Extended mass layoffs and the 9/11 attacks
September 10, 2003
During 2001 and 2002, employers reported 507 extended mass layoff events that were related either directly or indirectly to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The layoffs involved 145,844 workers in 34 States.
Forty-nine percent of these layoffs and fifty-four percent of the separations occurred in just five States—California, Washington, Nevada, Illinois, and New York.
Among those laid off because of the terrorist attacks, 33 percent, or 47,794 workers, had been employed in the scheduled air transportation industry. An additional 21 percent, or 30,073 workers, had been employed in hotels and motels.
Sixty-five percent of the employers citing the events of September 11 as a secondary cause of layoff indicated a nonseasonal lack of demand for product or services (slack work) as the primary reason for the layoff, accounting for 60 percent of separations.
These data are from the Mass Layoff Statistics program. For more information, see, "Extended Mass Layoffs in 2002," BLS report 971, August 2003 (PDF). An extended mass layoff event is defined as fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an establishment during a 5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Note: 2002 data for Illinois are not shown because they do not meet BLS or State agency disclosure standards; 2002 data for Nevada equal zero.
Related TED article:
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Extended mass layoffs and the 9/11 attacks on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2003/sept/wk2/art03.htm (visited October 26, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Gulf War Era Veterans in the Labor Force
Examines the demographic, employment, and unemployment characteristics of civilians who served in the U.S. military during Gulf War era.
- Using BLS Data to Match People with Disabilities with Jobs Presents data that can help increase access and opportunity for people with disabilities in the nation’s labor market.
- How Women and Aging Affect Trends in Labor Force Growth Examines how women’s labor force participation and the aging of the U.S. population affect trends in labor force growth.
- Meal Appeal: Patterns of Expenditures on Food away from Home
Examines spending on food away from home, such as meals or snacks from restaurants, vending machines, employer cafeterias, or other venues.