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Employment decreased in 355 of the 357 largest U.S. counties for year ended September 2020

February 26, 2021

From September 2019 to September 2020, employment decreased in 355 of the 357 largest U.S. counties. In September 2020, national employment decreased 6.8 percent over the year. Among the nation’s large counties, Maui + Kalawao, Hawaii, had the largest over-the-year decrease in employment with a loss of 35.4 percent.

 Percent change in employment, September 2019–September 2020, and average weekly wage, third quarter 2020, in the 357 largest U.S. counties
County Average weekly wage Percent change in employment

United States

$1,173 -6.8%

Alabama

Baldwin, AL

786 -4.1

Jefferson, AL

1,112 -5.5

Madison, AL

1,291 -2.1

Mobile, AL

968 -5.6

Montgomery, AL

967 -5.7

Shelby, AL

1,082 -5.2

Tuscaloosa, AL

959 -9.3

Alaska

Anchorage, AK

1,227 -9.1

Arizona

Maricopa, AZ

1,139 -4.1

Pima, AZ

1,006 -5.7

Arkansas

Benton, AR

1,078 -0.7

Pulaski, AR

1,031 -5

Washington, AR

918 -2.2

California

Alameda, CA

1,704 -9.7

Butte, CA

946 -10.5

Contra Costa, CA

1,465 -10.4

Fresno, CA

932 -6.5

Kern, CA

971 -7.6

Los Angeles, CA

1,334 -11.8

Marin, CA

1,564 -11.6

Merced, CA

913 -6

Monterey, CA

1,006 -8.6

Napa, CA

1,166 -13.8

Orange, CA

1,330 -11.1

Placer, CA

1,223 -7.8

Riverside, CA

981 -6.6

Sacramento, CA

1,274 -6.4

San Bernardino, CA

1,004 -3.8

San Diego, CA

1,332 -9.4

San Francisco, CA

2,750 -13.8

San Joaquin, CA

1,017 -2.8

San Luis Obispo, CA

1,045 -9.1

San Mateo, CA

2,922 -9.9

Santa Barbara, CA

1,104 -7

Santa Clara, CA

2,883 -8.3

Santa Cruz, CA

1,140 -9.7

Solano, CA

1,247 -9.9

Sonoma, CA

1,208 -11

Stanislaus, CA

1,035 -6

Tulare, CA

867 -6.2

Ventura, CA

1,161 -7.9

Yolo, CA

1,256 -5.9

Colorado

Adams, CO

1,134 -3.3

Arapahoe, CO

1,363 -4.5

Boulder, CO

1,466 -5.8

Denver, CO

1,503 -9.7

Douglas, CO

1,281 -1.3

El Paso, CO

1,065 -3.2

Jefferson, CO

1,260 -5.3

Larimer, CO

1,090 -5

Weld, CO

1,022 -9.6

Connecticut

Fairfield, CT

1,605 -8.4

Hartford, CT

1,319 -7.1

New Haven, CT

1,178 -5.7

New London, CT

1,160 -11.5

Delaware

New Castle, DE

1,281 -6

Sussex, DE

841 -4.9

District of Columbia

Washington, DC

1,962 -8.1

Florida

Alachua, FL

1,014 -4.8

Brevard, FL

1,017 -2.6

Broward, FL

1,089 -7.9

Collier, FL

984 -4.4

Duval, FL

1,073 -3

Escambia, FL

911 -2.8

Hillsborough, FL

1,133 -4.8

Lake, FL

796 -2.5

Lee, FL

935 -4.7

Leon, FL

945 -4.6

Manatee, FL

913 -5.2

Marion, FL

787 -1.7

Miami-Dade, FL

1,116 -9.5

Okaloosa, FL

983 -2.1

Orange, FL

1,056 -15.7

Osceola, FL

759 -10.3

Palm Beach, FL

1,115 -6.3

Pasco, FL

835 -2.1

Pinellas, FL

1,011 -5.2

Polk, FL

871 -0.6

St Johns, FL

903 -1.2

St Lucie, FL

835 -2.3

Sarasota, FL

956 -4.6

Seminole, FL

990 -4.4

Volusia, FL

824 -5.1

Georgia

Bibb, GA

887 -5.7

Chatham, GA

937 -5.8

Clayton, GA

1,225 -11.1

Cobb, GA

1,221 -6.6

DeKalb, GA

1,172 -6.4

Forsyth, GA

