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News Release Information

Monday, July 27, 2015

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Gary — May 2014

Workers in the Gary Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.23 in May 2014, about 11 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 4 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; production; and installation, maintenance, and repair. Sixteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; management; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; construction and extraction; and installation, maintenance, and repair. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including office and administrative support; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Gary Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Gary United States Gary Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.71 $20.23* -11


5.0 3.7* 54.08 43.05* -20

Business and financial operations

5.1 2.8* 34.81 28.96* -17

Computer and mathematical

2.8 0.8* 40.37 30.49* -24

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.3* 39.19 34.32* -12

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.3* 33.69 26.93* -20

Community and social services

1.4 1.2* 21.79 19.20* -12


0.8 0.6* 48.61 37.31* -23

Education, training, and library

6.2 6.2 25.10 22.22* -11

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 0.8* 26.82 15.92* -41

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8 6.9* 36.54 35.19 -4

Healthcare support

2.9 3.1 13.86 13.24* -4

Protective service

2.4 2.7* 21.14 18.05* -15

Food preparation and serving related

9.1 10.7* 10.57 9.57* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.6 12.68 12.05* -5

Personal care and service

3.1 3.5* 12.01 11.33* -6

Sales and related

10.5 10.8 18.59 15.88* -15

Office and administrative support

16.0 13.6* 17.08 15.14* -11

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 12.09 12.60 4

Construction and extraction

3.9 5.9* 22.40 30.11* 34

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 5.5* 21.74 23.47* 8


6.6 9.0* 17.06 19.89* 17

Transportation and material moving

6.8 7.2 16.57 18.13* 9

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Gary is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Gary had 23,920 jobs in production, accounting for 9.0 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $19.89, significantly above the national wage of $17.06.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (3,230); first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (1,850); and metal-refining furnace operators and tenders (1,670). Among the higher paying jobs were power plant operators and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, with mean hourly wages of $32.34 and $30.23, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.40) and sewing machine operators ($10.34). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Gary Metropolitan Division, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic were employed at 49.0 times the national rate in Gary, and metal-refining furnace operators and tenders, at 40.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, printing press operators had a location quotient of 1.0 in Gary, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Gary Metropolitan Division included 2,480 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division  includes Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Gary Metropolitan Division, May 2014
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production Occupations

23,920 1.4 $19.89 $41,380

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

1,850 1.6 30.23 62,880

Engine and Other Machine Assemblers

30 0.5 15.74 32,740

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

100 0.7 20.23 42,090

Team Assemblers

1,580 0.7 12.54 26,080

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

210 0.5 13.16 27,370


170 0.5 12.73 26,490

Butchers and Meat Cutters

410 1.5 13.12 27,290

Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

(5) (5) 12.08 25,120

Food Batchmakers

100 0.4 14.86 30,900

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

270 0.9 19.20 39,940

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

(5) (5) 21.57 44,860

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5) (5) 14.68 30,530

Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

3,230 49.0 26.72 55,580

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

550 1.5 16.05 33,390

Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

90 2.5 19.22 39,980

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

200 1.4 16.69 34,720

Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

50 0.6 20.29 42,200


1,000 1.3 20.38 42,380

Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

1,670 40.6 22.37 46,530

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

710 2.8 21.14 43,960

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

140 0.7 16.97 35,290

Tool and Die Makers

60 0.4 20.25 42,130

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

880 1.2 21.90 45,550

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

220 2.0 16.89 35,120

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

160 4.0 25.83 53,720

Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

480 6.7 18.10 37,650

Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

90 2.2 17.89 37,220

Prepress Technicians and Workers

70 0.9 17.33 36,040

Printing Press Operators

310 1.0 15.96 33,190

Print Binding and Finishing Workers

50 0.5 13.18 27,410

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

450 1.1 9.40 19,540

Sewing Machine Operators

120 0.4 10.34 21,510

Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers

(5) (5) 14.23 29,600

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

320 1.8 11.12 23,130

Power Plant Operators

220 2.8 32.34 67,260

Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators

50 0.7 22.94 47,710

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

230 1.1 19.99 41,580

Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers

(5) (5) 22.18 46,140

Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

200 1.6 23.04 47,910

Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

160 2.7 15.52 32,290

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

270 1.1 17.87 37,170

Cutters and Trimmers, Hand

(5) (5) 12.32 25,630

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

110 0.8 18.51 38,510

Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

950 23.5 19.72 41,020

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

1,400 1.5 19.26 40,060

Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

40 0.9 23.42 48,710

Dental Laboratory Technicians

90 1.3 20.31 42,230

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians

40 0.8 12.53 26,060

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

570 0.8 15.10 31,400

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

80 0.5 13.10 27,250

Painters, Transportation Equipment

40 0.4 22.90 47,630

Etchers and Engravers

(5) (5) 12.58 26,170

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

80 0.5 18.15 37,760

Helpers--Production Workers

760 0.9 11.61 24,150

Production Workers, All Other

180 0.4 16.31 33,920

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Gary, IN Metropolitan Division, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Monday, July 27, 2015