News Release Information

18-909-BOS
Friday, June 01, 2018

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Boston Area Employment — April 2018

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,765,100 in April 2018, up 36,900 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 1.4 percent locally from April a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.(See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions - separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton metropolitan division, which made up 67 percent of the workforce, gained 27,000 jobs from April 2017 to April 2018. The other divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year except the Peabody and Framingham divisions.

Industry employment

Professional and business services had the largest annual employment gain in the Boston area from April 2017, adding 18,200 jobs. The 3.8-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s professional and business services supersector exceeded the 2.6-percent nationwide gain.

Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, had the next largest local employment gain, adding 7,600 jobs from April 2017 to April 2018. The 1.3-percent rate of local job growth in this supersector lagged the national gain of 1.8 percent.

Three other supersectors in the Boston area gained at least 1,000 jobs over the year— manufacturing (+3,100), leisure and hospitality (+2,700) and other services (+1,700). The local rates of job growth in manufacturing and leisure and hospitality supersectors lagged that of the nation.

The government supersector had the largest annual job loss in the Boston area of 1,500 jobs over the year, a 0.5-percent rate of decrease.

Employment in the twelve Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in April 2018. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 4 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.6 percent. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington had the fastest rate of job growth, up 3.4 percent, followed by Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale up 2.8 percent, respectively. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin had the slowest rate of job growth, up 0.7 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The Dallas area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 119,900, followed by New York-Newark-Jersey City, up 113,500. Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 25,500 jobs. Annual gains in the remaining nine metropolitan areas ranged from 94,100 in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim to 34,700 in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin.

Over the year, professional and business services added the most jobs in five areas: Houston, Los Angeles, Dallas, Boston and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward. Education and health services gained the most jobs in four areas: New York, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Phoenix and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. The information supersector lost the most jobs over the year in three areas: Atlanta, Chicago and Houston.

Metropolitan area employment data for May 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, June 15, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget July 15, 2015. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, Mass.; Framingham, Mass.; Haverhill- Newburyport-Amesbury town, Mass.-N.H.; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, Mass.-N.H.; Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H.; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass.; Nashua, N.H.-Mass.; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, Mass.; Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, Mass.; and select cities and towns within.  

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry 2017-04-01 Feb 2018 Mar 2018 Apr 2018(p) Apr 2017 to Apr 2018 (p)
Net change Percent change

United States

Total nonfarm

146,101 146,674 147,369 148,367 2,266 1.6

Mining and logging

660 702 711 719 59 8.9

Construction

6,816 6,799 6,886 7,078 262 3.8

Manufacturing

12,349 12,536 12,576 12,599 250 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,192 27,330 27,420 27,484 292 1.1

Information

2,793 2,753 2,755 2,768 -25 -0.9

Financial activities

8,382 8,487 8,502 8,507 125 1.5

Professional and business services

20,300 20,466 20,571 20,819 519 2.6

Educational and health services

23,260 23,598 23,629 23,684 424 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

15,888 15,591 15,825 16,158 270 1.7

Other services

5,748 5,780 5,800 5,847 99 1.7

Government

22,713 22,632 22,694 22,704 -9 0.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,728.2 2,708.0 2,719.1 2,765.1 36.9 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

108.2 107.5 107.7 113.3 5.1 4.7

Manufacturing

185.3 187.0 187.9 188.4 3.1 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

419.5 413.9 414.6 419.7 0.2 0.0

Information

79.3 79.7 79.7 79.2 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

183.1 182.2 181.3 183.0 -0.1 -0.1

Professional and business services

479.5 481.1 485.0 497.7 18.2 3.8

Educational and health services

586.7 587.7 588.8 594.3 7.6 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

267.7 253.9 258.4 270.4 2.7 1.0

Other services

101.8 101.3 100.8 103.5 1.7 1.7

Government

317.1 313.7 314.9 315.6 -1.5 -0.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

Total nonfarm

1,838.9 1,826.5 1,833.0 1,865.9 27.0 1.5

Mining, logging, and construction

64.6 65.3 64.9 67.0 2.4 3.7

Manufacturing

78.8 79.6 80.1 80.5 1.7 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

248.7 243.1 243.1 246.8 -1.9 -0.8

Information

59.1 59.4 59.5 58.8 -0.3 -0.5

Financial activities

152.2 151.2 150.3 151.9 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

360.4 364.0 367.7 377.6 17.2 4.8

Educational and health services

423.8 423.9 424.7 429.0 5.2 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

185.4 176.3 179.2 188.3 2.9 1.6

Other services

67.0 66.9 66.2 68.1 1.1 1.6

Government

198.9 196.8 197.3 197.9 -1.0 -0.5

p(Preliminary)

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Apr 2017 Feb 2018 Mar 2018 Apr 2018(p) Apr 2017 to Apr 2018(p)
Net change Percent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,711.4 2,736.0 2,744.6 2,752.7 41.3 1.5

