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News Release Information

18-418-CHI
Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Cincinnati — May 2017

Workers in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.50 in May 2017, about 3 percent below the nationwide average of $24.34, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 15 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; legal; and life, physical, and social science. Two occupational groups, sales and related and production, had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; food preparation and serving related; and business and financial operations. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including personal care and service; education, training, and library; and construction and extraction. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2017
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesCincinnatiUnited StatesCincinnatiPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$24.34$23.50*-3

Management

5.15.057.6556.17*-3

Business and financial operations

5.25.9*36.7033.68*-8

Computer and mathematical

3.03.143.1838.83*-10

Architecture and engineering

1.81.9*41.4440.33-3

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.835.7631.11*-13

Community and social service

1.51.2*23.1021.67*-6

Legal

0.80.6*51.6246.87*-9

Education, training, and library

6.15.5*26.6728.065

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.2*28.3423.58*-17

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.06.4*38.8335.90*-8

Healthcare support

2.93.015.0514.79-2

Protective service

2.42.1*22.6920.00*-12

Food preparation and serving related

9.39.9*11.8810.70*-10

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.12.8*13.9113.22*-5

Personal care and service

3.62.8*13.1112.54*-4

Sales and related

10.29.6*19.5620.61*5

Office and administrative support

15.415.618.2417.91*-2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3(2)*13.8714.092

Construction and extraction

4.03.5*24.0122.52*-6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.023.0223.040

Production

6.37.6*18.3019.03*4

Transportation and material moving

7.07.5*17.8216.96*-5

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Cincinnati had 80,180 jobs in production, accounting for 7.6 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $19.03, significantly above the national wage of $18.30.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included assemblers and fabricators, all other, including team assemblers (8,740); packaging and filling machine operators and tenders (5,390); and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (5,200). Among the higher paying jobs in this group were power plant operators with mean hourly wages of $32.41 and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers at $30.74. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.35) and pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.58). (Detailed data for production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_17140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, engine and other machine assemblers were employed at 4.2 times the national rate in Cincinnati, and chemical plant and system operators, at 2.5 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, food batchmakers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Cincinnati, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Ohio Department of Job & Family Services, the Kentucky Center for Education and Workforce Statistics, and the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the release of the May 2017 estimates, the OES program has replaced 21 detailed occupations found in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) with 10 new aggregations of those occupations. In addition, selected 4- and 5-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries previously published by OES will no longer be published separately. Some of the 4-digit NAICS industries that are no longer being published separately will instead be published as OES-specific industry aggregations. More information about the new occupational and industry aggregations is available at www.bls.gov/oes/changes_2017.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2017 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2017, November 2016, May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, and November 2014. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 72 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted sample employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area included 7,292 establishments with a response rate of 73 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

The May 2017 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2017 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Dearborn, Ohio, and Union Counties of Indiana; Boone, Bracken, Campbell, Gallatin, Grant, Kenton, and Pendleton Counties of Kentucky; and Brown, Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties of Ohio.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2017
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

80,1801.2$19.03$39,590

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

5,2001.230.7463,950

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

1501.521.5244,750

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

2,1301.120.3742,370

Engine and other machine assemblers

1,1804.226.1254,330

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

4200.715.4632,170

Assemblers and fabricators, all other, including team assemblers

8,7400.916.0833,450

Bakers

9400.713.4327,940

Butchers and meat cutters

9000.916.0833,450

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

1900.212.2525,480

Slaughterers and meat packers

7101.213.2127,480

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

1400.914.5830,330

Food batchmakers

1,1701.016.0633,410

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

4501.814.9030,980

Food processing workers, all other

1800.613.9428,990

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

1,6901.621.8245,380

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

1901.125.7353,510

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,2302.318.0237,480

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5)(5)17.8437,110

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2,1401.517.2535,890

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1101.318.6238,730

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

7501.416.9035,150

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2100.921.7245,170

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1301.020.9143,490

Machinists

4,7201.722.4446,670

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

1301.020.1041,810

Pourers and casters, metal

(5)(5)21.7245,180

Foundry mold and coremakers

(5)(5)18.1237,680

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,4801.315.3331,880

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2,2602.521.4544,610

Tool and die makers

8201.527.3956,970

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

3,1701.120.0341,650

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

2700.918.3338,120

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2701.920.3042,230

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2100.819.6740,920

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

701.222.8047,420

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

5603.324.2350,390

Prepress technicians and workers

4401.921.0343,740

Printing press operators

2,1101.717.7736,960

Print binding and finishing workers

6601.815.6532,550

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

1,6601.110.3521,530

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5)(5)10.5822,010

Sewing machine operators

9200.912.9526,940

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

500.910.8322,540

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

1000.717.4236,240

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

600.614.6930,560

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

500.314.8930,960

Upholsterers

1600.714.7330,640

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

5600.817.8337,080

Furniture finishers

600.417.0735,510

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

5200.914.7730,730

Power plant operators

2801.132.4167,410

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

1600.728.3759,010

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

7800.921.0743,830

Chemical plant and system operators

5702.529.1960,710

Gas plant operators

400.426.1854,460

Plant and system operators, all other

400.428.4659,190

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

1,0901.921.9845,720

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

5501.517.1435,650

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

1300.617.3336,040

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

1100.515.2631,730

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,4001.520.5942,820

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

6201.416.4134,130

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

4700.819.3640,280

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

1401.117.7436,900

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

4,9401.220.2942,190

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

1300.716.9535,260

Dental laboratory technicians

1800.720.7043,060

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

5,3901.916.1833,660

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

8701.415.9933,270

Painters, transportation equipment

3400.921.0843,850

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

500.515.7132,680

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

1200.718.3938,260

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

2402.017.8537,120

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

800.617.0635,480

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

801.3(5)(5)

Etchers and engravers

300.513.3627,780

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

(5)(5)16.2033,710

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,0901.618.9239,350

Helpers--production workers

4,2601.415.1131,440

Production workers, all other

2,1701.117.4036,200

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_17140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 16, 2018