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News Release Information

Tuesday, September 26, 2023

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Midland — May 2022

Workers in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $30.06 in May 2022, compared to the nationwide average of $29.76, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Michael Hirniak noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 10 of the 22 major occupational groups, including educational instruction and library; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and healthcare practitioners and technical. Six groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including production, architecture and engineering and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Midland area employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including construction and extraction; installation, maintenance, and repair; and transportation and material moving. Fifteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including healthcare practitioners and technical, healthcare support, and computer and mathematical. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Midland metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2022
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage ($)
United States Midland United States Midland Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 29.76 30.06 1


6.7 8.6* 63.08 64.48 2

Business and financial operations

6.5 4.6* 41.39 42.58 3

Computer and mathematical

3.4 1.3* 51.99 49.25* -5

Architecture and engineering

1.7 2.9* 45.52 51.79* 14

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 1.5* 40.21 41.21 2

Community and social service

1.6 0.7* 26.81 26.00* -3


0.8 0.4* 59.87 59.49 -1

Educational instruction and library

5.7 3.8* 30.41 25.06* -18

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.6* 36.78 30.56* -17

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.1 3.2* 46.52 42.67* -8

Healthcare support

4.6 2.3* 17.10 15.45* -10

Protective service

2.3 1.1* 25.97 25.92 0

Food preparation and serving related

8.5 8.4 15.45 14.03* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.2* 17.26 15.23* -12

Personal care and service

1.9 1.4* 17.41 15.26* -12

Sales and related

8.9 8.4* 24.22 25.71* 6

Office and administrative support

12.6 10.6* 21.90 22.35* 2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 18.21 17.78 -2

Construction and extraction

4.1 13.9* 28.08 26.80* -5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 7.6* 26.77 27.63* 3


5.9 5.2* 21.81 27.34* 25

Transportation and material moving

9.2 11.2* 21.12 24.16* 14

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—construction and extraction—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Midland had 14,560 jobs in construction and extraction, accounting for 13.9 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 4.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $26.80, significantly below the national wage of $28.08.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the construction and extraction group included oil and gas service unit operators (3,170), first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers (2,430), and oil and gas roustabouts (2,320). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group was first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers, with mean hourly wages of $42.03. At the lower end of the wage scale were pipelayers', plumbers', pipefitters', and steamfitters’ helpers ($18.80) and construction laborers ($19.01). (Detailed data for the construction and extraction occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Midland area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the construction and extraction group. For instance, oil and gas service unit operators were employed at 123.0 times the national rate in Midland, and oil and gas rotary drill operators, at 103.2 times the U.S. average. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters had a location quotient of 1.1 in Midland, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Texas Workforce Commission.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

The May 2022 OEWS estimates use the model-based (MB3) estimation method implemented with the May 2021 estimates release. Additional updates were made to the MB3 wage processing methodology for May 2022. For more information, see the May 2022 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement.

The May 2022 estimates are the first OEWS estimates to be produced using the 2022 NAICS, which replaces the 2017 NAICS used for the May 2017-May 2021 estimates. See North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) at BLS for details.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2022 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2022, November 2021, May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, and November 2019. The unweighted sampled employment of 80 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 65.4 percent based on establishments and 62.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,361 establishments with a response rate of 60 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Martin County and Midland County.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for construction and extraction occupations, Midland metropolitan area, May 2022
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages ($)
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Construction and extraction occupations

14,560 3.4 26.80 55,750

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

2,430 4.8 42.03 87,420


170 0.4 24.74 51,460

Construction laborers

1,220 1.7 19.01 39,530

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

1,040 3.5 24.94 51,880


800 1.6 29.47 61,290

Painters, construction and maintenance

140 0.9 22.04 45,850


90 3.4 25.28 52,580

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

340 1.1 26.81 55,770


150 2.9 20.52 42,680

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

110 3.3 18.80 39,110

Construction and building inspectors

80 0.9 36.46 75,830

Derrick operators, oil and gas

760 98.4 24.03 49,980

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

890 103.2 26.56 55,250

Service unit operators, oil and gas

3,170 123.0 24.65 51,280

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining

40 1.9 22.07 45,900

Roustabouts, oil and gas

2,320 83.8 21.11 43,910

Helpers--extraction workers

100 20.4 19.73 41,030

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 26, 2023