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American Time Use Survey

Footnote A

Includes naps and spells of sleeplessness.

Footnote B

Individuals may have worked at more than one location.

Footnote C

Working at home includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home. Includes all work done at home, whether it amounted to 1 minute or several hours, and whether or not it was a scheduled work day. Individuals may have worked at more than one location.

Footnote D

Includes persons with master's professional, and doctoral degrees.

Footnote F

Estimates reflect a small number of persons who do not meet the American Time Use Survey definition for employed, but spent time working.

Footnote G

Beginning with the 2020 ATUS, occupation data were classified using the 2018 Census Occupation Classification System. The 2010 Census Occupation Classification System was incorporated beginning in the 2011 ATUS; it replaced the 2002 Census Occupation Classification System. Data are not strictly comparable across all years.

Footnote H

Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.

Footnote I

Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.

Footnote J

Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

Footnote K

Excludes household and personal mail, e-mail, and messages.

Footnote M

Data collection issues in 2020 prevent the publication of 2020 annual, Q1, and Q2 ATUS estimates.