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Consumer prices increase 1.0 percent in the 12 months ending July 2020

August 14, 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.0 percent from July 2019 to July 2020. Prices for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent over the last 12 months. Food prices increased 4.1 percent over the last 12 months, with prices for food at home rising 4.6 percent. Despite increasing in July, energy prices fell 11.2 percent over the last 12 months.

12-month percentage change, Consumer Price Index, selected categories, not seasonally adjusted
Month All items Food Food at home Food away from home Energy Gasoline (all types) Electricity Natural gas (piped) All items less food and energy Commodities less food and energy commodities Apparel

Jul 2015

0.2% 1.6% 0.9% 2.7% -14.8% -22.3% -0.7% -14.2% 1.8% -0.5% -1.6%

Aug 2015

0.2 1.6 0.8 2.7 -15.0 -23.3 -0.6 -11.5 1.8 -0.5 -0.9

Sep 2015

0.0 1.6 0.8 2.9 -18.4 -29.6 -0.4 -12.1 1.9 -0.5 -1.4

Oct 2015

0.2 1.6 0.7 2.9 -17.1 -27.8 -0.5 -11.0 1.9 -0.7 -1.9

Nov 2015

0.5 1.3 0.3 2.7 -14.7 -24.1 -0.2 -11.7 2.0 -0.6 -1.5

Dec 2015

0.7 0.8 -0.4 2.6 -12.6 -19.7 -1.2 -14.9 2.1 -0.4 -0.9

Jan 2016

1.4 0.8 -0.5 2.7 -6.5 -7.3 -2.4 -12.7 2.2 -0.1 -0.5

Feb 2016

1.0 0.9 -0.3 2.6 -12.5 -20.7 -3.0 -10.3 2.3 0.1 0.9

Mar 2016

0.9 0.8 -0.5 2.7 -12.6 -20.9 -1.7 -9.2 2.2 -0.4 -0.6

Apr 2016

1.1 0.9 -0.3 2.7 -8.9 -13.8 -2.1 -6.5 2.1 -0.5 -0.6

May 2016

1.0 0.7 -0.7 2.6 -10.1 -16.9 -1.3 -4.7 2.2 -0.5 0.5

Jun 2016

1.0 0.3 -1.3 2.6 -9.4 -15.4 -1.8 -5.0 2.2 -0.6 0.4

Jul 2016

0.8 0.2 -1.6 2.8 -10.9 -19.9 -1.0 -0.4 2.2 -0.6 0.3

Aug 2016

1.1 0.0 -1.9 2.8 -9.2 -17.8 -0.7 1.1 2.3 -0.5 0.3

Sep 2016

1.5 -0.3 -2.2 2.4 -2.9 -6.5 0.1 2.9 2.2 -0.6 -0.1

Oct 2016

1.6 -0.4 -2.3 2.4 0.1 -0.9 0.4 4.8 2.1 -0.5 0.7

Nov 2016

1.7 -0.4 -2.2 2.3 1.1 1.0 0.2 6.2 2.1 -0.7 0.3

Dec 2016

2.1 -0.2 -2.0 2.3 5.4 9.1 0.7 7.8 2.2 -0.6 -0.1

Jan 2017

2.5 -0.2 -1.9 2.4 10.8 20.3 1.0 10.1 2.3 -0.2 1.0

Feb 2017

2.7 0.0 -1.7 2.4 15.2 30.7 1.9 10.9 2.2 -0.5 0.4

Mar 2017

2.4 0.5 -0.9 2.4 10.9 19.9 1.6 10.3 2.0 -0.6 0.6

Apr 2017

2.2 0.5 -0.8 2.3 9.3 14.3 2.4 12.0 1.9 -0.6 0.5

May 2017

1.9 0.9 -0.2 2.3 5.4 5.8 2.7 12.8 1.7 -0.8 -0.9

Jun 2017

1.6 0.9 -0.1 2.2 2.3 -0.4 2.5 12.8 1.7 -0.6 -0.7

Jul 2017

1.7 1.1 0.3 2.1 3.4 3.0 2.6 7.5 1.7 -0.6 -0.4

Aug 2017

1.9 1.1 0.3 2.2 6.4 10.4 2.3 5.4 1.7 -0.9 -0.6