994 -3.3

Fulton, GA

1,521 -8.3

Gwinnett, GA

1,073 -5.6

Hall, GA

952 -2.8

Muscogee, GA

870 -5.4

Richmond, GA

973 -4.3

Hawaii

Honolulu, HI

1,167 -20.7

Maui + Kalawao, HI

971 -35.4

Idaho

Ada, ID

1,022 -1.5

Illinois

Champaign, IL

1,033 -2.7

Cook, IL

1,332 -9.8

DuPage, IL

1,305 -8.3

Kane, IL

1,025 -9.4

Lake, IL

1,382 -7

McHenry, IL

926 -7.3

McLean, IL

1,116 -6.5

Madison, IL

876 -5.2

Peoria, IL

1,192 -7

St Clair, IL

926 -7.7

Sangamon, IL

1,126 -5

Will, IL

979 -5.1

Winnebago, IL

964 -8.1

Indiana

Allen, IN

930 -4.2

Elkhart, IN

996 -2.6

Hamilton, IN

1,082 -2.6

Lake, IN

945 -6.7

Marion, IN

1,153 -6.4

St Joseph, IN

933 -7.2

Tippecanoe, IN

973 -5.7

Vanderburgh, IN

940 -6.1

Iowa

Johnson, IA

1,099 -6.2

Linn, IA

1,067 -8.1

Polk, IA

1,157 -5.4

Scott, IA

948 -7.6

Kansas

Johnson, KS

1,183 -4.8

Sedgwick, KS

919 -7

Shawnee, KS

919 -3.5

Wyandotte, KS

1,054 -3.8

Kentucky

Boone, KY

962 -2.2

Fayette, KY

1,001 -7.2

Jefferson, KY

1,099 -6.1

Louisiana

Caddo, LA

923 -7.9

Calcasieu, LA

1,029 -24.1

East Baton Rouge, LA

1,071 -8.2

Jefferson, LA

999 -8.5

Lafayette, LA

928 -7.9

Orleans, LA

1,165 -20

St Tammany, LA

938 -5.9

Maine

Cumberland, ME

1,105 -7.6

Maryland

Anne Arundel, MD

1,269 -8.6

Baltimore, MD

1,163 -8.7

Frederick, MD

1,093 -8.3

Harford, MD

1,141 -6.6

Howard, MD

1,518 -9.6

Montgomery, MD

1,540 -7.8

Prince George's, MD

1,230 -9.4

Baltimore City, MD

1,340 -6

Massachusetts

Barnstable, MA

1,012 -10.1

Bristol, MA

1,052 -8.4

Essex, MA

1,250 -9.2

Hampden, MA

1,037 -10.6

Middlesex, MA

1,788 -8.6

Norfolk, MA

1,326 -10.7

Plymouth, MA

1,115 -9.5

Suffolk, MA

1,942 -10.4

Worcester, MA

1,167 -8.5

Michigan

Genesee, MI

934 -8.4

Ingham, MI

1,086 -9.2

Kalamazoo, MI

1,052 -7.3

Kent, MI

1,036 -9

Macomb, MI

1,107 -9

Oakland, MI

1,256 -9.1

Ottawa, MI

952 -5.4

Saginaw, MI

936 -9

Washtenaw, MI

1,277 -8.5

Wayne, MI

1,240 -8.3

Minnesota

Anoka, MN

1,126 -6.8

Dakota, MN

1,139 -7.7

Hennepin, MN

1,447 -9.7

Olmsted, MN

1,224 -3.6

Ramsey, MN

1,263 -9.2

St Louis, MN

947 -8.1

Stearns, MN

1,010 -6.1

Washington, MN

944 -5

Mississippi

Harrison, MS

787 -6.3

Hinds, MS

945 -5.2

Missouri

Boone, MO

1,006 -4.4

Clay, MO

998 -3.9

Greene, MO

896 -3.5

Jackson, MO

1,132 -6.3

St Charles, MO

920 -2.1

St Louis, MO

1,194 -7.1

St Louis City, MO

1,211 -9.2

Montana

Yellowstone, MT

963 -1.8

Nebraska

Douglas, NE

1,098 -5

Lancaster, NE

942 -5.9

Nevada

Clark, NV

1,021 -14.9

Washoe, NV

1,091 -6.5

New Hampshire

Hillsborough, NH

1,244 -5.8

Merrimack, NH

1,096 -5.2

Rockingham, NH

1,118 -5.2

New Jersey

Atlantic, NJ

955 -13.7

Bergen, NJ

1,371 -11

Burlington, NJ

1,218 -6

Camden, NJ

1,127 -8.3

Essex, NJ

1,420 -11

Gloucester, NJ

951 -5

Hudson, NJ

1,513 -9.9

Mercer, NJ

1,393 -5.6

Middlesex, NJ

1,321 -6.4

Monmouth, NJ

1,173 -7.8

Morris, NJ

1,651 -8.3

Ocean, NJ

938 -6

Passaic, NJ

1,107 -10.4

Somerset, NJ

1,672 -7.9

