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Number of hospitals and hospital employment in each state in 2019

April 06, 2020

Hospitals and their employees provide essential services for so many people. They treat the seriously ill or injured, take care of new mothers and their babies, and often are where people go for surgery. Especially at a time of great national need, it is important to know the hospital resources available in each state.

One measure is to compare the number of hospitals with the size of the population. For the entire nation, there were 13,944 hospitals in the third quarter of 2019. The U.S. population was 328.2 million in July 2019. That gives us a ratio of 23,540 people per hospital. New Jersey, with 49,073 people per hospital, had the highest ratio. Other states with high ratios were New York, Oregon, and Rhode Island. The District of Columbia, Idaho, North Dakota, Louisiana, and South Dakota had the lowest ratios of people per hospital.

Ratio of the population to the number of private and government hospital establishments by state, 2019
State Ratio of people per hospital Hospital establishments in third quarter 2019 Population on July 1, 2019

U.S. total

23,540 13,944 328,239,523

New Jersey

49,073 181 8,882,190

New York

47,217 412 19,453,561

Oregon

43,038 98 4,217,737

Rhode Island

39,236 27 1,059,361

Washington

37,697 202 7,614,893

Nevada

37,110 83 3,080,156

Colorado

36,448 158 5,758,736

Pennsylvania

34,507 371 12,801,989

Puerto Rico

32,925 97 3,193,694

Delaware

31,412 31 973,764

Connecticut

31,274 114 3,565,287

Illinois

30,388 417 12,671,821

Wisconsin

30,325 192 5,822,434

New Hampshire

28,930 47 1,359,711

Arizona

28,212 258 7,278,717

Maine

28,004 48 1,344,212

Virginia

27,623 309 8,535,519

Utah

26,496 121 3,205,958

Ohio

26,268 445 11,689,100

Vermont

26,000 24 623,989

California

25,410 1,555 39,512,223

Tennessee

25,107 272 6,829,174

Texas

24,804 1,169 28,995,881

Massachusetts

23,129 298 6,892,503

Indiana

22,441 300 6,732,219

Florida

21,739 988 21,477,737

Arkansas

21,711 139 3,017,804

Kentucky

21,688 206 4,467,673

Georgia

21,580 492 10,617,423

Alaska

21,516 34 731,545

Maryland

20,847 290 6,045,680

Alabama

20,689 237 4,903,185

North Carolina

20,365 515 10,488,084

Mississippi

19,841 150 2,976,149

Hawaii

19,665 72 1,415,872

West Virginia

18,668 96 1,792,147

Michigan

18,632 536 9,986,857

Wyoming

18,086 32 578,759

Minnesota

17,299 326 5,639,632

Missouri

16,769 366 6,137,428

Oklahoma

16,767 236 3,956,971

New Mexico

16,254 129 2,096,829

South Carolina

15,940 323 5,148,714

Kansas

13,488 216 2,913,314

Iowa

12,671 249 3,155,070

Montana

12,574 85 1,068,778

Nebraska

12,321 157 1,934,408

South Dakota

11,640 76 884,659

Louisiana

10,687 435 4,648,794

North Dakota

10,439 73 762,062

Idaho

9,356 191 1,787,065

District of Columbia

9,166 77 705,749

Note: The number of establishments is not publishable for a small number of hospitals in state and local government.

Another measure is to compare the number of hospital employees with the size of the population. There were about 6.6 million hospital employees in the United States in September 2019, giving us a national ratio of 50 people per hospital employee. Puerto Rico, Utah, Nevada, and California had the highest ratios. The District of Columbia again had the lowest ratio, followed by South Dakota, North Dakota, Massachusetts, and West Virginia.

Ratio of the population to the number employed in private and government hospitals by state, 2019
State Ratio of people per hospital employee Hospital employment in September 2019 Population on July 1, 2019

U.S. total

50 6,564,224 328,239,523

Puerto Rico

96 33,432 3,193,694

Utah

73 43,890 3,205,958

Nevada

73 42,332 3,080,156

California

68 582,706 39,512,223

Virginia

65 130,440 8,535,519

Hawaii

63 22,305 1,415,872

Oregon

63 66,498 4,217,737

Arizona

63 115,036 7,278,717

Texas

62 468,124 28,995,881

Arkansas

58 51,894 3,017,804

Georgia

58 183,854 10,617,423

South Carolina

57 90,300 5,148,714

Washington

56 134,788 7,614,893

Florida

56 386,146 21,477,737

Colorado

55 103,810 5,758,736

Idaho

55 32,391 1,787,065

Oklahoma

54 72,734 3,956,971

Connecticut

54 65,788 3,565,287

New Mexico

54 38,875 2,096,829

New Jersey

54 165,118 8,882,190

Iowa

52 60,187 3,155,070

Maryland

52 116,910 6,045,680

Alabama

50 98,148 4,903,185

Kentucky

49 91,069 4,467,673

Alaska

48 15,104 731,545

Nebraska

48 40,382 1,934,408

North Carolina

48 219,598 10,488,084

Mississippi

48 62,503 2,976,149

Wyoming

47 12,332 578,759

Illinois

47 272,298 12,671,821

Tennessee

46 147,633 6,829,174

Wisconsin

45 130,525 5,822,434

Louisiana

44 105,412 4,648,794

New Hampshire

44 30,883 1,359,711

Pennsylvania

44 290,922 12,801,989

Michigan

44 229,111 9,986,857

Indiana

44 154,616 6,732,219

Minnesota

43 132,474 5,639,632

New York

42 464,355 19,453,561

Rhode Island

42 25,409 1,059,361

Montana

40 26,542 1,068,778

Vermont

40 15,553 623,989

Kansas

39 73,868 2,913,314

Ohio

39 296,919 11,689,100

Maine

38 34,981 1,344,212

Missouri

36 170,301 6,137,428

Delaware

36 27,273 973,764

West Virginia

34 52,369 1,792,147

Massachusetts

33 209,232 6,892,503

North Dakota

31 24,599 762,062

South Dakota

29 30,242 884,659

District of Columbia

24 29,425 705,749

Note: Employment is not publishable for a small number of hospital establishments in state and local government.

The data on establishments and employment are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. You can get more industry employment data for the nation, states, counties, and metropolitan areas through the data viewer tool. The number of hospital establishments and their employment includes hospitals that are privately owned and owned by federal, state, or local governments. The number of establishments and employment is not publishable at the state level for a small number of hospital establishments owned by state and local governments. These hospitals are included in the totals for the nation. The population estimates are from the U.S. Census Bureau.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Number of hospitals and hospital employment in each state in 2019 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/number-of-hospitals-and-hospital-employment-in-each-state-in-2019.htm (visited October 24, 2020).

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