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Nonfarm employment up 4.8 million in June 2020

July 07, 2020

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 4.8 million in June 2020, following an increase of 2.7 million in May. These gains reflect a partial resumption of economic activity that had been curtailed due to the coronavirus pandemic in April and March, when employment fell by a total of 22.2 million in the 2 months combined. In June, nonfarm employment was 14.7 million, or 9.6 percent, lower than its February level.

1-month change in employment, by industry, January 2020–June 2020
Industry Jan 2020 Feb 2020 Mar 2020 Apr 2020 May 2020 Jun 2020

Total, all employees

214,000 251,000 -1,373,000 -20,787,000 2,699,000 4,800,000

Mining and logging

-3,000 2,000 -8,000 -53,000 -19,000 -10,000

Construction

38,000 46,000 -65,000 -1,018,000 453,000 158,000

Manufacturing

-22,000 8,000 -46,000 -1,317,000 250,000 356,000

Wholesale trade

4,300 -3,300 -12,000 -385,200 12,300 67,600

Retail trade

-3,200 3,000 -85,400 -2,299,000 371,500 739,800

Transportation and warehousing

22,600 -400 -9,900 -559,800 -28,300 98,700

Utilities

-1,000 -800 -200 -3,600 -1,600 -3,200

Information

11,000 0 -6,000 -279,000 -39,000 9,000

Financial activities

9,000 22,000 -18,000 -261,000 10,000 32,000

Professional and business services

20,000 27,000 -94,000 -2,202,000 160,000 306,000

Educational services

28,900 -10,700 -43,700 -467,200 29,200 93,400

Health care and social assistance

41,000 62,500 -134,500 -2,135,500 369,500 474,900

Leisure and hospitality

24,000 59,000 -743,000 -7,575,000 1,403,000 2,088,000

Other services

10,000 6,000 -91,000 -1,279,000 261,000 357,000

Federal government

8,000 12,000 19,000 7,000 -9,000 1,000

State government

6,000 9,000 -37,000 -169,000 -53,000 -25,000

Local government

21,000 10,000 1,000 -790,000 -471,000 57,000

 

1-month percent change in employment, by industry, January 2020–June 2020
Industry Jan 2020 Feb 2020 Mar 2020 Apr 2020 May 2020 Jun 2020

Total, all employees

0.1% 0.2% -0.9% -13.8% 2.1% 3.6%

Mining and logging

-0.4 0.3 -1.1 -7.5 -2.9 -1.6

Construction

0.5 0.6 -0.9 -13.4 6.9 2.3

Manufacturing

-0.2 0.1 -0.4 -10.3 2.2 3.0

Wholesale trade

0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -6.5 0.2 1.2

Retail trade

0.0 0.0 -0.5 -14.7 2.8 5.4

Transportation and warehousing

0.4 0.0 -0.2 -9.9 -0.6 1.9

Utilities

-0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.7 -0.3 -0.6

Information

0.4 0.0 -0.2 -9.7 -1.5 0.4

Financial activities

0.1 0.2 -0.2 -3.0 0.1 0.4

Professional and business services

0.1 0.1 -0.4 -10.3 0.8 1.6

Educational services

0.8 -0.3 -1.1 -12.3 0.9 2.8

Health care and social assistance

0.2 0.3 -0.6 -10.4 2.0 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

0.1 0.4 -4.4 -47.0 16.4 21.0

Other services

0.2 0.1 -1.5 -21.9 5.7 7.4

Federal government

0.3 0.4 0.7 0.2 -0.3 0.0

State government

0.1 0.2 -0.7 -3.3 -1.1 -0.5

Local government

0.1 0.1 0.0 -5.4 -3.4 0.4

In June, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 2.1 million, accounting for about two-fifths of the gain in total nonfarm employment. Over the month, employment in food services and drinking places rose by 1.5 million, following a gain of the same magnitude in May. Despite these gains, employment in food services and drinking places is down by 3.1 million since February.

Employment in retail trade rose by 740,000 in June, after a gain of 372,000 in May and losses totaling 2.4 million in March and April combined. In June, employment in retail trade was 1.3 million lower than in February.

Health care employment increased by 358,000 in June. Manufacturing employment rose by 356,000 (but was down by 757,000 since February). Professional and business services added 306,000 jobs in June (but was 1.8 million below its February level).

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — June 2020" and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the June data. Also see more charts on employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Nonfarm employment up 4.8 million in June 2020 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/nonfarm-employment-up-4-point-8-million-in-june-2020.htm (visited October 26, 2020).

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