Union, NJ

1,403 -9.1

New Mexico

Bernalillo, NM

1,011 -7.2

New York

Albany, NY

1,266 -6.7

Bronx, NY

1,194 -7.7

Broome, NY

976 -8.6

Dutchess, NY

1,129 -9.5

Erie, NY

1,051 -9.1

Kings, NY

1,028 -9.2

Monroe, NY

1,083 -9.2

Nassau, NY

1,275 -10.1

New York, NY

2,342 -15.9

Oneida, NY

906 -8.2

Onondaga, NY

1,081 -8.5

Orange, NY

1,002 -8.8

Queens, NY

1,154 -12.1

Richmond, NY

1,124 -7.7

Rockland, NY

1,079 -8.9

Saratoga, NY

1,065 -8.2

Suffolk, NY

1,349 -8.3

Westchester, NY

1,438 -10.5

North Carolina

Buncombe, NC

905 -9.2

Cabarrus, NC

877 -5.3

Catawba, NC

871 -4.5

Cumberland, NC

892 -5.2

Durham, NC

1,491 -3.9

Forsyth, NC

1,028 -5.7

Guilford, NC

989 -5.9

Iredell, NC

1,119 -1.7

Mecklenburg, NC

1,286 -5.4

New Hanover, NC

967 -4.2

Pitt, NC

950 -4.2

Wake, NC

1,216 -3.3

North Dakota

Cass, ND

1,058 -3.9

Ohio

Butler, OH

996 -5.7

Cuyahoga, OH

1,167 -7.7

Delaware, OH

1,118 -5.1

Franklin, OH

1,175 -5.3

Greene, OH

1,151 -2.8

Hamilton, OH

1,300 -6.9

Lake, OH

912 -7.7

Lorain, OH

880 -5.9

Lucas, OH

974 -7

Mahoning, OH

819 -7.4

Montgomery, OH

986 -6.2

Stark, OH

851 -6

Summit, OH

978 -5.8

Warren, OH

1,219 -4.8

Oklahoma

Cleveland, OK

817 -3.2

Oklahoma, OK

1,034 -5.7

Tulsa, OK

995 -6.6

Oregon

Clackamas, OR

1,112 -7.7

Deschutes, OR

990 -4

Jackson, OR

908 -5.3

Lane, OR

943 -8.3

Marion, OR

983 -4.1

Multnomah, OR

1,254 -10.2

Washington, OR

1,470 -6.5

Pennsylvania

Allegheny, PA

1,234 -8.5

Berks, PA

1,053 -8.3

Bucks, PA

1,071 -8

Butler, PA

1,045 -6.6

Chester, PA

1,365 -6.7

Cumberland, PA

1,054 -5.6

Dauphin, PA

1,118 -6.1

Delaware, PA

1,188 -8.8

Erie, PA

874 -8.1

Lackawanna, PA

896 -8.1

Lancaster, PA

965 -5.8

Lehigh, PA

1,130 -6.6

Luzerne, PA

906 -7.6

Montgomery, PA

1,402 -7

Northampton, PA

985 -8

Philadelphia, PA

1,392 -10.9

Washington, PA

1,102 -10.2

Westmoreland, PA

920 -7.7

York, PA

990 -6.7

Rhode Island

Kent, RI

1,018 -9.7

Providence, RI

1,091 -8.2

South Carolina

Charleston, SC

1,047 -7.7

Greenville, SC

969 -4.2

Horry, SC

721 -9

Lexington, SC

887 -2.7

Richland, SC

971 -5.6

Spartanburg, SC

929 -4.3

York, SC

952 -3.5

South Dakota

Minnehaha, SD

1,017 -2.6

Tennessee

Davidson, TN

1,237 -9

Hamilton, TN

1,037 -4.9

Knox, TN

1,001 -4.1

Rutherford, TN

995 -1.7

Shelby, TN

1,143 -6.4

Williamson, TN

1,314 -3.9

Texas

Bell, TX

955 -3.3

Bexar, TX

1,036 -6.2

Brazoria, TX

1,100 -7.4

Brazos, TX

864 -4.8

Cameron, TX

697 -4.3

Collin, TX

1,358 -4.4

Dallas, TX

1,355 -4.6

Denton, TX

1,026 -3

Ector, TX

1,094 -20.8

El Paso, TX

814 -5

Fort Bend, TX

995 -4.7

Galveston, TX

1,010 -5.2

Gregg, TX

882 -9.9

Harris, TX

1,336 -7.7

Hidalgo, TX

713 -4.1

Jefferson, TX

1,096 -9.7

Lubbock, TX

892 -3.7

McLennan, TX

947 -1.6

Midland, TX

1,358 -20.1

Montgomery, TX

1,113 -5.5

Nueces, TX

950 -8.6

Potter, TX

944 -3.4

Smith, TX

928 -4

Tarrant, TX

1,116 -5.6

Travis, TX

1,427 -4.6

Webb, TX

742 -7.1

Williamson, TX

