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Job openings rate increased for establishments with 5,000 or more employees in December 2023

February 06, 2024

On the last business day of December, there were 8.0 million job openings in private industry, little changed from 7.9 million in November. Over the month, the job openings rate—that is, job openings as a percentage of total employment plus job openings—was unchanged at 5.6 percent. The rate increased for the largest establishments (5,000 or more employees) in December and was little changed for the smallest (1 to 9 employees). Among the size classes, job openings rates ranged from 4.8 percent for establishments with 10 to 49 employees to 7.7 percent for those with 1 to 9 employees. 

Job openings rates in private nonfarm establishments by size of establishment, December 2013 to December 2023
Year Total private 1–9 employees 10–49 employees 50–249 employees 250–999 employees 1,000–4,999 employees 5,000–more employees

Dec 2013

3.2 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2

Jan 2014

3.1 3.0 2.7 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.1

Feb 2014

3.3 3.0 2.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.2

Mar 2014

3.3 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.3

Apr 2014

3.4 2.4 3.2 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.4

May 2014

3.6 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.2

Jun 2014

3.7 3.5 3.2 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.4

Jul 2014

3.6 3.2 3.1 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.6

Aug 2014

4.0 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.2 4.4 3.3

Sep 2014

3.6 2.9 3.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.5

Oct 2014

3.7 3.3 3.5 3.9 4.0 4.3 3.8

Nov 2014

3.6 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.4

Dec 2014

3.8 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.2 3.6

Jan 2015

3.9 3.5 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.6 3.7

Feb 2015

4.0 4.5 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.4 3.6

Mar 2015

3.8 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.9 4.3 3.7

Apr 2015

4.1 4.4 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.0

May 2015

4.0 3.9 3.5 4.1 4.7 4.7 4.2

Jun 2015

3.8 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.4 4.5 4.0

Jul 2015

4.4 4.7 3.8 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3

Aug 2015

4.0 4.2 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.1

Sep 2015

4.0 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.2

Oct 2015

4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.1

Nov 2015

4.1 4.6 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.6 4.1

Dec 2015

4.2 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.1

Jan 2016

4.3 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.0

Feb 2016

4.2 3.8 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.6

Mar 2016

4.4 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.3 3.8

Apr 2016

4.2 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.4

May 2016

4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.7 4.3

Jun 2016

4.1 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.4 5.0 3.9

Jul 2016

4.2 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.4 5.0 4.2

Aug 2016

4.1 3.0 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.8 4.1

Sep 2016

4.2 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.0

Oct 2016

4.0 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.6 3.9

Nov 2016

4.2 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.7 3.9

Dec 2016

4.2 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.7

Jan 2017

4.0 3.3 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.5 3.9

Feb 2017

4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3 3.8

Mar 2017

4.1 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.4 3.9

Apr 2017

4.3 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.8 4.0

May 2017

4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.5 3.9

Jun 2017

4.4 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.9 4.7 4.1

Jul 2017

4.4 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.3

Aug 2017

4.4 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.0

Sep 2017

4.4 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.8 4.7 3.8

Oct 2017

4.5 4.4 3.8 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.1

Nov 2017

4.4 4.4 3.9 4.7 4.8 4.5 3.9

Dec 2017

4.4 4.3 4.0 4.6 4.8 4.6 3.8

Jan 2018

4.6 4.4 4.1 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.1

Feb 2018

4.5 4.1 4.1 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.0

Mar 2018

4.7 4.4 4.3 4.8 5.0 5.3 3.9

Apr 2018

4.8 4.4 4.3 4.9 5.2 5.4 4.3

May 2018

4.8 4.2 4.5 4.9 5.6 5.4 4.2

Jun 2018

4.9 4.4 4.8 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.4

Jul 2018

4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.6 5.3 4.1

Aug 2018

4.9 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.3 5.2 4.3

Sep 2018

5.1 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.5 5.4 4.7

