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News Release Information

20-369-DAL
Monday, March 23, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Houston Area Employment — January 2020

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,162,500 in January 2020, up 63,400 or 2.0 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.5 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted January 2020 marked the 27th consecutive month that Houston’s annual rate of job growth has exceeded the national rate. (See chart 1.) Among the 12 largest metropolitan areas in the country, Houston ranked third in annual rate of job growth following Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale. (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

In the Houston metropolitan area, education and health services added the largest number of jobs from January 2019 to January 2020, up 15,100. The health care and social assistance subsector added 13,100 jobs and educational services added 2,000 jobs. The education and health services supersector had a 3.8-percent rate of job growth in Houston, compared to 2.8 percent nationwide. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

Houston’s professional and business services supersector added 13,500 jobs from January a year ago, the second-largest job increase among the local supersectors. Gains were widespread within the sector, including the architectural, engineering, and related services industry, which added 4,100 jobs, a 5.8-percent increase over the year. However, the employment services industry lost 4,600 jobs over the year. Houston’s professional and business services supersector employment rose 2.7 percent since January 2019, compared to the national increase of 2.1 percent.

Construction in the Houston area added 12,400 jobs from January 2019 to January 2020. Job gains occurred in all three sub-sectors, but were particularly strong in heavy and civil engineering construction (+6,300, +11.0 percent). Area employment in the construction supersector rose 5.5 percent, more than double the 2.4-percent national gain.

Leisure and hospitality added 9,700 jobs in the Houston area from January a year ago. Food services and drinking places added the largest share of jobs in the supersector, up 6,200. The 3.0-percent rate of local job growth in leisure and hospitality compared to the 2.3-percent national increase.

The government supersector added 7,500 jobs in the Houston area over the year. Federal, state, and local government all added jobs, with local government accounting for the largest share of the gain with 4,300 jobs. Government employment in Houston rose 1.8 percent, compared to the national increase of 1.0 percent.

The other services supersector (which includes repair and maintenance, personal and laundry services, membership associations, and private households) added 4,800 jobs in the local area since January 2019. The 4.3-percent local rate of job growth compared to the national rate of 1.5 percent.

Financial activities added 4,500 jobs over the year in Houston. The local rate of job growth was 2.8 percent, while the national rate was 1.7 percent.

Employment in Houston’s largest supersector–trade, transportation, and utilities–rose by 3,100 jobs over the year. Local growth was strong in wholesale trade (+4,900) and transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+4,200), but retail trade recorded a loss of 6,000 jobs. The local supersector’s rate of job gain, 0.5 percent, matched the national increase.

Houston’s manufacturing employment fell 4,300 from January 2019 to January 2020. This marked the second consecutive month of over-the-year declines. Local job losses were concentrated in non-durable goods manufacturing (-2,800), but durable goods manufacturing also experienced losses (-1,500). The 1.8-percent decrease in Houston’s manufacturing employment compared to a gain of 0.2 percent nationally.

The mining and logging supersector in Houston lost 3,800 jobs from January a year ago. This was the fifth consecutive month of annual declines for local mining and logging (-4.7 percent) after 23 months of annual gains. Nationally, the mining and logging supersector had a 4.5-percent rate of job loss from January 2019 to January 2020.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2020. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 6 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.5 percent. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale had the fastest rates of job growth, at 3.2 percent each, followed by Houston (+2.0 percent). Chicago-Naperville-Elgin had the slowest rate of job growth at 0.6 percent, followed by Boston-Cambridge-Nashua and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (+0.8 percent each).  (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Dallas added the largest number of jobs over the year, 119,300, followed by New York-Newark-New Jersey (+112,700) and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+101,000). Boston had the smallest employment gain over the year, 22,500, followed by Philadelphia (+23,800). Annual gains in the remaining seven metropolitan areas ranged from 67,800 in Phoenix to 28,500 in Chicago.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in seven areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and Phoenix. Professional and business services gained the most jobs in the five remaining areas.