1,236 -2.4

Utah

Davis, UT

943 0.8

Salt Lake, UT

1,152 -2.4

Utah, UT

981 1.9

Weber, UT

880 -1.9

Vermont

Chittenden, VT

1,132 -8.7

Virginia

Arlington, VA

1,845 -7.5

Chesterfield, VA

967 -4

Fairfax, VA

1,774 -4.4

Henrico, VA

1,083 -6.7

Loudoun, VA

1,335 -6

Prince William, VA

1,054 -6

Alexandria City, VA

1,549 -6.2

Chesapeake City, VA

917 -4.1

Newport News City, VA

1,069 -4.8

Norfolk City, VA

1,129 -7.1

Richmond City, VA

1,301 -7.8

Virginia Beach City, VA

902 -5.3

Washington

Benton, WA

1,175 -5.6

Clark, WA

1,148 -5.7

King, WA

2,077 -6.9

Kitsap, WA

1,117 -5.6

Pierce, WA

1,114 -6.4

Snohomish, WA

1,243 -7.6

Spokane, WA

1,018 -6.2

Thurston, WA

1,117 -5.6

Whatcom, WA

1,007 -7.6

Yakima, WA

843 -5.4

West Virginia

Kanawha, WV

981 -8.6

Wisconsin

Brown, WI

1,012 -4.9

Dane, WI

1,124 -5.2

Milwaukee, WI

1,053 -8

Outagamie, WI

964 -5

Racine, WI

964 -5.8

Waukesha, WI

1,103 -4.9

Winnebago, WI

1,015 -2.6

Within Maui + Kalawao, the largest employment decrease occurred in leisure and hospitality, which lost 16,951 jobs over the year ended in September 2020 (−66.8 percent). Employment also decreased by 20 percent or more in Calcasieu, Louisiana; Ector, Texas; Honolulu, Hawaii; Midlands, Texas; and Orleans Louisiana. Davis and Utah counties in Utah were the only large counties with job gains from September 2019 to September 2020. Within Utah County, professional and business services had the largest employment increase with a gain of 3,334 jobs (+8.6 percent).

Among the 357 largest counties, 350 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. In the third quarter of 2020, average weekly wages for the nation increased to $1,173, a 7.4-percent increase over the year. Nationally, the increases in average weekly wages largely reflect substantial employment loss among lower-paid industries. San Mateo, California, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in average weekly wages (+23.2 percent). Within San Mateo, an average weekly wage gain of $1,096 (+17.6 percent) in information made the largest contribution to the county’s increase in average weekly wages. Ector, Texas, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in average weekly wages with a loss of 11.0 percent. Within Ector, natural resources and mining had the largest impact, with an average weekly wage decrease of $209 (−11.4 percent) over the year.

These data are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program and are preliminary. Large counties are defined as having employment of at least 75,000. To learn more, see "County Employment and Wages – Third Quarter 2020."

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment decreased in 355 of the 357 largest U.S. counties for year ended September 2020 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/employment-decreased-in-355-of-the-357-largest-u-s-counties-for-year-ended-september-2020.htm (visited April 11, 2021).

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