Lower-wage workers less likely than other workers to have medical care benefits in 2019
March 03, 2020
Twenty-four percent of private industry workers in the lowest 10 percent wage category had access to employer-sponsored medical plans in March 2019, while 94 percent of workers with an average wage in the highest 10 percent had access to such plans. As average wages move from the lowest 25 percent of wage earners to the second-lowest 25 percent, access rates rose from 36 percent to 70 percent.
Lowest 10 percent
Lowest 25 percent
Second 25 percent
Third 25 percent
Highest 25 percent
Highest 10 percent
Participation rates, or the percentage of all workers who participate in a plan, also increase as wages go up. Among workers with an average wage in the lowest 10 percent wage category, only 13 percent participated in employer-sponsored medical plans in March 2019. Meanwhile, 72 percent of workers with an average wage in the highest 10 percent participated in these plans.
These data are from the National Compensation Survey — Benefits program. For more information about employee benefits, see “Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2019” and our glossary of employee benefit terms.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Lower-wage workers less likely than other workers to have medical care benefits in 2019 on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/lower-wage-workers-less-likely-than-other-workers-to-have-medical-care-benefits-in-2019.htm (visited August 05, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Using BLS Data to Match People with Disabilities with Jobs Presents data that can help increase access and opportunity for people with disabilities in the nation’s labor market.
- How Women and Aging Affect Trends in Labor Force Growth Examines how women’s labor force participation and the aging of the U.S. population affect trends in labor force growth.
- Meal Appeal: Patterns of Expenditures on Food away from Home
Examines spending on food away from home, such as meals or snacks from restaurants, vending machines, employer cafeterias, or other venues.
- Job Flexibilities and Work Schedules in 2017–18
Examines data on job flexibilities, such as working at home, flexible schedules, and shift work.