News Release Information

19-384-DAL
Thursday, March 28, 2019

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Technical information:
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Houston Area Employment — January 2019

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,093,300 in January 2019, up 83,800 or 2.8 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 2.0 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that among the 12 largest metropolitan areas in the country, Houston ranked third in the number of jobs added over the year and tied for second with Dallas in the annual rate of job growth. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

In the Houston metropolitan area, professional and business services added the largest number of jobs from January 2018 to January 2019, up 16,300. Job gains were widespread within the sector, but most notable in the administrative and support services industry which added 7,200 jobs, a 3.6-percent increase over the year. Houston’s professional and business services supersector employment rose 3.4 percent since January 2018, compared to the national increase of 2.6 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

Houston manufacturing added 13,300 jobs from January a year ago, the second-largest job gain among the supersectors. Local job gains were concentrated in durable goods manufacturing (+12,500). The 6.0-percent increase in manufacturing employment in Houston compared to 2.2 percent nationally. This marked the 18th consecutive month of annual job growth in local manufacturing after 28 consecutive months of annual declines. This month also had the fastest local annual rate of gain since November 2012.

Trade, transportation, and utilities, Houston’s largest employer, added 11,100 jobs from January 2018 to January 2019. Two subsectors accounted for all the supersector growth as transportation, warehousing, and utilities added 8,900 jobs and wholesale trade added 6,300 jobs. In contrast, retail trade lost 4,100 jobs during the period. Over the year, local employment in the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector increased 1.8 percent, while nationally, employment rose 1.3 percent.

Houston’s education and health services supersector added 10,400 jobs from January a year ago. The health care and social assistance subsector added 8,800 jobs and educational services added 1,600 jobs. The education and health services supersector had a 2.7-percent rate of job growth in Houston, compared to 2.3 percent nationwide.

Three local sectors added between 8,500 and 7,000 jobs over the year. Construction added 8,500 jobs since January 2018. Each of the three reporting industries had job gains, with the largest in heavy and civil engineering, up 5,000 or 10.2 percent. Area employment in the construction supersector rose 4.0 percent, compared to the 5.1-percent gain for the nation. The government sector added 7,600 jobs in Houston over the year. Local government educational services accounted for the largest share, at 6,900 jobs. Government employment in Houston rose 1.9 percent, compared to the national increase of 0.6 percent. Leisure and hospitality employment in Houston rose by 7,000 since January 2018; the local 2.3-percent annual gain compared to a U.S. gain of 2.9 percent.

Three additional local sectors had annual job increases of between 4,000 and 2,700: other services (+4,000), mining and logging (+3,500), and financial activities (+2,700).

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2019. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 6 areas exceeding the national increase of 2.0 percent. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (+3.1 percent), and Houston and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (both at +2.8 percent) had the fastest rates of job growth. Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (+0.5 percent), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+0.8 percent) and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (+1.0 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York-Newark-Jersey City added the largest number of jobs over the year, 141,000, followed by Dallas (+100,100) and Houston (+83,800). Boston had the smallest employment gain over the year, 14,500, followed by Washington (+32,100) and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (+32,200). Annual job gains in the remaining six metropolitan areas ranged from 75,200 in Chicago-Naperville-Elgin to 47,500 in Los Angeles.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in six areas: Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and Phoenix. Professional and business services added the most jobs in five areas: Dallas, Houston, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, and Washington. In the remaining area, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, the leisure and hospitality supersector added the largest number of jobs.

The information supersector recorded the largest employment loss in five areas: Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, and Los Angeles. Miami and San Francisco were the only metropolitan areas to record no loss in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for February 2019 are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 22, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability–that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated April 10, 2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Jan. 2018 to
Jan. 2019(p)
Net change Percent change

United States

Total nonfarm

145,428 151,375 151,203 148,306 2,878 2.0

Mining and logging

686 751 753 746 60 8.7

Construction

6,729 7,457 7,313 7,072 343 5.1

Manufacturing

12,468 12,783 12,815 12,741 273 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,339 28,387 28,512 27,705 366 1.3

Information

2,772 2,854 2,839 2,769 -3 -0.1

Financial activities

8,448 8,609 8,622 8,567 119 1.4

Professional and business services

20,328 21,444 21,345 20,853 525 2.6

Education and health services

23,262 24,089 24,092 23,801 539 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

15,437 16,182 16,213 15,880 443 2.9

Other services

5,734 5,859 5,859 5,811 77 1.3

Government

22,225 22,960 22,840 22,361 136 0.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

3,009.5 3,137.6 3,137.7 3,093.3 83.8 2.8

Mining and logging

77.1 81.3 81.0 80.6 3.5 4.5

Construction

209.9 226.8 222.9 218.4 8.5 4.0

Manufacturing

221.9 234.4 235.8 235.2 13.3 6.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

619.2 641.2 644.7 630.3 11.1 1.8

Information

31.7 31.7 31.8 31.1 -0.6 -1.9

Financial activities

161.7 164.3 164.1 164.4 2.7 1.7

Professional and business services

480.6 502.3 500.5 496.9 16.3 3.4

Education and health services

384.7 399.4 398.6 395.1 10.4 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

