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Economic News Release
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Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, August 30, 2022    USDL-22-1758
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                                JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2022

The number of job openings was little changed at 11.2 million on the last business day of July, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires and total separations were little changed at 6.4 million 
and 5.9 million, respectively. Within separations, quits (4.2 million) and layoffs and discharges (1.4 
million) were little changed. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector, by industry, and by establishment size class. 

Job Openings

On the last business day of July, the number and rate of job openings were little changed at 11.2 million 
and 6.9 percent, respectively. Job openings increased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities 
(+81,000); arts, entertainment, and recreation (+53,000); federal government (+47,000); and state and 
local government education (+42,000). Job openings decreased in durable goods manufacturing  
(-47,000). (See table 1.)

Hires

In July, the number of hires was little changed at 6.4 million and the rate was unchanged at 4.2 percent. 
Hires were little changed in all industries. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits are generally 
voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of 
workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated 
by the employer. Other separations includes separations due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers 
to other locations of the same firm.

In July, the number and rate of total separations were little changed at 5.9 million and 3.9 percent, 
respectively. Total separations increased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+65,000).  
(See table 3.)

In July, the number and rate of quits were little changed at 4.2 million and 2.7 percent, respectively. 
Quits decreased in health care and social assistance (-73,000) and in state and local government 
education (-21,000). Quits increased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+39,000).  
(See table 4.)

In July, the number of layoffs and discharges was little changed at 1.4 million and the rate was 
unchanged at 0.9 percent. Layoffs and discharges were little changed in all industries. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in July at 352,000. Other separations increased in 
wholesale trade (+10,000); information (+8,000); and nondurable goods manufacturing (+6,000). Other 
separations decreased in accommodation and food services (-25,000) and in federal government  
(-4,000). (See table 6.)

Establishment Size Class

In July, the hires rate increased in establishments with 1,000 to 4,999 employees. The layoffs and 
discharges rate increased in establishments with 250 to 999 employees but decreased in establishments 
with 1,000 to 4,999 employees. For a more in-depth description of the JOLTS establishment size class 
estimates, please visit www.bls.gov/jlt/sizeclassmethodology.htm.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for August 2022 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, October 4, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
     
Last Modified Date: August 30, 2022