Manufacturing lost the most jobs in four areas: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and Miami. Trade, transportation, and utilities had the most job losses in four other areas: New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, and Washington. Dallas and Phoenix were the only areas to record job gains in all supersectors from January 2019 to January 2020.

Metropolitan area employment data for February 2020 are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 27, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability–that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/additional-resources/reliability-of-state-and-area-estimates.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/publications/benchmark-article/annual-benchmark-article.pdf

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated April 10, 2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Detailed industry employment data for metropolitan areas from the CES program are available from the State and Area Employment databases at www.bls.gov/sae/data/home.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Jan. 2019 to
Jan. 2020(p)
Net change Percent change

United States

Total nonfarm

147,879 153,177 152,929 150,117 2,238 1.5

Mining and logging

733 729 714 700 -33 -4.5

Construction

7,069 7,609 7,447 7,241 172 2.4

Manufacturing

12,737 12,871 12,876 12,763 26 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,598 28,350 28,582 27,725 127 0.5

Information

2,799 2,900 2,895 2,854 55 2.0

Financial activities

8,618 8,805 8,819 8,761 143 1.7

Professional and business services

20,709 21,727 21,600 21,135 426 2.1

Education and health services

23,724 24,682 24,633 24,390 666 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

15,739 16,439 16,450 16,095 356 2.3

Other services

5,775 5,911 5,902 5,860 85 1.5

Government

22,378 23,154 23,011 22,593 215 1.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

3,099.1 3,203.5 3,209.5 3,162.5 63.4 2.0

Mining and logging

80.7 78.9 78.5 76.9 -3.8 -4.7

Construction

226.2 242.5 241.6 238.6 12.4 5.5

Manufacturing

234.3 235.6 234.9 230.0 -4.3 -1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

631.1 645.8 652.9 634.2 3.1 0.5

Information

31.8 32.5 32.7 32.7 0.9 2.8

Financial activities

163.5 168.0 168.8 168.0 4.5 2.8

Professional and business services

494.3 514.8 512.7 507.8 13.5 2.7

Education and health services

396.0 411.8 411.1 411.1 15.1 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

320.0 330.7 332.2 329.7 9.7 3.0

Other services

112.7 116.5 117.3 117.5 4.8 4.3

Government

408.5 426.4 426.8 416.0 7.5 1.8

(p) preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020(p)
Jan. 2019 to
Jan. 2020(p)
Net change Percent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,804.3 2,894.2 2,904.0 2,858.4 54.1 1.9

Mining and logging

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.0 0.0

Construction

126.8 130.6 130.7 127.7 0.9 0.7

Manufacturing

169.6 172.7 172.1 172.1 2.5 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

598.7 617.7 623.6 611.1 12.4 2.1

Information

99.0 103.6 102.0 100.4 1.4 1.4

Financial activities

173.9 178.7 179.2 177.5 3.6 2.1

Professional and business services

542.1 557.6 562.6 544.9 2.8 0.5

Education and health services

365.6 381.6 384.1 380.1 14.5 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

292.9 306.4 303.5 301.0 8.1 2.8

Other services

101.7 104.8 105.6 104.8 3.1 3.0

Government

332.5 339.0 339.1 337.3 4.8 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,746.2 2,840.3 2,827.0 2,768.7 22.5 0.8

Mining, logging, and construction

114.2 126.0 120.3 114.6 0.4 0.4

Manufacturing

187.3 188.5 187.8 185.9 -1.4 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

427.1 431.9 436.3 427.1 0.0 0.0

Information

79.6 82.7 82.5 83.6 4.0 5.0

Financial activities

184.3 186.9 186.6 186.7 2.4 1.3

Professional and business services

499.6 522.1 518.0 507.1 7.5 1.5

Education and health services

579.1 604.1 599.6 588.4 9.3 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

263.9 273.5 271.8 261.1 -2.8 -1.1

Other services

101.5 102.7 102.9 102.0 0.5 0.5

Government

309.6 321.9 321.2 312.2 2.6 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,658.3 4,802.6 4,791.0 4,686.8 28.5 0.6