310.7 321.7 323.5 317.7 7.0 2.3

Other services

107.6 113.4 112.7 111.6 4.0 3.7

Government

404.4 421.1 422.1 412.0 7.6 1.9

(p) preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019(p)
Jan. 2018 to
Jan. 2019(p)
Net change Percent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,725.3 2,826.7 2,835.3 2,782.3 57.0 2.1

Mining and logging

1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 -0.1 -5.9

Construction

119.1 128.3 129.9 128.8 9.7 8.1

Manufacturing

171.0 172.2 172.9 171.3 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

594.1 617.0 620.3 607.1 13.0 2.2

Information

98.8 98.7 97.5 94.5 -4.3 -4.4

Financial activities

171.2 174.8 175.5 172.9 1.7 1.0

Professional and business services

508.5 538.4 539.3 518.6 10.1 2.0

Education and health services

346.0 360.4 361.2 358.3 12.3 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

284.0 298.7 301.3 297.8 13.8 4.9

Other services

97.2 97.4 96.8 94.3 -2.9 -3.0

Government

333.7 339.2 339.0 337.1 3.4 1.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,709.3 2,796.5 2,786.1 2,723.8 14.5 0.5

Mining, logging, and construction

107.6 119.2 115.4 110.5 2.9 2.7

Manufacturing

187.4 187.8 189.4 188.6 1.2 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

426.9 433.4 435.9 424.6 -2.3 -0.5

Information

80.2 81.4 81.7 81.2 1.0 1.2

Financial activities

182.9 182.9 183.2 181.6 -1.3 -0.7

Professional and business services

483.1 507.1 502.2 488.9 5.8 1.2

Education and health services

569.4 593.2 590.0 579.5 10.1 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

261.1 266.3 263.6 253.9 -7.2 -2.8

Other services

101.6 103.0 103.3 102.1 0.5 0.5

Government

309.1 322.2 321.4 312.9 3.8 1.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,620.3 4,820.0 4,803.2 4,695.5 75.2 1.6

Mining and logging

1.3 1.6 1.5 1.4 0.1 7.7

Construction

156.7 184.7 172.9 161.5 4.8 3.1

Manufacturing

415.1 423.7 424.5 423.4 8.3 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

945.0 978.3 987.2 958.2 13.2 1.4

Information

77.4 75.9 76.2 75.2 -2.2 -2.8

Financial activities

305.9 314.1 313.8 313.1 7.2 2.4

Professional and business services

807.4 862.0 849.4 822.4 15.0 1.9

Education and health services

721.3 747.7 744.5 736.9 15.6 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

458.8 480.3 479.7 468.5 9.7 2.1

Other services

195.3 198.2 199.6 195.9 0.6 0.3

Government

536.1 553.5 553.9 539.0 2.9 0.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,603.4 3,749.7 3,759.2 3,703.5 100.1 2.8

Mining, logging, and construction

211.6 224.6 225.5 221.3 9.7 4.6

Manufacturing

272.6 282.7 284.0 278.9 6.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

775.2 813.1 816.4 793.4 18.2 2.3

Information

83.1 82.7 82.5 81.6 -1.5 -1.8

Financial activities

298.2 304.6 305.0 305.0 6.8 2.3

Professional and business services

598.1 625.4 622.4 617.2 19.1 3.2

Education and health services

443.7 454.7 457.9 457.4 13.7 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

368.5 387.4 393.7 384.6 16.1 4.4

Other services

119.1 125.4 124.0 122.0 2.9 2.4

Government

433.3 449.1 447.8 442.1 8.8 2.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,009.5 3,137.6 3,137.7 3,093.3 83.8 2.8

Mining and logging

77.1 81.3 81.0 80.6 3.5 4.5

Construction

209.9 226.8 222.9 218.4 8.5 4.0

Manufacturing

221.9 234.4 235.8 235.2 13.3 6.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

619.2 641.2 644.7 630.3 11.1 1.8

Information

31.7 31.7 31.8 31.1 -0.6 -1.9

Financial activities

161.7 164.3 164.1 164.4 2.7 1.7

Professional and business services

480.6 502.3 500.5 496.9 16.3 3.4

Education and health services

384.7 399.4 398.6 395.1 10.4 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

310.7 321.7 323.5 317.7 7.0 2.3

Other services

107.6 113.4 112.7 111.6 4.0 3.7

Government

404.4 421.1 422.1 412.0 7.6 1.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,086.7 6,247.2 6,251.0 6,134.2 47.5 0.8

Mining and logging

2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 -0.1 -4.0

Construction

242.5 257.6 250.9 244.9 2.4 1.0

Manufacturing

502.5 501.5 502.7 500.8 -1.7 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,113.4 1,139.6 1,149.2 1,116.7 3.3 0.3

Information

245.9 250.4 248.7 240.3 -5.6 -2.3

Financial activities

340.8 342.1 342.8 337.9 -2.9 -0.9

Professional and business services

914.4 952.5 947.8 930.8 16.4 1.8

Education and health services

1,033.9 1,063.5 1,068.5 1,056.4 22.5 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

