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Labor force participation rate for women highest in the District of Columbia in 2022

March 07, 2023

For Women’s History Month, let’s look at women’s labor force participation rates for 2022. The District of Columbia had the highest women’s labor force participation rate, at 66.5 percent, followed by Nebraska (65.5 percent), Minnesota (63.9 percent), North Dakota (63.8 percent), and South Dakota (63.6 percent).

Labor force participation rate for women, by state, 2022
State Labor force participation rate Women in the labor force

Alabama

51.3% 1,077,000

Alaska

60.8 163,000

Arizona

55.7 1,662,000

Arkansas

53.1 652,000

California

55.3 8,701,000

Colorado

63.2 1,476,000

Connecticut

60.6 918,000

Delaware

57.0 245,000

District of Columbia

66.5 188,000

Florida

54.5 5,050,000

Georgia

55.8 2,490,000

Hawaii

55.6 318,000

Idaho

57.4 437,000

Illinois

60.1 3,076,000

Indiana

57.6 1,576,000

Iowa

63.2 799,000

Kansas

61.3 706,000

Kentucky

52.6 961,000

Louisiana

54.0 1,010,000

Maine

54.9 324,000

Maryland

59.3 1,514,000

Massachusetts

60.9 1,800,000

Michigan

54.8 2,262,000

Minnesota

63.9 1,447,000

Mississippi

51.1 615,000

Missouri

57.4 1,442,000

Montana

60.8 273,000

Nebraska

65.5 501,000

Nevada

55.7 708,000

New Hampshire

60.7 357,000

New Jersey

57.5 2,193,000

New Mexico

50.5 433,000

New York

55.4 4,533,000

North Carolina

56.1 2,478,000

North Dakota

63.8 185,000

Ohio

56.0 2,696,000

Oklahoma

55.9 888,000

Oregon

58.5 1,030,000

Pennsylvania

57.1 3,058,000

Rhode Island

60.6 282,000

South Carolina

52.1 1,146,000

South Dakota

63.6 219,000

Tennessee

54.2 1,569,000

Texas

56.8 6,614,000

Utah

59.9 760,000

Vermont

61.3 169,000

Virginia

60.6 2,136,000

Washington

58.6 1,822,000

West Virginia

49.5 362,000

Wisconsin

59.3 1,416,000

Wyoming

58.0 131,000

In 2022, West Virginia had the lowest labor force participation rate for women, at 49.5 percent. An additional three states were under 52.0 percent: New Mexico (50.5 percent), Mississippi (51.1 percent), and Alabama (51.3 percent).

For the nation as a whole, the labor force participation rate for women was 56.8 percent in 2022. The age groups of 25 to 34 years, 35 to 44 years, and 45 to 54 years all had participation rates above 75.0 percent, with 25 to 34 years having the highest (77.6 percent).

Labor force participation rate for women, by age, 2022
Age Labor force participation rate

Total

56.8%

16 to 19 years

37.2

20 to 24 years

68.7

25 to 34 years

77.6

35 to 44 years

76.3

45 to 54 years

75.2

55 to 64 years

59.6

65 years and older

15.5

Women ages 16 to 19 had a labor force participation rate of 37.2 percent in 2022, while women 65 years and older had a participation rate of 15.5 percent.

These data are from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics and Current Population Survey programs. To learn more, see the Local Area Unemployment Statistics data overview page and the Current Population Survey data on women. The labor force participation rate is the labor force (the sum of the employed and the unemployed) as a percentage of the civilian noninstitutional population.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor force participation rate for women highest in the District of Columbia in 2022 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/labor-force-participation-rate-for-women-highest-in-the-district-of-columbia-in-2022.htm (visited May 18, 2024).

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