Employment in production occupations is projected to decline 4 percent, with a loss of about 423,200 jobs from 2019 to 2029. Technological advancements are expected to continue to replace many of the manufacturing workers that make up a large share of the production occupations. Fewer workers are expected to be needed in the manufacturing sector as many processes have become computer-controlled.
The median annual wage for production occupations was $37,440 in May 2020, which was lower than the median annual wage for all occupations of $41,950.
BLS provides summary data, including employment projections, for production occupations not shown in the table on this page. That information is available on the Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail page.
|OCCUPATION||JOB SUMMARY||ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION||2020 MEDIAN PAY|
|Assemblers and Fabricators||
Assemblers and fabricators build finished products and the parts that go into them.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$34,970|
Bakers mix ingredients according to recipes in order to make breads, pastries, and other baked goods.
|No formal educational credential||$29,400|
Butchers cut, trim, and package meat for retail sale.
|No formal educational credential||$32,900|
|Dental and Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians and Medical Appliance Technicians||
Dental and ophthalmic laboratory technicians and medical appliance technicians construct, fit, or repair medical appliances and devices.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$38,620|
|Food and Tobacco Processing Workers||
Food and tobacco processing workers operate equipment that mixes, cooks, or processes ingredients used in the manufacture of food and tobacco products.
|See How to Become One||$31,950|
|Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers||
Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers design, construct, adjust, repair, appraise and sell jewelry.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$41,900|
|Machinists and Tool and Die Makers||
Machinists and tool and die makers set up and operate machine tools to produce precision metal parts, instruments, and tools.
|See How to Become One||$47,040|
|Metal and Plastic Machine Workers||
Metal and plastic machine workers set up and operate equipment that cuts, shapes, and forms metal and plastic materials or pieces.
|See How to Become One||$38,270|
|Painting and Coating Workers||
Painting and coating workers apply finishes, often using machines, to a range of products.
|See How to Become One||$38,740|
|Power Plant Operators, Distributors, and Dispatchers||
Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers control the systems that generate and distribute electric power.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$89,090|
|Quality Control Inspectors||
Quality control inspectors examine products and materials for defects or deviations from specifications.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$40,460|
|Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators||
Stationary engineers and boiler operators control stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$64,680|
|Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators||
Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators manage a system of machines to transfer or treat water or wastewater.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$49,090|
|Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers||
Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers use hand-held or remotely controlled equipment to join, repair, or cut metal parts and products.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$44,190|
Woodworkers manufacture a variety of products such as cabinets and furniture, using wood, veneers, and laminates.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$33,750|
The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.
Last Modified Date: Friday, May 14, 2021