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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.6% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 6.1% in Apr 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +266,000(p) in Apr 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.21(p) in Apr 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +1.0%(p) in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.9% in 1st Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +5.4% in 1st Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +1.2% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +2.1% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.6% in March as gasoline index continues to rise

04/13/2021

In March, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.6 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 2.6 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in March (SA); up 1.6 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

April 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on May 12, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer prices increase 2.6 percent for the 12 months ending March 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 2.6 percent for the 12 months ending March 2021, the largest over-the-year increase since August 2018. Food prices advanced 3.5 percent over the past 12 months, while energy prices increased 13.2 percent over that period. Prices for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the cost-of-living measure for older populations: some recommendations

A report by the Government Accountability Office recommended that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) explore the use of National Accounts data to improve the calculation of the Consumer Price Index and assess the data sources used to calculate the CPI for older populations. This Beyond the Numbers article summarizes GAO findings and BLS responses. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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From the barrel to the pump: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on prices for petroleum products

This article details price movements for petroleum products in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. read more »