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20-1894-PHI
Monday, October 05, 2020

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Scranton—Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton – May 2019

Workers in the Scranton—Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.24 in May 2019, about 17 percent below the nationwide average of $25.72, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 22 major occupational groups. Nineteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Scranton area employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including transportation and material moving, production, and office and administrative support. Conversely, twelve groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations, management, and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2019
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Scranton United States Scranton Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $25.72 $21.24* -17

Management

5.5 3.5* 58.88 51.17* -13

Business and financial operations

5.6 3.3* 37.56 30.62* -18

Computer and mathematical

3.1 1.4* 45.08 33.95* -25

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.2* 42.69 36.53* -14

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.4* 37.28 32.00* -14

Community and social service

1.5 1.9* 24.27 21.68* -11

Legal

0.8 0.5* 52.71 35.99* -32

Educational instruction and library

6.1 5.3* 27.75 28.70 3

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.7* 29.79 21.88* -27

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 6.9* 40.21 35.49* -12

Healthcare support

4.4 5.5* 14.91 14.27* -4

Protective service

2.4 2.3 23.98 23.21 -3

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 8.6* 12.82 11.25* -12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.0 2.8* 15.03 13.80* -8

Personal care and service

2.2 2.0 15.03 12.75* -15

Sales and related

9.8 9.3 20.70 17.52* -15

Office and administrative support

13.3 14.5* 19.73 17.79* -10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 15.07 17.79 18

Construction and extraction

4.2 3.2* 25.28 24.24* -4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.3* 24.10 21.45* -11

Production

6.2 8.7* 19.30 18.28* -5

Transportation and material moving

8.5 13.6* 18.23 16.62* -9

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Scranton had 22,600 jobs in production, accounting for 8.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.2-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $18.28, significantly below the national wage of $19.30.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators (4,550); paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders (1,680); and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders (1,520). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers and dental laboratory technicians, with mean hourly wages of $28.26 and $26.84, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.71) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($12.07). (Detailed data for the production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_42540.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Scranton area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders were employed at 9.5 times the national rate in Scranton, and extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic, at 6.2 times the U.S. average. Sewing machine operators had a location quotient of 1.0 in Scranton, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.

Changes to the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Data

With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Each set of OES estimates is calculated from six panels of survey data collected over three years. Because the May 2019 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. These combinations may include occupations from more than one 2018 SOC minor group or broad occupation. Therefore, OES will not publish data for some 2018 SOC minor groups and broad occupations in the May 2019 estimates. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OES estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC.

In addition, the OES program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with SOC broad occupations or OES-specific aggregations. These include home health aides and personal care aides, for which OES will publish only the 2018 SOC broad occupation 31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides.

For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 OES estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.

The May 2019 OES estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01, which add a new Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) for Twin Falls, Idaho. For more information on the area definitions used in the May 2019 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2019 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, November 2017, May 2017, and November 2016. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 71 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Scranton—Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,312 establishments with a response rate of 65 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

The May 2019 OES estimates are the first set of OES estimates to be based in part on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. These estimates use a hybrid of the 2010 and 2018 SOC systems. More information on the hybrid classification system is available at www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm.

The May 2019 OES estimates are based on the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). More information about the 2017 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Scranton—Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wyoming Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OES program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for production occupations, Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2019
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

22,600 1.4 $18.28 $38,020

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,400 1.3 28.26 58,790

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

100 0.2 17.47 36,330

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

(5) (5) 22.83 47,480

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

4,550 1.9 15.26 31,740

Bakers

520 1.6 13.03 27,110

Butchers and meat cutters

230 0.9 14.50 30,150

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

100 0.4 11.78 24,510

Slaughterers and meat packers

100 0.8 15.88 33,020

Food batchmakers

650 2.3 17.32 36,020

Food processing workers, all other

40 0.6 15.18 31,580

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

840 6.2 18.76 39,010

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

700 2.0 19.20 39,930

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

130 1.0 16.01 33,310

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

150 3.1 16.35 34,020

Machinists

480 0.7 21.59 44,910

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

550 1.8 17.72 36,860

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

640 2.5 16.42 34,150

Tool and die makers

80 0.6 23.37 48,620

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

480 0.7 20.87 43,410

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 1.0 19.44 40,430

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

150 2.1 18.48 38,450

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

90 2.1 21.31 44,320

Prepress technicians and workers

50 1.0 20.70 43,050

Printing press operators

580 1.9 19.76 41,100

Print binding and finishing workers

140 1.8 17.18 35,730

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

530 1.4 12.07 25,100

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

110 1.6 10.71 22,280

Sewing machine operators

230 1.0 12.85 26,730

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5) (5) 10.32 21,460

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 15.49 32,210

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

100 0.6 17.19 35,750

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

40 0.3 16.81 34,970

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

70 1.3 25.32 52,660

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

250 1.2 21.39 44,490

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

190 1.2 16.62 34,580

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

180 2.0 25.29 52,600

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 1.1 18.66 38,800

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

40 0.7 17.07 35,500

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

180 0.8 17.95 37,340

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

110 1.1 15.29 31,810

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

110 0.9 16.75 34,850

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,160 1.1 18.29 38,030

Dental laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 26.84 55,820

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 17.42 36,240

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,520 2.2 17.65 36,720

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

150 0.6 14.58 30,320

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

410 1.5 18.07 37,590

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

(5) (5) 14.91 31,010

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,680 9.5 21.63 44,990

Helpers--production workers

810 1.5 13.28 27,630

Production workers, all other

130 0.3 15.00 31,210

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_42540.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, October 05, 2020