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A look at manufacturing jobs on National Manufacturing Day

October 06, 2023

National Manufacturing Day, celebrated on the first Friday in October, recognizes the importance of the manufacturing industry in the United States. Over 12.7 million U.S. workers were employed in manufacturing in 2022. Though transportation equipment manufacturing was the largest manufacturing industry in the nation and in 16 states, food manufacturing topped the list in 19 states and the District of Columbia.

Indiana had the highest concentration of manufacturing employment, at 2.04 times the U.S. average. An industry’s employment concentration in an area is measured using location quotients. A location quotient greater than 1 means that the industry’s share of employment in the area is greater than its share of employment in the nation as a whole. Wisconsin (1.95), Iowa (1.71), and Michigan (1.65) also had high manufacturing employment location quotients in 2022. In total, 28 states had manufacturing employment location quotients greater than 1.

Concentration of manufacturing employment (location quotient) by state, private industry, 2022

Concentration of manufacturing employment (location quotient) by state, private industry, 2022
Area Location quotient Manufacturing employment Total employment Manufacturing share of total employment Top manufacturing industry

United States

1.00 12,759,129 128,718,060 9.9 Transportation equipment

Indiana

2.04 541,112 2,733,492 19.8 Transportation equipment

Wisconsin

1.95 476,773 2,505,934 19.0 Food

Iowa

1.71 223,594 1,297,333 17.2 Food

Michigan

1.65 603,413 3,749,727 16.1 Transportation equipment

Alabama

1.59 273,897 1,660,156 16.5 Transportation equipment

Kentucky

1.54 251,782 1,640,191 15.4 Transportation equipment

Arkansas

1.53 162,482 1,056,644 15.4 Food

Mississippi

1.52 148,027 919,857 16.1 Transportation equipment

Ohio

1.49 683,148 4,684,897 14.6 Transportation equipment

Kansas

1.43 169,071 1,151,446 14.7 Food

South Carolina

1.41 261,190 1,833,574 14.2 Transportation equipment

Tennessee

1.36 364,182 2,741,025 13.3 Transportation equipment

Minnesota

1.33 323,723 2,483,988 13.0 Food

Nebraska

1.23 103,321 824,945 12.5 Food

New Hampshire

1.23 69,945 589,213 11.9 Computer and electronic product

South Dakota

1.20 45,101 368,476 12.2 Food

Missouri

1.18 282,251 2,424,908 11.6 Transportation equipment

North Carolina

1.18 473,254 4,018,296 11.8 Food

Oregon

1.16 192,305 1,675,632 11.5 Computer and electronic product

Illinois

1.14 571,465 5,161,095 11.1 Food

Vermont

1.14 29,115 250,086 11.6 Food

Pennsylvania

1.13 563,640 5,210,459 10.8 Fabricated metal product

Connecticut

1.12 156,494 1,426,728 11.0 Transportation equipment

Utah

1.07 150,788 1,407,806 10.7 Food

Idaho

1.04 72,708 699,084 10.4 Food

Puerto Rico

1.04 81,619 729,767 11.2 Chemical

Georgia

1.03 411,890 4,062,791 10.1 Food

Maine

1.02 54,111 530,043 10.2 Transportation equipment

Rhode Island

0.98 40,174 420,969 9.5 Transportation equipment

Oklahoma

0.96 133,260 1,304,605 10.2 Machinery

Washington

0.89 265,819 2,955,687 9.0 Transportation equipment

California

0.88 1,335,789 15,438,555 8.7 Computer and electronic product

Louisiana

0.85 134,378 1,571,606 8.6 Chemical

Texas

0.82 925,394 11,337,527 8.2 Fabricated metal product

West Virginia

0.80 45,648 539,694 8.5 Chemical

Massachusetts

0.78 238,535 3,168,350 7.5 Computer and electronic product

North Dakota

0.78 27,309 339,203 8.1 Machinery

Arizona

0.73 191,785 2,689,673 7.1 Transportation equipment

Virginia

0.72 241,792 3,258,793 7.4 Transportation equipment

New Jersey

0.71 248,699 3,581,671 6.9 Chemical

Delaware

0.67 26,227 392,082 6.7 Food

Colorado

0.64 152,992 2,384,337 6.4 Food

New York

0.53 419,896 7,908,130 5.3 Food

Montana

0.52 21,967 413,058 5.3 Fabricated metal product

Nevada

0.52 64,859 1,315,007 4.9 Electrical equipment, appliance, and component

Florida

0.51 408,338 8,308,654 4.9 Transportation equipment

Maryland

0.50 112,655 2,156,462 5.2 Computer and electronic product

Alaska

0.45 12,113 241,031 5.0 Food

Wyoming

0.44 10,197 208,246 4.9 Fabricated metal product

New Mexico

0.41 28,969 660,670 4.4 Food

Hawaii

0.24 12,509 501,744 2.5 Food

U.S. Virgin Islands

0.17 508 24,037 2.1 Beverage and tobacco product

District of Columbia

0.02 1,044 514,487 0.2 Food

Location quotients compare the concentration of an industry within a specific area to the concentration of that industry nationwide.

Transportation equipment was the largest manufacturing industry in Indiana in 2022, accounting for 25.8 percent of the state's manufacturing employment. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing (10.4 percent), food manufacturing (8.1 percent), and machinery manufacturing (8.0 percent).

Ten largest manufacturing industries in Indiana by total employment, private industry, 2022
IndustryEmploymentLocation quotientShare of manufacturing employmentShare of total employment

Transportation equipment

139,5693.9425.85.1

Fabricated metal product

56,0651.9010.42.1

Food

43,6321.248.11.6

Machinery

43,3361.898.01.6

Primary metal

41,1915.447.61.5

Plastics and rubber products

39,6402.567.31.5

Chemical

36,5151.976.71.3

Miscellaneous

29,1472.245.41.1

Furniture and related product

23,5233.014.30.9

Wood product

15,1271.712.80.6

Location quotients compare the concentration of an industry within a specific area to the concentration of that industry nationwide.

These data are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2-digit sector and 3-digit subsector levels were used for industry analysis. For more data on employment and wages, see our QCEW Data Viewer. We also have charts and maps on the latest QCEW data release. QCEW Location Quotient Details provides more information on location quotients and how they are calculated.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, A look at manufacturing jobs on National Manufacturing Day at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/a-look-at-manufacturing-jobs-on-national-manufacturing-day.htm (visited February 21, 2024).

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