Mining and logging

1.6 1.9 1.8 1.7 0.1 6.3

Construction

159.8 184.0 173.9 161.7 1.9 1.2

Manufacturing

419.6 416.4 416.5 410.5 -9.1 -2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

946.9 965.1 975.1 945.4 -1.5 -0.2

Information

78.4 78.3 80.4 79.0 0.6 0.8

Financial activities

311.6 320.6 320.9 318.4 6.8 2.2

Professional and business services

810.7 847.2 833.7 810.1 -0.6 -0.1

Education and health services

728.4 752.2 751.9 749.0 20.6 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

466.7 481.2 482.0 471.9 5.2 1.1

Other services

197.6 199.0 199.8 197.9 0.3 0.2

Government

537.0 556.7 555.0 541.2 4.2 0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,697.4 3,861.3 3,875.6 3,816.7 119.3 3.2

Mining, logging, and construction

220.2 233.9 234.6 232.5 12.3 5.6

Manufacturing

284.2 290.3 290.5 288.5 4.3 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

787.8 826.4 832.5 802.6 14.8 1.9

Information

81.2 83.1 83.3 83.2 2.0 2.5

Financial activities

309.8 321.5 324.3 323.8 14.0 4.5

Professional and business services

621.5 650.9 651.4 642.9 21.4 3.4

Education and health services

453.6 471.1 475.2 471.6 18.0 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

378.8 399.4 401.9 397.8 19.0 5.0

Other services

122.8 129.5 127.5 127.3 4.5 3.7

Government

437.5 455.2 454.4 446.5 9.0 2.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,099.1 3,203.5 3,209.5 3,162.5 63.4 2.0

Mining and logging

80.7 78.9 78.5 76.9 -3.8 -4.7

Construction

226.2 242.5 241.6 238.6 12.4 5.5

Manufacturing

234.3 235.6 234.9 230.0 -4.3 -1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

631.1 645.8 652.9 634.2 3.1 0.5

Information

31.8 32.5 32.7 32.7 0.9 2.8

Financial activities

163.5 168.0 168.8 168.0 4.5 2.8

Professional and business services

494.3 514.8 512.7 507.8 13.5 2.7

Education and health services

396.0 411.8 411.1 411.1 15.1 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

320.0 330.7 332.2 329.7 9.7 3.0

Other services

112.7 116.5 117.3 117.5 4.8 4.3

Government

408.5 426.4 426.8 416.0 7.5 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,157.1 6,332.7 6,349.7 6,258.1 101.0 1.6

Mining and logging

2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 -0.1 -4.2

Construction

248.1 255.7 257.0 254.8 6.7 2.7

Manufacturing

497.9 496.5 498.3 495.2 -2.7 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,114.1 1,138.9 1,147.5 1,115.0 0.9 0.1

Information

246.3 253.7 250.9 255.6 9.3 3.8

Financial activities

338.1 344.3 345.2 342.3 4.2 1.2

Professional and business services

950.6 982.6 987.4 968.2 17.6 1.9

Education and health services

1,052.8 1,096.6 1,099.3 1,090.0 37.2 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

746.9 775.0 775.6 762.8 15.9 2.1

Other services

205.3 211.6 212.5 208.5 3.2 1.6

Government

754.6 775.4 773.7 763.4 8.8 1.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,702.4 2,749.9 2,760.7 2,732.1 29.7 1.1

Mining and logging

0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.1 14.3

Construction

139.5 143.7 142.2 141.8 2.3 1.6

Manufacturing

90.6 90.9 91.4 90.4 -0.2 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

615.5 628.8 636.9 620.4 4.9 0.8

Information

50.0 51.1 51.1 50.5 0.5 1.0

Financial activities

187.0 191.3 192.3 188.2 1.2 0.6

Professional and business services

443.2 450.7 451.6 450.8 7.6 1.7

Education and health services

405.6 414.4 413.2 408.5 2.9 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

331.9 333.9 338.9 337.5 5.6 1.7

Other services

120.3 121.2 120.7 121.3 1.0 0.8

Government

318.1 323.1 321.6 321.9 3.8 1.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,745.2 10,115.7 10,109.3 9,857.9 112.7 1.2

