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News Release Information

Tuesday, September 26, 2023

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land – May 2022

Workers in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $29.11 in May 2022, 2 percent below the nationwide average of $29.76, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Michael Hirniak noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 12 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; computer and mathematical; and construction and extraction. Four groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including architecture and engineering, production, and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Houston area employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including construction and extraction; management; and installation, maintenance, and repair. Eleven groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations, healthcare support, and computer and mathematical. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2022
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage ($)
United States Houston United States Houston Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 29.76 29.11* -2


6.7 7.8* 63.08 61.13* -3

Business and financial operations

6.5 5.6* 41.39 41.12 -1

Computer and mathematical

3.4 2.7* 51.99 47.87* -8

Architecture and engineering

1.7 2.3* 45.52 49.01* 8

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 1.0* 40.21 41.24 3

Community and social service

1.6 1.0* 26.81 26.17* -2


0.8 0.8 59.87 65.06 9

Educational instruction and library

5.7 6.2* 30.41 29.87 -2

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.9* 36.78 29.02* -21

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.1 5.5* 46.52 46.38 0

Healthcare support

4.6 3.8* 17.10 14.93* -13

Protective service

2.3 2.3 25.97 23.29* -10

Food preparation and serving related

8.5 9.1* 15.45 13.58* -12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.8* 17.26 14.89* -14

Personal care and service

1.9 1.6* 17.41 15.40* -12

Sales and related

8.9 8.7* 24.22 23.41* -3

Office and administrative support

12.6 12.6 21.90 21.28* -3

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 18.21 20.32* 12

Construction and extraction

4.1 5.5* 28.08 24.97* -11

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.7* 26.77 26.72 0


5.9 5.5* 21.81 24.22* 11

Transportation and material moving

9.2 9.6* 21.12 21.57* 2

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—construction and extraction—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Houston had 168,290 jobs in construction and extraction, accounting for 5.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 4.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $24.97, significantly below the national wage of $28.08.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the construction and extraction group included construction laborers (33,370), first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers (24,770), and electricians (18,160). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were elevator and escalator installers and repairers and first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers, with mean hourly wages of $38.04 and $35.93, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were painters’, paperhangers’, plasterers’, and stucco masons’ helpers ($15.58) and rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators ($17.26). (Detailed data for the construction and extraction occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Houston area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the construction and extraction group. For instance, oil and gas rotary drill operators were employed at 7.5 times the national rate in Houston, and oil and gas roustabouts, at 5.3 times the U.S. average. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters had a location quotient of 1.1 in Houston, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Texas Workforce Commission.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

The May 2022 OEWS estimates use the model-based (MB3) estimation method implemented with the May 2021 estimates release. Additional updates were made to the MB3 wage processing methodology for May 2022. For more information, see the May 2022 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement.

The May 2022 estimates are the first OEWS estimates to be produced using the 2022 NAICS, which replaces the 2017 NAICS used for the May 2017-May 2021 estimates. See North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) at BLS for details.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2022 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2022, November 2021, May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, and November 2019. The unweighted sampled employment of 80 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 65.4 percent based on establishments and 62.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area included 9,534 establishments with a response rate of 36 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for construction and extraction occupations, Houston metropolitan area, May 2022
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages ($)
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Construction and extraction occupations

168,290 1.3 24.97 51,950

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

24,770 1.7 35.93 74,740


980 3.5 34.42 71,600

Brickmasons and blockmasons

1,010 0.9 24.64 51,250


9,310 0.7 23.53 48,940

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles

190 0.4 21.14 43,980

Tile and stone setters

440 0.5 17.83 37,090

Cement masons and concrete finishers

6,170 1.5 21.15 43,990

Construction laborers

33,370 1.6 18.56 38,600

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

870 1.0 20.48 42,610

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

10,240 1.2 23.75 49,400

Drywall and ceiling tile installers

1,510 0.8 20.92 43,510


18,160 1.3 27.69 57,590


1,490 1.4 21.81 45,360

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall

780 1.2 19.84 41,260

Insulation workers, mechanical

1,500 2.8 23.83 49,570

Painters, construction and maintenance

4,720 1.1 20.20 42,020


1,360 1.8 21.14 43,960

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

9,680 1.1 28.24 58,740

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

1,750 4.9 23.82 49,540


1,350 0.5 20.84 43,360

Sheet metal workers

2,150 0.9 24.93 51,850

Structural iron and steel workers

1,990 1.4 24.16 50,250


740 1.5 20.56 42,770


2,700 1.8 20.66 42,960

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons

220 1.2 15.58 32,410

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

2,350 2.4 19.60 40,770

Helpers, construction trades, all other

1,720 3.0 18.60 38,680

Construction and building inspectors

4,100 1.5 35.37 73,570

Elevator and escalator installers and repairers

320 0.6 38.04 79,130

Fence erectors

610 1.1 17.83 37,090

Hazardous materials removal workers

1,380 1.4 19.65 40,860

Highway maintenance workers

1,190 0.4 17.96 37,360

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

370 1.0 17.26 35,900

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

540 1.0 18.90 39,320

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

640 1.0 20.80 43,270

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

1,880 7.5 31.34 65,190

Service unit operators, oil and gas

3,810 5.1 25.82 53,700

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining

1,130 1.6 22.09 45,950

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

460 1.2 22.93 47,690

Roustabouts, oil and gas

4,290 5.3 22.42 46,640

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 26, 2023