734.6 758.4 760.4 740.2 5.6 0.8

Other services

206.0 214.2 213.6 209.4 3.4 1.7

Government

750.2 765.0 763.9 754.4 4.2 0.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,651.4 2,735.0 2,740.7 2,710.5 59.1 2.2

Mining and logging

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

131.3 141.6 140.1 136.9 5.6 4.3

Manufacturing

88.0 92.0 91.7 90.3 2.3 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

606.5 625.4 630.1 615.7 9.2 1.5

Information

50.3 51.7 51.7 51.1 0.8 1.6

Financial activities

181.1 186.1 187.7 183.5 2.4 1.3

Professional and business services

436.5 454.6 455.9 455.5 19.0 4.4

Education and health services

394.9 407.7 408.5 406.5 11.6 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

326.3 332.6 333.3 330.7 4.4 1.3

Other services

122.0 124.5 124.5 124.1 2.1 1.7

Government

313.8 318.1 316.5 315.5 1.7 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,581.4 9,980.7 9,985.7 9,722.4 141.0 1.5

Mining, logging, and construction

380.7 417.5 412.6 399.8 19.1 5.0

Manufacturing

359.3 362.8 363.9 358.4 -0.9 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,742.1 1,787.3 1,802.0 1,746.5 4.4 0.3

Information

282.4 295.6 292.0 285.9 3.5 1.2

Financial activities

769.4 778.4 779.0 771.4 2.0 0.3

Professional and business services

1,520.5 1,597.3 1,582.7 1,533.7 13.2 0.9

Education and health services

1,932.7 2,043.5 2,056.5 2,012.4 79.7 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

879.8 921.4 920.3 885.7 5.9 0.7

Other services

415.8 428.8 431.2 425.1 9.3 2.2

Government

1,298.7 1,348.1 1,345.5 1,303.5 4.8 0.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,880.2 2,982.3 2,984.7 2,912.4 32.2 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

108.8 122.1 121.2 117.3 8.5 7.8

Manufacturing

180.4 182.1 181.7 181.7 1.3 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

520.6 535.7 539.7 520.3 -0.3 -0.1

Information

47.5 48.6 48.4 47.7 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

214.5 216.6 216.7 214.5 0.0 0.0

Professional and business services

459.9 471.6 470.1 454.2 -5.7 -1.2

Education and health services

642.4 670.8 671.1 658.7 16.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

254.9 267.9 269.5 261.2 6.3 2.5

Other services

118.6 121.8 121.6 120.8 2.2 1.9

Government

332.6 345.1 344.7 336.0 3.4 1.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,069.5 2,169.3 2,169.5 2,134.3 64.8 3.1

Mining and logging

3.4 3.7 3.8 3.7 0.3 8.8

Construction

117.8 129.9 130.6 130.1 12.3 10.4

Manufacturing

125.3 130.4 131.1 130.5 5.2 4.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

399.7 420.1 420.6 409.0 9.3 2.3

Information

38.6 38.9 39.1 38.8 0.2 0.5

Financial activities

190.5 193.5 193.9 192.4 1.9 1.0

Professional and business services

346.5 366.4 366.2 357.3 10.8 3.1

Education and health services

318.1 335.2 335.9 335.1 17.0 5.3

Leisure and hospitality

224.1 231.7 233.2 230.3 6.2 2.8

Other services

67.1 71.2 70.3 70.0 2.9 4.3

Government

238.4 248.3 244.8 237.1 -1.3 -0.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,385.4 2,479.2 2,490.3 2,447.7 62.3 2.6

Mining and logging

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

Construction

118.6 129.0 127.0 125.0 6.4 5.4

Manufacturing

142.1 144.0 144.8 142.3 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

377.7 388.9 394.5 380.0 2.3 0.6

Information

110.8 117.7 119.1 118.0 7.2 6.5

Financial activities

139.7 142.1 142.3 141.3 1.6 1.1

Professional and business services

478.9 504.9 506.9 500.3 21.4 4.5

Education and health services

347.8 361.2 363.4 359.7 11.9 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

263.0 274.9 277.7 270.7 7.7 2.9

Other services

85.7 88.4 88.2 87.8 2.1 2.5

Government

320.8 327.8 326.1 322.3 1.5 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,244.3 3,323.8 3,324.6 3,276.4 32.1 1.0

Mining, logging, and construction

154.8 163.0 161.5 156.4 1.6 1.0

Manufacturing

54.4 55.2 55.2 53.6 -0.8 -1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.3 413.7 418.6 404.0 -2.3 -0.6

Information

73.8 74.1 74.6 74.5 0.7 0.9

Financial activities

157.3 155.8 155.1 154.6 -2.7 -1.7

Professional and business services

746.5 762.5 764.9 764.7 18.2 2.4

Education and health services

436.0 450.9 449.4 442.0 6.0 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

315.4 332.1 332.9 325.6 10.2 3.2

Other services

206.3 208.9 208.3 206.5 0.2 0.1

Government

693.5 707.6 704.1 694.5 1.0 0.1

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, March 28, 2019