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News Release Information

Tuesday, July 19, 2022

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway — May 2021

Workers in the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.78 in May 2021, 15 percent below the nationwide average of $28.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 21 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Little Rock area employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, sales and related, and food preparation and serving related. Fourteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production, computer and mathematical, and architecture and engineering. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Little Rock metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2021
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Little Rock United States Little Rock Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $28.01 $23.78* -15


6.3 6.9* 59.31 44.97* -24

Business and financial operations

6.4 6.2* 39.72 31.02* -22

Computer and mathematical

3.3 2.3* 48.01 34.74* -28

Architecture and engineering

1.7 1.1* 44.10 36.41* -17

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.8* 38.81 29.10* -25

Community and social service

1.6 1.2* 25.94 22.78* -12


0.8 1.0* 54.38 33.80* -38

Educational instruction and library

5.8 5.4* 29.88 29.07* -3

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.0* 31.78 22.59* -29

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.2 8.7* 43.80 39.31* -10

Healthcare support

4.7 4.6 16.02 14.39* -10

Protective service

2.4 2.2* 25.68 19.95* -22

Food preparation and serving related

8.0 8.7* 14.16 12.52* -12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.7* 16.23 13.83* -15

Personal care and service

1.8 1.5* 16.17 13.84* -14

Sales and related

9.4 10.6* 22.15 18.88* -15

Office and administrative support

13.0 13.4* 20.88 18.59* -11

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 16.70 19.67* 18

Construction and extraction

4.2 3.8* 26.87 20.53* -24

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4.0 4.2* 25.66 22.32* -13


6.0 4.8* 20.71 18.60* -10

Transportation and material moving

9.0 8.8* 19.88 18.16* -9

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Little Rock had 28,110 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 8.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.2-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $39.31, significantly below the national wage of $43.80.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (10,400), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (2,640), and pharmacy technicians (1,290). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were family medicine physicians and pharmacists, with mean hourly wages of $87.27 and $56.46, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were psychiatric technicians ($14.77) and pharmacy technicians ($16.08). (Detailed data for the healthcare practitioners and technical occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Little Rock area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, surgical technologists were employed at 2.3 times the national rate in Little Rock, and respiratory therapists, at 2.0 times the U.S. average. Family medicine physicians had a location quotient of 1.1 in Little Rock, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Arkansas Department of Workforce Services.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

With the May 2021 estimates release, the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program has implemented a new model-based (MB3) estimation method. For more information, see the May 2021 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at and the Monthly Labor Review article at OEWS estimates for the years 2015-19 were recalculated using the new estimation method and are available as research estimates at

The May 2021 OEWS estimates are also the first estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. To improve data quality, the OEWS program aggregates some occupations to the SOC broad occupation level or as OEWS-specific combinations of 2018 SOC detailed occupations.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2021 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, and November 2018. The unweighted sampled employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 62 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 67.2 percent based on establishments and 64.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,565 establishments with a response rate of 67 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Faulkner County, Grant County, Lonoke County, Perry County, Pulaski County, and Saline County.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, Little Rock metropolitan area, May 2021
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

28,110 1.4 $39.31 $81,760


70 0.8 33.48 69,630

Dentists, general

140 0.6 98.36 204,590

Dietitians and nutritionists

290 1.9 27.76 57,750


80 0.9 56.36 117,230


980 1.4 56.46 117,430

Physician assistants

350 1.1 31.87 66,290

Occupational therapists

490 1.7 37.13 77,240

Physical therapists

720 1.4 41.21 85,730

Radiation therapists

(5) (5) 37.48 77,960

Respiratory therapists

610 2.0 29.08 60,480

Speech-language pathologists

550 1.6 38.01 79,060


130 0.7 43.56 90,600

Registered nurses

10,400 1.5 33.49 69,660

Nurse anesthetists

130 1.3 68.09 141,630

Nurse practitioners

750 1.4 51.93 108,000


100 3.2 (5) (5)

Family medicine physicians

260 1.1 87.27 181,510

Pediatricians, general

(5) (5) 96.35 200,400

Physicians, pathologists

40 1.5 164.12 341,360


40 0.7 96.42 200,560


(5) (5) 169.26 352,050

Physicians, all other

1,500 2.5 74.47 154,900

Dental hygienists

270 0.6 33.85 70,400

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

940 1.3 22.58 46,970

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

140 1.1 25.14 52,300

Diagnostic medical sonographers

170 1.0 31.75 66,030

Nuclear medicine technologists

80 1.9 31.30 65,100

Radiologic technologists and technicians

660 1.3 26.65 55,430

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

160 1.9 29.69 61,760

Emergency medical technicians

70 0.2 17.31 35,990


70 0.3 21.61 44,950

Dietetic technicians

40 0.7 12.85 26,740

Pharmacy technicians

1,290 1.3 16.08 33,440

Psychiatric technicians

330 1.5 14.77 30,720

Surgical technologists

570 2.3 21.40 44,510

Veterinary technologists and technicians

110 0.4 14.74 30,650

Ophthalmic medical technicians

180 1.2 17.62 36,640

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

2,640 1.8 21.85 45,440

Medical records specialists

650 1.6 21.04 43,760

Opticians, dispensing

130 0.8 20.26 42,140

Orthotists and prosthetists

50 2.3 34.79 72,360

Health technologists and technicians, all other

410 1.3 23.40 48,660

Health information technologists and medical registrars

60 0.7 29.28 60,910

Athletic trainers

60 1.0 (6) 48,580

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

100 1.0 16.85 35,060

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 19, 2022