Sep 2017

2.2 1.2 0.4 2.4 10.1 19.3 1.7 3.8 1.7 -1.0 -0.2

Oct 2017

2.0 1.3 0.6 2.3 6.4 10.8 2.0 3.2 1.8 -1.0 -0.6

Nov 2017

2.2 1.4 0.6 2.4 9.4 16.5 2.5 3.6 1.7 -0.9 -1.6

Dec 2017

2.1 1.6 0.9 2.5 6.9 10.7 2.6 4.7 1.8 -0.7 -1.6

Jan 2018

2.1 1.7 1.0 2.5 5.5 8.5 2.4 0.2 1.8 -0.7 -0.7

Feb 2018

2.2 1.4 0.5 2.6 7.7 12.6 2.2 3.8 1.8 -0.5 0.4

Mar 2018

2.4 1.3 0.4 2.5 7.0 11.1 2.2 3.4 2.1 -0.3 0.3

Apr 2018

2.5 1.4 0.5 2.5 7.9 13.4 1.2 1.0 2.1 -0.4 0.8

May 2018

2.8 1.2 0.1 2.7 11.7 21.8 1.0 -0.8 2.2 -0.3 1.4

Jun 2018

2.9 1.4 0.4 2.8 12.0 24.3 -0.1 -2.1 2.3 -0.2 0.6

Jul 2018

2.9 1.4 0.4 2.8 12.1 25.4 -0.8 -1.3 2.4 0.0 0.3

Aug 2018

2.7 1.4 0.5 2.6 10.2 20.3 -0.5 0.1 2.2 -0.2 -1.4

Sep 2018

2.3 1.4 0.4 2.6 4.8 9.1 -1.2 -1.2 2.2 -0.3 -0.6

Oct 2018

2.5 1.2 0.1 2.5 8.9 16.1 0.7 -2.1 2.1 -0.1 -0.4

Nov 2018

2.2 1.4 0.4 2.6 3.1 5.0 0.6 -2.1 2.2 0.2 -0.4

Dec 2018

1.9 1.6 0.6 2.8 -0.3 -2.1 1.1 2.3 2.2 0.1 -0.1

Jan 2019

1.6 1.6 0.6 2.8 -4.8 -10.1 0.4 4.3 2.2 0.3 0.1

Feb 2019

1.5 2.0 1.2 2.9 -5.0 -9.1 0.0 -2.6 2.1 0.1 -0.8

Mar 2019

1.9 2.1 1.4 3.0 -0.4 -0.7 0.3 -1.4 2.0 0.0 -2.2

Apr 2019

2.0 1.8 0.7 3.1 1.7 3.1 0.6 -1.9 2.1 -0.2 -3.0

May 2019

1.8 2.0 1.2 2.9 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -2.6 2.0 -0.2 -3.1

Jun 2019

1.6 1.9 0.9 3.1 -3.4 -5.4 -0.3 -2.1 2.1 0.2 -1.3

Jul 2019

1.8 1.8 0.6 3.2 -2.0 -3.3 0.5 -2.9 2.2 0.4 -0.5

Aug 2019

1.7 1.7 0.5 3.2 -4.4 -7.1 -0.1 -3.5 2.4 0.8 1.0

Sep 2019

1.7 1.8 0.6 3.2 -4.8 -8.2 0.7 -2.7 2.4 0.7 -0.3

Oct 2019

1.8 2.1 1.0 3.3 -4.2 -7.3 0.4 0.2 2.3 0.3 -2.3

Nov 2019

2.1 2.0 1.0 3.2 -0.6 -1.2 0.5 1.1 2.3 0.1 -1.6

Dec 2019

2.3 1.8 0.7 3.1 3.4 7.9 -0.4 -3.5 2.3 0.1 -1.2

Jan 2020

2.5 1.8 0.7 3.1 6.2 12.8 0.5 -3.2 2.3 -0.3 -1.3

Feb 2020

2.3 1.8 0.8 3.0 2.8 5.6 0.6 -2.0 2.4 0.0 -0.9

Mar 2020

1.5 1.9 1.1 3.0 -5.7 -10.2 0.2 -2.9 2.1 -0.2 -1.6

Apr 2020

0.3 3.5 4.1 2.8 -17.7 -32.0 0.2 -1.9 1.4 -0.9 -5.7

May 2020

0.1 4.0 4.8 2.9 -18.9 -33.8 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 -1.0 -7.9

Jun 2020

0.6 4.5 5.6 3.1 -12.6 -23.4 0.1 -0.2 1.2 -1.1 -7.3

Jul 2020

1.0 4.1 4.6 3.4 -11.2 -20.3 -0.1 -0.3 1.6 -0.5 -6.5
12-month percentage change, Consumer Price Index, selected categories, not seasonally adjusted (continued)
Month New vehicles Medical care commodities Services less energy services Shelter Medical care services Education and communication

