones were in flooded areas; the roughly 18,000 establishments in flooded areas employed over 300,000 workers in 2004. These workers accounted for nearly 97 percent of jobs within the FEMA-designated flood and damage zones in Louisiana.

In Mississippi, the circumstances were almost exactly reversed. Only about 1 percent of jobs in the flooded or damaged zones of Mississippi were in flooded areas, while fully 64 percent were in areas that suffered "catastrophic" storm damage, the most severe of the four categories used by FEMA. (See table 6 and the explanation of the four storm damage categories.)

Table 6. Establishments, Employment, and Quarterly Wages within Katrina-Damaged Areas as Defined by FEMA
Damage TypeALABAMA (Q:IV 2004)
Establish-
ments
Employ-
ment
Quarterly
Wages

Flooded Area

351$726,121

Non-flooded area:

Limited Damage

911,710$16,031,446

Moderate Damage

17389$3,145,097

Extensive Damage

00$0

Catastrophic Damage

00$0

TOTAL

1112,150$19,902,664
Damage TypeLOUISIANA (Q:IV 2004)
Establish-
ments
Employ-
ment
Quarterly
Wages

Flooded Area

18,078305,340$2,966,338,291

Non-flooded area:

Limited Damage

6817,731$59,505,161

Moderate Damage

1402,055$12,701,137

Extensive Damage

45577$3,717,779

Catastrophic Damage

53360$4,880,302

TOTAL

18,997316,063$3,047,142,670
Damage TypeMISSISSIPPI (Q:IV 2004)
Establish-
ments
Employ-
ment
Quarterly
Wages

Flooded Area

71564$4,501,983

Non-flooded area:

Limited Damage

99410,898$110,951,079

Moderate Damage

5866,075$41,556,049

Extensive Damage

1192,206$14,676,217

Catastrophic Damage

1,58235,338$247,454,539

TOTAL

3,35255,081$419,139,867
Explanation of FEMA Storm Damage Categories
  • Limited Damage: Generally superficial damage to solid structures (e.g. loss of tiles or roof shingles); some mobile homes and light structures are damaged or displaced.
  • Moderate Damage: Solid structures sustain exterior damage (e.g. missing roofs or roof segments); some mobile homes and light structures are destroyed, many are damaged or displaced.
  • Extensive Damage: Some solid structures are destroyed; most sustain exterior and interior damage (e.g. roofs are missing, interior walls exposed), most mobile homes and light structures are destroyed.
  • Catastrophic Damage: Most solid and all light or mobile structures are destroyed.

Note: Zones that were both flooded and storm-damaged were categorized in the "flooded area" designation. The Katrina-damaged areas are identified at very fine levels of geographic detail. They are distinct from the county level areas designated by FEMA as being eligible for disaster relief in that they have been identified as being within damage zones.

 

Links to additional labor market data

The most recent labor market data available for the affected States and selected metropolitan areas (those that included counties or parishes with disaster designations) can be found on the following Economy at a Glance pages:

Unemployment rates by county for July 2005 (maps and tables) also are available:

Additional data can be obtained through the following BLS program homepages:

and BLS regional office pages:

 

Affected area definitions

Hurricane Katrina caused physical and economic disruption over many areas spanning four States. In response, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) designated a number of counties and parishes to receive public assistance to State and local governments and certain private nonprofit organizations for purposes such as debris removal, emergency protective measures, and the repair or replacement of disaster-damaged facilities. A smaller number of counties were also designated for individual assistance to persons and households for housing, medical, dental, funeral, and transportation expenses related to the disaster.

The areas affected by Hurricane Katrina in BLS calculations were established by referring to the designated counties notices issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency through September 8, 2005. (See www.fema.gov/news/disasters.fema.)

An area was considered "affected" if it was designated by FEMA for any type of assistance. An area was defined as "most affected" if it was designated for both individual and public assistance. The following list shows all 169 affected counties or parishes; the 86 "most affected" counties or parishes are marked with an asterisk.

Alabama

  • Baldwin County, AL *
  • Choctaw County, AL *
  • Clarke County, AL *
  • Greene County, AL
  • Hale County, AL *
  • Jefferson County, AL
  • Marengo County, AL
  • Mobile County, AL *
  • Pickens County, AL
  • Sumter County, AL *
  • Tuscaloosa County, AL *
  • Washington County, AL *

Florida

  • Bay County, FL
  • Broward County, FL
  • Collier County, FL
  • Escambia County, FL
  • Franklin County, FL
  • Gulf County, FL
  • Miami-Dade County, FL
  • Monroe County, FL
  • Okaloosa County, FL
  • Santa Rosa County, FL
  • Walton County, FL

