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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.


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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.3% in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.6% in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +428,000(p) in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.10(p) in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.5%(p) in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.4% in 1st Qtr of 2022 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -7.5% in 1st Qtr of 2022 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: unchanged in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.6% in Apr 2022 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.3% in April; shelter, food, airfare indexes rise


In April, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.3 percent, seasonally adjusted, and rose 8.3 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent in April (SA); up 6.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

May 2022 CPI data are scheduled to be released on June 10, 2022, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Food prices up 10.8 percent for year ended April 2022; largest 12-month increase since November 1980

For the year ended April 2022, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 8.3 percent. Over that period, prices for food at home increased 10.8 percent, the largest 12-month percentage increase since the period ending November 1980. Prices for food away from home increased 7.2 percent for the year ended April 2022, the largest over-the-year percentage increase since an 8.0-percent increase in November 1981. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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PPI and CPI seasonal adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic

The CPI and PPI mitigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on their seasonally adjusted price indexes. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Measuring consumer price change during economic downturns: a review of assumptions about consumer spending

During economic downturns, how do these measures help in analyzing price change, and what can we assume about consumption? This Beyond the Numbers article explores the final C-CPI-U during the Great Recession and the recession that occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the article evaluates consumer spending assumptions of the CPI-U and preliminary C-CPI-U during these recessionary periods to highlight challenges of lagged consumer spending data. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Industry on Tap: Wineries

This Spotlight on Statistics examines historical employment trends for wineries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends for wages, number of establishments, and consumer prices in the winery industry and compares them to trends among distilleries, breweries, and soft drink and ice manufacturing. Let's take a look. read more »