Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-1024-DAL
Friday, June 24, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Occupational Employment and Wages in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington — May 2021

Workers in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $27.89 in May 2021, compared to the nationwide average of $28.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 12 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and food preparation and serving related. Three groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages: transportation and material moving, sales and related, and architecture and engineering.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Dallas area employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including transportation and material moving, office and administrative support, and computer and mathematical. Thirteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including healthcare support, healthcare practitioners and technical, and production. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Dallas metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2021
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Dallas United States Dallas Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $28.01 $27.89 0

Management

6.3 7.1* 59.31 59.38 0

Business and financial operations

6.4 7.0* 39.72 39.78 0

Computer and mathematical

3.3 4.4* 48.01 47.62 -1

Architecture and engineering

1.7 1.8 44.10 44.93* 2

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.6* 38.81 35.56* -8

Community and social service

1.6 1.0* 25.94 26.00 0

Legal

0.8 0.7* 54.38 57.37 5

Educational instruction and library

5.8 5.3* 29.88 27.63* -8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.0* 31.78 28.80* -9

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.2 5.3* 43.80 42.27* -3

Healthcare support

4.7 3.4* 16.02 15.32* -4

Protective service

2.4 2.1* 25.68 24.92* -3

Food preparation and serving related

8.0 8.2* 14.16 12.88* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.4* 16.23 15.07* -7

Personal care and service

1.8 1.6* 16.17 14.79* -9

Sales and related

9.4 10.1* 22.15 22.64* 2

Office and administrative support

13.0 14.2* 20.88 20.83 0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 16.70 16.49 -1

Construction and extraction

4.2 4.0* 26.87 23.22* -14

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4.0 4.1* 25.66 25.32* -1

Production

6.0 5.1* 20.71 19.75* -5

Transportation and material moving

9.0 10.5* 19.88 20.62* 4

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—transportation and material moving—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Dallas had 376,950 jobs in transportation and material moving, accounting for 10.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 9.0-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $20.62, significantly above the national wage of $19.88.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the transportation and material moving group included stockers and order fillers (82,840); hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers (75,510); and heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers (60,790). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were air traffic controllers and transportation inspectors with mean hourly wages of $74.13. and $50.14, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were parking attendants ($11.65) and hand packers and packagers($13.10). (Detailed data for the transportation and material moving occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19100.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Dallas area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the transportation and material moving group. For instance, wellhead pumpers  were employed at 3.52 times the national rate in Dallas; and airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers, at 2.7 times the U.S. average. Light truck drivers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Dallas, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Texas Workforce Commission.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

With the May 2021 estimates release, the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program has implemented a new model-based (MB3) estimation method. For more information, see the May 2021 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at www.bls.gov/oes/methods_21.pdf and the Monthly Labor Review article at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2019/article/model-based-estimates-for-the-occupational-employment-statistics-program.htm. OEWS estimates for the years 2015-19 were recalculated using the new estimation method and are available as research estimates at www.bls.gov/oes/oes-mb3-methods.htm.

The May 2021 OEWS estimates are also the first estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. To improve data quality, the OEWS program aggregates some occupations to the SOC broad occupation level or as OEWS-specific combinations of 2018 SOC detailed occupations.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2021 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, and November 2018. The unweighted sampled employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 62 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 67.2 percent based on establishments and 64.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area included 10,540 establishments with a response rate of 37 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Collin County, Dallas County, Denton County, Ellis County, Hood County, Hunt County, Johnson County, Kaufman County, Parker County, Rockwall County, Somervell County, Tarrant County, and Wise County.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for transportation and material moving occupations, Dallas metropolitan area, May 2021
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Transportation and material moving occupations

376,950 1.2 $20.62 $42,890

Aircraft cargo handling supervisors

780 3.6 30.05 62,510

First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except aircraft cargo handling supervisors

15,200 1.1 28.41 59,080

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

5,580 2.7 (6) 213,010

Commercial pilots

1,750 1.6 (6) 120,230

Air traffic controllers

750 1.4 74.13 154,180

Airfield operations specialists

490 1.5 (5) (5)

Flight attendants

8,320 3.4 (6) 61,000

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

110 0.4 16.32 33,940

Driver/sales workers

10,790 0.9 16.43 34,170

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

60,790 1.3 24.39 50,720

Light truck drivers

25,150 1.0 21.04 43,750

Bus drivers, school

7,100 0.8 17.00 35,360

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

(5) (5) 17.84 37,110

Shuttle drivers and chauffeurs

2,790 0.6 14.12 29,370

Motor vehicle operators, all other

830 0.7 15.61 32,460

Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels

70 0.1 52.24 108,650

Parking attendants

3,110 1.3 11.65 24,240

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

3,030 1.1 14.57 30,310

Aircraft service attendants

350 1.1 18.72 38,930

Traffic technicians

200 1.0 22.99 47,820

Transportation inspectors

790 1.2 50.14 104,290

Passenger attendants

360 0.7 13.84 28,780

Transportation workers, all other

110 0.3 24.19 50,310

Conveyor operators and tenders

750 1.0 16.48 34,280

Crane and tower operators

1,420 1.3 29.16 60,640

Industrial truck and tractor operators

35,560 1.8 19.16 39,860

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

10,420 1.2 13.65 28,390

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

75,510 1.1 16.21 33,720

Machine feeders and offbearers

2,660 1.7 17.08 35,530

Packers and packagers, hand

12,740 0.9 13.10 27,250

Stockers and order fillers

82,840 1.3 16.31 33,910

Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers

510 1.9 28.56 59,400

Wellhead pumpers

1,440 3.5 37.38 77,750

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

2,940 0.9 16.50 34,320

Material moving workers, all other

160 0.3 19.29 40,130

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19100.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 24, 2022