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Nonfarm employment up 199,000 in November 2023

December 18, 2023

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 199,000 in November 2023. November's employment growth was below the average monthly gain of 240,000 over the prior 12 months but in line with job growth in recent months. In November, job gains occurred in health care and government. Employment also increased in manufacturing, reflecting the return of workers from a strike. Employment in retail trade declined.

1-month change in nonfarm payroll employment, total nonfarm and by industry, November 2019–November 2023, seasonally adjusted
Month Total nonfarm Mining and logging Construction Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information Financial activities

Nov 2019

215,000 -11,000 -11,000 43,000 3,000 10,000 16,000

Dec 2019

102,000 -14,000 -17,000 -14,000 39,000 8,000 5,000

Jan 2020

334,000 -6,000 52,000 -11,000 43,000 10,000 17,000

Feb 2020

273,000 -2,000 28,000 -5,000 -36,000 7,000 31,000

Mar 2020

-1,427,000 -10,000 -69,000 -65,000 -84,000 -9,000 -17,000

Apr 2020

-20,514,000 -57,000 -1,012,000 -1,306,000 -3,092,000 -259,000 -263,000

May 2020

2,625,000 -25,000 482,000 232,000 422,000 -30,000 16,000

Jun 2020

4,565,000 -15,000 161,000 331,000 962,000 12,000 17,000

Jul 2020

1,444,000 -11,000 25,000 41,000 260,000 -5,000 0

Aug 2020

1,735,000 -8,000 30,000 26,000 412,000 25,000 25,000

Sep 2020

961,000 -1,000 31,000 57,000 138,000 56,000 29,000

Oct 2020

719,000 -3,000 54,000 24,000 201,000 -3,000 22,000

Nov 2020

264,000 -2,000 7,000 34,000 124,000 7,000 10,000

Dec 2020

-268,000 3,000 38,000 40,000 20,000 13,000 12,000

Jan 2021

494,000 -7,000 8,000 -3,000 111,000 34,000 14,000

Feb 2021

575,000 -9,000 -72,000 26,000 90,000 16,000 -11,000

Mar 2021

784,000 13,000 104,000 48,000 121,000 5,000 10,000

Apr 2021

286,000 2,000 11,000 -42,000 -29,000 22,000 20,000

May 2021

482,000 0 -12,000 31,000 69,000 28,000 7,000

Jun 2021

693,000 4,000 6,000 17,000 111,000 17,000 7,000

Jul 2021

769,000 1,000 15,000 73,000 43,000 29,000 37,000

Aug 2021

663,000 3,000 16,000 46,000 90,000 36,000 17,000

Sep 2021

557,000 0 41,000 42,000 151,000 15,000 29,000

Oct 2021

781,000 4,000 42,000 59,000 149,000 17,000 27,000

Nov 2021

614,000 4,000 46,000 44,000 70,000 21,000 35,000

Dec 2021

569,000 7,000 34,000 44,000 104,000 18,000 23,000

Jan 2022

364,000 -1,000 -4,000 33,000 100,000 12,000 6,000

Feb 2022

904,000 5,000 79,000 37,000 272,000 7,000 41,000

Mar 2022

414,000 6,000 23,000 62,000 39,000 26,000 15,000

Apr 2022

254,000 9,000 6,000 52,000 21,000 17,000 37,000

May 2022

364,000 2,000 38,000 21,000 13,000 32,000 6,000

Jun 2022

370,000 7,000 13,000 30,000 37,000 22,000 3,000

Jul 2022

568,000 6,000 24,000 41,000 46,000 13,000 14,000

Aug 2022

352,000 -2,000 8,000 31,000 60,000 8,000 9,000

Sep 2022

350,000 2,000 16,000 26,000 7,000 3,000 2,000

Oct 2022

324,000 3,000 17,000 37,000 31,000 3,000 18,000

Nov 2022

290,000 8,000 19,000 14,000 -84,000 13,000 11,000

Dec 2022

239,000 4,000 26,000 6,000 36,000 -9,000 4,000

Jan 2023

472,000 4,000 26,000 11,000 61,000 -23,000 -1,000

Feb 2023

248,000 1,000 14,000 3,000 36,000 -8,000 0

Mar 2023

217,000 2,000 -9,000 -12,000 3,000 3,000 -5,000

Apr 2023

217,000 5,000 11,000 9,000 -17,000 3,000 27,000

May 2023

281,000 3,000 25,000 -4,000 48,000 -4,000 13,000

Jun 2023

105,000 -1,000 29,000 4,000 -48,000 -10,000 2,000

Jul 2023

236,000 2,000 12,000 -2,000 20,000 -19,000 15,000

Aug 2023

165,000 0 30,000 -2,000 -28,000 -22,000 1,000

Sep 2023

262,000 1,000 9,000 11,000 31,000 -6,000 0

Oct 2023

150,000 0 25,000 -35,000 -5,000 -19,000 -5,000

Nov 2023

199,000 -1,000 2,000 28,000 -35,000 10,000 4,000
1-month change in nonfarm payroll employment, total nonfarm and by industry, November 2019–November 2023, seasonally adjusted (continued)
Month Professional and business services Private education and health services Leisure and hospitality Other services Federal government State government Local government