Oct 2018

5.0 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.3 4.7

Nov 2018

5.2 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.6 4.4

Dec 2018

5.1 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.4 4.3

Jan 2019

5.1 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 4.3

Feb 2019

4.8 3.7 4.7 5.1 5.1 5.2 4.1

Mar 2019

4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.4

Apr 2019

4.8 4.6 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.2 4.5

May 2019

4.9 5.6 4.3 4.9 5.0 6.1 4.7

Jun 2019

4.8 5.1 4.1 4.9 5.2 5.5 4.9

Jul 2019

4.8 4.8 4.2 4.9 5.1 5.4 4.6

Aug 2019

4.8 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.4 5.0

Sep 2019

4.7 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.9 5.5 4.9

Oct 2019

4.8 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.2 4.5

Nov 2019

4.5 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.5

Dec 2019

4.4 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7

Jan 2020

4.7 5.2 4.4 4.5 5.0 4.8 4.3

Feb 2020

4.6 5.1 4.1 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.3

Mar 2020

3.8 4.6 3.0 3.9 4.1 4.5 4.2

Apr 2020

3.6 3.7 3.1 3.7 3.5 4.3 4.0

May 2020

4.2 4.4 4.0 4.5 3.9 4.9 3.9

Jun 2020

4.5 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.0

Jul 2020

4.6 4.3 4.3 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.6

Aug 2020

4.5 4.2 4.2 4.7 5.0 5.0 3.8

Sep 2020

4.6 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.2 3.9

Oct 2020

4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.3 4.4

Nov 2020

4.8 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.5

Dec 2020

4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.2 4.3

Jan 2021

5.0 5.4 4.7 5.0 5.4 5.1 4.6

Feb 2021

5.5 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.9 6.0 4.9

Mar 2021

5.8 5.9 5.4 5.7 6.5 6.3 5.2

Apr 2021

6.4 6.1 6.1 6.1 7.3 7.2 5.8

May 2021

6.8 6.9 6.4 6.5 7.6 7.4 6.1

Jun 2021

6.9 6.3 6.6 6.7 7.9 7.7 6.8

Jul 2021

7.4 7.8 6.9 7.1 8.3 8.2 6.5

Aug 2021

7.5 7.8 7.0 7.2 8.3 8.4 6.7

Sep 2021

7.3 7.6 6.9 7.0 7.9 8.5 6.7

Oct 2021

7.6 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.9 8.4 7.0

Nov 2021

7.4 7.8 7.1 7.2 7.9 8.2 6.9

Dec 2021

7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 8.1 8.2 6.9

Jan 2022

7.5 7.9 7.6 7.1 7.8 7.9 6.8

Feb 2022

7.5 7.7 7.8 7.1 7.9 8.1 6.7

Mar 2022

7.8 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.5 7.9 6.8

Apr 2022

7.6 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.9 8.5 7.8

May 2022

7.4 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.4 8.5 7.6

Jun 2022

7.1 7.1 6.7 7.2 7.4 8.4 7.4

Jul 2022

7.3 7.2 6.7 7.3 8.0 8.6 8.0

Aug 2022

6.5 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 7.6 7.5

Sep 2022

6.9 7.0 6.6 6.8 7.2 8.2 7.2

Oct 2022

6.7 7.1 6.2 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.9

Nov 2022

6.8 7.2 6.6 6.9 6.4 7.1 7.5

Dec 2022

7.1 7.8 7.0 7.4 6.4 6.6 6.8

Jan 2023

6.7 7.9 6.4 6.6 6.0 7.0 7.0

Feb 2023

6.3 7.2 6.1 6.2 5.8 7.0 6.5

Mar 2023

6.2 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.6 7.3 6.3

Apr 2023

6.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 6.7 8.1 7.3

May 2023

6.0 6.3 5.5 6.0 6.1 7.9 6.5

Jun 2023

5.7 6.3 5.4 5.5 5.5 7.1 6.4

Jul 2023

5.6 6.9 5.2 5.2 5.6 6.6 6.6

Aug 2023

5.9 7.5 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.6 6.3

Sep 2023

5.9 8.3 5.4 5.4 5.1 6.5 5.3

Oct 2023

5.5 7.4 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.9 5.0

Nov 2023

5.6 7.2 5.3 4.8 5.6 6.5 5.1

Dec 2023

5.6 7.7 4.8 5.2 5.1 6.8 5.7

Note: Data are seasonally adjusted.

Over the year, establishments with 10 to 49 employees and 50 to 249 employees experienced job openings rate declines of 2.2 percentage points each, followed by establishments with 250 to 999 employees and 5,000 or more employees (−1.3 percentage points and −1.1 percentage points, respectively). The job openings rates for establishments with 1 to 9 employees and 1,000 to 4,999 employees were little changed from December 2022 to December 2023.

Job openings rates were higher than a decade earlier across all size classes. Establishments with 1 to 9 employees experienced a rate increase of 4.5 percentage points from December 2013 to December 2023, followed by those with 1,000 to 4,999 employees (+3.4 percentage points), 5,000 or more employees (+2.5 percentage points), and 50 to 249 employees (+2.0 percentage points). Job openings rates for establishments with 10 to 49 employees and 250 to 999 employees increased 1.9 percentage points and 1.7 percentage points, respectively.    

These data are from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see "Job Openings and Labor Turnover — December 2023." We also have more charts of job openings, hires, and separations data

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Job openings rate increased for establishments with 5,000 or more employees in December 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2024/job-openings-rate-increased-for-private-establishments-with-5000-or-more-employees-in-december-2023.htm (visited February 27, 2024).