The Producer Price Index (PPI) program measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. The prices included in the PPI are from the first commercial transaction for many products and some services.
PPI for final demand components, 1-month percent change, August 2023 Commodity 1-month percent change
Fresh fruits and melons(1)
Fresh and dry vegetables(1)
Residential electric power
Residential natural gas
Home heating oil and distillates
No. 2 diesel fuel
Goods less foods and energy
Trucks, 14,000 lbs. and under
Aircraft and aircraft equipment
Cigarettes, including nontobacco(1)
Machinery and equipment and parts and supplies wholesaling(1)
Food and alcohol retailing
Health and beauty retailing, including optical goods(1)
Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing
Automobiles and automobile parts retailing(1)
Fuels and lubricants retailing(1)
Transportation and warehousing services
Rail transportation of freight and mail(1)
Truck transportation of freight(1)
Water transportation of freight(1)
Air transportation of freight(1)
Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal service
Airline passenger services
Less trade, transportation, and warehousing
Loan services (partial)
Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(1)
Outpatient care (partial)
Traveler accommodation services
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
Note: All data are subject to revision 4 months after originally published.
The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 0.7 percent in August. Prices for final
demand goods rose 2.0 percent, and the index for final demand services advanced 0.2 percent.
Prices for final demand moved up 1.6 percent for the 12 months ended in August.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts
Producer prices for final demand advanced 0.1 percent for the year ended June 2023. Producer prices for services rose 2.3 percent from June 2022 to June 2023. Producer prices for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing rose 3.9 percent over the year. read more »
This Beyond the Numbers article discusses trends in grain prices and their ripple effects on food inflation from December 2019 to August 2022. It examines changes in food prices in the PPI, the CPI, and in the FD-ID system. read more »
A new method in accounting for price changes over time in cloud computing services. read more »