Nov 2019

7,000 67,000 35,000 17,000 4,000 10,000 25,000

Dec 2019

-10,000 44,000 49,000 3,000 -6,000 1,000 14,000

Jan 2020

2,000 88,000 59,000 20,000 20,000 23,000 17,000

Feb 2020

13,000 52,000 92,000 5,000 -1,000 46,000 43,000

Mar 2020

-84,000 -222,000 -747,000 -90,000 21,000 -51,000 0

Apr 2020

-2,183,000 -2,602,000 -7,488,000 -1,338,000 4,000 -149,000 -769,000

May 2020

194,000 401,000 1,235,000 229,000 -2,000 -57,000 -472,000

Jun 2020

370,000 555,000 1,809,000 352,000 6,000 1,000 4,000

Jul 2020

192,000 193,000 507,000 140,000 23,000 10,000 69,000

Aug 2020

185,000 203,000 281,000 54,000 251,000 45,000 206,000

Sep 2020

120,000 89,000 487,000 47,000 -36,000 -21,000 -35,000

Oct 2020

218,000 98,000 242,000 18,000 -144,000 -22,000 14,000

Nov 2020

104,000 58,000 18,000 -10,000 -89,000 1,000 2,000

Dec 2020

157,000 -1,000 -509,000 -31,000 6,000 6,000 -22,000

Jan 2021

144,000 17,000 55,000 11,000 -8,000 82,000 36,000

Feb 2021

86,000 62,000 372,000 3,000 -6,000 5,000 13,000

Mar 2021

127,000 111,000 145,000 17,000 6,000 28,000 49,000

Apr 2021

-19,000 35,000 206,000 27,000 12,000 -4,000 45,000

May 2021

83,000 42,000 224,000 9,000 -8,000 -12,000 21,000

Jun 2021

103,000 20,000 273,000 66,000 -2,000 11,000 60,000

Jul 2021

163,000 45,000 284,000 41,000 -1,000 -27,000 66,000

Aug 2021

103,000 28,000 226,000 35,000 2,000 -14,000 75,000

Sep 2021

92,000 -1,000 200,000 14,000 -3,000 -11,000 -12,000

Oct 2021

229,000 96,000 166,000 29,000 -10,000 -6,000 -21,000

Nov 2021

139,000 48,000 177,000 29,000 5,000 -12,000 8,000

Dec 2021

109,000 41,000 150,000 21,000 -9,000 -7,000 34,000

Jan 2022

95,000 -5,000 116,000 -7,000 1,000 -12,000 30,000

Feb 2022

142,000 109,000 162,000 43,000 0 -13,000 20,000

Mar 2022

133,000 54,000 54,000 11,000 -1,000 -25,000 17,000

Apr 2022

-18,000 55,000 36,000 11,000 -2,000 14,000 16,000

May 2022

72,000 76,000 73,000 10,000 -3,000 15,000 9,000

Jun 2022

89,000 96,000 75,000 10,000 -17,000 -2,000 7,000

Jul 2022

77,000 127,000 113,000 32,000 16,000 13,000 46,000

Aug 2022

48,000 92,000 48,000 4,000 -2,000 6,000 42,000

Sep 2022

48,000 80,000 139,000 21,000 2,000 6,000 -2,000

Oct 2022

36,000 85,000 61,000 8,000 4,000 -11,000 32,000

Nov 2022

0 95,000 123,000 29,000 2,000 12,000 48,000

Dec 2022

23,000 71,000 58,000 13,000 1,000 -29,000 35,000

Jan 2023

44,000 111,000 99,000 21,000 12,000 69,000 38,000

Feb 2023

21,000 64,000 57,000 5,000 9,000 19,000 27,000

Mar 2023

45,000 70,000 46,000 14,000 11,000 20,000 29,000

Apr 2023

48,000 77,000 11,000 5,000 4,000 7,000 27,000

May 2023

45,000 88,000 28,000 13,000 9,000 14,000 3,000

Jun 2023

-1,000 79,000 26,000 6,000 6,000 15,000 -2,000

Jul 2023

-29,000 104,000 38,000 4,000 10,000 12,000 69,000

Aug 2023

8,000 105,000 8,000 14,000 9,000 18,000 24,000

Sep 2023

-17,000 86,000 76,000 8,000 5,000 27,000 31,000

Oct 2023

2,000 83,000 42,000 -3,000 4,000 29,000 32,000

Nov 2023

-9,000 99,000 40,000 12,000 0 17,000 32,000

In November, health care added 77,000 jobs, above the average monthly gain of 54,000 over the prior 12 months. Over the month, job gains continued in ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.

Government employment increased by 49,000, in line with the average monthly gain of 55,000 over the prior 12 months. Employment trended up in local government (+32,000) and state government (+17,000) over the month.

Employment in manufacturing rose by 28,000, reflecting an increase of 30,000 in motor vehicles and parts as workers returned from a strike. Employment in manufacturing has shown little change over the year.

Leisure and hospitality employment continued to trend up (+40,000), almost entirely in food services and drinking places. Leisure and hospitality had added an average of 51,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.

Retail trade employment declined by 38,000 and has shown little net change over the year.

Employment in information changed little (+10,000) in November. Employment in transportation and warehousing was also little changed over the month (−5,000). Employment showed little change over the month in other major industries, including mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; construction; wholesale trade; financial activities; professional and business services; and other services.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — November 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Nonfarm employment up 199,000 in November 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/nonfarm-employment-up-199000-in-november-2023.htm (visited May 24, 2024).

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