Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-932-ATL
Wednesday, June 09, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin — May 2020

Workers in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $22.64 in May 2020, about 16 percent below the nationwide average of $27.07, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, 21 of the 22 major occupational groups had average wages in the local area that were significantly lower than their respective national averages, including computer and mathematical, construction and extraction, and management.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Greenville area employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production and sales and related. Eleven groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations, computer and mathematical, and management. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Greenville metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2020
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesGreenvilleUnited StatesGreenvillePercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$27.07$22.64*-16

Management

5.74.7*60.8152.53*-14

Business and financial operations

6.04.0*38.7935.21*-9

Computer and mathematical

3.32.2*46.5336.30*-22

Architecture and engineering

1.82.5*43.4139.30*-9

Life, physical, and social science

0.90.4*38.1532.32*-15

Community and social service

1.61.1*25.0921.70*-14

Legal

0.80.6*54.0040.12*-26

Educational instruction and library

6.15.828.7523.49*-18

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.31.1*30.9625.88*-16

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.26.241.3037.26*-10

Healthcare support

4.63.7*15.5013.88*-10

Protective service

2.41.6*25.1118.06*-28

Food preparation and serving related

8.19.1*13.3011.08*-17

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.93.015.7513.11*-17

Personal care and service

1.91.815.6813.72*-13

Sales and related

9.410.4*22.0020.23*-8

Office and administrative support

13.313.420.3818.43*-10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.1*16.0216.312

Construction and extraction

4.33.8*25.9321.46*-17

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.225.1722.80*-9

Production

6.111.3*20.0819.10*-5

Transportation and material moving

8.79.319.0816.30*-15

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Greenville had 44,160 jobs in production occupations, accounting for 11.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.1-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $19.10, significantly lower than the national average of $20.08.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators (12,050); machinists (4,340); and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (3,680). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers and also metal and plastic rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, with mean hourly wages of $32.44 and $26.46, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($11.92) and food batchmakers ($11.96). (Detailed data for the production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24860.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Greenville area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders were employed at 11.5 times the national rate in Greenville, and machinists, at 4.3 times the U.S. average. Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders had a location quotient of 1.0 in Greenville, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the South Carolina Department of Employment and Workforce.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Name Change

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program has changed its name to Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) to better reflect the range of data available from the program. Data released on or after March 31, 2021, will reflect the new program name. Webpages, publications, and other materials associated with previous data releases will retain the Occupational Employment Statistics name.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics

Due to features of the OEWS methodology, the May 2020 OEWS estimates do not fully reflect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The May 2020 OEWS estimates are based on survey panels collected for May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. Because 5 of the 6 survey panels used to produce the estimates date from before the COVID-19 pandemic, only the most recent (May 2020) survey panel reflects changes in occupational proportions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The May 2020 OEWS employment estimates are benchmarked to the average of May 2020 and November 2019 employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). Although the May 2020 QCEW data reflect the early employment effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the November 2019 QCEW employment data precede the pandemic, and therefore do not reflect its impact.

In addition, as a result of the pandemic, response rates for the November 2019 and May 2020 panels were lower in some areas. Lower response rates may negatively affect data availability and data quality.

More information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-occupational-employment-and-wage-statistics.htm.

Implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System

With the May 2019 estimates, the OEWS program began implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Because the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. This is the second and final year that the hybrid occupational structure will be used. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OEWS estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC.

For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.

Upcoming Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics Methodology

With the May 2021 estimates, to be released in Spring 2022, the OEWS program plans to begin using a new estimation methodology. The new model-based methodology, called MB3, has advantages over the existing methodology, as described in the Monthly Labor Review article at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2019/article/model-based-estimates-for-the-occupational-employment-statistics-program.htm. OEWS estimates for the years 2015-2018 were recalculated using the new estimation methodology and are available as research estimates at www.bls.gov/oes/oes-mb3-methods.htm.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 185,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2020 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 56 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 69 percent based on establishments and 66 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,871 establishments with a response rate of 62 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Anderson, Greenville, Laurens, and Pickens Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for production occupations, Greenville metropolitan area, May 2020
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

44,1601.8$19.10$39,740

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

2,8101.732.4467,470

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

8601.117.7236,860

Engine and other machine assemblers

(5)(5)22.7947,410

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

2401.217.5236,440

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

12,0503.417.2535,880

Bakers

4200.913.8028,690

Butchers and meat cutters

6901.717.2935,950

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

(5)(5)17.8037,030

Food batchmakers

4901.111.9624,880

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

400.426.4655,040

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

4200.816.9535,250

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1901.019.1939,920

Machinists

4,3404.320.3442,300

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,2702.915.1831,580

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5701.521.6745,070

Tool and die makers

2701.624.0249,970

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,6701.521.5344,780

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5)(5)18.0937,630

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

901.920.8543,360

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2302.217.8937,220

Prepress technicians and workers

1001.322.7547,320

Printing press operators

5901.319.5840,730

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

3500.711.9224,790

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

1701.912.4625,930

Sewing machine operators

6301.914.0029,130

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5)(5)12.6126,230

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

25012.514.2629,650

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

1504.115.0531,300

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

61011.513.6328,350

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

3004.115.1031,420

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

52011.818.5538,590

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

3201.218.6738,820

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

900.615.6532,540

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

1000.515.7632,780

Power plant operators

600.725.1852,370

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

4101.220.0841,770

Chemical plant and system operators

901.0(5)(5)

Gas plant operators

701.625.0852,160

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

2801.123.1748,190

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

900.717.7436,900

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

2002.213.4227,920

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,0403.221.5044,720

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

2501.717.0435,430

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

4002.219.5340,610

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

801.719.6240,820

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

3,6802.419.0739,670

Medical appliance technicians

(5)(5)13.1127,270

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5)(5)16.3634,040

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,0801.017.5136,420

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

6601.717.3035,990

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

4101.019.1639,850

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers

701.021.7745,280

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

601.513.8128,730

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

2201.918.5438,570

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

4201.520.1441,890

Helpers--production workers

1,3202.015.4032,020

Production workers, all other

4200.820.2742,160

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24860.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 09, 2021