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

119.0 124.3 124.1 125.9 6.9 5.8

Manufacturing

166.5 168.7 168.7 168.1 1.6 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

597.4 609.6 613.3 612.7 15.3 2.6

Information

99.0 92.6 90.9 90.6 -8.4 -8.5

Financial activities

169.2 168.8 169.1 169.9 0.7 0.4

Professional and business services

496.9 494.3 496.0 494.4 -2.5 -0.5

Education and health services

339.8 350.2 353.6 353.0 13.2 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

289.7 289.7 292.4 299.0 9.3 3.2

Other services

99.4 99.4 98.2 100.2 0.8 0.8

Government

332.9 336.8 336.7 337.3 4.4 1.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,728.2 2,708.0 2,719.1 2,765.1 36.9 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

108.2 107.5 107.7 113.3 5.1 4.7

Manufacturing

185.3 187.0 187.9 188.4 3.1 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

419.5 413.9 414.6 419.7 0.2 0.0

Information

79.3 79.7 79.7 79.2 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

183.1 182.2 181.3 183.0 -0.1 -0.1

Professional and business services

479.5 481.1 485.0 497.7 18.2 3.8

Education and health services

586.7 587.7 588.8 594.3 7.6 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

267.7 253.9 258.4 270.4 2.7 1.0

Other services

101.8 101.3 100.8 103.5 1.7 1.7

Government

317.1 313.7 314.9 315.6 -1.5 -0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,664.2 4,632.0 4,656.2 4,698.9 34.7 0.7

Mining and logging

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

168.4 157.4 165.4 174.1 5.7 3.4

Manufacturing

414.1 418.2 420.2 419.6 5.5 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

938.2 938.5 941.7 945.3 7.1 0.8

Information

79.4 76.0 75.8 75.6 -3.8 -4.8

Financial activities

301.4 306.7 306.5 305.5 4.1 1.4

Professional and business services

816.1 802.4 799.2 814.5 -1.6 -0.2

Education and health services

727.9 730.8 733.7 736.1 8.2 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

475.1 452.3 460.7 475.9 0.8 0.2

Other services

195.0 193.3 192.9 194.1 -0.9 -0.5

Government

547.0 554.9 558.6 556.6 9.6 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,568.0 3,645.7 3,660.1 3,687.9 119.9 3.4

Mining, logging, and construction

211.1 215.6 217.2 223.9 12.8 6.1

Manufacturing

268.6 276.3 275.7 276.7 8.1 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

755.8 769.7 771.4 774.4 18.6 2.5

Information

83.5 84.0 83.8 83.7 0.2 0.2

Financial activities

291.3 296.8 297.5 296.8 5.5 1.9

Professional and business services

585.8 600.6 605.0 611.7 25.9 4.4

Education and health services

441.3 451.2 452.1 452.9 11.6 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

372.3 381.5 382.9 393.0 20.7 5.6

Other services

121.0 123.7 126.6 126.9 5.9 4.9

Government

437.3 446.3 447.9 447.9 10.6 2.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,013.0 3,061.5 3,074.9 3,097.5 84.5 2.8

Mining and logging

77.0 78.5 77.8 78.2 1.2 1.6

Construction

215.7 226.2 227.2 227.9 12.2 5.7

Manufacturing

217.9 222.7 222.7 228.0 10.1 4.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

610.6 623.6 623.8 624.9 14.3 2.3

Information

32.5 31.7 31.5 31.0 -1.5 -4.6

Financial activities

157.8 161.3 161.7 162.1 4.3 2.7

Professional and business services

476.4 496.0 503.4 506.2 29.8 6.3

Education and health services

384.8 385.0 385.2 388.3 3.5 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

316.4 314.0 317.3 324.2 7.8 2.5

Other services

111.1 108.2 109.3 112.2 1.1 1.0

Government

412.8 414.3 415.0 414.5 1.7 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,023.7 6,083.5 6,101.8 6,117.8 94.1 1.6

Mining and logging

2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 0.0 0.0

Construction

236.6 244.8 242.8 247.7 11.1 4.7

Manufacturing

508.4 507.5 508.8 507.8 -0.6 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,090.9 1,093.8 1,088.0 1,087.0 -3.9 -0.4

Information

237.8 240.5 245.6 244.2 6.4 2.7

Financial activities

338.3 339.9 338.9 340.9 2.6 0.8

Professional and business services

899.4 919.9 923.8 928.8 29.4 3.3

Education and health services

1,007.9 1,030.4 1,036.8 1,035.9 28.0 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

738.9 748.8 756.2 762.7 23.8 3.2

Other services

205.3 199.7 200.3 202.0 -3.3 -1.6

Government

757.3 755.3 757.7 757.9 0.6 0.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,640.7 2,664.6 2,671.0 2,666.2 25.5 1.0

Mining and logging

0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.1 14.3

Construction

128.2 136.0 138.5 140.1 11.9 9.3

Manufacturing

88.9 92.8 94.3 96.6 7.7 8.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

595.9 600.5 599.2 595.8 -0.1 0.0

Information

51.3 50.8 50.6 50.4 -0.9 -1.8

Financial activities

178.6 178.8 179.5 179.4 0.8 0.4

Professional and business services

434.4 443.5 439.4 437.6 3.2 0.7

Education and health services

393.7 393.4 395.2 394.0 0.3 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

330.0 329.9 333.1 332.2 2.2 0.7

Other services

123.8 123.7 124.6 124.6 0.8 0.6

Government

315.2 314.4 315.8 314.7 -0.5 -0.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,613.9 9,624.6 9,667.9 9,727.4 113.5 1.2

Mining, logging, and construction

391.4 381.7 385.9 395.9 4.5 1.1

Manufacturing

363.2 360.4 362.5 362.6 -0.6 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,716.3 1,735.3 1,737.6 1,741.3 25.0 1.5

Information

283.5 283.1 285.8 284.6 1.1 0.4

Financial activities

768.5 773.6 774.0 772.0 3.5 0.5

Professional and business services

1,528.1 1,530.9 1,537.2 1,545.0 16.9 1.1

Education and health services

1,937.1 1,973.0 1,980.3 1,989.3 52.2 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

894.4 863.2 874.9 901.6 7.2 0.8

Other services

420.4 420.2 419.2 421.4 1.0 0.2

Government

1,311.0 1,303.2 1,310.5 1,313.7 2.7 0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,908.6 2,896.2 2,917.3 2,948.0 39.4 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

116.7 108.8 110.4 114.6 -2.1 -1.8

Manufacturing

179.6 180.4 179.9 180.1 0.5 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

517.6 521.3 523.8 525.9 8.3 1.6

Information

46.0 44.8 44.9 44.9 -1.1 -2.4

Financial activities

213.0 214.2 214.4 214.9 1.9 0.9

Professional and business services

464.6 458.4 464.3 475.0 10.4 2.2

Education and health services

645.3 657.3 658.6 660.6 15.3 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

264.2 250.4 258.0 267.4 3.2 1.2

Other services

120.4 118.2 119.3 120.4 0.0 0.0

Government

341.2 342.4 343.7 344.2 3.0 0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,036.3 2,081.5 2,090.8 2,092.7 56.4 2.8

Mining and logging

3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

110.4 118.1 119.6 121.4 11.0 10.0

Manufacturing

120.9 127.8 127.9 128.4 7.5 6.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.8 398.5 400.2 396.9 7.1 1.8

Information

36.4 35.9 36.1 36.4 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

184.7 190.0 189.5 189.4 4.7 2.5

Professional and business services

343.0 348.7 349.7 349.7 6.7 2.0

Education and health services

306.4 318.6 319.1 319.7 13.3 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

228.8 228.7 233.4 235.0 6.2 2.7

Other services

66.0 65.0 65.5 65.7 -0.3 -0.5

Government

246.7 247.1 246.7 246.9 0.2 0.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,382.0 2,410.8 2,417.9 2,426.8 44.8 1.9

Mining and logging

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 25.0

Construction

114.4 118.6 119.1 120.4 6.0 5.2

Manufacturing

137.1 141.3 142.1 142.2 5.1 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

379.5 381.9 381.1 382.5 3.0 0.8

Information

102.8 108.5 108.6 108.5 5.7 5.5

Financial activities

141.5 142.5 142.3 144.1 2.6 1.8

Professional and business services

474.6 485.2 486.7 487.8 13.2 2.8

Education and health services

349.5 356.1 358.3 355.4 5.9 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

271.9 267.7 269.5 274.4 2.5 0.9

Other services

87.2 85.0 84.0 84.7 -2.5 -2.9

Government

323.1 323.5 325.7 326.3 3.2 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,269.2 3,277.7 3,288.3 3,307.9 38.7 1.2

Mining, logging, and construction

159.2 158.5 160.4 161.3 2.1 1.3

Manufacturing

54.7 54.6 54.7 54.7 0.0 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

402.7 402.3 406.2 408.3 5.6 1.4

Information

73.8 74.9 74.8 74.9 1.1 1.5

Financial activities

156.2 157.9 157.9 159.4 3.2 2.0

Professional and business services

744.2 751.5 748.0 751.5 7.3 1.0

Education and health services

439.5 445.2 445.5 449.2 9.7 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

326.3 321.4 326.9 334.8 8.5 2.6

Other services

206.6 208.8 208.4 208.7 2.1 1.0

Government

706.0 702.6 705.5 705.1 -0.9 -0.1

p(Preliminary)

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 01, 2018