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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

15-1251 Computer Programmers

Create, modify, and test the code and scripts that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software and web developers or other individuals. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.


National estimates for Computer Programmers
Industry profile for Computer Programmers
Geographic profile for Computer Programmers

National estimates for Computer Programmers:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Computer Programmers:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
152,610 2.0 % $ 46.46 $ 96,650 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for Computer Programmers:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 22.86 $ 30.21 $ 44.71 $ 58.94 $ 74.64
Annual Wage (2) $ 47,560 $ 62,840 $ 93,000 $ 122,600 $ 155,240


Industry profile for Computer Programmers:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Computer Programmers are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Computer Programmers, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Computer Programmers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 54,340 2.40 $ 42.38 $ 88,150
Scientific Research and Development Services 10,410 1.31 $ 63.80 $ 132,700
Software Publishers 8,700 1.65 $ 63.19 $ 131,430
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 7,550 0.25 $ 40.50 $ 84,240
Management of Companies and Enterprises 6,380 0.25 $ 49.25 $ 102,430

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Computer Programmers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 54,340 2.40 $ 42.38 $ 88,150
Software Publishers 8,700 1.65 $ 63.19 $ 131,430
Scientific Research and Development Services 10,410 1.31 $ 63.80 $ 132,700
Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services 4,150 1.10 $ 40.64 $ 84,540
Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing 1,970 0.55 $ 61.68 $ 128,300

Top paying industries for Computer Programmers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 40 0.04 $ 67.58 $ 140,560
Chemical Manufacturing (3251, 3252, 3253, and 3259 only) 120 0.03 $ 66.09 $ 137,470
Scientific Research and Development Services 10,410 1.31 $ 63.80 $ 132,700
Software Publishers 8,700 1.65 $ 63.19 $ 131,430
Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing 1,970 0.55 $ 61.68 $ 128,300


Geographic profile for Computer Programmers:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Computer Programmers are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Computer Programmers, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of computer programmers by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Computer Programmers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 23,960 1.45 1.34 $ 55.16 $ 114,740
Texas 14,220 1.16 1.07 $ 38.92 $ 80,950
New York 12,610 1.46 1.34 $ 44.96 $ 93,510
Florida 7,110 0.83 0.76 $ 39.92 $ 83,040
New Jersey 6,520 1.69 1.56 $ 51.67 $ 107,480


Map of location quotient of computer programmers by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Computer Programmers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Montana 1,050 2.24 2.07 $ 39.49 $ 82,130
Maryland 4,940 1.94 1.79 $ 46.07 $ 95,830
Nebraska 1,860 1.94 1.79 $ 35.34 $ 73,510
Utah 2,700 1.74 1.60 $ 46.66 $ 97,050
New Jersey 6,520 1.69 1.56 $ 51.67 $ 107,480


Map of annual mean wages of computer programmers by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Computer Programmers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington 3,850 1.20 1.11 $ 88.27 $ 183,610
California 23,960 1.45 1.34 $ 55.16 $ 114,740
Virginia 4,010 1.07 0.99 $ 54.28 $ 112,890
District of Columbia 840 1.26 1.17 $ 53.90 $ 112,120
Massachusetts (8) (8) (8) $ 52.40 $ 108,980



Map of employment of computer programmers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Computer Programmers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 12,330 1.42 1.31 $ 51.10 $ 106,280
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 5,720 2.55 2.35 $ 60.68 $ 126,220
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 4,910 1.68 1.55 $ 56.67 $ 117,870
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 4,900 0.86 0.79 $ 50.13 $ 104,260
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 4,640 1.29 1.19 $ 42.36 $ 88,110
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 4,480 1.73 1.60 $ 53.08 $ 110,410
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 3,970 2.85 2.63 $ 56.29 $ 117,080
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 3,840 3.59 3.32 $ 69.29 $ 144,130
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 3,460 1.80 1.67 (8) (8)
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 2,740 1.03 0.95 $ 44.65 $ 92,870


Map of location quotient of computer programmers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Computer Programmers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bloomington, IN 320 4.62 4.27 $ 34.16 $ 71,050
Missoula, MT 280 4.61 4.26 $ 35.28 $ 73,390
Tallahassee, FL 720 4.23 3.91 $ 30.79 $ 64,030
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 1,650 3.93 3.63 $ 39.56 $ 82,290
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 3,840 3.59 3.32 $ 69.29 $ 144,130
Madison, WI 1,160 3.06 2.83 $ 50.98 $ 106,040
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 3,970 2.85 2.63 $ 56.29 $ 117,080
California-Lexington Park, MD 120 2.59 2.39 $ 41.40 $ 86,110
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 5,720 2.55 2.35 $ 60.68 $ 126,220
Montgomery, AL 390 2.51 2.31 $ 38.56 $ 80,190


Map of annual mean wages of computer programmers by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Computer Programmers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 3,840 3.59 3.32 $ 69.29 $ 144,130
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 5,720 2.55 2.35 $ 60.68 $ 126,220
Dalton, GA 40 0.60 0.56 $ 59.37 $ 123,500
Boulder, CO 300 1.67 1.55 $ 57.20 $ 118,970
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 4,910 1.68 1.55 $ 56.67 $ 117,870
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 3,970 2.85 2.63 $ 56.29 $ 117,080
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 500 2.04 1.88 $ 53.12 $ 110,490
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 4,480 1.73 1.60 $ 53.08 $ 110,410
Green Bay, WI 230 1.37 1.27 $ 52.93 $ 110,090
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 1,170 0.96 0.89 $ 52.85 $ 109,940

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Computer Programmers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 350 2.50 2.31 $ 39.88 $ 82,960
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 160 1.09 1.00 $ 36.17 $ 75,240
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 150 0.79 0.73 $ 41.11 $ 85,510
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 150 1.53 1.42 $ 47.74 $ 99,310
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 140 0.80 0.74 $ 36.39 $ 75,680

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Computer Programmers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 350 2.50 2.31 $ 39.88 $ 82,960
West Montana nonmetropolitan area 130 1.70 1.57 $ 39.54 $ 82,240
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 150 1.53 1.42 $ 47.74 $ 99,310
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 120 1.23 1.13 $ 39.83 $ 82,840
Northeast Virginia nonmetropolitan area 50 1.12 1.03 $ 40.68 $ 84,600

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Computer Programmers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 150 1.53 1.42 $ 47.74 $ 99,310
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 30 0.33 0.30 $ 46.15 $ 95,990
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 60 0.40 0.37 $ 45.21 $ 94,030
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 70 0.58 0.54 $ 45.12 $ 93,860
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 90 0.59 0.55 $ 44.21 $ 91,970


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022