The Consumer Price Indexes (CPI) program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.

Announcements

  • NEW BLS recently posted new interactive charts to help our data users quickly see price change over time and get the latest data in a more visual format. Available charts show historical data for different categories and geographic regions, average prices, and more. View the chart package
  • NEW Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal adjustment factors are recalculated to reflect price movements from the just-completed calendar year. This routine annual recalculation may result in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 years. BLS will make available recalculated seasonally adjusted indexes, as well as recalculated seasonal adjustment factors, for the period January 2012 through December 2016, on Monday, February 13, 2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EST), two days before the scheduled release of the January 2017 CPI on Wednesday, February 15, 2017. The revised indexes and seasonal factors will be available at https://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm under “Revised Seasonally Adjusted Indexes and Factors, 2012-2016.”
  • The indexes for prescription drugs were incorrect as published for May 2016 through August 2016, which affected the U.S. All items index. Incorrect prices were used in the calculation of indexes in several local areas. A list of the series affected by the errors can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/cpi-price-corrections-10182016.htm.
  • In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The 2018 revision utilizes the 2010 Decennial Census and incorporates an updated area sample design, changes the frequency of publication for several local area indexes, and establishes some new local area and aggregate indexes. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: https://www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.

Next Release:

  • January 2017 CPI data are scheduled to be released on February 15, 2017, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

CPI News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.3% in December; gas and shelter prices rise, food prices flat

01/18/2017

On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.3 percent in December after rising 0.2 percent in November. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in December, the same increase as in November.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts | Local and Regional CPI

Current CPI Economic News Releases

Archived

 

CPI Databases

Databases

Database Name Special
Notice
Top
Picks
Data
Finder
One
Screen
Multi-
Screen
Tables Text Files
All Urban Consumers (Current Series)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
  Top Picks for CPI Current Series   One Screen Data Search for CPI Current Series Multi Screen Data Search for CPI Current Series Tables for CPI Current Series Text Files for CPI Current Series
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (Current Series)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
  Top Picks for CPI Urban Wage Earners   One Screen Data Search for CPI Urban Wage Earners Multi Screen Data Search for CPI Urban Wage Earners Tables for CPI Urban Wage Earners Text Files for CPI Urban Wage Earners
All Urban Consumers (Chained CPI)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
Special Notice for Chained CPI Top Picks for Chained CPI   One Screen Data Search for Chained CPI Multi Screen Data Search for Chained CPI Tables for Chained CPI Text Files for Chained CPI
Average Price Data
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
Special Notice for CPI Average Price Data Top Picks for CPI Average Price Data   One Screen Data Search for CPI Average Price Data Multi Screen Data Search for CPI Average Price Data Tables for CPI Average Price Data Text Files for CPI Average Price Data

 

Calculators

Calculator Name Calculator
Inflation
Easily find out how the buying power of the dollar has changed over the years using the inflation calculator.
Calculator

More Tools

  • Series Report—Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.

 

All CPI Databases »

 

CPI Tables

CPI Detailed Report Tables:

Relative Importance of Items in the Consumer Price Index

CPI Publications

Publications

Reports

  • CPI research series using current methods
  • Pharmaceutical Pricing in the PPI, CPI, and IPP
  • Reconciliation Between the CPI and PCE Price Index. The Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) undertook a joint project to detail and quantify the differences between the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Chain-type Price Index. A paper summarizing these differences can be found on the BEA website at https://www.bea.gov/papers/pdf/cpi_pce.pdf. The latest reconciliation tables can be found at https://www.bea.gov/national/consumer_spending.htm.
  • The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) produces regional price parities (RPPs). RPPs measure the differences in the price levels of goods and services across states and metropolitan areas for a given year. RPPs are expressed as a percentage of the overall national price level for each year, which is equal to 100.0. These data, which are the products of BEA and not BLS, can be found at https://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/rpp/rpp_newsrelease.htm.
  • Treatment of Owner-Occupied Housing in the CPI - Paper presented to the Federal Economic Statistics Advisory Committee (FESAC) on December 9, 2005 (PDF)
  • Updating the Housing Age-Bias Regression model in the Consumer Price Index (PDF)
  • Guidelines for Quality Adjustment of New Vehicle Prices (PDF)
  • Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 years of Age and Older, 1982-2007 (Monthly Labor Review April 2008) (PDF)
  • Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 years of Age and Older, 1982-2009 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2015 (PDF)
  • Response rates for earlier years
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2003 - December 2003 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2004 - December 2004 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005 - December 2005 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2006 - December 2006 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2007 - December 2007 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2008 - December 2008 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2009 - December 2009 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2010 - December 2010 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2011 - December 2011 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2012 - December 2012 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2013 - December 2013 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2014 - December 2014 (PDF)
  • Consumer Price Index Users Survey (PDF 262K)
  • Hedonic Quality Adjustment in the U.S. CPI

Monthly Labor Review articles related to the Consumer Price Index

CPI Fact Sheets

How BLS Measures Price Change in the Consumer Price Index for:

CPI Frequently Asked Questions

CPI Special Notices

Notices

The indexes for Prescription drugs were incorrect as published for May 2016 through August 2016, which affected the U.S. All items index. Incorrect prices were used in the calculation of indexes in several local areas. A list of the series affected by the errors can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/cpi-price-corrections-10182016.htm.

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The 2018 revision utilizes the 2010 Decennial Census and incorporates an updated area sample design, changes the frequency of publication for several local area indexes, and establishes some new local area and aggregate indexes. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: https://www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.

Social Security COLA

Soon after the publication of September CPI data each October, the Social Security Administration (SSA) announces the annual change in its benefit payments for the coming year for Social Security's Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs. Specific information on how the Social Security Administration uses the CPI to determine cost-of-living adjustments can be found at http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/COLA/colasummary.html.

Contact Us

Contacts

Personal assistance: 8:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m. ET

For questions regarding seasonal adjustment: