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Employment up at least 5.0 percent in three metro areas from July 2022 to July 2023

September 08, 2023

From July 2022 to July 2023, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 79 metropolitan areas, decreased in 1 area, and was essentially unchanged in 309 areas. Midland, Texas, had the largest significant percentage gain in employment (6.3 percent), followed by Las Cruces, New Mexico (5.4 percent), and Charleston-North Charleston, South Carolina (5.0 percent). The lone over-the-year decrease occurred in Elkhart-Goshen, Indiana, at 4.3 percent (or −6,300 jobs).

Statistically significant over-the-year percent changes in metropolitan area employment, selected areas, July 2022 to July 2023
Metropolitan area Percent change July 2022 employment July 2023 employment Change

Midland, TX

6.3 113,500 120,600 7,100

Las Cruces, NM

5.4 72,700 76,600 3,900

Charleston-North Charleston, SC

5.0 398,700 418,700 20,000

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA

4.9 118,100 123,900 5,800

Ann Arbor, MI

4.6 220,100 230,200 10,100

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL

4.5 214,900 224,600 9,700

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV

4.5 1,078,100 1,127,000 48,900

Waco, TX

4.5 130,300 136,200 5,900

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

4.4 4,098,000 4,276,600 178,600

Manchester, NH

4.4 111,600 116,500 4,900

Olympia-Tumwater, WA

4.4 126,000 131,600 5,600

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX

4.3 284,900 297,100 12,200

Salinas, CA

4.3 143,500 149,600 6,100

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC

4.2 1,305,900 1,361,400 55,500

Idaho Falls, ID

4.2 79,500 82,800 3,300

Jacksonville, FL

4.2 769,400 802,000 32,600

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO

4.1 292,600 304,500 11,900

Anchorage, AK

4.0 176,500 183,600 7,100

Boise City, ID

4.0 384,400 399,600 15,200

Elkhart-Goshen, IN

-4.3 146,600 140,300 -6,300

In July 2023, a total of 233 areas had jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.8 percent, 138 areas had rates above it, and 18 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. The lowest unemployment rates were in Sioux Falls, South Dakota (1.4 percent), Burlington-South Burlington, Vermont (1.5 percent), and Rapid City, South Dakota (1.6 percent).

Highest and lowest metropolitan area unemployment rates, July 2023
Metropolitan area July 2022 unemployment rate July 2023 unemployment rate Percentage point change

El Centro, CA

15.2 17.7 2.5

Yuma, AZ

15.3 16.7 1.4

Visalia-Porterville, CA

8.0 9.8 1.8

Merced, CA

7.1 8.6 1.5

Bakersfield, CA

6.8 8.4 1.6

Hanford-Corcoran, CA

6.4 7.9 1.5

Madera, CA

5.9 7.2 1.3

Fresno, CA

6.0 7.1 1.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX

6.8 7.0 0.2

Decatur, IL

5.5 6.9 1.4

Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ

4.9 6.9 2.0

Decatur, AL

2.5 1.9 -0.6

Dover-Durham, NH-ME

2.4 1.9 -0.5

Fargo, ND-MN

1.7 1.9 0.2

Huntsville, AL

2.5 1.9 -0.6

Bismarck, ND

1.9 1.8 -0.1

California-Lexington Park, MD

3.6 1.8 -1.8

Manchester, NH

2.4 1.8 -0.6

Portsmouth, NH-ME

2.0 1.8 -0.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD

3.4 1.7 -1.7

Rapid City, SD

1.7 1.6 -0.1

Burlington-South Burlington, VT

2.2 1.5 -0.7

Sioux Falls, SD

1.5 1.4 -0.1
Largest over-the-year increases and decreases in metropolitan area unemployment rates, July 2022 to July 2023
Metropolitan area July 2022 unemployment rate July 2023 unemployment rate Percentage point change

El Centro, CA

15.2 17.7 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen, IN

2.8 5.2 2.4

Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ

4.9 6.9 2.0

Visalia-Porterville, CA

8.0 9.8 1.8

Danville, IL

4.9 6.6 1.7

Bakersfield, CA

6.8 8.4 1.6

Rockford, IL

5.2 6.8 1.6

Hanford-Corcoran, CA

6.4 7.9 1.5

Merced, CA

7.1 8.6 1.5

Decatur, IL

5.5 6.9 1.4

Kankakee, IL

4.7 6.1 1.4

Pocatello, ID

2.7 4.1 1.4

Yuma, AZ

15.3 16.7 1.4

Altoona, PA

5.2 3.8 -1.4

Cleveland-Elyria, OH

4.9 3.5 -1.4

Pine Bluff, AR

5.8 4.4 -1.4

East Stroudsburg, PA

6.2 4.7 -1.5

New Bedford, MA

5.3 3.8 -1.5

Williamsport, PA

5.2 3.7 -1.5

Cumberland, MD-WV

4.2 2.6 -1.6

Lansing-East Lansing, MI

6.0 4.4 -1.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD

3.4 1.7 -1.7

California-Lexington Park, MD

3.6 1.8 -1.8

Johnstown, PA

6.5 4.7 -1.8

El Centro, California, had the highest unemployment rate, at 17.7 percent, followed by Yuma, Arizona (16.7 percent). An additional three metropolitan areas had unemployment rates above 8.0 percent: Visalia-Porterville, California (9.8 percent), Merced, California (8.6 percent), and Bakersfield, California (8.4 percent).

The largest unemployment rate increase from July 2022 to July 2023 also occurred in El Centro, California, at 2.5 percentage points. Unemployment rates fell over the year by 1.8 percentage points in California-Lexington Park, Maryland (3.6 percent in July 2022 to 1.8 percent in July 2023), and Johnstown, Pennsylvania (6.5 percent to 4.7 percent).

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program and are not seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see "Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment — July 2023." Also see charts related to the latest "Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment" news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment up at least 5.0 percent in three metro areas from July 2022 to July 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/employment-up-at-least-5-0-percent-in-three-metro-areas-from-july-2022-to-july-2023.htm (visited May 21, 2024).

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