Mining, logging, and construction

398.6 417.4 404.5 392.5 -6.1 -1.5

Manufacturing

358.7 360.1 359.7 356.9 -1.8 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,740.7 1,770.2 1,790.5 1,732.1 -8.6 -0.5

Information

284.5 301.5 296.2 286.9 2.4 0.8

Financial activities

780.2 789.3 790.4 780.1 -0.1 0.0

Professional and business services

1,558.3 1,633.9 1,630.8 1,586.5 28.2 1.8

Education and health services

2,010.5 2,116.7 2,115.1 2,084.8 74.3 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

888.9 937.7 937.5 894.8 5.9 0.7

Other services

419.3 429.4 429.7 426.7 7.4 1.8

Government

1,305.5 1,359.5 1,354.9 1,316.6 11.1 0.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,921.5 3,013.1 3,006.4 2,945.3 23.8 0.8

Mining, logging, and construction

114.0 121.2 117.3 112.8 -1.2 -1.1

Manufacturing

182.7 183.2 183.7 183.0 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

529.0 540.0 544.9 524.9 -4.1 -0.8

Information

48.4 49.6 50.1 49.4 1.0 2.1

Financial activities

216.1 218.9 219.0 216.5 0.4 0.2

Professional and business services

458.7 477.7 472.3 468.6 9.9 2.2

Education and health services

658.7 680.1 677.8 665.9 7.2 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

260.0 272.8 272.5 264.1 4.1 1.6

Other services

120.8 122.3 122.1 120.7 -0.1 -0.1

Government

333.1 347.3 346.7 339.4 6.3 1.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,145.8 2,244.9 2,249.5 2,213.6 67.8 3.2

Mining and logging

3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 0.1 2.9

Construction

128.6 134.7 135.7 135.4 6.8 5.3

Manufacturing

130.6 134.5 135.0 133.8 3.2 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

409.0 426.8 430.8 415.7 6.7 1.6

Information

39.6 40.8 40.9 40.8 1.2 3.0

Financial activities

197.8 206.3 205.7 203.7 5.9 3.0

Professional and business services

360.7 385.2 380.1 372.1 11.4 3.2

Education and health services

331.3 350.0 352.2 348.6 17.3 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

229.7 235.8 238.0 235.7 6.0 2.6

Other services

69.6 72.7 72.4 70.2 0.6 0.9

Government

245.4 254.5 255.1 254.0 8.6 3.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,429.8 2,512.8 2,514.6 2,475.2 45.4 1.9

Mining and logging

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

Construction

120.5 128.3 125.7 123.4 2.9 2.4

Manufacturing

145.0 143.7 144.3 144.0 -1.0 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

375.5 382.2 385.7 372.6 -2.9 -0.8

Information

121.8 130.9 131.2 130.1 8.3 6.8

Financial activities

144.3 148.3 148.3 147.9 3.6 2.5

Professional and business services

487.6 509.1 509.4 503.2 15.6 3.2

Education and health services

355.9 368.6 369.3 366.0 10.1 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

272.2 284.3 285.8 277.5 5.3 1.9

Other services

86.8 88.8 88.2 87.7 0.9 1.0

Government

319.9 328.3 326.4 322.5 2.6 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,286.4 3,398.5 3,396.3 3,332.5 46.1 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

159.3 166.0 163.5 161.8 2.5 1.6

Manufacturing

55.7 58.0 58.2 57.6 1.9 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

407.3 417.9 426.4 406.2 -1.1 -0.3

Information

75.1 77.8 77.0 77.1 2.0 2.7

Financial activities

158.4 161.4 163.0 162.6 4.2 2.7

Professional and business services

760.4 792.2 787.3 774.8 14.4 1.9

Education and health services

446.3 455.1 453.4 447.2 0.9 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

320.1 335.4 334.6 326.3 6.2 1.9

Other services

207.0 211.3 212.8 212.8 5.8 2.8

Government

696.8 723.4 720.1 706.1 9.3 1.3

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, March 23, 2020