Jul 2015

0.7% 3.1% 2.6% 3.1% 2.3% 0.1%

Aug 2015

0.6 3.4 2.6 3.1 2.2 0.1

Sep 2015

0.5 2.7 2.7 3.2 2.4 0.4

Oct 2015

0.1 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.0 1.0

Nov 2015

0.2 2.5 2.9 3.2 3.1 1.3

Dec 2015

0.2 1.5 2.9 3.2 2.9 1.4

Jan 2016

0.6 2.1 3.0 3.2 3.3 1.4

Feb 2016

0.6 2.2 3.1 3.3 3.9 1.2

Mar 2016

0.4 2.4 3.0 3.2 3.6 1.2

Apr 2016

0.0 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.1 1.2

May 2016

-0.2 2.0 3.2 3.4 3.5 1.1

Jun 2016

-0.4 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.8 1.1

Jul 2016

0.0 3.3 3.1 3.3 4.1 0.9

Aug 2016

0.0 4.4 3.2 3.4 5.1 0.7

Sep 2016

0.0 5.2 3.2 3.4 4.8 0.1

Oct 2016

0.3 5.0 3.0 3.5 4.1 -0.3

Nov 2016

0.2 4.3 3.0 3.6 3.9 -0.3

Dec 2016

0.3 4.7 3.1 3.6 3.9 -0.2

Jan 2017

0.9 4.7 3.1 3.5 3.6 -0.3

Feb 2017

0.5 4.1 3.1 3.5 3.4 -0.3

Mar 2017

0.2 3.9 2.9 3.5 3.4 -2.2

Apr 2017

0.4 2.6 2.7 3.5 3.1 -2.5

May 2017

0.3 3.3 2.6 3.3 2.5 -2.5

Jun 2017

0.0 3.2 2.5 3.3 2.5 -2.4

Jul 2017

-0.6 3.7 2.4 3.2 2.3 -2.5

Aug 2017

-0.7 2.4 2.5 3.3 1.6 -2.6

Sep 2017

-1.0 1.0 2.6 3.2 1.7 -2.1

Oct 2017

-1.4 0.9 2.7 3.2 1.9 -1.8

Nov 2017

-1.1 1.8 2.5 3.2 1.6 -1.7

Dec 2017

-0.5 2.3 2.6 3.2 1.6 -1.7

Jan 2018

-1.2 1.8 2.6 3.2 2.0 -1.7

Feb 2018

-1.5 1.6 2.6 3.1 1.8 -1.8

Mar 2018

-1.2 1.4 2.9 3.3 2.1 -0.2

Apr 2018

-1.6 1.9 2.9 3.4 2.2 0.1

May 2018

-1.1 2.7 3.0 3.5 2.3 0.5

Jun 2018

-0.5 2.4 3.1 3.4 2.5 0.8

Jul 2018

0.2 0.4 3.1 3.5 2.3 1.0

Aug 2018

0.3 0.3 3.0 3.4 1.9 1.2

Sep 2018

0.5 0.7 3.0 3.3 2.0 1.2

Oct 2018

0.5 0.7 2.9 3.2 1.9 0.9

Nov 2018

0.3 0.6 2.9 3.2 2.4 0.2

Dec 2018

-0.3 -0.5 2.9 3.2 2.6 0.2

Jan 2019

0.0 -0.3 2.8 3.2 2.4 0.3

Feb 2019

0.3 -1.1 2.7 3.4 2.4 0.6

Mar 2019

0.7 -0.6 2.7 3.4 2.3 0.8

Apr 2019

1.2 0.2 2.8 3.4 2.3 0.9

May 2019

0.9 -0.7 2.7 3.3 2.8 0.7

Jun 2019

0.6 -1.5 2.8 3.5 2.8 0.6

Jul 2019

0.3 -0.4 2.8 3.5 3.3 0.6

Aug 2019

0.2 0.1 2.9 3.4 4.3 0.6

Sep 2019

0.1 -0.3 2.9 3.5 4.4 0.4

Oct 2019

0.1 1.0 3.0 3.3 5.1 0.5

Nov 2019

-0.1 0.6 3.0 3.3 5.1 1.4

Dec 2019

0.1 2.5 3.0 3.2 5.1 1.4

Jan 2020

0.1 1.7 3.1 3.3 5.1 1.5

Feb 2020

0.4 1.8 3.1 3.3 5.3 1.5

Mar 2020

-0.4 1.3 2.8 3.0 5.5 1.5

Apr 2020

-0.6 0.7 2.2 2.6 5.8 1.6

May 2020

-0.3 0.8 2.0 2.5 5.9 1.6

Jun 2020

-0.2 1.3 1.9 2.4 6.0 1.4

Jul 2020

0.5 1.1 2.3 2.3 5.9 2.3

Food at home prices increased 4.6 percent over the last 12 months. All six major grocery store food group indexes rose over that span. Prices for food away from home rose 3.4 percent over the last year.

Energy prices fell 11.2 percent over the past 12 months. Gasoline prices decreased 20.3 percent, while the fuel oil index fell 27.2 percent. Natural gas prices declined 0.3 percent and electricity prices decreased slightly over the year, falling 0.1 percent.

Prices for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent over the year ending July 2020. The shelter index rose 2.3 percent over the 12-month span.  Rent prices increased 3.1 percent and prices for owners’ equivalent rent rose 2.8 percent, while lodging away from home prices fell 13.4 percent. Medical care prices increased 5.0 percent over the last 12 months. Prices for airline fares, apparel, motor vehicle insurance, and used cars and trucks all declined over the past 12 months.

These data are from the BLS Consumer Price Index program and are not seasonally adjusted. To learn more, see “Consumer Price Index — July 2020.” We also have more charts on consumer prices.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer prices increase 1.0 percent in the 12 months ending July 2020 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/consumer-prices-increase-1-point-0-percent-in-the-12-months-ending-july-2020.htm (visited September 23, 2020).

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