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Payroll employment up by 336,000 in September 2023

October 13, 2023

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 336,000 in September 2023, above the average monthly gain of 267,000 over the prior 12 months. Private industry added 263,000 jobs over the month and government employment was up 73,000.

Employment and average hourly earnings for all employees, selected private industries, September 2023
Industry Over-the-month-change in employment Average hourly earnings Employment level

Mining and logging

1,000 38.35 645,000


11,000 36.85 8,014,000


17,000 32.79 13,011,000

Wholesale trade

11,700 37.27 6,074,500

Retail trade

19,700 24.09 15,558,100

Transportation and warehousing

8,600 29.36 6,702,400


4,800 50.19 563,200


-5,000 48.14 3,036,000

Financial activities

3,000 44.16 9,157,000

Professional and business services

21,000 40.67 23,019,000

Private education and health services

70,000 33.15 25,587,000

Leisure and hospitality

96,000 21.27 16,761,000

Other services

4,000 30.08 5,884,000

Leisure and hospitality added 96,000 jobs in September, above the average monthly gain of 61,000 over the prior 12 months. Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 61,000 over the month and has returned to its pre-pandemic February 2020 level. Accommodation employment continued to trend up over the month (+16,000) but remains below its February 2020 level by 217,000, or 10.3 percent.

Private education and health services added 70,000 jobs, led by employment growth in health care (41,000) and social assistance (25,000). Professional and business services employment was up by 21,000 with job gains in professional, scientific, and technical services (29,000) contributing to the increase.

Employment showed little change over the month in other major industries, including transportation and warehousing; information; mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; construction; manufacturing; wholesale trade; retail trade; financial activities; and other services.

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 7 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $33.88. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 4.2 percent.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — September 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment up by 336,000 in September 2023 at (visited July 13, 2024).

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