Louisiana

  • Acadia Parish, LA *
  • Allen Parish, LA
  • Ascension Parish, LA *
  • Assumption Parish, LA *
  • Avoyelles Parish, LA
  • Beauregard Parish, LA
  • Bienville Parish, LA
  • Bossier Parish, LA
  • Caddo Parish, LA
  • Calcasieu Parish, LA *
  • Caldwell Parish, LA
  • Cameron Parish, LA *
  • Catahoula Parish, LA
  • Claiborne Parish, LA
  • Concordia Parish, LA
  • De Soto Parish, LA
  • East Baton Rouge Parish, LA *
  • East Carroll Parish, LA
  • East Feliciana Parish, LA *
  • Evangeline Parish, LA
  • Franklin Parish, LA
  • Grant Parish, LA
  • Iberia Parish, LA *
  • Iberville Parish, LA *
  • Jackson Parish, LA
  • Jefferson Parish, LA *
  • Jefferson Davis Parish, LA *
  • Lafayette Parish, LA *
  • Lafourche Parish, LA *
  • La Salle Parish, LA
  • Lincoln Parish, LA
  • Livingston Parish, LA *
  • Madison Parish, LA
  • Morehouse Parish, LA
  • Natchitoches Parish, LA
  • Orleans Parish, LA *
  • Ouachita Parish, LA
  • Plaquemines Parish, LA *
  • Pointe Coupee Parish, LA *
  • Rapides Parish, LA
  • Red River Parish, LA
  • Richland Parish, LA
  • Sabine Parish, LA
  • St. Bernard Parish, LA *
  • St. Charles Parish, LA *
  • St. Helena Parish, LA *
  • St. James Parish, LA *
  • St. John the Baptist Parish, LA *
  • St. Landry Parish, LA
  • St. Martin Parish, LA *
  • St. Mary Parish, LA *
  • St. Tammany Parish, LA *
  • Tangipahoa Parish, LA *
  • Tensas Parish, LA
  • Terrebonne Parish, LA *
  • Union Parish, LA
  • Vermilion Parish, LA *
  • Vernon Parish, LA
  • Washington Parish, LA *
  • Webster Parish, LA
  • West Baton Rouge Parish, LA *
  • West Carroll Parish, LA
  • West Feliciana Parish, LA *
  • Winn Parish, LA

Mississippi

  • Adams County, MS *
  • Alcorn County, MS
  • Amite County, MS *
  • Attala County, MS *
  • Benton County, MS
  • Bolivar County, MS
  • Calhoun County, MS
  • Carroll County, MS
  • Chickasaw County, MS
  • Choctaw County, MS *
  • Claiborne County, MS *
  • Clarke County, MS *
  • Clay County, MS
  • Coahoma County, MS
  • Copiah County, MS *
  • Covington County, MS *
  • DeSoto County, MS
  • Forrest County, MS *
  • Franklin County, MS *
  • George County, MS *
  • Greene County, MS *
  • Grenada County, MS
  • Hancock County, MS *
  • Harrison County, MS *
  • Hinds County, MS *
  • Holmes County, MS
  • Humphreys County, MS
  • Issaquena County, MS
  • Itawamba County, MS
  • Jackson County, MS *
  • Jasper County, MS *
  • Jefferson County, MS *
  • Jefferson Davis County, MS *
  • Jones County, MS *
  • Kemper County, MS *
  • Lafayette County, MS
  • Lamar County, MS *
  • Lauderdale County, MS *
  • Lawrence County, MS *
  • Leake County, MS *
  • Lee County, MS
  • Leflore County, MS
  • Lincoln County, MS *
  • Lowndes County, MS *
  • Madison County, MS *
  • Marion County, MS *
  • Marshall County, MS
  • Monroe County, MS
  • Montgomery County, MS
  • Neshoba County, MS *
  • Newton County, MS *
  • Noxubee County, MS *
  • Oktibbeha County, MS *
  • Panola County, MS
  • Pearl River County, MS *
  • Perry County, MS *
  • Pike County, MS *
  • Pontotoc County, MS
  • Prentiss County, MS
  • Quitman County, MS
  • Rankin County, MS *
  • Scott County, MS *
  • Sharkey County, MS
  • Simpson County, MS *
  • Smith County, MS *
  • Stone County, MS *
  • Sunflower County, MS
  • Tallahatchie County, MS
  • Tate County, MS
  • Tippah County, MS
  • Tishomingo County, MS
  • Tunica County, MS
  • Union County, MS
  • Walthall County, MS *
  • Warren County, MS *
  • Washington County, MS
  • Wayne County, MS *
  • Webster County, MS
  • Wilkinson County, MS *
  • Winston County, MS *
  • Yalobusha County, MS
  • Yazoo County, MS *

Hurricane Katrina Information | Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation

Last Modified Date: October 7, 2005