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News Release Information

Thursday, July 11, 2024

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Occupational Employment and Wages in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward — May 2023

Workers in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $46.86 in May 2023, compared to the nationwide average of $31.48, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that higher paying major occupational groups included management ($91.09), legal ($89.53), and computer and mathematical ($76.18). Lower paying occupations included healthcare support ($21.14), food preparation and serving related ($21.19), and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance ($24.09). (See table A.)

Occupational groups with the highest employment in the San Francisco area included office and administrative support (10.1 percent), management (9.8 percent), and business and financial operations (8.7 percent). Major occupational groups on the lower end of local employment included legal (1.1 percent); community and social service (1.8 percent); and life, physical, and social science (1.9 percent). (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the San Francisco metropolitan area, May 2023
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage ($)
United States San Francisco United States San Francisco

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 31.48 46.86


6.9 9.8 66.23 91.09

Business and financial operations

6.6 8.7 43.55 58.62

Computer and mathematical

3.4 7.5 54.39 76.18

Architecture and engineering

1.7 2.2 47.64 64.52

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 1.9 42.24 59.37

Community and social service

1.6 1.8 28.36 37.16


0.8 1.1 64.34 89.53

Educational instruction and library

5.8 5.0 31.92 41.80

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 2.1 36.31 54.89

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.1 4.9 49.07 73.56

Healthcare support

4.7 6.0 18.37 21.14

Protective service

2.3 2.1 27.74 36.74

Food preparation and serving related

8.7 8.0 16.58 21.19

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.6 18.43 24.09

Personal care and service

2.0 1.9 18.48 24.96

Sales and related

8.8 7.6 25.62 35.20

Office and administrative support

12.2 10.1 23.05 31.01

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1 19.22 24.53

Construction and extraction

4.1 3.7 29.57 41.73

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 2.6 28.13 36.77


5.8 3.6 22.90 28.03

Transportation and material moving

9.1 6.7 22.45 28.53

One occupational group—computer and mathematical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. San Francisco had 181,740 jobs in computer and mathematical, accounting for 7.5 percent of local area employment, compared to the 3.4-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $76.18, compared to the national wage of $54.39.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the computer and mathematical group included software developers (83,920), computer systems analysts (10,660), and computer user support specialists (10,100). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were computer and information research scientists and software developers, with mean hourly wages of $101.80 and $87.13, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were computer user support specialists ($42.61) and computer network support specialists ($45.81). (Detailed data for the computer and mathematical occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the San Francisco area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the computer and mathematical group. For instance, web and digital interface designers were employed at 4.0 times the national rate in San Francisco, and software developers, at 3.2 times the U.S. average. Computer user support specialists had a location quotient of 0.9 in San Francisco, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

The statistics in this release are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support. State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data: in this case, the California Employment Development Department.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. Full OEWS data tables are available online.

Additional information about the OEWS estimates and methodology are available in the national Technical Notes. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 65.8 percent based on establishments and 64.3 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area included 8,401 establishments with a response rate of 54 percent.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Alameda County, Contra Costa County, Marin County, San Francisco County, and San Mateo County.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data, as well as general program documentation, are available on the OEWS website.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for computer and mathematical occupations, San Francisco metropolitan area, May 2023
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages ($)
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Computer and mathematical occupations

181,740 2.2 76.18 158,450

Computer systems analysts

10,660 1.3 69.15 143,830

Information security analysts

4,520 1.6 75.80 157,660

Computer and information research scientists

1,540 2.7 101.80 211,740

Computer network support specialists

2,240 0.9 45.81 95,280

Computer user support specialists

10,100 0.9 42.61 88,620

Computer network architects

4,060 1.5 82.39 171,370

Database administrators

1,720 1.4 59.95 124,700

Database architects

1,680 1.8 82.29 171,160

Network and computer systems administrators

5,540 1.1 64.20 133,530

Computer programmers

4,670 2.4 58.37 121,410

Software developers

83,920 3.2 87.13 181,220

Software quality assurance analysts and testers

8,260 2.6 65.38 135,980

Web developers

2,820 2.1 71.55 148,820

Web and digital interface designers

7,140 4.0 76.81 159,770

Computer occupations, all other

20,120 2.9 67.27 139,930


210 0.5 58.20 121,050

Operations research analysts

2,400 1.3 57.49 119,590


1,050 2.2 66.16 137,600

Data scientists

8,870 2.9 76.42 158,940

Mathematical science occupations, all other

210 3.1 83.19 173,040

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.


Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 11, 2024