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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, May 3, 2022	USDL-22-0785
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

			      	JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2022

The number of job openings was at a series high of 11.5 million on the last business day of March, 
although little changed over the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires, at 6.7 
million, were also little changed while total separations edged up to 6.3 million. Within separations, 
quits edged up to a series high of 4.5 million, while layoffs and discharges were little changed at 1.4 
million. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations 
for the total nonfarm sector, by industry, by four geographic regions, and by establishment size class. 
    
Job Openings

On the last business day of March, the number of job openings was little changed at 11.5 million, the 
highest level in the history of the series which began in December 2000. Over the month, the job 
openings rate was little changed at 7.1 percent. Job openings increased in retail trade (+155,000) and in 
durable goods manufacturing (+50,000). Job openings decreased in transportation, warehousing, and 
utilities (-69,000); state and local government education (-43,000); and federal government  
(-20,000). Job openings increased in the South region. (See table 1.)

Hires

In March, the number of hires was little changed at 6.7 million. The hires rate was unchanged at 4.5 
percent. Hires were little changed in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits are generally 
voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of 
workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated 
by the employer. Other separations includes separations due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers 
to other locations of the same firm.

In March, the number of total separations edged up to 6.3 million (+239,000). The rate was little 
changed at 4.2 percent. Total separations were little changed in all industries. The number of total 
separations increased in the South region. (See table 3.)

In March, the number of quits edged up to a series high of 4.5 million (+152,000). The rate was little 
changed at 3.0 percent. Quits increased in professional and business services (+88,000) and construction 
(+69,000). The number of quits increased in the South region. (See table 4.)

In March, the number of layoffs and discharges was little changed at 1.4 million. The rate was 
unchanged at 0.9 percent. Layoffs and discharges were little changed in all industries and in all four 
regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in March at 380,000. Other separations increased 
in construction (+12,000); transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+11,000); wholesale trade 
(+10,000); and educational services (+4,000). The other separations level decreased in information  
(-6,000). Other separations were little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.) 

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising.

Over the 12 months ending in March, hires totaled 77.7 million and separations totaled 71.4 million, 
yielding a net employment gain of 6.3 million. These totals include workers who may have been hired 
and separated more than once during the year.

Establishment Size Class

In March, the job openings rate increased in establishments with 50 to 249 employees and 
establishments with 250 to 999 employees. The job openings rate decreased in establishments with 10 to 
49 employees. The quits rate decreased in establishments with 1,000 to 4,999 employees. The total 
separations rate increased in establishments with 250 to 999 employees. For a more in-depth description 
of the JOLTS establishment size class estimates, please visit www.bls.gov/jlt/sizeclassmethodology.htm.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for April 2022 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, June 1, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).    
Last Modified Date: May 03, 2022