Factory productivity in the G-7 countries: 1950-2000
September 11, 2002
Over the course of the last half of the 20th century, labor productivity in the manufacturing sector increased less in the U.S. than in the other G-7 countries—Canada, Japan, and G-4 Europe (France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom).
However, the slower overall growth in U.S. productivity is largely attributable to the pre-1973 period. After 1973, growth in U.S. productivity continued and even accelerated, whereas productivity growth slowed in most other countries.
The U.S. productivity growth rate was relatively stable over the different time periods and reached its maximum in the 1990s. The remaining G-7 countries, however, experienced their highest rates of productivity increases during the pre-1973 period, followed by considerably lower rates of growth in subsequent years. The one exception was the United Kingdom, where productivity growth remained relatively stable over the entire 50-year period.
These data are a product of the BLS Foreign Labor Statistics program. Find out more in "Comparing 50 years of labor productivity in U.S. and foreign manufacturing," by Aaron E. Cobet and Gregory A. Wilson, Monthly Labor Review, June 2002.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Factory productivity in the G-7 countries: 1950-2000 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2002/sept/wk2/art03.htm (visited October 22, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Gulf War Era Veterans in the Labor Force
Examines the demographic, employment, and unemployment characteristics of civilians who served in the U.S. military during Gulf War era.
- Using BLS Data to Match People with Disabilities with Jobs Presents data that can help increase access and opportunity for people with disabilities in the nation’s labor market.
- How Women and Aging Affect Trends in Labor Force Growth Examines how women’s labor force participation and the aging of the U.S. population affect trends in labor force growth.
- Meal Appeal: Patterns of Expenditures on Food away from Home
Examines spending on food away from home, such as meals or snacks from restaurants, vending machines, employer cafeterias, or other venues.