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News Release Information

17-527-CHI
Friday, June 30, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Gary — May 2016

Workers in the Gary Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.54 in May 2016, about 14 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 15 of the 22 major occupational groups, including management; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media. Four groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including construction and extraction and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and food preparation and serving related. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations; computer and mathematical; and office and administrative support. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Gary Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesGaryUnited StatesGaryPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$23.86$20.54*-14

Management

5.14.2*56.7442.03*-26

Business and financial operations

5.22.8*36.0930.01*-17

Computer and mathematical

3.00.9*42.2528.92*-32

Architecture and engineering

1.81.440.5334.10*-16

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.5*35.0625.25*-28

Community and social service

1.41.1*22.6919.83*-13

Legal

0.80.6*50.95(2) 

Education, training, and library

6.25.726.2121.63*-17

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.40.8*28.0717.52*-38

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.97.0*38.0636.18-5

Healthcare support

2.92.814.6513.81*-6

Protective service

2.42.522.0318.53*-16

Food preparation and serving related

9.211.0*11.4710.04*-12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.23.4*13.4712.78*-5

Personal care and service

3.23.412.7411.56*-9

Sales and related

10.410.619.5016.17*-17

Office and administrative support

15.713.8*17.9115.84*-12

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3(3)13.3713.491

Construction and extraction

4.05.1*23.5128.28*20

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.95.9*22.4523.14*3

Production

6.58.8*17.8819.99*12

Transportation and material moving

6.97.5*17.3418.05*4

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Gary Metropolitan Division is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released
(3) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Gary had 23,320 jobs in production, accounting for 8.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $19.99, significantly above the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (2,150), first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (1,910), and team assemblers (1,640). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers with mean hourly wages of $30.94 and chemical plant and system operators, $30.53. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($9.46) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.88). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_23844.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Gary Metropolitan Division, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic in Gary were employed at 39.0 times the national rate, and metal-refining furnace operators and tenders, at 35.2 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, bakers in Gary had a location quotient of 1.0, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Gary Metropolitan Division included 2,401 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division  includes Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Gary Metropolitan Division, May 2016
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

23,3201.4$19.99$41,570

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,9101.730.9464,350

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

400.125.1252,250

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

1901.318.8639,240

Team assemblers

1,6400.814.0629,240

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

2300.514.2429,610

Bakers

3301.011.5824,080

Butchers and meat cutters

2701.115.5932,430

Food batchmakers

2500.919.4640,470

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

901.312.1625,290

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

2100.822.7047,210

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

6204.517.2735,920

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2,15039.027.6757,550

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

6701.817.7937,000

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1104.819.5740,700

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5)(5)18.3738,210

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1402.219.0139,540

Machinists

1,4001.920.6943,030

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

1,18035.220.4542,540

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

6302.315.8532,970

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5)(5)25.5853,220

Tool and die makers

700.526.6555,430

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,0501.420.3242,260

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5)(5)21.7745,280

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

4106.015.4332,090

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

(5)(5)19.9341,460

Prepress technicians and workers

600.918.2537,960

Printing press operators

2300.717.3736,130

Print binding and finishing workers

300.314.9131,020

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

5301.39.8820,550

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

700.89.4619,680

Sewing machine operators

1300.511.6624,260

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

3001.612.0425,050

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

500.823.8049,500

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

2000.921.3244,340

Chemical plant and system operators

1502.530.5363,510

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

(5)(5)22.7747,370

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

2001.423.8449,590

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

400.520.6843,010

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

1101.918.3638,180

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

(5)(5)14.3329,800

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

2801.121.2044,100

Cutters and trimmers, hand

903.215.1831,570

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

1501.313.5428,170

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

300.219.7140,990

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

(5)(5)17.5936,580

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,3701.418.9939,490

Dental laboratory technicians

801.120.0041,600

Medical appliance technicians

(5)(5)12.8326,690

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5)(5)17.4636,310

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

5500.815.8933,040

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

700.513.8528,800

Painters, transportation equipment

700.626.4054,900

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

2001.215.7532,770

Helpers--production workers

6700.812.8526,730

Production workers, all other

2000.418.0137,460

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Gary, IN Metropolitan Division, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_23844.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 30, 2017